Presentation on theme: "APOLLO GX55 GPS Basic SAR Operations"— Presentation transcript:
1 APOLLO GX55 GPS Basic SAR Operations Instructors – use the GPS simulator along with this presentation
2 IntroductionThis presentation is designed to introduce the basics of the GX55 GPSFocus will be placed on use of the GX55 for SAR operationsThis presentation is not designed to replace hands on instruction or the owners manualAlways use your Quick Reference Guide for assistance until you are proficient using this equipment
3 GX55 SimulatorThe GX55 Deluxe simulator is available for download from the Garmin websiteYou should use the simulator to gain proficiency before you get in the airplaneUsing the arrow keys on your keyboard you can fly the simulatorThe up and down arrows control speed and the left right arrows control directionBe sure that you have the SAR function checked under the options menu before you turn the simulator on
4 Buttons and Knobs On / Off Data Card Slot Soft Keys Hard Keys Large (Outer) KnobSmall (Inner) Knob
5 Hard Key Functions INFO (Information) Key NAV (Navigation) Key SEL (Select) KeyNRST (Nearest) KeyMAP KeyD> (Direct To) KeyEnter Key
6 Soft Key FunctionsChange when screens change (more on this later)
7 Caution! Basic GX55 Operations DO NOT attempt to fly using the GPS until you master all of the basic functions on the simulator.
8 Database FunctionsRemember this! You must press the NAV Hard Key then the DB Soft Key to enter the databaseEverything in the database has a name: Ex: MGJ, SWF, HUOThe database has in it’s memory; Airports, VOR’s, NDB’s and IntersectionsIf it is NOT in the database, you can’t go there using the GPS
9 Database (continued)You can navigate to any point on the map using the GPSBut…….If it is not already in the database, you have to enter it firstThink of it this way – If it does not have a name- you can’t get there from here!
10 What’s already in the Database??? AirportsVOR’sNDB’sIntersections
11 What’s NOT in the Database Lat / Lon CoordinatesPoints on a U.S. Grid (299A1 etc.)15 NM on the 150 deg Radial from MSVThe possible wreckage that you just spottedDisneyland
12 Adding Waypoints to the Database You have to be in the NAV screen to add anything to the database (except a SAR mark)
13 Adding a Waypoint To enter a new waypoint you have to: Be in the NAV screenPress the DB (Database) soft keyTurn the Outer Knob to the appropriate screenPress Enter to accept that selection
14 Adding a Waypoint (con’t) Now you have to give it a NameYou can call other types of waypoints anything you want. (AAB – 2B1 – SAR001 etc.)Grid waypoints must be named using the point on the grid that you are navigating to (299A1, 302B4 etc.)Before We Go On ……..
15 It’s Time for More Basics!!! Knobs – Large and SmallThe Outer (Large) knob changes pages or cursor positionThe Inner (Small) knob changes flashing items or lists more data when there is a diamond on the screen (unless in MAP mode)Enter is used to accept what is on the screen. Most times you only have to hit Enter once, two times to enter a search pattern.
16 It’s Time for More Basics !!! Select is used when you want to prompt the GPS to accept a change in the data shown
17 More Basic Facts !!! Sometimes you may get a curve ….. I thought that the inner knob changed things that were blinking??? In some cases there is nothing to change, so all you can do is hit enter to accept it
18 Create User Waypoint by U.S. Grid Press the NAV buttonTurn Outer Knob to Create UserWaypoint by U.S. GridPress the DB soft keyPress Enter to acceptTurn Outer Knob to right to move cursorto the next position – repeat previous stepuntil you have completed the grid numberFirst cursor position will be flashingturn Inner Knob to enter first digit
19 Create User Waypoint by Lat/Lon Press the NAV buttonTurn Outer Knob to Create UserWaypoint by Lat / LonPress the DB soft keyPress Enter to acceptTurn Outer Knob to right to move cursorto the next position – repeat previous stepuntil you have completed naming the waypoint and entered the Lat / LonFirst cursor position will be flashingturn Inner Knob to enter first digit
20 More Waypoint Functions You can create a Waypoint by Radial / Distance – does not have to be from a VOR, can be an Airport, NDB etc.SAR Waypoints – You can mark a position by simply hitting a soft key (more on this later)You can Edit, Delete, or change user waypoints from the Database as wellIf you have been paying attention so far, you should be able to perform the above functions without any difficulty!
