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SANTIAGO CALATRAVA. INDEX - Lyon Saint-Exupéry airport railway station1989 - 1994 - Milwaukee Art Museum1994 - 2001 - Tenerife Auditorium1997 - 2003 -

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Presentation on theme: "SANTIAGO CALATRAVA. INDEX - Lyon Saint-Exupéry airport railway station1989 - 1994 - Milwaukee Art Museum1994 - 2001 - Tenerife Auditorium1997 - 2003 -"— Presentation transcript:

1 SANTIAGO CALATRAVA

2 INDEX - Lyon Saint-Exupéry airport railway station Milwaukee Art Museum Tenerife Auditorium City of Arts and Sciences now

3 LYON SAINT-EXUPÉRY AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION

4 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Construction

5 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Lyon (France)

6 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Location

7 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION InspirationEnormous bird with spread out wings

8 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Gateway4 arches form outer curved beams Two glazed simmetrical wings

9 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION InspirationHuman body

10 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Structure

11 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Main hallCentral spine· 3 steel arches (1 triangular and 2 tubular) · 4x4 assembled braced by diagonal beams varying in size

12 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Main hallCantilever balconies Gathering concrete, steel and glass WestTwo supports EastConcrete mass

13 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Platform roofCast on site concrete

14 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Platform roofGlazed or filled with prefabricated concrete sections

15 LYON AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION Platform roofGlazed or filled with prefabricated concrete sections

16 MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

17 Construction MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

18 Wisconsin (USA) MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

19 Milwaukee MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

20 Addition Eero Saarinens Metropolitan War memorial ( ) MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

21 Connection Milwaukee downtown to the lake MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

22 Connection to the lake MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

23 Connection to the lake MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

24 Atrium 1500 square meters of gallery Temporary exhibitions Education center with a 300-seat lecture hall MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

25 Galleria Cutting-edge techonology Old-world craftmanship MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

26 Reiman BridgeSignature element Connects pedestrians form downtown Miwakee to the lakefront 75 meters with a 60 meters mast MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

27 Main entrance Reception hall Parabolic-shaped Glass enclosed 27 meters high MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

28 Hydraulic movable brise-soleilControl light and temperature 36 steel slats from 8 to 32 meters MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

29 Combination Organic foms and technological innovation Inspiration Nature Brise soleilWings of a bird BridgeMast of a sailboat Curving single story galleriaWave MILWAUKEE ART MUSEUM

30 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM

31 Construction

32 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Canary Islands (Spain)

33 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Capital) - Cabo Llanos

34 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Between the Marine Park and the edge of the port Connects the city to the ocean

35 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Significant urban landmark

36 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM All concrete building Sweep of the roof 58 meters Wave-shaped

37 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Plinth Stairs Raised Plaza Shells Coloured broken tile

38 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Exterior spacesFoyers, circulation areas Good climate Interior spacesAir-conditioned Plaza Basalt (local volcanic stone)

39 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Geometry Roof Two cone segments Inner shell Rotational body Curve along an ellipse

40 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Second floor Main entrance hall and auditorium 1616 seats First floor Artist entrance and chamber music hall 422 seats

41 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Auditorium Acoustic -Wood panelling (Cristalline form) -No stage curtains Concertina screen Characterized space

42 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Chamber music hall

43 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Interior space

44 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Artist entrance Both sides arches 50 meters

45 TENERIFE AUDITORIUM Criticism -Location changes -Inhospitable environment -Structural problems -Breach of safety regulations -Budget increase (4 times the initial budget) -Similar Concert Hall in Atlanta

46 CITY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES As the site is close to the sea, and Valencia is so dry, I decided to make water a major element for the whole site using it as a mirror for the architecture - Santiago Calatrava

47 CITY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES Construction now

48 CITY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES Valencia (Spain)

49 CITY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES

50 Projects -HemisfèricPlanetarium, IMAX Dome Cinema and Laserium -Museu de les CiènciesScience Museum -UmbracleLandscaped Walkway and car park -OceanogràficOceanographic Aquarium (Felix Candela) -Palau de les ArtsTheater -Pont de lAssut de lOrBridge -ÀgoraCovered Square -Torres CalatravaOffice and residential Skycrappers

51 HEMISFÈRIC InspirationEye shaped-building

52 HEMISFÈRIC Planetarium 24 meters of diameter sphere 900 square meters of screen

53 HEMISFÈRIC Hydraulic eyelids

54 HEMISFÈRIC Hydraulic system

55 HEMISFÈRIC Materials (tied project)Concrete Gaudiesque fragments of shattered tiles Reflecting poolsReminder of the old river

56 HEMISFÈRIC Program -Planetarium, IMAX Dome Cinema, Laserium -Library, Cinemas, Auditorium and Restaurants

57 HEMISFÈRIC

58

59

60 MUSEU DE LES CIÈNCIES InspirationResembling a prehistoric skeleton

61 MUSEU DE LES CIÈNCIES MuseumCience, technology and environment Classrooms, terraces, workshops, cultural and social events

62 MUSEU DE LES CIÈNCIES Southern facade Filled with glass

63 MUSEU DE LES CIÈNCIES Northern facade Made of steel and glass Modular building 104x241 meters

64 North hall 90 meters high Proportions of gothic cathedral nave Flying ribs and waving glass MUSEU DE LES CIÈNCIES

65 Concrete trees

66 UMBRACLE Parallel arches covering a long, narrow garden of Mediterranean plants

67 UMBRACLE

68 PALAU DE ELS ARTS Inspired in a ship Valencia Opera House

69 PALAU DE ELS ARTS Main hall1700 seats Opera, theater, dance and concerts Masterly classroom400 seats Chamber music and conferences AuditoriumConferences, acts, shows and projectings Martín y Soler Theater

70 PALAU DE ELS ARTS Internal circulation

71 PALAU DE ELS ARTS Stairs

72 PALAU DE ELS ARTS Interior

73 PALAU DE ELS ARTS Location and surroundings

74 PONT DE LASSUT DE LOR Cable-stayed bridge 155 meters of spanLongest of Spain in cable-stayed bridges StructureCore and ribs to both sides 29 cables Pylon of 125 meters high Problems -Instability -Very steeped (Traffic accidents)

75 ÀGORA Inspiration in two interlaced hands Concerts and sports events Steel structure coated with blue shattered tiles and glass 80 meters high

76 TORRES CALATRAVA 1st project Four skycrappers 280, 260, 240 and 220 meters 2nd project Three skycrappers of 308, 266 and 220 meters Problems Cost of 450 millions of ( ¥) Cancelled project

77


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