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What is it? Electronic fence ServiceroadServiceroad TrenchTrench Barbed-wire fence Patrol road TraceRoadTraceRoad Armored Vehicles Road Width: 60-100.

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Presentation on theme: "What is it? Electronic fence ServiceroadServiceroad TrenchTrench Barbed-wire fence Patrol road TraceRoadTraceRoad Armored Vehicles Road Width: 60-100."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What is it? Electronic fence ServiceroadServiceroad TrenchTrench Barbed-wire fence Patrol road TraceRoadTraceRoad Armored Vehicles Road Width: meters

3 The Route Inside the West Bank

4 Project Stages Stage 1: 138 km - Completed in most areas Stage 2: 60 km - Projected for completion by the end of 2003 Jerusalem Envelope: 50 km - of this, 20 km already completed Stage 3 and 4: 300 km - Approved Oct Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Ariel Qedumim

5 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Depth Barrier 11 secondary barriers will be built to the east and west of the main barrier. The goal: to block access to Israel to isolate areas from the rest of the West Bank Qaffin Baqa Ash- Sharqiya Mevo Dotan Yabad Shaqed Bartaa Ash-Sharqiya Rekhan Hermesh An-Nazlat Zabda

6 Length of the Barrier Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Main Barrier: 550 km Secondary Barriers: 100 km Total length: 650 km More than twice the length of the Green Line +

7 Estimated Financial Cost US$2.5 million per kilometer Total = US$ 2 billion Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem

8 Project Stages In addition: Jordan Valley barrier - Proposed Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem

9 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Population Affected Over 250,000 people in 81 communities in enclaves 402,000 people in 102 communities separated from vital places 875,000 Palestinians directly affected 210,000 people in East Jerusalem separated from the rest of the West Bank

10 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Land Affected 951,000 dunams 16% of the West Bank

11 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Seam Area Regime: Stage 1 Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad The area between the barrier and the green line (1.7% of the West Bank):closed military zone. Entering or being in the closed zone is forbidden without a special permit. The order does not apply to Israelis, Jews and tourists.

12 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Seam Area Regime: Stage 1 Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad Palestinians over age 12 must obtain a "permanent resident" permit. Need to prove to the satisfaction of the Civil Administration that they do in fact live in the seam area. Permits valid only for several months. Residents can appeal to a military committee; if rejected they must leave their homes.

13 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Seam Area Regime: Stage 1 Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad Other residents from the West Bank must have a permit in order to enter the seam area. 12 types of permits exist based on the purpose of entry: farmer; medical personnel, teacher, etc. Permits are valid for a particular gate and for certain times of day only.

14 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Crossing the Barrier: Stage 1 9 checkpoints: For the residents of the enclaves and for settlers Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad 30 agricultural gates: Open 2-3 times a day for a short time

15 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Freedom of Movement Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad IDF restrictions have brought Palestinian movement to an almost total halt. Passage permits: applications are often arbitrarily rejected Passage requires long waits. During total closure the gates are closed.

16 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Right to Work Tens of thousands of Palestinians are separated from their workplaces. Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad

17 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Right to Work Agriculture is severely harmed: thousands of acres of cultivated land separated from rest of the West Bank. Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad

18 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem of Living The Right to an Adequate Standard The barrier is liable to force thousands more of Palestinian families into poverty. Current poverty level: 55% of West Bank population Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad

19 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem of Living The Right to Health Most of the affected communities rely on hospitals in Tulkarem, Qalqilya and East Jerusalem. Nine of the villages in enclaves west of the barrier do not have a medical clinic. Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad

20 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem The Right to Education Many teachers who live in Tulkarem, Qalqilya and East Jerusalem teach in schools in neighboring villages and face problems reaching their schools. Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad

21 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya Yabad Case Study: Azzun Atma Isolation of some residents from the rest of the village Problems marketing produce in the West Bank Restricted access to lands east of the barrier Problems in functioning of two schools Restricted access to medical treatment Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Azzun Atma Oranit Shaare Tiqva Etz Efrayim Mas-ha Elqana Sanniriya Beit Amin Kafr Thulth Izbat Salman Al-Mudawwar Izbat Al-Ashqar

22 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Background Case Study: Kafr 'Aqeb Kafr Aqeb Qalandiya Checkpoint Qalandiya Atarot Airport Qalandiya RC Kafr Aqeb lies within the Jerusalem Municipal boundary Population: 10,500 Residents of Kafr Aqeb are permanent residents of Israel and hold Israeli identity cards

23 Case Study: Kafr 'Aqeb Severed from the Rest of Jerusalem Residents cross Qalandiya checkpoint to enter rest of Jerusalem. Most people work in Jerusalem and receive medical treatment there. Residents will require a special permit to cross into Jerusalem. Kafr Aqeb Qalandiya Checkpoint Qalandiya Atarot Airport Qalandiya RC

24 Case Study: Kafr 'Aqeb Other Implications Residents will be cut off from their farmland. Urban development will be blocked. The barrier will endanger Palestinians living near its route. Kafr Aqeb Qalandiya Checkpoint Qalandiya Atarot Airport Qalandiya RC

25 Establishing Permanent Facts Israel describes the barrier as a temporary means to meet security needs Israel similarly described most of the settlements that were established in the 1970s All signs indicate that the barrier is intended for the long-term Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem

26 Concealing the Facts Despite the enormous sums that Israeli citizens are paying for the barrier; Despite the grave violations of human rights that it will cause; Despite the political repercussions of far-reaching consequence; Israel refuses to provide information about the barrier and prevents public debate. Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem

27 Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem Why Was This Route Chosen? To perpetuate most settlements To avoid recognition of the 1967 border To benefit Jewish communities in Israel To preserve antiquities To ensure access to holy sites Jayyus Qalqiliya Alfe Menashe Habla Zufin Original Route Matan Jayyus Qalqiliya Alfe Menashe Habla Zufin Current Route Matan Zufin Jayyus Qalqilya Falamya Kafr Jammal

28 Zufin Jayyus Qalqilya Falamya Kafr Jammal Case Study: Jerusalem Envelope (East) East of the municipal boundary: 82,500 Palestinians Until recently, the municipal boundary had almost no implications on the daily lives of the residents. The establishment of the barrier to the east of Jerusalem completely ignores the existing reality. West of the municipal boundary: 200,000 Palestinians West Jerusalem East Jerusalem Ramallah Bethlehem Beit Sahur Beit Jala Gilo Ramot Allon Pisgat Zeev Beit Hanina Ar-Ram Givat Zeev Sur Bahir Silwan Shuafat Al-Walaja Jerusalem Envelope Jaba Hizma Anata Eizariya Abu Dis Sawahira Sheikh Sad

29 Are there Alternatives? Improve functioning of checkpoints along the Green Line Most perpetrators of attacks enter Israel through the checkpoints. Deploy more forces along the Green Line The IDF chose to shift forces to locations deep within the West Bank. Construct the barrier along the Green Line or inside Israel. Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem

30 Time to Act Most of the barrier has not yet been constructed. It is still possible to prevent future human rights violations. Jerusalem Jericho Hebron Nablus Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Ramallah Bethlehem


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