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PRESENTED BY: MR. MOMPATI SELEKA- TOWN CLERK SELEBI PHIKWE TOWN COUNCIL, URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE SELEBI PHIKWE Presentation.

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Presentation on theme: "PRESENTED BY: MR. MOMPATI SELEKA- TOWN CLERK SELEBI PHIKWE TOWN COUNCIL, URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE SELEBI PHIKWE Presentation."— Presentation transcript:

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2 PRESENTED BY: MR. MOMPATI SELEKA- TOWN CLERK SELEBI PHIKWE TOWN COUNCIL, URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE SELEBI PHIKWE Presentation

3 1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

4 The town of Selebi Phikwe was established in the early 1960s following the onset of copper/nickel mining activities. The first official activities related to the discovery of the Selebi Phikwe mineral deposits date from 1959, when surface prospecting started over an area of some 67,000 square kilometers. Geochemical exploration techniques were used to discover the Selebi deposit in 1963, followed by the discoveries of Phikwe and Selebi North deposits.

5 This gave an impetus to commencement of robust mining activities in The town hence evolved from the mine workers quarters which were provided by the BCL mine for its employees. Selebi Phikwe has since grown into the third largest urban centre in the country.

6 2. GEOGRAPHICAL SETTING

7 Selebi Phikwe is situated in the Eastern part of Botswana, about 415km by road from Gaborone (national capital) and about 150km south east of Francistown(second largest urban centre), and 60km east of the Gaborone – Francistown road. 2.1 Location

8 It lies 80km west of Bobirwa Sub district headquarters at Bobonong and within the Eastern Planning region of Botswana as delineated by the National Settlement Policy of It shares its borders with the Bobirwa Sub-District. The closest border to South Africa, which is at Zanzibar, lies 100 km to the south east of the town while the Martins Drift Border to South Africa is 120 kilometres to the south.

9 2.2 Size and Status Selebi Phikwe was declared a planning area under the Town and Country Planning (Declaration of Planning Areas) order of The land within the town is wholly state owned (state land) albeit the existence of a substantial number of tribal land grants within the planning area which includes BDF camp, Airport, Prisons and two exclusive surface rights areas granted to BCL for mining purposes.

10 The District Planning area boundary covers 260 km 2 of which 50km 2 is within the Township boundary. The land allocation and administration is the sole responsibility of the department of Lands (Ministry of Lands and Housing), while Selebi Phikwe Town Council is the responsible Planning Authority exercising all local government functions over the entire township area. The 210km 2 outside the township area boundary is all tribal land, allocated and administered by the Ngwato Land Board.

11 3. DISTRICT ENVIROMENTAL STATUS

12 3.1Physical Features Selebi Phikwe is well endowed with ephemeral rivers and streams, kopjes and inselbergs of granitoid rocks which rise above a flat pediment dipping gently to the north. The Motloutse, Letlhakane and Mathathane rivers are the dominant physiographic features, flowing sporadically during the rainy season from October to April; discharging northwards.

13 The topography is generally flat and typical of the basement system of Botswana lying at an altitude of between metres above sea level with a gradient sloping gently to the south. The most prominent hill is the Selebi hill located at the south west corner of the township boundary. The stretch of these topographic features indeed constitutes a serious constraint to the settlement development growth in this direction.

14 Selebi Phikwe has a semi-arid climate, with summer rainfall during the months of October to March ranging between 400 and 500 mm per annum. Most of the rains fall in high intensity spells, and because of the seasonal nature of the rainfall, and the high probability of drought conditions during the dry season. 3.2Climate

15 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 32 0 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 5 0 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi- Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purposes.

16 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 3.3Vegetation and Soil 3.3.1Vegetation The township lies within the eastern hardveld and the vegetation is characterized by the predominance of tree savannah, with Mophane and Acacia (Mooka) prevailing. Other tree species such as Baobab are sparsely found in the district boundary outside the township area. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

17 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo Mophane trees also bring in Mophane worm (phane) known for its nutritious status and mostly harvested in this area to sell to both locally and regionally. The worms boost the economic status of low income during summer and autumn. The felling of trees and the effects of urbanization has led to more shrub- dominated vegetation, especially in the township area. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

18 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo The vegetation is however thicker along the banks of the rivers characterized by riparian woodland. A policy is in place which encourages the planting of trees and discourages the felling of trees in the planning area winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

19 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 3.3.2Soils winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe area has two major soil groups, which are on alluvial deposits and soils on acid igneous and metamorphic rocks. Only a small strip of soils on basic igneous and metamorphic rocks founding in the extreme north-west, while the topsoil cover is scanty, with recorded depths not exceeding 1.75 metres, but averaging 1.5 metres.

