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Latin America Potpourri Chapter 16. Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 2 Central America Cruises Costa Rica, Belize Panama.

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Presentation on theme: "Latin America Potpourri Chapter 16. Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 2 Central America Cruises Costa Rica, Belize Panama."— Presentation transcript:

1 Latin America Potpourri Chapter 16

2 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 2 Central America Cruises Costa Rica, Belize Panama Canal Ecotourism & culture Spanish except for Belize Travel Advisories Political unrest Documentation & health ITC packages to Roatan, Costa Rica, Panama City, San Blas & El Salvador

3 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 3 Costa Rica Most: Popular Stable Prosperous Departure tax San Jose Capital & airport Gold Museum Jade Museum National Theatre

4 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 4 Costa Rica Ecotourism National Parks – 20 Tortuguero is famous for sea turtle nesting Monteverde Preserve Quaker community Bird watching – quetzal Horseback riding Tree-top adventures Zip lining, Aerial tram, suspension bridges Poas Active volcano – highest in C.R- 3,432m Irazu Volcano – 25% protected areas- exotic flora & fauna

5 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 5 Costa Rica (cont.) Cruise ports Puerto Limon Lush vegetation Friendly Afro-Caribbean culture Bird, turtles, sailing, flora Puerto Caldera Lush vegetation Horseback tours, alligators, aerial trams 2 centre holiday ITC packages popular Crafts & colourful oxcarts Whitewater rafting, sport fishing

6 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 6 Belize Formerly British Honduras English speaking Politically stable Mayan Ruins Altun Ha, Lamanai, Jungles Cruise port

7 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 7 Belize (cont.) Barrier Reef – 2 nd largest in world Diving, reef exploring Ambergris Cay Largest, beaches and close to reef Cay Caulker Sunny sleepy, relaxed & slow paced Blue Hole Originally cave - roof fell in 10,000 years ago Visible from space Circular hole 305 m in diameter & 126 m deep Shark Ray Alley Swim along Nurse Sharks & Sting rays in 2.5 m

8 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 8 Panama Casinos, jungles, shopping Panama mints its own coins (centavos) but uses $US as its currency $US is referred to as the Balboa Canadians require passport & tourist card Rainy season Apr - Dec

9 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 9 Panama (cont.) San Blas islands Kuna Indians Coral reefs & diving Panama Canal Cruises ITC Packages from Canada

10 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 10 Guatemala Famous Mayan ruins of Tikal Poor road conditions Repairs still continuing from Hurricane Stan 2005 Political unrest Highest crime rate in Central America Canadians should monitor media reports and confirm travel arrangements with their travel agent Hurricane season June to end of November

11 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 11 Honduras Bay Islands Roatan Island ITC packages Mayan ruins in Copan Lush rain forests Tegucigalpa - capital Largest & poorest $CAD cannot be converted into lempira – take $USD

12 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 12 El Salvador Crimes are common throughout country Hotels in Escalon & San Benito are safe San Salvador – capital Tourist infrastructure still recovering from civil war and earthquakes Most accommodating to independent traveller Tourist card purchased upon entry Exit tax $USD is official currency Red tide appears seasonally Follow local warnings

13 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 13 Nicaragua Extreme political unrest & instability Tourists are not advised to travel to Bonanza, La Rosita and Siuna in NE Nicaragua Transit drug zone Mines Mosquito Coast

14 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 14 South America

15 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 15 Columbia ITC packages to San Andrés Avianca from US Refocus of tourism Spanish Peso $CAD not accepted $USD widely accepted

16 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 16 Columbia (cont.) San Andrés, Santa Marta,& Cartagena tourist resort areas have lowest level of security incidents in Colombia. Cartagena walled fortress Bogotá Gold museum Zipaquira Salt Cathedral Leticia Gateway to Amazon cruises

17 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 17 Venezuela Caracas Security uncertain Spanish Bolivar Carry $USD to convert Passport & Tourist card Margarita Island ITC packages Orinoco River Cruise port La Guaira

18 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 18 Venezuela (cont.) Rainy Season May – Dec Angel Falls 979 M Tallest waterfall on earth Jimmy Angel – 1933 bush pilot Bring insect repellant!

