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EUROCONTROL CDM AT MALPENSA AIRPORT May 27, 2003 WP2 PRESENTATION.

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Presentation on theme: "EUROCONTROL CDM AT MALPENSA AIRPORT May 27, 2003 WP2 PRESENTATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 EUROCONTROL CDM AT MALPENSA AIRPORT May 27, 2003 WP2 PRESENTATION

2 EUROCONTROL Page 2 Current Project Status WP1 - ANALYSIS OF Malpensa OPERATIONS WP2 - IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION OF COMMON IMPROVEMENTS WP3 - IMPLEMENTATION PHASE WP4 - TRIALS AND EVALUATION Steering Comittee ASSESSMENT / DECISION to be specified

3 EUROCONTROL Page 3 WP2 APPROACH WP1 : Analyse the state of operations at Malpensa Prepare operational requirements for the implementation phase WP3 : Design and implement processes and information systems WP4 : Measure, follow up and correct WP2: Identify and select common improvement targets Determine the WP2 scope and objectives Choice between different axes Define a CDM Project for Malpensa Determine the WP2 scope and objectives Choice between different axes Define a CDM Project for Malpensa PHASE 1PHASE 2 PHASE 3 PHASE 4 May 27 - Presentation and Steering Committee Design macro processes, information flows and collaborative procedures Design macro processes, information flows and collaborative procedures Consolidate outputs from the several parties Conduct Limited Business Case for each proposed implementation Consolidate outputs from the several parties Conduct Limited Business Case for each proposed implementation Final Presentation and report writing Final Presentation and report writing Jun, 2003 Sept, 2003 Holidays

4 EUROCONTROL Page 4 Little or no cross-organisational communication with respect to decisions with cross- organisational impact All companies aware of cross organisational interfaces Individual optimisation, often not considering the effect on other stakeholders Non-optimal Result Today: Individual Company View AirportAirlinesATCHandlingagents All companies balancing their economic targets in an integrated way Tomorrow: Extended Enterprise View AirportAirlinesATC Handlingagents Preliminary Assessment Organisational Issue : Cross Organisations Teams and Decision Making Optimisation of Airport Resources Cross-organisational key performance indicators Interfacing with other partners (e.g. handlers, AOC, etc. Cross-organisational teams and decision making

5 EUROCONTROL Page 5 CDM Potential Proposals WP2

6 EUROCONTROL Page 6 CDM - Objectives

7 EUROCONTROL Page 7 Airport CDM BARCELONA Airport CDM BARCELONA WP3 : Information System

8 EUROCONTROL Page 8 Link airport slot with flight plan data and relevant information of ARRIVING and DEPARTING flights, Link airport slot with flight plan data and relevant information of ARRIVING and DEPARTING flights, Link airport operations, aircraft operators and ATC systems, Link airport operations, aircraft operators and ATC systems, Provide one set of data describing the status and partners intentions on a given flight, Provide one set of data describing the status and partners intentions on a given flight, Serve as base for information sharing between partners, Serve as base for information sharing between partners, Useful for collaborative procedures (pre-departure sequence). Useful for collaborative procedures (pre-departure sequence). Link airport slot with flight plan data and relevant information of ARRIVING and DEPARTING flights, Link airport slot with flight plan data and relevant information of ARRIVING and DEPARTING flights, Link airport operations, aircraft operators and ATC systems, Link airport operations, aircraft operators and ATC systems, Provide one set of data describing the status and partners intentions on a given flight, Provide one set of data describing the status and partners intentions on a given flight, Serve as base for information sharing between partners, Serve as base for information sharing between partners, Useful for collaborative procedures (pre-departure sequence). Useful for collaborative procedures (pre-departure sequence). MissionMission Expected Benefits : Common Situation Awareness Support the local collaborative decision-making Facilitate the implementation of collaborative procedures Expected Benefits : Common Situation Awareness Support the local collaborative decision-making Facilitate the implementation of collaborative procedures