20 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter This consists of silty sands and sandy clays with a predominant light brown to brown colour, with some grey sandy soils in the western area. Subsoil materials consist mainly of weathered and decomposed granites with laterite, calcrete and quartz gravels layers influencing the colouring of the topsoil layer.

21 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Calcrete and laterite are found on the western area while quartz gravels occur over most of the planning area. The quartz, calcrete and laterite gravels found in the Planning Area are suitable for road construction materials. The rivers in the planning area are good sources of sand used for building constructions.

22 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 3.4 Natural Resources 3.4.1Wildlife There are limited number and types of wildlife species within the District. Baboons and other small species are common in the kopjes to the south of the town. Different kinds of birds species are also common, which present an opportunity for tourism development. There is plan to create a game park which will attract tourists to the area hence diversifying the towns economy. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

23 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 3.4.2Sources of Energy Selebi Phikwe like any other settlement in the country is dependent on electricity generated from other areas which this instance comes from Morupule Power Station. The electricity is used for mining, commercial, residential and street lighting purpose while low income uses other sources of fuel such as paraffin, fuel wood and candles. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

24 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo Though there is a great potential to use solar energy in residential houses due to high temperatures and long hours of sunlight there are only a few hours of its usage. The district authorities, through the Urban Development Plan III, have consolidated strategies to encourage the use of solar energy and discourage use of fuel-wood. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

25 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo The main water sources in the district is the Letsibogo dam in Mmadinare through a few water courses like Letlhakane, Mphakenoko and Mathathane rivers which discharge into Motloutse and ultimately Letsibogo dam. These rivers are all seasonal.Water Utilities Corporation is responsible for water supply the district with boreholes only restricted to those exploiting the sand rivers aquifers in the Ephemeral streams. LETSIBOGO DAM

26 3.4.3Mining

27 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo The town is heavily dependent on two minerals; copper and nickel which are being mined by the BCL mine. This has rendered the economy of the mine to be monolithic hence posing a challenge to diversify the economy. This has become more urgent since studies have revealed that the mining activities may not continue beyond 2021 owing to the depletion of mineral deposits. However, the BCL mine is doing everything in its capacity to extend the mine life beyond Exploration is continuous. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

28 4. COMMUNICATIONS & LINKAGES

29 4.1Road Transport

30 There are two primary roads within the district; which are Selebi Phikwe – Serule and Phikwe - Martins Drift road. The 60 km Selebi Phikwe – Serule road links the town with Francistown, another major urban centre in the north, as well as Gaborone, the capital city, through the major Francistown – Gaborone artery.

31 This road also provides a link between Palapye and Selebi Phikwe by linking the Francistown - Gaborone road and Martins Drift - Selebi Phikwe through the 40km Tamasane – Kgagodi road. There are other link roads constructed like the Tobane – Selebi Phikwe and Mmadinare roads to close and provide better linkages with surrounding villages. There is also a network of 180 kilometers of tarred internal road. Public transport in Selebi Phikwe comprises local minibuses and taxis, and scheduled coach services to Gaborone, Francistown and other centres.

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33 4.2Rail Transport The town is linked to the national railway line through the 60km Selebi Phikwe – Serule railway line which is solely meant to ferry goods to and from Selebi Phikwe. No passenger transport is provided in this service. There are private rail lines within the town which link the BCL mining areas. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

34 4.3Air Transport Selebi Phikwe has an airport with a 2.8- kilometre hard surfaced runway capable of taking aircraft up to BAe 146 and equivalent. It is scheduled as a port of entry and there are Customs and Immigration services provided. It lacks refueling and night landing (lighting) facilities. Landing fees and other charges are the same as those applied at civil airports elsewhere in Botswana. There is however need to promote utilization of air transport

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38 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter 4.5Telecommunications Currently the Botswana Telecommunications Corporations is the main provider for telecommunication infrastructure services. Mobile phone network communication provider like Be Mobile, Orange and Mascom are also available.

39 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 4.6Postal Services Botswana Post with two postal offices in Botshabelo and Main Mall are the main postal services provider. Courier services are also provided by private companies. winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

40 5. DISTRICT SOCAL DEVELOPMENT

41 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 5.1 Culture winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Though the Batswapong and Babirwa are the dominating ethnic groups in Selebi Phikwe, the mining town has a diverse mix of ethnical groups, attracted by employment opportunities. The cultural spectrum therefore reflects the national cultural diversity.