19 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 19 The Guianas Guyana Formerly British Guiana Georgetown Kaieteur Falls English Diamonds Suriname Paramaribo Dutch – Surinamese Guilder Passport & Visa Eco-tourism Rain – May to Aug & Nov - Feb

20 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 20 French Guiana Cayenne French Euro Rain – Jan - June Kourou Devils Island Papillon Cruise port Adventure travel

21 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 21 Ecuador Rainforests Quito 2 nd highest capital in South America 86 churches Museums City of Eternal Spring Equator 24km from Quito Straddle 2 hemispheres Potatoes & guinea-pig Spanish

22 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 22 Ecuador (cont.) Otavalo Saturday Market Weavings, textiles, panama hats, Guayaquil Main port & commercial city Galapagos Islands Darwin Living lab of evolution Visitors limited to 24,000 year Cruises 3/4/7 nt

23 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 23 Peru Lima Spanish & Quechua Altitude sickness Nazca Plains S. of Lima 472km 900 Mysterious lines and figures 50km² Up to 300m long Iquitos Yagua Indians Callao Cruise port

24 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 24 Peru (cont.) Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge Lost City of the Incas 112 km from Cuzco 3 ½ hour train 2350 m above sea level Not discovered until 1911 by Hiram Bingham Rainy season Nov-Mar View from Huayna Picchu

25 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 25 Cuzco, Peru Cuzco Cult of the Sun the oldest inhabited city of the Americas Hotel Monasterio Oxygen enrichment systems in rooms 16 th C monastery Orient Express Hotel

26 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 26 Bolivia Highest altitude El Alto - airport Titicaca- lake La Paz- capital Climate Cooler due to altitude Jun – Aug - coldest May – Sep – driest Altitude sickness

27 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 27 Bolivia (cont.) La Paz Seat of government El Prado Market of Witches Tiahuanaco Built 1580BC – 1172AD Door of Sun, Temple, Pyramids, & monoliths Chachaltaya Highest skiing in world 5580 m 36 km from LPB Valley of Moon Erosion produced landforms Sucre constitutional capital

28 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 28 Paraguay Asuncion Spanish & Guarani Climate Hot Sept – Apr Rainy Dec - Mar Tourist facilities limited outside Asuncion USD only Passport & visa Golden triangle

29 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 29 Paraguay Bus Often best & cheapest mode of transport Mennonite colonies in the Chaco 11 national parks Increased interest in eco tourism Ciudad del Este Duty free Fastest growing city casinos Iguazú Falls

30 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 30 Uruguay Montevideo Plaza Independencia Spanish Highest literacy rate in S.A. Carrasco Beaches & mansions Punta del Este beaches sophisticated

31 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 31 Uruguay (cont.) Riviera of South America Thermal tourism Hot springs Rural Tourism Estancias & gauchos Eco Tourism Trekking, caving, Adventure

32 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 32 Argentina Air to EZE from Canada High season Jan/Feb/Jul Andes Aconcagua (6959m) Buenos Aires S.A. Paris Colon Theatre Perfect acoustics Cruise port Plaza de Mayo Casa Rosa Calle Florida

33 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 33 Argentina (cont.) Tango Mar del Plata upscale beach, Casinos, resorts European influence Bariloche Skiing Gauchos Pampas Futball Patagonia Coldest Woods, lakes glaciers Unique flora & fauna

34 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 34 Chile Wine seafood LAN Connections from Canada Easter Islands Santiago High pollution level Passport & tourist card

35 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 35 Chile (cont.) Santiago Plaza de Armas San Francisco Church Valparasio port Vina del Mar Exclusive beach resort Portilla Ski resort – June - Sept

36 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 36 Chile (cont.) Easter Islands Rapa Nui Navel of the earth Moai megaliths LAN flies from SCL Hiking & surfing Mountain biking Horseback riding Scuba & snorkelling Cruise port


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