2 Current Project Status WP1 - ANALYSIS OFMalpensa OPERATIONSWP2 - IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTIONOF COMMON IMPROVEMENTSSteering ComitteeASSESSMENT / DECISIONWP3 - IMPLEMENTATIONPHASEWP4 - TRIALS AND EVALUATIONto be specified
3 WP2 APPROACH Jun, 2003 Sept , 2003 Holidays May 27 - Presentation and Steering CommitteeWP1 :Analyse the state of operations at MalpensaWP2:Identify andselect common improvement targetsWP3 :Design andimplementprocesses and information systemsWP4 :Measure,follow up andcorrectPrepare operational requirements for the implementation phasePHASE 1PHASE 2PHASE 3PHASE 4Determine the WP2 scopeand objectivesChoice between differentaxesDefine a CDM Project forMalpensaDesign macro processes,information flows andcollaborative proceduresConsolidate outputs fromthe several partiesConduct Limited BusinessCase for each proposedimplementationFinal Presentation andreport writingJun, 2003Sept , 2003Holidays
4 Preliminary Assessment Organisational Issue : Cross Organisations Teams and Decision MakingOptimisation of Airport ResourcesToday: “Individual Company View”AirportAirlinesATCHandlingagentsTomorrow: “Extended Enterprise View”AirportAirlinesATCHandlingagentsIndividual optimisation, often not considering the effect on other stakeholdersAll companies aware of cross organisational interfacesLittle or no cross-organisational communication with respect to decisions with cross- organisational impactAll companies balancing their economic targets in an integrated wayInterfacing with other partners (e.g. handlers, AOC, etc.Non-optimal ResultCross-organisational teams and decision makingCross-organisational key performance indicators
8 MissionLink airport slot with flight plan data and relevant information of ARRIVING and DEPARTING flights,Link airport operations, aircraft operators and ATC systems,Provide one set of data describing the status and partners intentions on a given flight,Serve as base for information sharing between partners,Useful for collaborative procedures (pre-departure sequence).Expected Benefits :Common Situation AwarenessSupport the local collaborative decision-makingFacilitate the implementation of collaborative procedures
9 Milestones Approach CDM Events / Milestones Off-Blocks TOBT-d TOBT Foreign AirspaceNational AirspaceOutstationHub AirportNational AirspaceForeign AirspaceOutstationOff-Blocks OutstationTake-Off OutstationEntering National AirspaceTouchdownOn-BlocksOff-BlocksTake-OffLeaving National AirspaceTouchdown OutstationOn-Blocks OutstationACCACCAirlinesATFMTWRTWRG.HandlingS/GTake-OffStart UpOff BlockFinalApproachIn BlocksTake OffTOBT-d TOBTLandingin d minLandedStartGroundHandlingReady in d min.ReadyDelayAll doors closedJetways/airbridges removedPushback truck in place (contact stand)Ready to taxi immediatel after clearanceReady to de-ice (in de-icing conditions)Aircraft willbe ”landed”in d minutes(d = 30 minutes)Aircraft willbe ”ready”in d minutes(d = 30 minutes)CDM Events / Milestones
10 AIRPORT CDM INFORMATION SYSTEM Common to Arriving / Departing FlightsAircraft registration,Flight status,Aircraft type,Flight type,Handling agentAircraft RegistrationFlight NumberATC CallsignArriving FlightsDeparting FlightsATC callsign for departing flightFlight NumberADESSIDBoarding GateOff Block Time (EOBT )Estimated Ready Time (ERDT)Take Off Time (ETOT)Turn around Period (ETAP)Taxi-out Period (EXOP)Departure RunwayParking PositionNumber of passengersDelay and Delay Code or updated EOBT / ETOTATC callsign for arriving flightFlight NumberADEPSchengen / Non SchengenArrival LoungeDeparture Times Flight (ETOT)Arrival Times (ELDT)On Stand Times (EIBT)Taxi-in Period (EXIP)Arrival RuwayParking PositionNumber of PassengersDelay and Delay Code or updated ELDT / EIBT
11 Continuous Improvement SXOP = Airport Average Taxi Out PeriodEXOP = Location : S&G and RWY , Peak Hour ..TXOP = Flight : airport constraintsContinuous Improvement of EOBT with Automatic Update atOff Block - 2h00 COBT = SLDT + SXIP + STAP ETOT = COBT + SXOP FUMLanding - 30’ COBT = TLDT + EXIP + ETAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP ATCLanding COBT = ALDT + TXIP + TTAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP TWRIn Block COBT = AIBT + TTAP ETOT = COBT + EXOPAirline Real Time Constraints = Airline Contract for all Partners~ Off Block - 30’ TOBT = EOBT + Airline Intentions ETOT = TOBT + EXOPTWR Airport ConstraintsTOBT- 20’ TTOT = TSDT + TXOPEOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time TTAP : Target Turn Around PeriodTTOT : Target Take-Off Time EXOP : Estimated Taxi-Out Period
