3I came to the U.S. last month. This is Mie:I’m from Amagasaki.I live in the U.S. now.I came to the U.S. last month.I LOVE TO STUDY!
4present past future Time Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect + ProgressiveMie studies every day.Mie is studying now.Mie has studied English for six years.Mie has been studying for 2 hours.presentMie studied last night.Mie was studying when I arrived.Mie had studied English in Japan before she arrived in the U.S.Mie had been studying for 2 hours when I arrived.pastMie will study tomorrow.Mie will be studying when I arrive.Mie will have studied before I arrive.Mie will have been studying for 2 hours before I arrive.future
5Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressivePresent simple doesn’t mean it’s happening now.It is a daily habit or a usual activity.
6Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressiveMie studies every day.She doesn’t goof off!Xs‘Goof off’is slang.It means ‘waste time’or ‘avoid doing work.’
7Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressiveIf you want to say ‘it’s happening now’, use the present progressive.Progressive means ‘in progress.’be + V-ing
8Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressiveMie is studying now.She is not watching TV!She isn’t goofing off.startnowfinish?XXX
9Simple and Progressive What’s the difference?Simple and ProgressiveBridget lives in Spokane.‘a habit’‘permanent’Mie is living in Spokane.‘in progress at the time of speaking’‘temporary’This ‘temporary’ periodcan be short or long.
10Practice is coming don’t want Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep)Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb)The moon ____ around the earth. (go)Hurry the bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want)is sleepingsleepsare climbinggoesis comingdon’t want
11Some verbs usually can’t be progressive… Thoughts/mental statesknow understand believe mean rememberSome verbs usually can’t be progressive…Feelings/Emotionslove hate need appreciate likewant desireSenseshearseesmell taste touchExistencebeexist seemappearPossession haveownpossessbelongcontain
12 Answers… Correct? s e s s I am knowing your name. If the sentence is wrong, please correct it.I am knowing your name.This car is belonging to me.I am having three children.This pasta is smelling so good!He is seeming nice.I’m seeing you.I’m seeing the doctor at 10.sess‘see’ means ‘meet’ here, not a sense verb
13Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressivePast simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past.Usually we know ‘when.’V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.)go- went build - built fall - fellknow - knew come - came stand - stoodfly - flew feel - felt throw - threwetc.go- build- fall-know- come- stand-fly- feel- throw-etc.
14Some things to remember: Simple and Progressive…when…Mie studied last night.She didn’t goof off!Xed
15Some things to remember: Simple and Progressive…when…Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young.She didn’t live in Japan then.Xd
16Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressivePast progressive is used to show ‘interrupted past.’Progressive means ‘in progress.’was/were + V-ing
17Some things to remember: Simple and ProgressiveWhen I arrived, Mie was studying.Mie was studying when I arrived.was studyingXXI arrived
18When I was talking, Mie was talking notes. What’s the difference?Progressive and ProgressiveWhen I was talking, Mie was talking notes.Mie was taking notesXXI was talking
19Practice The baby __________ when the phone _______. She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep, ring, sleep)Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be)What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do)was sleepingrangsleepswas livingmetwas studyingteachingplayingmetmetwaswere you doing
20Some things to remember: Perfect TensesPresent perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present.…or happened sometime in the past, but we don’t know when.have/has + past participle
21Some things to remember: Perfect TensesMie has already eaten.XWe often useyet, already, and justwith theperfect simple.…so she doesn’t needto eat NOW.Finished in the pastbut affects the present…
22Some things to remember: Perfect TensesMie has traveled a lot.finish?We usepresent perfectto talk aboutlife experience.This means‘in her life’.XX
23Mie traveled to Hawaii last year. What’s the difference?Simple v. PerfectMie has traveled a lot.Mie traveled to Hawaii last year.Xfinish?XX
24Simple v. Perfect X X X Mr. Jones has lived here all his life. What’s the difference?Simple v. PerfectMr. Jones has lived here all his life.Mr. Jones livedhere all his life.finish?XXX
25PracticeI _______ my homework every night between 7 and 9. Now it’s 8:00, so I _____________ my homework yet. (do/finish)Ayaka and Mai _________ their homework two hours ago! (finish)Isabelle ______ to travel. She ______________ to more than 20 countries. (love/travel)James and I _______________ for twenty years. We ______________ in (be married/get married)dohaven’t finishedfinishedloveshas traveledhave been marriedgot married
26Some things to remember: Perfect ProgressivePresent perfect progressive describes an action in the recent past that has finished and you can see a result.…or one that hasn’t finished yet.have/has + been + past participle
27Some things to remember: Now she hasfinished shopping,but we see theresults!Some things to remember:Perfect TensesMie has been shopping.XXThis is a recentlyfinished action.