9 EUROCONTROL Page 9 Milestones Approach Off-Blocks Outstation TouchdownOn-Blocks Off- Blocks Take-OffTouchdown Outstation Hub Airport National Airspace Foreign Airspace Entering National Airspace Leaving National Airspace Outstation Take-Off Outstation On-Blocks Outstation TOBT- TOBT In Blocks Landed Ready in min. Ready Start Up Off Block Take Off ACC TWR S/G Airlines G.Handling ATFM TWR ACC Aircraft will be ready be ready in minutes ( minutes) All doors closed All doors closed Jetways/airbridges removed Jetways/airbridges removed Pushback truck in place (contact stand) Pushback truck in place (contact stand) Ready to taxi immediatel after clearance Ready to taxi immediatel after clearance Ready to de-ice (in de-icing conditions) Ready to de-ice (in de-icing conditions) Landing in min Start Ground Handling Final Approach Take-Off CDM Events / Milestones Aircraft will be landed be landed in minutes ( minutes) Delay

10 EUROCONTROL Page 10 AIRPORT CDM INFORMATION SYSTEM Aircraft registration, Flight status, Aircraft type, Flight type, Handling agent ATC callsign for arriving flight Flight Number ADEP Schengen / Non Schengen Arrival Lounge Departure Times Flight (ETOT) Arrival Times (ELDT) On Stand Times(EIBT) Taxi-in Period(EXIP) Arrival Ruway Parking Position Number of Passengers Delay and Delay Code or updated ELDT / EIBT Arriving Flights Common to Arriving / Departing Flights Departing Flights ATC callsign for departing flight Flight Number ADES SID Boarding Gate Off Block Time (EOBT ) Estimated Ready Time (ERDT) Take Off Time (ETOT) Turn around Period(ETAP) Taxi-out Period(EXOP) Departure Runway Parking Position Number of passengers Delay and Delay Code or updated EOBT / ETOT Aircraft Registration ATC CallsignFlight Number

11 EUROCONTROL Page 11 SXOP = Airport Average Taxi Out Period EXOP = Location : S&G and RWY, Peak Hour.. TXOP = Flight : airport constraints Continuous Improvement of EOBT with Automatic Update at ٭ ٭ Off Block - 2h00COBT = SLDT + SXIP + STAP ETOT = COBT + SXOP FUM ٭ ٭ Landing - 30 COBT = TLDT + EXIP + ETAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP ATC ٭ ٭ Landing COBT = ALDT + TXIP + TTAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP TWR ٭ ٭ In Block COBT = AIBT + TTAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP Airline Real Time Constraints = Airline Contract for all Partners ٭ ٭ ~ Off Block - 30 TOBT = EOBT + Airline Intentions ETOT = TOBT + EXOP TWR Airport Constraints ٭ ٭ TOBT- 20 TTOT = TSDT + TXOP Continuous Improvement TTOT : Target Take-Off Time EXOP : Estimated Taxi-Out Period EOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time TTAP : Target Turn Around Period

12 EUROCONTROL Page 12 The CDM Traffic Monitor Llegada Arrival Salida Departure Ordensorting order by TOBT ID Lleg.Arr. Call-sign Id salidasDep. Call-sign Est-OperaOperational Staus Tipo AeronA/C type SOSTScheduled OnStandTime EOSTEstimated OnStandTime ELDTEstimated LandingTime SOBTScheduled OffBlockTime EOBTEstimated OffBlockTime TOBTTarget OffBlockTime E/CTOTEstimat/Calculat OBT System in testing phase Operations list defined by user profile Selection of user defined list operations departuresarrivals combined list search for flight Blue: Flight has CFMU slot RED indicates Boarding Alarm GREEN indicates Airport slot / flight plan incoherence White Frame indicates Data recently changed Status OBKOff Block BRDBoarding OSTOn Stand FNLFinal Approach FIRA/C in span. Airspace INIFPL has been received SCHAirport program