42 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 5.2 Population Characteristics winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Botswana Population and Housing Census of 2001 revealed that the overall population of Selebi Phikwe was comprising of males and females. The 1991 revealed a population of reflecting a growth of 25.34%. The table below shows the population projections

43 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo Source: 2001 population and Housing Census winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter YearPopulation% growth , , , , , Table 5.2.1: Population Projections.

44 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 5.3Employment & Unemployment winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter According to the 2001 Census, BCL mine is the largest employer with about people and mainly men. The census results reveal that 60% of the economic active population is employed while 40% are unemployed of which 24% are engaged in the mining sector while 14.3% were engaged in manufacturing.

45 Table5.3.1:EconomicallyActive Population Engaged Per Sector. SectorMaleFemaleTotal Agriculture, hunting and Forestry Fishing3-3 Mining and Quarrying4, ,708 Manufacturing( inc. repair of machinery & equipment) 8611,9462,807 Electricity, gas and water supply Construction1,061901,151 Wholesale & retail trade(inc. repair of motor vehicles & goods) 1,1471,8553,002

46 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage and communications Financial intermediaries Real estate, renting and business activities Public Administration1, ,580 Education Health and Social work

47 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Other community, social & personal service activities Private households with employed persons Foreign missions, international organizations 112 Unknown Total11,7687,82519,611 Source 2001 Population and Housing Census

48 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter There was a decrease in the number of people employed in the past due to closure of manufacturing industries and a decline in the mining sector. The government introduced some measures like the Selebi Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit to encourage investors to locate in Selebi Phikwe. There are deliberate efforts by the Government to diversify the economy of Selebi Phikwe and its immediate region from the mining sector.

49 6. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK

50 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter In terms of the National Settlement Policy of 2004, Selebi Phikwe is classified as a primary centre. This accords the town the opportunity to provide high order services. The town is ad ministered by the Selebi Phikwe Town Council, an elected body. The Town Councils jurisdiction extends over the township area and it is responsible for the provision of municipal, social and community services.

51 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter These include primary schools, public health, township roads, social and community development programmes, and physical planning and development Headed by the Deputy District Commissioner, several central government departments have offices in Selebi Phikwe.

52 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter These include the Department of Animal Health, Department of Civil Aviation, Department of Immigration, Department of Labour, Botswana Police and Administration of Justice. Parastatals with offices in Selebi Phikwe include Water Utilities Corporation, Botswana Power Corporation and Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, Local Entrepreneurship Authority, Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency, and Botswana Tourism Organization.

53 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe is the dominant commercial and industrial centre in its immediate region. Its regional retail market is estimated at over 100,000, covering the whole of the Bobirwa Sub- District

54 7. AREAS OF ECONOMIC COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE

55 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 7.1Location winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Its proximity to SA and it being the main artery in the SADC region present the opportunity of establishment of a dry port. Selebi Phikwe is located astride or close to important road arteries linking South Africa with eastern and northern Botswana. Traffic entering Botswana through the Zanzibar border crossing on its way to Francistown, Kasane and the Okavango is likely to pass through Selebi Phikwe.

56 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter In the case of freight traffic, which generally uses the Martins Drift crossing (as there are no customs clearance facilities on the South African side of the Zanzibar crossing), an itinerary passing Selebi Phikwe is one option (and could be encouraged through strategic signposting). As an established regional commercial centre, the town offers facilities for travellers (hotels, banks, retail outlets, etc.) which are superior to those in Palapye, the only other urban centre of any size on or near the route.

57 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe is only 60 kilometres off the main Gaborone-Francistown A1 highway. The fact that it is a mining town especially copper and nickel places it at an advantage to attract large manufacturing and service industry especially high technology and heavy plant repairs and services.

58 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 7.2Infrastructure winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe is served by an excellent and well-maintained road network, which includes several new or recently upgraded roads. Efficient storm-water drainage systems in most areas of the town and sewerage infrastructure are available in all areas of the town. There are more than 2500 serviced (residential and commercial) plots at Mekoro and 74 serviced light industrial plots.