21 Where Am I??? You can use the GPS to find your current position OR……. You can use it to find the Nearest Airport, VOR, NDB etc.
22 Finding Your Current Position The Ground Team calls and says “Where are you right now?”You are Here!Turn the Outer Knob until the GPS Position screen appearsPress the NAV ButtonTip: You can also create a SAR Mark using the Mark soft key on the SAR screen
23 Finding the Nearest Press the NRST Key to see the nearest airport Turn the outer Knob to see other types of waypoints – VOR, NDB etc.Turn the Inner Knob to see the next closest waypoint
24 Clear Me DirectIf you want to go to the flashing waypoint simply press EnterTo go Direct to the nearest waypoint, or any waypoint, press the D> keyIf you want to go somewhere else, turn the Inner Knob to select the type of waypointThen use the Outer Knob to move the cursor to highlight the object that you want to change
25 Information Please!The INFO (Information) Key is an onboard facility directory at the touch of a buttonAfter pressing the INFO Key, turn the Inner Knob to access multiple pages of informationWARNING – If you database is not current, you may be getting bad info! Always Double Check!
26 The MapPressing the MAP Key brings you to the moving map screen
27 4 Map Screens SAR Map Full Screen Map Split Screen Map Map Setup ScreenNote: The diamond means more data on this page – turn Inner KnobUse the Outer Knob to move between screens
28 4 Map Screens The Inner Knob changes map scale on these three But it changes pages on this one (remember the diamond?)
29 Map SetupThere are several Map Setup screens that are used to configure the map.These setup options allow you to select how much information you will see or how the map will be presentedYou can either use the knobs or the Soft Keys to change the look of the map
30 Map SetupA few of the more important Map Setup screens – there are many othersAll 4 of these screens require you to press SEL to manually activateYou can also use the soft keys to activate or change the data (easier)
31 SAR SetupAlways make sure that the SAR screen looks like this (for NY)You can change Positions to other areas by pressing the POS Soft Key
32 Route Line & Map Orientation The Route Line option creates a line for you to follow on the mapIf it is off, you will not see a route or a search pattern on the screenThe Map Orientation can be set to North Up – Track UP – Desired TrackTrack up always shows your track as going toward the top of the screen
33 Track HistoryTrack History shows where you have been – if you don’t want to see it, shut if offIf you want to clear out old history – press the CLR Soft Key
34 SAR Moving MapContains CAP U.S. Grid information including grid boundaries, grid numbers, sub grid boundaries and sub grid lettersYou can change the amount of information about the grids by pressing the GRD Soft KeyThere are 5 levels of detail – No Grid – Grid Boundaries – Grid Numbers -Sub Grid Boundaries – Sub Grid Letters
35 CAP Grid Review 7.5’ X 7.5’ 15’ X 15’ ¼ Grid Full Grid Grid numbers run clockwisearound the gridSub Grid lettersrun left to right
36 Marking a FindIf you want to create a Waypoint from the SAR screen, simply press the MRK Soft KeyA screen showing your current position will appear and it will ask you to name this SAR WaypointFollow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to acceptWrite down the SAR # and Lat / Lon on your log before you leave this screen. You want to be sure that you have an accurate record of all possible finds!
37 SAR WaypointsNote that the SAR Waypoint that we just created does not show up on the SAR Map Screen when the grids are being displayed. To see it on the map, you have to either turn off the grid display or turn the Outer Knob to one of the other Map Screens.Also note that the USR Soft Key has to be on to see user waypoints. It is found on page #2 of the Wide Screen or Split Screen Maps
38 SAR Search PatternsIn addition to flying precise Route Searches, the GX55 can create three common SAR search patterns:Creeping LineParallel Line – AKA Grid SearchExpanding Square
39 Creeping Line search [Spacing] s s [ Leg Length ] s s s Direction of Search[Spacing]ss[ Leg Length ]sssUsed when fairly sure of the area. Extended line of the intended airport runways. Also specific sections of highways or victor airways.Used when search area is long, narrow, fairly level and target is thought to be on either side of the expected track.
