2Aerodrome definitionAerodrome is a place on ground which is usually used for take-off and landing of aircraft. It can be also used for taxing.Aerodrome is formed by maneuvering areas, buildings and other equipmentThere several names for airport:AirfieldAirportAirbase
3Airfield Typical for general aviation Usually equipped with unpaved runway covered by grass,Surface is not made from concrete or asphaltUsually without lightsOnly few buildings and small wooden hangarsOnly Aerodrome Flight Information Services is providedUsually Aerodrome Traffic Zone is established around
5Airport Usually larger than airfield It can be formed by lot of buildings, movement areas and efficient systems and equipment necessary for busy air trafficDue to lot of aircraft Air traffic service is usually providedControl zone and terminal control area is established aroundPaved runway is typical, usually made from concrete.Equipped with lighting system
7Airbase It is common term for military airport. Bigger than airfield but smaller than airportOnly or partly for military air traffic, in same case landing of civilian aircraft is approvedSomewhere you can find both military and civilian traffic.Runway and taxiways are made from concrete
8Main parts of Aerodrome RunwayTaxiwayApronParking areaRunway is a rectangle area which is used for landing and taking-off aircraft. Sometimes it can be used for taxiing. Runway can be equipped by lights and markings.On large international airport more than one runway. Then we determine main runway.
9Non-instrument runway is approved only for visual approach. Instrument runway can allow instrument landing when it is equipped with proper approach lights system and instrument landing system, usually used by IFR flightsNon-instrument runway is approved only for visual approach.On military airbase grass strip is located next to the runway for emergency landing or dropping external fuel tank.Runway arresting gearBarrierCable – for aircraft with arrester hook
10Taxiway connects each part of airport, usually aprons or parking area with runway. It is used for taxiing or any movement of aircraft on airport.It is made from concrete or asphalt.Marking has yellow color
11Apron is an area on airport for: Parking of aircraft due to maintenance,Refueling,Loading or unloading of cargo,Embarkation of passengers.
13Buildings Tower - highest building on aerodrome used for AFIS or ATC Terminal - building for pasanger with check-in, custom office, gates,Hangars - large simple building for aircraft maintenance and repairsShelter - concrete bunker for aircraft coved by grass typical for military airbaseLogistic buildings - for support
15LightsRunway lightsRunway edge lightsRunway threshold lightsRunway end lightsRunway centre line lightsApproach lighting system - necessary for instrument approach and approach during nights and bad meteorological instrumentTaxiway lights - blue color
17Equipment for instrument approach Instrument landing system - ILS - formed by:Localizer situated behind end of instrument runwayGlide path situated next to a runway 300 m behind thresholdPrecision approach radar - used by ATC who gives instruction to a pilot controlling aircraft during precision approachGPSNDB
18Vehicles Aircraft tug - for towing, pushing of aircraft Fuel truck - for refuelingGround power unit - for engine starting-upFire truck - for emergency situationAmbulance - for medical assistanceSnow plough - for snow removing during winterCatering truck - for food support
19Glossary Maneuvering area …Provozní plocha Concrete …Beton General aviation …Všeobecné letectvíPaved … Zpevněný/ Unpaved … NezpevněnýMovement area … Pohybové plochyDetermine …Určovat, rozlišovatShelter …ÚkrytExternal fuel tank … Přídavná nádržRunway arresting gear … Záchytné dráhové zařízeníBarrier …záchytná síťArrester hook … záchytný hák.Embarkation … Nastoupení do letadla, nalodění