13 EUROCONTROL Page 13 Airport CDM ZAVENTEM Airport CDM ZAVENTEM WP3 : Pre - Departure Sequence

14 EUROCONTROL Page 14 Taxi Out Period At TOBT - 30 At TOBT - 25 Start-Up Delivery Take-Off Tower Taxi Period Start-Up Delivery Take-Off TWR ARR DEP PRE - DEPARTURE SEQUENCE Airport : S&G EOBT- 30 TOBT- 25 Clearance ETOT Request A.O.C Handlers Pilot EOBT Airline End of Ramp Start-Up Request CTOT Regulation CFMU Delay CTOT taxi.time 15 New Estimates EOBT TOBT Shared Responsibility

15 EUROCONTROL Page 15 EOBT ETOT Taxi = 15 SDT TOT XOP = 20 TWR TOBT ETOT XOP = 18 Airline / Handler TOBT : Target Off Block Time ~ EOBT -30 : AOBT- 5 < TOBT < AOBT + 5 Pre-Departure Sequence TOT : Take-Off Time : ATOT- 5 < TOT < ATOT + 5 TOBT -25 Pre-Departure Sequence TOT : Take-Off Time XOP : Taxi-Out Period EOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time SDT : Start-Up Delivery Time

16 EUROCONTROL Page 16 ETOT -60 or EOBT-40 at least EOBT-20 EOBT-15 AOC Handler Pilot TWR CFMU CTOT compliant no compliant due to airport no compliant due to airline TOBT-D New EOBT New CTOT TOBT-S < 5 TOBT-R DPI HOPS TOBT-H TOBT-S = Target Start-up Clearance Delivery Time TOBT-H = Ready Time Handlers TOBT-R = TOBT-H revised / HOPS holding point slot TOBT-D = TOBT-H denied (CFMU constraint) TOBT-X = TOBT-H or S or D revoked (airport disruption) DPI: Departure Planning Information (new-TTOT) TOBT-S TOBT-H ETOT -60 or EOBT-40 EOBT-20 EOBT-15 TOBT-X TOBT Procedure We have to be FLEXIBLE

17 EUROCONTROL Page 17 TOBT Procedure Rules: Airline Slotted aircraft get a higher priority than non slotted aircraft TOBT-H transmitted between 60 and 40 before estimated take off time (ETOT) or 40 and 20 before estimated off block time (EOBT) Without slot, TOBT-H is used to enter the flight into the pre departure sequence Without TOBT-H, flight will be treated as today Issue of a new TOBT-H results in a new TWR sequencing (S, R or D) At TOBT-S +2, no taxi or no start-up request or no actual off block time (AOBT) – – the flight will be re-sequenced at the end of the queue ATC The sequenced TOBT (S, R or D) will follow within 5 after TOBT-H TWR sends a TOBT-X in case of re-sequencing due to the airport conditions TWR evaluates a standard taxi out period according to stand position and the period of the day TWR calculates a HOPS time Organisation Punctuality steering Committee (Airport: BIAC, Belgocontrol, (Airlines, Handlers)) Performance Committee (BIAC, Belgocontrol, Airlines, Handlers, CFMU, CEE..) INCENTIVE

18 EUROCONTROL Page 18 Airport CDM CFMU Airport CDM CFMU WP3 : New Messages FUM, DPIs

19 EUROCONTROL Page 19 Specify exchange between CFMU and Airport CDM, Specify exchange in the context of: LDT. information on the inbound flights : LDT TOT. information on the outbound flights : TOT. disruptions. FPL - Airport Schedule consistency checking, Define the timing, trigger and content of the messages, Evaluate the benefits for CFMU, Airports and AOs. Air Traffic Flow and Capacity Management