40 Creeping Line Search Must be in the SAR Screen Press the PAT Soft KeyTurn the Inner Knob to select the patternPress Enter to select patternPress SEL to edit the data
41 Creeping Line Press Enter to accept Follow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept.Enter SpacingEnter Direction (course you will fly) then hit Enter to AcceptTurn Small Knob to go to next screen
42 Creeping Line Edit Leg Length Use Large Knob to move cursor to Start Select side with Small Knob to enter start direction for first legPress SEL to edit dataPress Enter twice – once to accept and again to go back to map
43 Creeping Line ReviewIf you are going to start from a User Waypoint, enter if in the database firstMust be in Map screenTurn Outer Knob to find SAR Map screenPress the PAT Soft KeyTurn Inner Knob to find Creeping LinePress Enter to acceptPress SEL then Enter to edit waypointUse Inner Knob to change each fieldUse Outer Knob to change cursor positionUse Inner Knob to set track spacingUse Outer Knob to move to DirectionNote the Diamond – Use Inner Knob to continue setupPress SEL to edit Leg LengthUse Inner Knob to change Leg LengthUse Outer Knob to move cursor to Start SideUse Inner Knob to select Start SidePress Enter twice
44 Parallel Line AKA Grid Search Can be flown either North / South or East / West legsUsed for large and fairly level search areas. Grid search uses this pattern. Can be done East/West or North/South.
45 Parallel Line Search Must be in the SAR Screen Press the PAT Soft KeyTurn the Inner Knob to select the patternPress Enter to select patternPress SEL to edit the data if it is not correctFollow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept.Enter again to go back to Map ScreenSpacing and Direction are as per the mission briefing
46 Expanding Square search pattern (second pass rotated 45°) Spacing remains constant but as you can see the leg length increases2S4SUsed when the approximate location of target is known. Difficult to fly accurately without a GPS. Use cardinal headings whenever possible to reduce confusion during turns.Gradually will cover a larger and larger area.5S3SS2S4S3S5SDirection is the direction of the first leg. Notice rotated example was changed 45 deg
47 Expanding Square Search Must be in the SAR Screen Press the PAT Soft KeyTurn the Inner Knob to select the patternPress Enter to select patternPress SEL to edit the data
48 Expanding Square Press Enter to accept Follow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept.Enter SpacingEnter Direction of first legPress Enter twice – once to accept and again to go back to map
49 MessagesInformation that effects the flight; upcoming airspace, reaching a waypoint etc.When blinking, press the MSG button to read messagePress it again to go back to where you were
50 Flight PlansThe GX55 offers several advanced features including multi leg flight plansRefer to your user manual or quick reference guide for information on programming multi leg flight plans
51 Route SearchA Route Search can be flown “On Route” or with an offset to either sideIf you are not flying on a route between one of the four waypoint types already loaded in the database, you must enter the required waypoints first- Remember “Nav” – “Database”You can not fly a route offset unless you have a flight plan activated in the GPS
52 Route SearchNAVSelectFPLOuter Knob – Create Flight Plan
53 Route Search (Cont.) Turn Inner Knob to select first letter Turn Small KnobOuter Knob to move to next positionRepeat until donePress EnterPress EnterPress Select
54 Route Search (Cont.) Select start point using Inner and Outer knobs Hit Enter to load next waypointRepeat last stepsPress Enter when doneYour Flight Plan is now loadedinto the database and can beretrieved at any timeOnce you have your waypoints loadedhit Select to accept the flight plan
55 Route Search Activate Your Flight Plan NAVSelectTurn Outer Knob to thedesired flight planFPLEnter to activateFlight plan is now active
56 Route Offset SEL NAV Use Outer Knob to move between fields – Inner Knob to changeOuter Knob to Parallel TrackPress Enter to complete setup
57 Tips Clear old tracks and user waypoints to avoid confusion Use your quick reference guide until you are comfortable using the GPSIf you get screwed up – start overPractice on the simulator until you can do it in your sleepDo Not fixate on the GPS screen. See and Avoid traffic!!!When flying search patterns, find a heading that keeps you on course and use it for each leg in that direction