59 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe has one of the most beautiful and well maintained parks. There are recreational facilities such as childrens playgrounds around town. The town is linked by branch railway to the Botswana Railways main line at Serule, facilitating the transport of heavy and bulky cargoes. The branch is not used for passenger traffic but a frequent and reliable coach service is provided between Selebi Phikwe and Francistown, Gaborone.

60 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 7.3Administrative and other services winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe is the location for departments of several central government ministries, commercial banks, offices of Parastatals such as the Botswana Building Society, CEDA and BPC, and a wide range of commercial and industrial services. There is 1 senior secondary school, 6 junior secondary schools, 11 primary schools and 22 pre-schools in Selebi Phikwe. There is also a Vocation Training College as well as well- resourced health facilities. This is complemented by a number of private learning institutions.

61 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter The health system comprises of a district hospital, and 6 clinics (of which two have maternity wings) The establishment of the Selebi Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit will also play a major role in the development and investment in the town by finding innovative and sustainable ways of diversifying the economy, provide an inventory of the towns /regions resource base and identifying particular areas of comparative advantage.

62 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 7.4Land and water winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter The rural areas surrounding Selebi Phikwe are not heavily populated, and contain land and soils with the potential (through irrigation or rain-fed agriculture) for the production of a wide range of commercial food crops. In terms of its location and infrastructure, Selebi Phikwe is an obvious location for marketing and downstream processing activities.

63 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 7.5 Tourism & Recreation Facilities winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Current Status of Tourism & Recreation in Selibe Phikwe Township The primary types of tourism occurring in the Selibe Phikwe Township are MICE tourism (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, & Events). Wildlife based tourism is largely centered on the Tuli area, whilst MICE tourism is mainly focused in Selibe Phikwe town. It is observed that accommodation facilities are as a result mostly available in Tuli and Selibe Phikwe.

64 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter The Department of Tourism license database indicates that there are 8 accommodation facilities (hotels, guest houses etc) in Selibe Phikwe. It also indicates that there are no travel agents and tour operators in town. Car hires can only be accessed in the city of Francistown. There is only one airport in Selibe Phikwe which services mostly private airliners as the commercial airliner does not fly into the region. The lack of some of these facilities creates an opportunity for business growth in those areas.

65 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter There is potential for tourism development in Selibe Phikwe. Eco-tourism sites include but are not limited to; Anne Adams Park located right in the middle of town and offers beautiful scenery for local tourists. Anne Adams Park: a place for Relaxation, Fun, Peace & Tranquility

66 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter There are a few tourist attractions found in Selibe Phikwe most of which are not yet developed. These include but are not limited to; Anne Adams Park located right in the middle of town and offers beautiful scenery for local tourists. There are some archeological and historical sites such as Mothodi site, Mekoro Nature Park etc. if properly developed they have potential to also bring diversity into the area.

67 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter A number of events are held annually in the mining town. These include the annual Phikwe Marathon, Cycling tours, horseback race etc. There are also a number of recreational clubs such as Lions Club, Golf Club, Bowling Club etc. These sporting activities have the potential to uplift sports tourism and thereby bring diversity in town.

68 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Recently a number of tourism studies were commissioned by the government of Botswana through the SPEDU Regional Development Agency (Regional Tourism Study and Tourism Study on Potential of Letsibogo Dam).

69 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter These studies have identified a number of potential projects and initiatives that could boost the tourism offerings in the region. The initiatives also include local communities through their existing and proposed activities.

70 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Some of these initiatives are still in the early stages of development and face a lot of challenges especially related to funding and infrastructure development. Cultural tourism is one aspect of tourism that is still yet to be explored. There are diverse cultures and ethnic groups in Selibe Phikwe. These include the rich Batswapong and Babirwa cultures which are dominant in the area.

71 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter It should be noted however that the township has a lot of potential for tourism development especially because it is a transit point through Martins Drift border post for tourists on their way to Northern Botswana. Most of these tourists are self- drive tourists. This segment market could easily be captured by developing commercialized ready-to use products along the corridor, thereby creating tourist revenue for the region.

72 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter In 2008 there were over visitors recorded crossing through the Martins Drift Border Post, and this number does not include visitors entering through other small entry points like Plaartjan, Pont drift, Zanzibar and Selibe Phikwe airport.

