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ROPEWAYS IN NORTH AMERICA IMPACTS, BENEFITS AND OUTLOOK October 27, 2011OITAF CONGRESS - RIO de JANEIRO Jim Fletcher, P.E. Engineering Specialties Group.

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Presentation on theme: "ROPEWAYS IN NORTH AMERICA IMPACTS, BENEFITS AND OUTLOOK October 27, 2011OITAF CONGRESS - RIO de JANEIRO Jim Fletcher, P.E. Engineering Specialties Group."— Presentation transcript:

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2 ROPEWAYS IN NORTH AMERICA IMPACTS, BENEFITS AND OUTLOOK October 27, 2011OITAF CONGRESS - RIO de JANEIRO Jim Fletcher, P.E. Engineering Specialties Group

3 PURPOSE 10/27/2011 2 Jim Fletcher, P.E. HISTORICAL IMPACTS AND BENEFITS OF ROPEWAYS OUTLOOKS FOR ROPE TRASNPORTATION-NEXT 25 YEARS

4 HISTORICAL IMPACTS 10/27/2011 3 Jim Fletcher, P.E. First Used in Asiatic Countries in the 1400s. Used by the Spanish Conquistadors in the Gold Mines of Columbia in South America circa 1530s. Significant use in North America in the late 1800s for Gold and Silver 4000 Material Ropeways Built in North America since 1860

5 HISTORICAL IMPACTS 10/27/2011 4 Jim Fletcher, P.E. PASSENGER TRANSPORT – FUNICULARS SAN FRANCISCO CABLE CARE – 1870s LOS ANGLES ECHO MOUNTAIN – 1890s LOS ANGLES MT. WASHINGTON – 1900s CHATTANOGGA LOOKOUT MTN – 1895 PITTSBURGH DUQUESNE - 1877 PITTSBURGH MONONGAHELIA - 1870

6 HISTORICAL IMPACTS 10/27/2011 5 Jim Fletcher, P.E. PASSENGER TRANSPORT – URBAN ROOSEVELT ISLAND TRAM NEW YORK

7 HISTORICAL IMPACTS 10/27/2011 6 Jim Fletcher, P.E. PASSENGER TRANSPORT – AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVERS CIRCUS CIRCUS SHUTTLE LAS VEGAS – 1981 MUD ISLAND MONORAIL MEMPHIS, TN – 1982 CINCINNATI AIRPORT- 1994 Mexico City Airport Zurich Airport Mandalay Bay

8 HISTORICAL IMPACTS 10/27/2011 7 Jim Fletcher, P.E. PASSENGER TRANSPORT – SKI RESORT ROPEWAYS FIRST CHAIRLIFT SUN VALLEY IDAHO - 1937 FIRST DOUBLE CHAIRLIFT BERTHOUD PASS - 1946 1300 AERIAL SYSTEMS 1960 TO 1990 FIRST 4-P DETACHABLE CHARILIFT BRECKENRIDGE - 1981

9 MARKET IMPACTS 10/27/2011 8 Jim Fletcher, P.E. PRECIOUS METALS – LATE 1800s SKIING – POST WWII

10 MARKET IMPACTS 10/27/2011 9 Jim Fletcher, P.E. SKIING National Ski Areas Associate, www.nsaa.org Active Tramway Database, Sid Roslund, Technical Director, 133 South Van Gordon St, Suite 300, Lakewood, CO. 80228, (303) 987-1111, sidr@nsaa.org.www.nsaa.org

11 MARKET IMPACTS 10/27/2011 10 Jim Fletcher, P.E. AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVERS OPERATORYEAR BUILTPASS/DAYMANUFACTURER Circus Circus - LV19814000SDI Circus Circus - Reno19866000SDI Mandalay Bay - LV198975000DCC Mirage Treasurer Is19945000SDI Primadonna - NV19905000SDI City Center – LV200910000DCC Mud Island – TN19812000SDI Getty Center – CA199715000Otis Huntsville – AL20022000Otis Table 1 - APM Rope Systems – Leisure & Institutional Fabian, Lawrence, Airfront.21, www.airfront.us, lfabian@airfront.uswww.airfront.us

12 MARKET IMPACTS 10/27/2011 11 Jim Fletcher, P.E. AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVERS Table 2 - APM Rope Systems – Airports AIRPORTYEAR BUILT PASS/DAYMANUFACTURER Cincinnati – OH199435000Otis Detroit - MI200250000Otis Mexico City - Mexico200725000DCC Minneapolis – MN200010000Poma-Otis Minneapolis – MN20047000Poma-Otis Toronto - Canada200525000DCC Birmingham – UK200310000DCC Tokyo – Narita199240000Otis Zurich – SW200330000Poma-Otis

13 MARKET IMPACTS 10/27/2011 12 Jim Fletcher, P.E. AERIAL CABIN ROPEWAYS Cannon Mountain Tramway Roosevelt Island Tramway

14 MARKET IMPACTS 10/27/2011 13 Jim Fletcher, P.E. AERIAL CABIN ROPEWAYS Portland Tramway

15 BENEFITS 10/27/2011 14 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Economic Safety Environment

16 BENEFITS 10/27/2011 15 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Economic - Skiing 75,000,000 Skier-Day Visits in North America $3,000,000,000 Annual Investment Potential $5,650,000,000 Annual Revenue Winter Employment – 155,000 Summer Employment – 27,000

