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APOLLO GX55 GPS Basic SAR Operations Instructors – use the GPS simulator along with this presentation.

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Presentation on theme: "APOLLO GX55 GPS Basic SAR Operations Instructors – use the GPS simulator along with this presentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 APOLLO GX55 GPS Basic SAR Operations Instructors – use the GPS simulator along with this presentation

2 Introduction This presentation is designed to introduce the basics of the GX55 GPS This presentation is designed to introduce the basics of the GX55 GPS Focus will be placed on use of the GX55 for SAR operations Focus will be placed on use of the GX55 for SAR operations This presentation is not designed to replace hands on instruction or the owners manual This presentation is not designed to replace hands on instruction or the owners manual Always use your Quick Reference Guide for assistance until you are proficient using this equipment Always use your Quick Reference Guide for assistance until you are proficient using this equipment

3 GX55 Simulator The GX55 Deluxe simulator is available for download from the Garmin website The GX55 Deluxe simulator is available for download from the Garmin website You should use the simulator to gain proficiency before you get in the airplane You should use the simulator to gain proficiency before you get in the airplane Using the arrow keys on your keyboard you can fly the simulator Using the arrow keys on your keyboard you can fly the simulator The up and down arrows control speed and the left right arrows control direction The up and down arrows control speed and the left right arrows control direction Be sure that you have the SAR function checked under the options menu before you turn the simulator on Be sure that you have the SAR function checked under the options menu before you turn the simulator on

4 Soft Keys Hard Keys Large (Outer) Knob Small (Inner) Knob On / Off Buttons and Knobs Data Card Slot

5 NAV (Navigation) Key NRST (Nearest) Key INFO (Information) Key SEL (Select) Key MAP Key D> (Direct To) Key Enter Key Hard Key Functions

6 Soft Key Functions Change when screens change (more on this later)

7 Basic GX55 Operations Caution! Caution! DO NOT attempt to fly using the GPS until you master all of the basic functions on the simulator. DO NOT attempt to fly using the GPS until you master all of the basic functions on the simulator.

8 Database Functions Everything in the database has a name: Ex: MGJ, SWF, HUO Everything in the database has a name: Ex: MGJ, SWF, HUO The database has in its memory; Airports, VORs, NDBs and Intersections The database has in its memory; Airports, VORs, NDBs and Intersections If it is NOT in the database, you cant go there using the GPS If it is NOT in the database, you cant go there using the GPS Remember this! You must press the NAV Hard Key then the DB Soft Key to enter the database

9 Database (continued) You can navigate to any point on the map using the GPS You can navigate to any point on the map using the GPS But……. But……. If it is not already in the database, you have to enter it first If it is not already in the database, you have to enter it first Think of it this way – If it does not have a name Think of it this way – If it does not have a name - you cant get there from here! - you cant get there from here!

10 Whats already in the Database??? Airports Airports VORs VORs NDBs NDBs Intersections Intersections

11 Whats NOT in the Database Lat / Lon Coordinates Lat / Lon Coordinates Points on a U.S. Grid (299A1 etc.) Points on a U.S. Grid (299A1 etc.) 15 NM on the 150 deg Radial from MSV 15 NM on the 150 deg Radial from MSV The possible wreckage that you just spotted The possible wreckage that you just spotted Disneyland Disneyland

12 Adding Waypoints to the Database You have to be in the NAV screen to add anything to the database (except a SAR mark) You have to be in the NAV screen to add anything to the database (except a SAR mark)

13 Adding a Waypoint To enter a new waypoint you have to: To enter a new waypoint you have to: Be in the NAV screen Be in the NAV screen Press the DB (Database) soft key Press the DB (Database) soft key Turn the Outer Knob to the appropriate screen Turn the Outer Knob to the appropriate screen Press Enter to accept that selection Press Enter to accept that selection

14 Adding a Waypoint (cont) Now you have to give it a Name Now you have to give it a Name You can call other types of waypoints anything you want. (AAB – 2B1 – SAR001 etc.) You can call other types of waypoints anything you want. (AAB – 2B1 – SAR001 etc.) Grid waypoints must be named using the point on the grid that you are navigating to (299A1, 302B4 etc.) Grid waypoints must be named using the point on the grid that you are navigating to (299A1, 302B4 etc.) Before We Go On …….. Before We Go On ……..