28Some things to remember: ‘since’ tells uswhen the actionbegan.Some things to remember:Perfect TensesMie has been studying English since 2001.XNot finished…beganin the pastand continuesto the present…It hasn’tfinished yet.
29Some things to remember: ‘for’ tells us‘how long.’Some things to remember:Perfect TensesMie has been studying English for six years.XNot finished…beganin the pastand continues tothe present…
30Simple and Progressive Be careful….Simple and ProgressiveI have been crashing my car.Notice that some verbs don’t make sense if you use the progessive:
31Simple and Progressive Be careful….Simple and ProgressiveI have been cutting myself.Notice that some verbs don’t make sense if you use the progessive:
32Practice did you start We’re all wet! It _____________ for two hours! Yuko ___________ homework all day! She ________ ten assignments. Wow! She needs a break!Your friend comes in. Her hands and face are dirty. Ask a question: what/you/do?How long ___________________ English? When ______________?has been raininghas been doinghas doneWhat have you been doing?have you been studyingdid you start
33Some things to remember: FutureThere are five ways to talk about the future.Xwill(be) going to + Vpresent simplepresent progressive(be) about to +VI’ll see you tomorrow.She’s going to be a doctor.The plane leaves at 6:15.I’m meeting him at four.I’m just about to finish.
34Some things to remember: FutureWill I’ll see you tomorrow. I won’t tell anyone.We use will when we decide to do something at themoment of speaking.(the phone is ringing) “I’ll get it!”Also forOffering: “That bag looks heavy. I’ll help you with it.”Promising: “I’ll never tell anyone how old you really are.”Requesting: “Will you please be quiet?”Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’ll pass your exam.”Volunteering!decide now!
35Some things to remember: FutureI’m going to do my homework at 10:00.I’m not going to goof off.(be) going to + VPlanning!Decide beforeWe use (be) going to + V when we decided before speaking.(I have hair dye.) “I’m going to dye my hair pink.”Also forPredicting: “Don’t worry. You’re going to pass your exam.”
36Will and Going to What’s the difference? “Which shirt do you want?” “I’ll take the pink one.”“Why are you going downtown?”“I’m going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt.”Decide now!Decided before!
37Practice ‘m going to go ’ll come is knocking ‘ll get ‘ll help 1. A: “Are you leaving?”B: “Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Tomoko.”A: “Oh, I ________ with you!”2. A: (Knock knock…) “Someone ___________ at the door.”B: “I _____ it!”3. A: “Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire.”B: “Sure, I _______ you after dinner.”(later)A: “Dad ____________ my tire yet?”B: “No, I ____________ it after dinner.”‘m going to go’ll comeis knocking‘ll get‘ll helphave you fixed’m going to fix
38Some things to remember: Future time clauses in the presentXXdo my homeworkgo downtownBefore I go downtown, I’m going to do my homework.Before I will go downtown, I’m going to do my homework.The simple present is used in future time clauses!The simple present is used in future time clauses.
39Draw timelines for these future sentences. Future time clauses in the present?XXXXXI’m going to go downtown after I do my homework.When I see her, I’ll tell her.I’ll go jogging as soon as the rain stops.I’ll stay home if it rains tomorrow.The simple present is used in these future time clauses.
40will you give will hug will tell Future time clauses The concert ________ before I ________.I _______ you as soon as I _______ to the airport.Ron: When you ____ Kathy, ____________ her a big hug?Anita: I ____! And after I _____ her, I _________ her to call you.will startarrivegetwill callseewill you givewillhugwill tell
41Some things to remember: 1 Grammar cards…Simple+ ProgressivePerfectPresentPastFutureDon’t forget to check your homework in the library every week.‘time lines’