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Bridget Green Verb Phrases PastPresentFuture First, meet Mie…

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Presentation on theme: "Bridget Green Verb Phrases PastPresentFuture First, meet Mie…"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Bridget Green Verb Phrases PastPresentFuture

3 First, meet Mie…

4 This is Mie: Im from Amagasaki. I live in the U.S. now. I came to the U.S. last month. I LOVE TO STUDY!

5 TimeSimpleProgressivePerfectPerfect + Progressive Mie studies every day. Mie is studying now. Mie has studied English for six years. Mie has been studying for 2 hours. Mie studied last night. Mie was studying when I arrived. Mie had studied English in Japan before she arrived in the U.S. Mie had been studying for 2 hours when I arrived. Mie will study tomorrow. Mie will be studying when I arrive. Mie will have studied before I arrive. Mie will have been studying for 2 hours before I arrive. present past future

6 Some things to remember: / Present simple doesnt mean its happening now. / It is a daily habit or a usual activity. / Present simple doesnt mean its happening now. / It is a daily habit or a usual activity. Simple and Progressive

7 Some things to remember: Mie studies every day. She doesnt goof off! Mie studies every day. She doesnt goof off! XX XXX Goof off is slang. It means waste time or avoid doing work. Simple and Progressive s

8 Some things to remember: / If you want to say its happening now, use the present progressive. / Progressive means in progress. / be + V-ing / If you want to say its happening now, use the present progressive. / Progressive means in progress. / be + V-ing Simple and Progressive

9 Some things to remember: Mie is studying now. She is not watching TV! She isnt goofing off. Mie is studying now. She is not watching TV! She isnt goofing off. XX startnow finish? Simple and Progressive X

10 Whats the difference? Mie is living in Spokane. in progress at the time of speaking temporary Mie is living in Spokane. in progress at the time of speaking temporary Bridget lives in Spokane. a habit permanent This temporary period can be short or long. Simple and Progressive

11 Practice 1. Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep) 2. Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb) 3. The moon ____ around the earth. (go) 4. Hurry the bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want) 1. Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep) 2. Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb) 3. The moon ____ around the earth. (go) 4. Hurry the bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want) is sleeping are climbing is coming dont want sleeps goes

12 Some verbs usually cant be progressive… Senses hear see smell taste touch Thoughts/mental states know understand believe mean remember Existence be exist seem appear Possession have own possess belong contain Feelings/Emotions love hate need appreciate like want desire

13 Answers… / I am knowing your name. / This car is belonging to me. / I am having three children. / This pasta is smelling so good! / He is seeming nice. / Im seeing you. / Im seeing the doctor at 10. / I am knowing your name. / This car is belonging to me. / I am having three children. / This pasta is smelling so good! / He is seeming nice. / Im seeing you. / Im seeing the doctor at 10. If the sentence is wrong, please correct it. s e s s see means meet here, not a sense verb Correct?

14 Some things to remember: / Past simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past. / Usually we know when. / V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.) / Past simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past. / Usually we know when. / V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.) Simple and Progressive go-build-fall- know-come-stand- fly-feel-throw- etc. go- wentbuild - builtfall - fell know - knewcome - camestand - stood fly - flewfeel - feltthrow - threw etc.

15 Some things to remember: Mie studied last night. She didnt goof off! Mie studied last night. She didnt goof off! X Simple and Progressive …when… ed

16 Some things to remember: Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young. She didnt live in Japan then. Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young. She didnt live in Japan then. Simple and Progressive …when… X X X X d

17 Some things to remember: / Past progressive is used to show interrupted past. / Progressive means in progress. / was/were + V-ing / Past progressive is used to show interrupted past. / Progressive means in progress. / was/were + V-ing Simple and Progressive

18 Some things to remember: Mie was studying when I arrived. X X was studying I arrived Simple and Progressive When I arrived, Mie was studying.

19 Whats the difference? When I was talking, Mie was talking notes. Progressive and Progressive X X I was talking Mie was taking notes

20 Practice 1. The baby __________ when the phone _______. 2. She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep, ring, sleep) 3. Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be) 4. What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do) 1. The baby __________ when the phone _______. 2. She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep, ring, sleep) 3. Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be) 4. What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do) was sleepingrang sleeps was livingmet was studying teaching playing met was were you doing

21 Some things to remember: / Present perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present. / …or happened sometime in the past, but we dont know when. / have/has + past participle / Present perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present. / …or happened sometime in the past, but we dont know when. / have/has + past participle Perfect Tenses

22 Some things to remember: Mie has already eaten. Perfect Tenses X …so she doesnt need to eat NOW. Finished in the past but affects the present… We often use yet, already, and just with the perfect simple.

23 Some things to remember: Mie has traveled a lot. Perfect Tenses X X finish? This means in her life. We use present perfect to talk about life experience.