20 EUROCONTROL Page 20 LDT LDT The FUM is sent to advise Airport CDM and APP about the modification of ETA and to supply the APP with the new estimated time and FL over the IAF of the STAR or over the last point of the Route. AND With the DPI3 and DPI2 messages issued to the CFMU from the outstation the FUM message may be sent to advise Airport CDM and APP about the modification of ETA before the Off Block Time. FUM : Flight Update Message

21 EUROCONTROL Page 21 TOT CFMU : - use Take Off Time instead of ( Off Block + Taxi Time ) CDM Airport : - identified like a CFMU partner : CDM-A DPI :- are Informative Messages from CDM-A to CFMU. do not re-compute the SLOT. system to system message. triggered by system events. sent automatically DPI DATA : Take Off Time belongs to CDM-A The consistency between FPL / DPI is the responsibility of the CDM-A DPI : For all flights (regulated or not) DPI : Departure Planning Information TTOT : Target Take-Off Time SXOP : Standard Taxi-Out Period

22 EUROCONTROL Page 22 CFMU Today SIT1 EOBT ETOT Taxi = 15 Airport DPI : Departure Planning Information improvement slot pre-allocation Slot Allocation frozen slot DPI 1 TOT Taxi 19 DPI 2 ETOT SDT SDT -20 DPI 2 Taxi 19 EOBT Delay Taxi = 20 CTOT ETOT SDT -20 shift to first free slot or slot swapping frozen slot DPI 3 Taxi = 17 EOBT EOBT -3h00 -2h ETOT EOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time TSDT : Target Start-Up Delivery Time In red : milestones DPI 1 TOT

23 EUROCONTROL Page 23 Airport CDM VANTAA & ARLANDA Airport CDM VANTAA & ARLANDA WP2 : Proposals

24 EUROCONTROL Page 24 AIRPORT CDM INFORMATION SYSTEM CDM Information System CDM Information System Taxi Period Study (in & out) Taxi Period Study (in & out) Collaborative Procedures Collaborative Procedures. De-icing. Pre-Departure Sequence Post Operation Analysis based on CDM KPIs Post Operation Analysis based on CDM KPIs

25 EUROCONTROL Page 25 TAAMArlandaAirportModellingTAAMArlandaAirportModelling Taxi Time Simulation Simulation

26 EUROCONTROL Page 26 TAXI -OUT PERIOD STUDY - RATIONALE In the US, Taxi delay results in the largest direct operating costs of all delays, In the US, Taxi delay results in the largest direct operating costs of all delays, The average taxi-out delay per flight is approximately twice the airborne delay (ref. ATA study, 2000), The average taxi-out delay per flight is approximately twice the airborne delay (ref. ATA study, 2000), Even if aircraft burn fuel 5 times faster when airborne, crew and equipment costs make the spend rate about 2/3 (taxiing aircraft versus airborne aircraft), Even if aircraft burn fuel 5 times faster when airborne, crew and equipment costs make the spend rate about 2/3 (taxiing aircraft versus airborne aircraft), The cost of taxi out delays in the US exceeds 1 billion USD per year, The cost of taxi out delays in the US exceeds 1 billion USD per year, On average, Taxi out delays is 3 times larger than taxi-in delays, On average, Taxi out delays is 3 times larger than taxi-in delays, Non-Flexible Taxi-out Periods lead to C/ETOT uncertainty and ATC overdeliveries. Non-Flexible Taxi-out Periods lead to C/ETOT uncertainty and ATC overdeliveries. In the US, Taxi delay results in the largest direct operating costs of all delays, In the US, Taxi delay results in the largest direct operating costs of all delays, The average taxi-out delay per flight is approximately twice the airborne delay (ref. ATA study, 2000), The average taxi-out delay per flight is approximately twice the airborne delay (ref. ATA study, 2000), Even if aircraft burn fuel 5 times faster when airborne, crew and equipment costs make the spend rate about 2/3 (taxiing aircraft versus airborne aircraft), Even if aircraft burn fuel 5 times faster when airborne, crew and equipment costs make the spend rate about 2/3 (taxiing aircraft versus airborne aircraft), The cost of taxi out delays in the US exceeds 1 billion USD per year, The cost of taxi out delays in the US exceeds 1 billion USD per year, On average, Taxi out delays is 3 times larger than taxi-in delays, On average, Taxi out delays is 3 times larger than taxi-in delays, Non-Flexible Taxi-out Periods lead to C/ETOT uncertainty and ATC overdeliveries. Non-Flexible Taxi-out Periods lead to C/ETOT uncertainty and ATC overdeliveries.