15 Its Time for More Basics!!! Knobs – Large and Small Knobs – Large and Small The Outer (Large) knob changes pages or cursor position The Outer (Large) knob changes pages or cursor position The Inner (Small) knob changes flashing items or lists more data when there is a diamond on the screen (unless in MAP mode) The Inner (Small) knob changes flashing items or lists more data when there is a diamond on the screen (unless in MAP mode) Enter is used to accept what is on the screen. Most times you only have to hit Enter once, two times to enter a search pattern. Enter is used to accept what is on the screen. Most times you only have to hit Enter once, two times to enter a search pattern.

16 Its Time for More Basics !!! Select is used when you want to prompt the GPS to accept a change in the data shown Select is used when you want to prompt the GPS to accept a change in the data shown

17 More Basic Facts !!! Sometimes you may get a curve ….. Sometimes you may get a curve ….. I thought that the inner knob changed things that were blinking??? In some cases there is nothing to change, so all you can do is hit enter to accept it I thought that the inner knob changed things that were blinking??? In some cases there is nothing to change, so all you can do is hit enter to accept it

18 Create User Waypoint by U.S. Grid Press the NAV button Press the DB soft key Turn Outer Knob to Create User Waypoint by U.S. Grid Press Enter to accept First cursor position will be flashing turn Inner Knob to enter first digit Turn Outer Knob to right to move cursor to the next position – repeat previous step until you have completed the grid number

19 Create User Waypoint by Lat/Lon Press the NAV button Press the DB soft key Turn Outer Knob to Create User Waypoint by Lat / Lon Press Enter to accept First cursor position will be flashing turn Inner Knob to enter first digit Turn Outer Knob to right to move cursor to the next position – repeat previous step until you have completed naming the waypoint and entered the Lat / Lon

20 More Waypoint Functions You can create a Waypoint by Radial / Distance – does not have to be from a VOR, can be an Airport, NDB etc. You can create a Waypoint by Radial / Distance – does not have to be from a VOR, can be an Airport, NDB etc. SAR Waypoints – You can mark a position by simply hitting a soft key (more on this later) SAR Waypoints – You can mark a position by simply hitting a soft key (more on this later) You can Edit, Delete, or change user waypoints from the Database as well You can Edit, Delete, or change user waypoints from the Database as well If you have been paying attention so far, you should be able to perform the above functions without any difficulty! If you have been paying attention so far, you should be able to perform the above functions without any difficulty!

21 Where Am I??? You can use the GPS to find your current position You can use the GPS to find your current position OR……. OR……. You can use it to find the Nearest Airport, VOR, NDB etc. You can use it to find the Nearest Airport, VOR, NDB etc.

22 Finding Your Current Position The Ground Team calls and says Where are you right now? Press the NAV Button Turn the Outer Knob until the GPS Position screen appears You are Here! Tip: You can also create a SAR Mark using the Mark soft key on the SAR screen

23 Finding the Nearest Press the NRST Key to see the nearest airport Turn the outer Knob to see other types of waypoints – VOR, NDB etc. Turn the Inner Knob to see the next closest waypoint

24 Clear Me Direct To go Direct to the nearest waypoint, or any waypoint, press the D> key If you want to go to the flashing waypoint simply press Enter If you want to go somewhere else, turn the Inner Knob to select the type of waypoint Then use the Outer Knob to move the cursor to highlight the object that you want to change

25 Information Please! The INFO (Information) Key is an onboard facility directory at the touch of a button After pressing the INFO Key, turn the Inner Knob to access multiple pages of information WARNING – If you database is not current, you may be getting bad info! Always Double Check!

26 The Map Pressing the MAP Key brings you to the moving map screen

27 4 Map Screens SAR Map Full Screen Map Split Screen MapMap Setup Screen Use the Outer Knob to move between screens Note: The diamond means more data on this page – turn Inner Knob

28 4 Map Screens The Inner Knob changes map scale on these three But it changes pages on this one (remember the diamond?)