73 8. SWOT ANALYSIS

74 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo A SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis for Selebi Phikwe is outlined in the table below:

75 STRENGTHS Good physical infrastructure, e.g. factory shells, Dry Port, water, health facilities, schools, roads Availability of serviced land Trained personnel (engineering skills, etc.) WEAKNESS No scheduled air services Negative image of Selebi Phikwe (poor air quality) Lack of sense of ownership of the town by inhabitants. High prevalence of HIV/AIDS Over dependence on the mine Poor enforcement of statutes Underdevelopment of recreational facilities OPPORTUNITIES Enlightened/Informed community Economic diversification drive Information technology Decentralization Outsourcing & commercialization Political intervention Regional accessibility Geographical size Tourism, e.g. handicrafts centre, Letsibogo dam, Tuli Block, tourist circuits Leisure activities, e.g. water sports Local branding, image enhancement Exploitation of agricultural potential Development of training and education facilities. Utilize infrastructure left behind by BCL THREATS HIV/AIDS pandemic Economic downturn. Exchange rate fluctuations Corruption Shortage of serviced land Environmental pollution Closure of BCL mine brought forward by serious fall in world prices for copper and nickel and depletion of deposits Decision-taking delayed by bureaucracy and red tape Lack of national support for local projects Other towns are more effective or efficient in attracting new investment Strength of the Pula affects copper and nickel earnings

76 DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

77 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo Development Planning in Botswana follows the Integrated Results Based Management System. Embraces Integrated Development Planning methods with emphasis on Bottom-Up approach (Public Participation, social justice, allocative efficiency). Development Projects prioritized according to – Economic Growth - Employment Creation - Economic Diversification - Equity The Selebi Phikwe Development Plan( ) is under review. To align it with the economic diversification drive. The Urban Development Plan III( ) is in pursuant of the Vision 2016 and MDGs key result areas. The following studies were conducted to inform development: 1.Study on Diversification of the economy of Selebi Phikwe (CSA: 2006)- Recommended establishment of SPEDU 2.Horticultural and Agricultural Crops Production and Agro-processing Study(SPEDU:2009) 3.Potential for Tourism and Leisure Facilities in and Around S/Phikwe(SPEDU) 4.)

78 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 4. Study on Tourist, Recreation and other related opportunities in the environs of Letsibogo Dam(SPEDU 5. Traffic Study (RTS)

79 9. POSSIBLE AREAS OF COOPERATION

80 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 9.1Local Economic Development winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Following one of the recommendations from the study on the Economic Diversification of Selebi Phikwe, it has been deemed imperative to revive the informal sector to facilitate the diversification of the economy of the town. Selebi Phikwe Town Council does not have the capacity, in terms of skills to facilitate LED and there is need for exchange of skills and experiences in this regard.

81 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter This will accord Selebi Phikwe the opportunity to acquire requisite skills in, among others, determining the local Gross Domestic Product of the town, conducting feasibility studies for projects and formulate various development strategies for the communities. Partnership in this regard is highly recommended.

82 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo 9.2Waste Management winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Urban centres around the world have been found to be characterized by high levels of waste generation due to population densities and other unfavorable demographic and economic attributes. It has become apparent that cities in developing countries fall short of dealing with the massive waste that is being generated by their activities. Selebi Phikwe as a mining town, like all other industrialized urban areas is faced with waste management problems.

83 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter During the formative years, the major form of material which was used in construction of housing was asbestos. When gradual improvements were made to the towns housing the asbestos was replaced with modern building material. Disposal of this asbestos has been a challenge as there are no facilities that can handle this hazardous waste in the country. facilities which can handle this type of waste is in South Africa and due to the provisions of the Basil Convention, the requirements for trans- boundary movement of hazardous waste render it prohibitive.

84 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter Selebi Phikwe finds itself having to contend with tons of hazardous asbestos lying all over the town. There are challenges pertaining to the general waste management due to shortage of resources. Selebi Phikwe Town Council recommends cooperation in these areas to exchange skills and experiences in, inter alia, reclamation, reprocessing and recycling of waste.

85 Highest temperatures in the Township are recorded in October, with an average of 320 Celsius, and minimum temperatures recorded in July with an average of 50 Celsius. Ground and air frosts occur in the early mornings during winter months. Solar radiation levels recorded in Selebi-Phikwe are high throughout the year, which is good for heating purpo EXCHANGE OF KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE ON RECREATION AND LANDSCAPING Availability of undeveloped land (recreational spaces) Limited skills on landscaping techniques Availability of recyclable water Lack of technology to tap recyclable resources winds have been recorded during summer thunder storms. Wind speeds are highest during October and lowest in winter

86 SELEBI PHIKWE TOWN COUNCIL85 Thank You Very Much


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