27 EUROCONTROL Page 27 Airport CDM Malpensa Airport CDM Malpensa WP2 : Proposals

28 EUROCONTROL Page 28 Item Definition Item Definition Improve the Information System according to the CDM requirements (milestones approach, Target Off Block Time...), Improve the Information System according to the CDM requirements (milestones approach, Target Off Block Time...),, Define a CDM Service Level Agreement Concept for data exchange/applications, Identify CDM processes, Identify CDM processes, Item Definition Item Definition Improve the Information System according to the CDM requirements (milestones approach, Target Off Block Time...), Improve the Information System according to the CDM requirements (milestones approach, Target Off Block Time...),, Define a CDM Service Level Agreement Concept for data exchange/applications, Identify CDM processes, Identify CDM processes, CDM Project Proposals for Change CDM Project Proposals for Change

29 EUROCONTROL Page 29 Item Definition Item Definition Improve the Collaboration according to the CDM requirements : Improve the Collaboration according to the CDM requirements : Flexible Taxi Time, Pre-departure sequence, ATFM DPI messages transmission, Airlines priorities, Disruption recovery… Perform a light Cost Benefit Analysis for each implementation. Perform a light Cost Benefit Analysis for each implementation. Item Definition Item Definition Improve the Collaboration according to the CDM requirements : Improve the Collaboration according to the CDM requirements : Flexible Taxi Time, Pre-departure sequence, ATFM DPI messages transmission, Airlines priorities, Disruption recovery… Perform a light Cost Benefit Analysis for each implementation. Perform a light Cost Benefit Analysis for each implementation. CDM Project Proposals for Change CDM Project Proposals for Change

30 EUROCONTROL Page 30 Post Operations Analysis Objectives (WP 4 preparation) Objectives (WP 4 preparation) Definition of CDM KPIs (at the Airport Level) acknowledged by all airport partners, Definition of CDM KPIs (at the Airport Level) acknowledged by all airport partners, Retrieve information from existing systems, Retrieve information from existing systems, Analysis and Compilation into understandable documents, Analysis and Compilation into understandable documents, Maintain the data quality Maintain the data quality On a regular basis, analysis of the results in a meeting with representatives of all airport partners. On a regular basis, analysis of the results in a meeting with representatives of all airport partners. Objectives (WP 4 preparation) Objectives (WP 4 preparation) Definition of CDM KPIs (at the Airport Level) acknowledged by all airport partners, Definition of CDM KPIs (at the Airport Level) acknowledged by all airport partners, Retrieve information from existing systems, Retrieve information from existing systems, Analysis and Compilation into understandable documents, Analysis and Compilation into understandable documents, Maintain the data quality Maintain the data quality On a regular basis, analysis of the results in a meeting with representatives of all airport partners. On a regular basis, analysis of the results in a meeting with representatives of all airport partners.

31 EUROCONTROL Page 31 Post Operations Analysis Expected Benefits Expected Benefits Standard and common basis for all aiport partners, Standard and common basis for all aiport partners, Better assessment of operations efficiency that would help in discussing possible improvements, Better assessment of operations efficiency that would help in discussing possible improvements, Better forecasts, identification and quantification of problems, Better forecasts, identification and quantification of problems, Possibility to have a better view on financial impacts. Possibility to have a better view on financial impacts. Expected Benefits Expected Benefits Standard and common basis for all aiport partners, Standard and common basis for all aiport partners, Better assessment of operations efficiency that would help in discussing possible improvements, Better assessment of operations efficiency that would help in discussing possible improvements, Better forecasts, identification and quantification of problems, Better forecasts, identification and quantification of problems, Possibility to have a better view on financial impacts. Possibility to have a better view on financial impacts.