29 Map Setup There are several Map Setup screens that are used to configure the map. There are several Map Setup screens that are used to configure the map. These setup options allow you to select how much information you will see or how the map will be presented These setup options allow you to select how much information you will see or how the map will be presented You can either use the knobs or the Soft Keys to change the look of the map You can either use the knobs or the Soft Keys to change the look of the map

30 Map Setup A few of the more important Map Setup screens – there are many others All 4 of these screens require you to press SEL to manually activate You can also use the soft keys to activate or change the data (easier)

31 SAR Setup Always make sure that the SAR screen looks like this (for NY) You can change Positions to other areas by pressing the POS Soft Key

32 Route Line & Map Orientation The Route Line option creates a line for you to follow on the map If it is off, you will not see a route or a search pattern on the screen The Map Orientation can be set to North Up – Track UP – Desired Track Track up always shows your track as going toward the top of the screen

33 Track History Track History shows where you have been – if you dont want to see it, shut if off If you want to clear out old history – press the CLR Soft Key

34 SAR Moving Map Contains CAP U.S. Grid information including grid boundaries, grid numbers, sub grid boundaries and sub grid letters You can change the amount of information about the grids by pressing the GRD Soft Key There are 5 levels of detail – No Grid – Grid Boundaries – Grid Numbers - Sub Grid Boundaries – Sub Grid Letters

35 CAP Grid Review 15 X 15 Full Grid 7.5 X 7.5 ¼ Grid Sub Grid letters run left to right Grid numbers run clockwise around the grid

36 Marking a Find If you want to create a Waypoint from the SAR screen, simply press the MRK Soft Key A screen showing your current position will appear and it will ask you to name this SAR Waypoint Follow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint - Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept Write down the SAR # and Lat / Lon on your log before you leave this screen. You want to be sure that you have an accurate record of all possible finds!

37 SAR Waypoints Note that the SAR Waypoint that we just created does not show up on the SAR Map Screen when the grids are being displayed. To see it on the map, you have to either turn off the grid display or turn the Outer Knob to one of the other Map Screens. Also note that the USR Soft Key has to be on to see user waypoints. It is found on page #2 of the Wide Screen or Split Screen Maps

38 SAR Search Patterns In addition to flying precise Route Searches, the GX55 can create three common SAR search patterns: In addition to flying precise Route Searches, the GX55 can create three common SAR search patterns: Creeping Line Creeping Line Parallel Line – AKA Grid Search Parallel Line – AKA Grid Search Expanding Square Expanding Square

39 Creeping Line search sssss Direction of Search [Spacing] [ Leg Length ]

40 Creeping Line Search Must be in the SAR Screen Press the PAT Soft Key Turn the Inner Knob to select the pattern Press Enter to select pattern Press SEL to edit the data

41 Creeping Line Follow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept. Press Enter to accept Enter Spacing Enter Direction (course you will fly) then hit Enter to Accept Turn Small Knob to go to next screen

42 Creeping Line Press SEL to edit data Edit Leg Length Use Large Knob to move cursor to Start Select side with Small Knob to enter start direction for first leg Press Enter twice – once to accept and again to go back to map

43 Creeping Line Review If you are going to start from a User Waypoint, enter if in the database first If you are going to start from a User Waypoint, enter if in the database first Must be in Map screen Must be in Map screen Turn Outer Knob to find SAR Map screen Turn Outer Knob to find SAR Map screen Press the PAT Soft Key Press the PAT Soft Key Turn Inner Knob to find Creeping Line Turn Inner Knob to find Creeping Line Press Enter to accept Press Enter to accept Press SEL then Enter to edit waypoint Press SEL then Enter to edit waypoint Use Inner Knob to change each field Use Inner Knob to change each field Use Outer Knob to change cursor position Use Outer Knob to change cursor position Press Enter to accept Press Enter to accept Use Inner Knob to set track spacing Use Inner Knob to set track spacing Use Outer Knob to move to Direction Use Outer Knob to move to Direction Use Inner Knob to change each field Use Inner Knob to change each field Use Outer Knob to change cursor position Use Outer Knob to change cursor position Press Enter to accept Press Enter to accept Note the Diamond – Use Inner Knob to continue setup Note the Diamond – Use Inner Knob to continue setup Press SEL to edit Leg Length Press SEL to edit Leg Length Use Inner Knob to change Leg Length Use Inner Knob to change Leg Length Use Outer Knob to move cursor to Start Side Use Outer Knob to move cursor to Start Side Use Inner Knob to select Start Side Use Inner Knob to select Start Side Press Enter twice Press Enter twice

