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Pattern Research 1+1=3 or more What is + =? For example: **All polygons are made up of triangles. Answer: 12x.

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Presentation on theme: "Pattern Research 1+1=3 or more What is + =? For example: **All polygons are made up of triangles. Answer: 12x."— Presentation transcript:


2 Pattern Research


4 1+1=3 or more What is + =? For example: **All polygons are made up of triangles. Answer: 12x


6 Delta

7 Cell Armature


9 Dulles Airport Architect: Eero Saarinen Engineer: the civil engineering firm Ammann and Whitney Year: 1962 Place: Chantilly, VA Size: 11,830 acres (47.9km2)


11 - check-in concourse at Dulles Airport designed by Eero Saarinen and refurbished in 2000 by Skidmore Owings and Merrill benefits from high levels of natural light - is regarded by many as the worlds first terminal designed specifically for jet travel - minimize walking distances and maximize views of the aircraft on adjacent runaways - As a result there are no columns inside the terminal and to avoid reflections on the glass walls, the perimeter glazing is angled at about 70 degrees - the original design was a large two-storey terminal with check-in counters and shops in the centre - Passengers moved through the building at an elevated level with baggage handling below - high-speed-people-mover system - the original terminal was designed for 12 million passenger movements a year. Recent extensions to the Saarinen design plus the construction of new terminal buildings have increased the capacity to 40 million - full body scanners - video recognition software that measures the number of people in line and how long it is taking them to pass through the checkpoint - designed by French company Blue Eye Video

12 JFK Airport Architect: Wallace Harrison Originally known as Idlewild Aiport Year: renamed JFK International Aiport on December 24, 1963 Place: New York Size: 4,930 acres



15 - key design issues concerned future expansion, flexibility, and clear circulation - creating an expansive central space with abundant daylight and views of the airports activity - Various permanent artworks enliven the terminals interior spaces - Fully glazed on both landside and airside, the terminal creates a connection between airport, street, and runway - Linear skylights admit natural light, reinforcing the simplicity and clarity of circulation - The roof of the departures hall is lightweight, 180-foot-long span; the hall underneath is a column- free space - The Central Terminal Area includes a central heating and air-conditioning plant. - Air Traffic Control Tower: 321 foot tower includes state-of-art communications, radar and wind- shear alerty systems - Aiport scanning technology: transparent victory for terrorism - Investigation: Runway safety at JFK Airport Friday, February 12, 2010 - found problems with broken runway lights, poor signage, and inadequate training getting worse - it ranks at the top for runway safety hazards - $ 376 million project to renovate JFK Airport Runway June 8, 2010 - Questions, safety checks after planes collide at JFK Airport Tuesday, April 12, 2011 - Exclusive: The Stunning JFK Airport Baggage Scandal; 200 Thefts Per Day March 26, 2012 - New Yorks John F Kennedy Airport top germ spreader: MIT study July 27, 2012 - Jet Skier Breaks Through JFK Airports $100 Million Security System August 13, 2012 - geothermal power project - in the process of installing energy-efficient LED taxiway and holdbar lights - installation of energy efficient lighting controls, infrared heaters and controls, decommissioning vacant buildings, and decommissioning of a high-pressure steam plant - infrared de-icing facility: reduces the amount of deicing fluids used by 90 percent per aircraft

16 Incheon Airport Architect: Terry Farrell and Partners Engineer: Thorton Tomasetti Year: 2001 Place: South Korea Size: 5 million sq ft



19 - large transportation centre - rail, bus, car and taxi services congregate, is directly linked to two new terminal buildings: one for domestic and the other for international flights - providing access to the air - Linked to high-speed train and local train and bus services, they will see many travelers pass through the airport en route to other destinations. - the transportation centre provides a memorable bird-like image for weary passengers - difference in expressions: has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens and a museum - natural light is admitted via the enormous glazed atrium to all six levels of the Centre. - the Transportation Centre is constructed (for safety reason) partly below ground, and only the curved roof of the Great Hall breaks the skyline - Geometry, openness and light are the main characteristics of the design - reduces energy use by manipulating the shape and orientation of the building according to the suns path - extensive glazing in walls and roof with solar protection provided by movable louvers

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