32 EUROCONTROL Page 32 Airport KPIs Estimates Measurements done at different milestones Comparison prior to CDM and with CDM Optimise use of Available Capacity ( S&G, Checking pax and bax ) Optimize S&G occupancy Optimize check-in operations Count flights request to the TWR with earlier off block time (for waiting bay or taxi way) Count flights with earlier off block time (accepted by the TWR) Count number of ESCP end after the start boarding time Evaluate Turn around time Decrease S&G changes Evaluate Security Check-in Period Measure occupancy duration AOBT - AIBT Measure estimates occupancy in /out block EIBT/EOBT and EIBT/ESDT Measure the number of changes in the S&G allocation Measure and compare period between EOBT-EIBT and ESDT-EIBT Measure ESCP (Start check-in time and End check-in time) Compare ESCP and ASCP Improve Punctuality Passengers Information Change ETD information by TOBT information (no ATFM delay) Give ESCP (Start check-in time and End check-in time) information Increase Efficiency Adapt S&G allocation to : - Airline preferences - Handlers preferences Measure satisfaction rate: airline, handlers Improve Bag service Count number of luggage out of allowed volume and/or weight Count number of delayed flight with handbag problem after the boarding Compare the number of Bag containers and the number of destinations

33 EUROCONTROL Page 33 Reduce Environmental Nuisance Reduce noise on ground Reduce emission from engines Measure taxi-in and taxi-out periods by runways configuration Measure waiting period by flight at the holding point Improve Safety Reduce Movements Number (trucks, bus,…) Measure number of last S&G changes due to overlapping between arrival and departure after ESDT -20 Airport KPIs

34 EUROCONTROL Page 34 Proposed Approach WP 1 Proposed Approach WP 2 Comments, Questions CDM Project Proposals for Change CDM Project Proposals for Change

35 EUROCONTROL Page 35 -IBT- IN BLOCK TIME -IFP- IN FLIGHT PERIOD (EET : Estimated Elapsed Time) -LDT - LANDING TIME -OBT - OFF BLOCK TIME -SDT - START UP DELIVERY TIME -TAP - TURN AROUND PERIOD -TOT - TAKE-OFF TIME -XIP - TAXI IN PERIOD -XOP - TAXI OUT PERIOD ADEP AERODROME of DEPARTURE ADES AERODROME of DESTINATION AGHT ACTUAL GROUND HANDLING TIME ARDT ACTUAL READY TIME (ramp operation) ASRT ACTUAL START UP REQUEST TIME HOPS HOLDING POINT SLOT REG REGISTRATION NUMBER SIW SLOT IMPROVEMENT WINDOW AATOT ANTICIPATED ACTUAL TARGET TAKE-OFF TIME (CFMU) ATTOT AIRCRAFT OPERATOR TARGET TAKE-OFF TIME (CFMU) CTOT CALCULATED TAKE OFF TIME (CFMU) SIT1 SLOT ISSUE TIME, EOBT - 2h00 (CFMU) DPI DEPARTURE PLANNING INFORMATION FSA FIRST SYSTEM ACTIVATION FUM FLIGHT UPDATE MESSAGE Rem : first letter -XXX S for Scheduled, I for Initial, E for Estimated, T for Target, A for Actual, C for Calculated CDMCollaborative Decision Making CFMUCentral Flow Management Unit FPLICAO Flight Plan or Filed Flight Plan HMIHuman Machine Interface DARSADelay Analysis Report at Swedish Airports AcronymsAcronyms


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