24 Whats the difference? Mie has traveled a lot. Simple v. Perfect X X finish? Mie traveled to Hawaii last year. X

25 Whats the difference? Mr. Jones has lived here all his life. Simple v. Perfect XX finish? Mr. Jones lived here all his life. Mr. Jones lived here all his life. X

26 Practice 1. I _______ my homework every night between 7 and 9. Now its 8:00, so I _____________ my homework yet. (do/finish) 2. Ayaka and Mai _________ their homework two hours ago! (finish) 3. Isabelle ______ to travel. She ______________ to more than 20 countries. (love/travel) 4. James and I _______________ for twenty years. We ______________ in (be married/get married) do havent finished finished loveshas traveled have been married got married

27 Some things to remember: / Present perfect progressive describes an action in the recent past that has finished and you can see a result. / …or one that hasnt finished yet. / have/has + been + past participle / Present perfect progressive describes an action in the recent past that has finished and you can see a result. / …or one that hasnt finished yet. / have/has + been + past participle Perfect Progressive

28 Some things to remember: Mie has been shopping. Perfect Tenses This is a recently finished action. XX Now she has finished shopping, but we see the results!

29 Some things to remember: Mie has been studying English since Perfect Tenses …began in the past and continues to the present… since tells us when the action began. It hasnt finished yet. XX Not finished

30 Some things to remember: Mie has been studying English for six years. Perfect Tenses …began in the past and continues to the present… for tells us how long. XX Not finished

31 Be careful…. Notice that some verbs dont make sense if you use the progessive: Simple and Progressive I have been crashing my car.

32 Be careful…. Notice that some verbs dont make sense if you use the progessive: Simple and Progressive I have been cutting myself.

33 Practice 1. Were all wet! It _____________ for two hours! 2. Yuko ___________ homework all day! She ________ ten assignments. Wow! She needs a break! 3. Your friend comes in. Her hands and face are dirty. Ask a question: what/you/do? 4. How long ___________________ English? When ______________? 1. Were all wet! It _____________ for two hours! 2. Yuko ___________ homework all day! She ________ ten assignments. Wow! She needs a break! 3. Your friend comes in. Her hands and face are dirty. Ask a question: what/you/do? 4. How long ___________________ English? When ______________? has been raining has been doing has done What have you been doing? have you been studying did you start

34 Some things to remember: There are five ways to talk about the future. Future 1.will 2.(be) going to + V 3.present simple 4.present progressive 5.(be) about to +V 1.Ill see you tomorrow. 2.Shes going to be a doctor. 3.The plane leaves at 6:15. 4.Im meeting him at four. 5.Im just about to finish. X

35 Some things to remember: Future Will Ill see you tomorrow. I wont tell anyone. We use will when we decide to do something at the moment of speaking. (the phone is ringing) Ill get it! Also for Offering: That bag looks heavy. Ill help you with it. Promising: Ill never tell anyone how old you really are. Requesting: Will you please be quiet? Predicting: Dont worry. Youll pass your exam. Volunteering ! decide now!

36 Some things to remember: Future Im going to do my homework at 10:00. Im not going to goof off. We use (be) going to + V when we decided before speaking. (I have hair dye.) Im going to dye my hair pink. Also for Predicting: Dont worry. Youre going to pass your exam. Planning ! Decide before (be) going to + V

37 Whats the difference? A. Which shirt do you want? B. Ill take the pink one. A. Which shirt do you want? B. Ill take the pink one. Will and Going to A. Why are you going downtown? B. Im going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt. A. Why are you going downtown? B. Im going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt. Decide now! Decided before!

38 Practice 1. A: Are you leaving? B: Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Tomoko. A: Oh, I ________ with you! 2. A: (Knock knock…) Someone ___________ at the door. B: I _____ it! 3. A: Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire. B: Sure, I _______ you after dinner. (later) A: Dad ____________ my tire yet? B: No, I ____________ it after dinner. 1. A: Are you leaving? B: Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Tomoko. A: Oh, I ________ with you! 2. A: (Knock knock…) Someone ___________ at the door. B: I _____ it! 3. A: Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire. B: Sure, I _______ you after dinner. (later) A: Dad ____________ my tire yet? B: No, I ____________ it after dinner. ll get m going to go ll come is knocking ll help have you fixed m going to fix

39 Some things to remember: Future time clauses in the present The simple present is used in future time clauses. Before I go downtown, Im going to do my homework. X go downtow n X do my homework The simple present is used in future time clauses! Before I will go downtown, Im going to do my homework.

40 Draw timelines for these future sentences. Future time clauses in the present The simple present is used in these future time clauses. 1. Im going to go downtown after I do my homework. 2. When I see her, Ill tell her. 3. Ill go jogging as soon as the rain stops. 4. Ill stay home if it rains tomorrow. XXXXX ?

41 5. The concert ________ before I ________. 6. I _______ you as soon as I _______ to the airport. 7. Ron: When you ____ Kathy, ____________ her a big hug? Anita: I ____! And after I _____ her, I _________ her to call you. 5. The concert ________ before I ________. 6. I _______ you as soon as I _______ to the airport. 7. Ron: When you ____ Kathy, ____________ her a big hug? Anita: I ____! And after I _____ her, I _________ her to call you. Future time clauses will start arrive will call get see will you give will hug will tell

42 Some things to remember: 1 Grammar cards… / Present / Past / Future / Present / Past / Future Simple +Progressive Perfect / time lines Dont forget to check your homework in the library every week.

43 Finished!


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