17 BENEFITS 10/27/2011 16 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Economic – Automated People Movers APM Systems - $7M - $25M per Mile Self-Propelled - $40M - $100M per Mile Airport Systems N/A – 25% Rope Propelled Airport Systems World – 18% Rope Propelled Ridership – 13% - 14% of Airport Systems

18 BENEFITS 10/27/2011 17 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Safety 1960 to 2010 - 2,800,000,000 Skier-Day Visits 1960 to 2010 - 18,200,000,000 Passengers

19 BENEFITS - Safety 10/27/2011 18 Jim Fletcher, P.E. LOCATIONDATEFATALITYINJURYCOMMENT Nebraska Fair7/65248Gondola-Tower Failure Raton Pass, NM6/6817Chairlift-Rollback Pomerelle, Idaho1/7310Chairlift-Rollback Vail, CO3/7645Gondola TR Wire Jiminy Peak, MA1/7710Chairlift Deropement Hunter Mountain, NY1/784Chairlift Rollback Squaw Valley, CA4/78432Tram-TR Derope Wind Heavenly, CA4/8117Chairlift-Deropement Big Powderhorn, MI2/8418Mechanic in BW Keystone, CO12/85248Chairlift-BW Failure Maple Mtn, MI12/891Tow-Clothing Caught Sierra Ski Ranch, CA4/9311Grip Caught in Sheave Whistler, B.C., Canada12/95210Chairlift-Grip Detach Snow Valley, Ont., Can12/9611Chairlift Deropement Lutsen Mtn, MN8/006Gondola-Grip Failure Angels Flight, L.A., CA2/0117Funicular-Brake Failure Mt. Sunapee, NH12/071Chairlift-BW Derope Blackcome, B.C., Can.12/0810Gondola-Tower Failure Heavenly, CA9/0911Zip Caught Chari Devils Head, WI12/0914Chairlift-Rollback Sugarloaf, ME12/108Chairlift-Deropement Table 3 – Ropeway Accidents North America

20 BENEFITS - Safety 10/27/2011 19 Jim Fletcher, P.E. COMPARISONFATALITIESPASS (x10 6 )RATEPERIOD Ropeways2118,1960.0011541960-2010 Airlines327719,1800.1701001960-2010 Transit5681176,4000.0322101990-2010 Table 4 – Fatality Rate per Million Passengers COMPARISONFATALITIESPASS MILES (x10 8 )RATEPERIOD Ropeways21127.40.16481960-2010 Airlines1482107,1700.01381991-2010 Transit56818,3080.68401990-2010 Table 5 – Fatality Rate per 100 Million Passengers Miles COMPARISONYEARLY PASS MILES (x10 6 ) AVERAGE # OF FATALITIES/YR. RATE PER 100 MILLION MILES Ski Lifts224.250.3240.144 Elevators1,3606.0000.441 Automobiles2,925,00039,0001.330 Table 6 – Fatality Rate Comparison NSAA

21 BENEFITS 10/27/2011 20 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Environmental Minimal Infrastructure Along the Alignment Transportation in Biologically Sensitive Areas Minimal Use of Resources per Passenger-Mile of Transport Minimal Visual Impact Whistler-Blackcomb - CAN Skyrail Rain ForestMt. Roberts - AK

22 BENEFITS 10/27/2011 21 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Environmental 12.Recycling 13.Potentially Hazardous Wastes 14.Fish and Wildlife Management 15.Forest and Vegetative Management 16.Wetlands and Riparian Areas 17.Air Quality 18.Visual Quality 19.Transportation 20.Education and Outreach 21.Product Re-use 1.Planning, Design, and Construction 2.Water Use for Snowmaking 3.Water Use in Facilities 4.Water Use for Landscaping and Summer 5.Water Quality Management 6.Wastewater Management 7.Energy Use for Facilities 8.Energy Use for Snowmaking 9.Energy Use for Lifts 10.Energy Use for Vehicle Fleets 11.Waste Reduction

23 OUTLOOK 10/27/2011 22 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Overall Economy

24 OUTLOOK 10/27/2011 23 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Overall Economy

25 OUTLOOK 10/27/2011 24 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Ski Resort Health DEBT/EBITD

26 OUTLOOK 10/27/2011 25 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Recreational Ropeway Potential Investment Capital Expenditure 2004-2011 - $437,700,000 Seven Year Average - $62,500,000 Annual Required VTFH Replacement - 200,000 Average Cost per VTFH - $1,050 Required Investment – $210,000,000 Total Potential Resort Investment - $3,000,000,000

27 OUTLOOK 10/27/2011 26 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Ropeway APM Potential Investment One Airport System since 2005 – Mexico City by DCC Six Airport Systems – 2000 through 2005 City Center Las Vegas – 10,000 passengers per day Oerias Lisbon – 1000 passengers per day Perugia Italy – 30,000 passengers per day Venice – Transit Link Venice Perugia City Center Lisbon Mexico City

28 OUTLOOK 10/27/2011 27 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Ropeway APM Potential Investment Oakland Doha Caracas

29 CONCLUSIONS 10/27/2011 28 Jim Fletcher, P.E. Ropeways Have Provided the Safest Means of Public Transport for the last 50 years. Last 50 Years – 18,000,000,000 Passengers Annual Ropeway Transport – 500,000,000 Resort Market Investment - $250,000,000 www.engineeringspecialtiesgroup.com


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