44 Parallel Line AKA Grid Search Can be flown either North / South or East / West legs

45 Parallel Line Search Must be in the SAR Screen Press the PAT Soft Key Turn the Inner Knob to select the pattern Press Enter to select pattern Press SEL to edit the data if it is not correct Follow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept. Enter again to go back to Map Screen Spacing and Direction are as per the mission briefing

46 Expanding Square search pattern (second pass rotated 45°) 4SS 2S 3S5S 4S 2S 3S 5S Spacing remains constant but as you can see the leg length increases Direction is the direction of the first leg. Notice rotated example was changed 45 deg

47 Expanding Square Search Must be in the SAR Screen Press the PAT Soft Key Turn the Inner Knob to select the pattern Press Enter to select pattern Press SEL to edit the data

48 Expanding Square Follow the same procedures as you would to name any other waypoint -Inner Knob to change, Outer Knob to move cursor, Enter to accept. Press Enter to accept Enter Spacing Enter Direction of first leg Press Enter twice – once to accept and again to go back to map

49 Messages Information that effects the flight; upcoming airspace, reaching a waypoint etc. When blinking, press the MSG button to read message Press it again to go back to where you were

50 Flight Plans The GX55 offers several advanced features including multi leg flight plans The GX55 offers several advanced features including multi leg flight plans Refer to your user manual or quick reference guide for information on programming multi leg flight plans Refer to your user manual or quick reference guide for information on programming multi leg flight plans

51 Route Search A Route Search can be flown On Route or with an offset to either side A Route Search can be flown On Route or with an offset to either side If you are not flying on a route between one of the four waypoint types already loaded in the database, you must enter the required waypoints first- Remember Nav – Database If you are not flying on a route between one of the four waypoint types already loaded in the database, you must enter the required waypoints first- Remember Nav – Database You can not fly a route offset unless you have a flight plan activated in the GPS You can not fly a route offset unless you have a flight plan activated in the GPS

52 Route Search NAV FPL Outer Knob – Create Flight Plan Select

53 Route Search (Cont.) Turn Inner Knob to select first letter Outer Knob to move to next position Repeat until done Press Enter Turn Small Knob Press Select Press Enter

54 Route Search (Cont.) Select start point using Inner and Outer knobs Press Enter when done Hit Enter to load next waypoint Repeat last steps Once you have your waypoints loaded hit Select to accept the flight plan Your Flight Plan is now loaded into the database and can be retrieved at any time

55 Route Search Activate Your Flight Plan NAV FPL Turn Outer Knob to the desired flight plan Select Enter to activateFlight plan is now active

56 Route Offset NAV Outer Knob to Parallel Track SEL Use Outer Knob to move between fields – Inner Knob to change Press Enter to complete setup

57 Tips Clear old tracks and user waypoints to avoid confusion Clear old tracks and user waypoints to avoid confusion Use your quick reference guide until you are comfortable using the GPS Use your quick reference guide until you are comfortable using the GPS If you get screwed up – start over If you get screwed up – start over Practice on the simulator until you can do it in your sleep Practice on the simulator until you can do it in your sleep Do Not fixate on the GPS screen. See and Avoid traffic!!! Do Not fixate on the GPS screen. See and Avoid traffic!!! When flying search patterns, find a heading that keeps you on course and use it for each leg in that direction When flying search patterns, find a heading that keeps you on course and use it for each leg in that direction

58 Questions ?


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