Presentation on theme: "BQ 07 Governance of Innovation and Regions Ireland: the Shannon Experience Dr. Brid Quinn Department of Politics & Public Administration University of."— Presentation transcript:
BQ 07 Governance of Innovation and Regions Ireland: the Shannon Experience Dr. Brid Quinn Department of Politics & Public Administration University of Limerick e-mail: Brid.Quinn@ul.ie
BQ 07 Conceptual Framework n Regional development is framed by governance structures and mechanisms n Innovation is circumscribed by the principles, practices and processes which underpin collective action in the region n the governance approach increases the salience of the local and regional levels as the site of intersection of horizontal and vertical networks n analyses of governance identify –changes in the controlling and co-ordination roles of the state –the augmentation of hierarchical and market mechanisms of governing with the networking approach.
BQ 07 Ireland n strong central government with subordinate local authorities answerable to and financially dependent on the centre n persistent lack of effective regional structures n EU induced changes including creation of regional structures n NOW a more regionalised focus in Irish policies and provision n Only 2 dedicated regional development agencies currently exist Udaras na Gaeltachta & Shannon Development
BQ 07 Ireland - context n Late industrialisation n Uneven development * n Significant development policies - economic, education, industry n Partnership as a modus operandi at national and sub-national levels n National Innovation Strategy evolved differently and later in Ireland n Governance of innovation in Ireland involves policy- makers, advisors and implementing organisations n Total R&D spending in 2006 was up 14% on 2005
BQ 07 Irelands uneven development GDP per capita (PPS) 2000 2004 EU 27 = 100 Ireland132.3141.4 BMW region 91.5 101.1 S&E region147.0156.5 EU-15115.2113.2
BQ 07 The Shannon region n 10,000 square kilometres spanning counties Clare, Limerick, North Tipperary, South Offaly and North Kerry, which collectively have a population of over 450,000 people.
BQ 07 Shannon Development n Shannon Airport - a location for entrpreneurial innovation since 1939 n 1959 Shannon Free Airport Development Company (SFADCO) incorporated as a legal liability company n 1960s - SD –identified the economic sectors which had the greatest potential for growth, –harnessed the resources of the region –attracted investors and employers to the zone n 1968 the remit of SFADCO was broadened to include regional industrial development
BQ 07 Changing focus n late 1970s - debate about the impact of the Shannon zones continuing growth on the rest of the region and the Shannon zones dependence on foreign industry n reallocation of tasks between SFADCO and the Industrial Development Authority (IDA) n 2007 restructuring - S Ds enterprise support functions were re-allocated to the national agencies Enterprise Ireland (indigenous industry) and IDA (exogenous industry).
BQ 07 Current Goals of Shannon Development n To enable the more developed areas of the Shannon Region achieve their full development potential. To ensure that the potential of the less developed areas of the Shannon Region is realised. n To create demand for the Shannon Airport Gateway (Annual Report 2006).
BQ 07 Shannon Developments multi-faceted role n two-strand approach, –enhancing the regions economic environmen –nurturing innovation n RIS and RIS+ programmes n prepared the Mid-West Regional Authoritys Development Plan n leader in the Southern and Eastern Regional Innovative Action Programme during the NDP 2000-2006
BQ 07 Recent activities n co-directing the Atlantic Gateways initiative with the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government n continuing expansion of the Shannon Development Knowledge Network n collaborating with local authorities to improve connectivity n implementing the E-towns concept n property initiatives, tourism development operations and ongoing employment creation –At the end of 2006 - 20,530 people in S D assisted companies
BQ 07 Significant factors in SD success n SD not only a regional economic development body, but also plays a role in policy development and innovation strategies n SD places emphasis on learning, innovation and supporting experimentation n SD adjusted its approach to reflect changing international, national and regional trends and priorities and to respond to technological change
BQ 07 Shannon Developments contribution to the region Formal/informal Sectoral LINKAGES Regional/local/national/ international Capacity LEARNING Application Adaptation Vision LEADERSHIP Action People Reflection
BQ 07 Issues n Role n complexity of linkages n potential for duplication & overlap n remoteness from people n transparency n SD vis a vis formal democratic institutions n Threats - Shannon Airport routes & loss of industrial function
BQ 07 Conclusions n Shannon Development has atypical status in Irelands governing structures –both a part of and apart from formal governance structures –freedom to do things differently n Shannon Development has served as a responsive laboratory for industrialisation and innovation adapting to changes in the development paradigm n Its impact has been both tangible and intangible n Continuity, Adaptability, innovation, networking