Presentation on theme: "SAWEN Establishment: Scenario of Bangladesh Rezaul Sikder, DCF Md. Abu Naser Khan, DCF Md.Farid Miah, ACF Forest Department, Bangladesh."— Presentation transcript:
SAWEN Establishment: Scenario of Bangladesh Rezaul Sikder, DCF Md. Abu Naser Khan, DCF Md.Farid Miah, ACF Forest Department, Bangladesh.
Administrative set up for WL management in Bangladesh CCF act as Chief Wildlife Warden CF Wildlife & Nature Conservation Circle act as Deputy Chief Wildlife Warden 4 Wildlife DFOs & other 44 territorial DFOs act as Wildlife Warden Wildlife & Nature Conservation Circle (1) and Wildlife Divisions (4) of FD is mainly responsible for Wildlife Conservation.
Legal policy of Bangladesh Bangladesh Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act 1974 has three schedules in which list of animals are found for ordinary game hunting permission and for protected animals which shall not be hunted, killed or captured according to law. CITES listed species of fauna and flora are treated as protected species in Bangladesh. Policy for Deer rearing, Elephant rearing, Crocodile farming have been developed and approved Progress in New Bangladesh Wildlife (Conservation), Act 2011 ( waiting for pass in the parliament).
Salient Feature in New WL act 2011 According to CITES Rules & regulations, species of flora and fauna are incorporated Trade of CITES listed species prescribed as per CITES rules, regulation & guide line Declaration and mgt. of CCA, PA, included In line with CBD Co-mgt, CCA, Rights of indigenous people are recognized Provision of compensation for human and wildlife conflict. More punishment prescribed Conservation of Wildlife & Bio-diversity is emphasized.
Wildlife management & trade related legal instruments in action Bangladesh Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act 1974 Forest Act 1927 (amended in 1990, 2000) Environment Conservation Act, 1995 (Amendments 2000, 2002) Export Policy 2006-2009 (Ministry of Commerce) Imports and Exports (Control) Act 1957 Destructive Insects and Pests Act (1914) and Rules (1966) Drug Act (1940, 1951) Narcotics Act (1990)
Wildlife management & trade related legal instruments Proposed Proposed New Wildlife Act,2011 Proposed Biodiversity and Community Knowledge Protection Act Proposed Plant Variety Protection Act Proposed Medicinal Plants Protection Act Proposed Pet and Caged Birds Import and Export Guidelines Proposed Zoo Act Proposed PA Rules Proposed Quarantine Act.
Management of Wildlife Declared 28 PAs, as NP(15) & WS(13)Declared 28 PAs, as NP(15) & WS(13) Total Area 2,61,891.50 hectares (approx) which is 1.82% of total landmass of BGDTotal Area 2,61,891.50 hectares (approx) which is 1.82% of total landmass of BGD Target up to 2015: 15% of Total Forest Area (2.52 million ha.) would be brought under PA NetworkTarget up to 2015: 15% of Total Forest Area (2.52 million ha.) would be brought under PA Network Protected Areas (PA) for WL mgt. in BGD:
Practices in the PA for WL mgt. Protected Area management to preserve wildlife habitat and biodiversity through collaborative management Involvement of NGOs like WTB; ICDDR,B, CARINAM etc & Universities for research support Development & implementation of Tiger Action Plan Formation of Village Tiger Response Team to protect strayed out tiger Projects like IPAC, SEALS, Sundarban Tiger Project, etc. to improve habitat of WL, protection from poachers, CO-mgt etc.
CITES and Bangladesh Signed : 1973 Ratified : 20 November 1981 Entered into force : 18 February 1982 Management Authority: Chief Conservator of Forests, Forest Department (FD); Chief Controller of Import and Export Scientific Authority : Bangladesh Wildlife Advisory Board
Wildlife Trade: Bangladesh has virtually no regular trade on CITES species from mid ninety. During 2001 to 2004 there was no commercial trade of CITES species in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh we have only two commercial crocodile farm During 2004, 75 Crocodylus porosus was imported from Malaysia for the purpose of farming by a private farm named Reptiles Farm Ltd. and in 2010 permission is given for importing 10 breeder and exporting 67 nos. of Crocodylus porosus to the same Farm and also given permission to import 50 breeder in favor of Akiz Wildlife Farm. Till to date no CITES permission is given for trading of flora except agar wood chips. CITES export- import permission is given mainly for research purpose.
Wildlife Trade Hubs Sea Ports Chittagong Port (Chittagong) Mongla Port (Khulna) International Airports Hazrat Shahzalal International Airport (Dhaka) Shah Amanat International Airport (Chittagong) M.A.G Osmani International Airport (Sylhet)
Wildlife Trade Hubscontd. Issues Inadequate, authentic data on informal trade hubs and trade flow within the country Data on export and import of wildlife products are limited, incomplete, and not up-to-date Actions Efficient wildlife trade monitoring system Regular (refreshers) training of the officials of Department of Customs and Excise, Export Promotion Bureau, Exporters Guild Chamber, Bangladesh Police, Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) officials on updated information on CITES Appendices.
Strengthening Regional Cooperation for Wildlife protection Project Salient Features: (a) Crime Control Unit: Increase & deployment of man power to land,sea & airports, (b) Wildlife Center: Training Center Research Center Wildlife Rescue Center Forensic lab Virtual Center (c) Restructuring of Wildlife Department: (d) Logistics & financial support: (e) Establishment of Network with neighboring countries
Initiatives for combating illegal trade of wildlife Transboundary issue is associated with flagship species and could have cascade effect. A protocol between Bangladesh & India is under consideration to sign for the protection of Royal Bengal Tiger of Sundarbans. Chunati WL sanctuary is a designated CITES MIKE site in BGD. Regular monitoring and reporting is done. Regular (refreshers) training of the officials and staffs of Department of Forests have been going on with the collaboration of WTB Bangladesh Tiger Action Plan(2009-2017), National Tiger Recovery Program have been approved and implementing DCF WL&NC is nominated for SAWEN Focal Points of BGD.
Few Recent WL Crime Incidences On 23 May, 2010 at Dhaka Air Port, 480 nos. of star tortoise were seized when those were tried to smuggled to Malyasia by an Indian citizen Peer Mohammed of TN. On 02 July, 2010 at at Dhaka Air Port, around 1000 wild birds ( 400 Hill mayna, 600 Love birds/Muniya of whom about 50 is of central India origin and are endangered) were seized when those were tried to smuggled to Pakistan by a Pakistani citizen Ahmed Sheikh Wahed. On 29 Sept. 2010 at Bangkok Air Port, 1000 of star tortoise and one Gharial were seized when those were smuggled to Thailand from Bangladesh by a Pakistani citizen Saeed Shaikh.