12 The CDM Traffic Monitor StatusOBK Off BlockBRD BoardingOST On StandFNL Final ApproachFIR A/C in span. AirspaceINI FPL has been receivedSCH Airport programThe CDM Traffic MonitorSelection of user defined listoperations departures arrivals combined list search forflightOperations list defined by user profileLlegada ArrivalSalida DepartureOrden sorting order by TOBTID Lleg. Arr. Call-signId salidas Dep. Call-signEst-Opera Operational StausTipo Aeron A/C typeSOST Scheduled OnStandTimeEOST Estimated OnStandTimeELDT Estimated LandingTimeSOBT Scheduled OffBlockTimeEOBT Estimated OffBlockTimeTOBT Target OffBlockTimeE/CTOT Estimat/Calculat OBTWhite Frame indicates Data recently changedBlue: Flight has CFMU slotSystem in testing phaseRED indicates Boarding AlarmGREEN indicates Airport slot / flight plan incoherence
13 Airport CDM ZAVENTEM WP3 : Pre - Departure Sequence
15 Pre-Departure Sequence EOBT ETOTTaxi = 15’~EOBT -30’TOBT ETOTXOP = 18’Airline / HandlerTOBT : Target Off Block TimeTOBT -25’: AOBT- 5’ < TOBT < AOBT + 5’SDT TOTXOP = 20’TWRTOT : Take-Off Time : ATOT- 5’ < TOT < ATOT + 5’Pre-Departure SequenceEOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time SDT : Start-Up Delivery TimeTOT : Take-Off Time XOP : Taxi-Out Period
16 We have to be FLEXIBLE TOBT Procedure AOC Handler Pilot TWR CFMU CTOT ETOT -60’ or EOBT-40’at leastEOBT-20’EOBT-15’CTOTcompliantno compliantdue to airportdue to airlineTOBT-HTOBT-S < 5’We have to be FLEXIBLETOBT-HTOBT-R DPIHOPSTOBT-HTOBT-DNew EOBTNew CTOTETOT -60’ or EOBT-40’EOBT-20’EOBT-15’TOBT-HTOBT-STOBT-XTOBT-S = Target Start-up Clearance Delivery TimeTOBT-H = Ready Time Handlers TOBT-R = TOBT-H revised / HOPS holding point slotTOBT-D = TOBT-H denied (CFMU constraint)TOBT-X = TOBT-H or S or D revoked (airport disruption)DPI: Departure Planning Information (new-TTOT)
17 INCENTIVE TOBT Procedure Rules: Airline ATC Organisation Slotted aircraft get a higher priority than non slotted aircraftTOBT-H transmitted between 60’ and 40’ before estimated take off time (ETOT) or40’ and 20’ before estimated off block time (EOBT)Without slot, TOBT-H is used to enter the flight into the pre departure sequenceWithout TOBT-H, flight will be treated as todayIssue of a new TOBT-H results in a new TWR sequencing (S, R or D)At TOBT-S +2’, no taxi or no start-up request or no actual off block time (AOBT)the flight will be re-sequenced at the end of the queueATCThe sequenced TOBT (S, R or D) will follow within 5’ after TOBT-HTWR sends a TOBT-X in case of re-sequencing due to the airport conditionsTWR evaluates a standard taxi out period according to stand position and the period of the dayTWR calculates a HOPS timeOrganisationPunctuality steering Committee (Airport: BIAC, Belgocontrol, (Airlines, Handlers))Performance Committee (BIAC, Belgocontrol, Airlines, Handlers, CFMU, CEE..)INCENTIVE
19 Air Traffic Flow and Capacity Management Specify exchange between CFMU and Airport CDM,Specify exchange in the context of:. information on the inbound flights : LDT. information on the outbound flights : TOT. disruptions. FPL - Airport Schedule consistency checking,Define the timing, trigger and content of the messages,Evaluate the benefits for CFMU, Airports and AOs.
20 FUM : Flight Update Message LDTThe FUM is sent to advise Airport CDM and APP about the modification of ETA andto supply the APP with the new estimated time and FL over the IAF of the STAR orover the last point of the Route.ANDWith the DPI3 and DPI2 messages issued to the CFMU from the outstation the FUMmessage may be sent to advise Airport CDM and APP about the modification of ETAbefore the Off Block Time .
21 DPI : Departure Planning Information TOTCFMU : - use Take Off Time instead of ( Off Block + Taxi Time )CDM Airport : - identified like a CFMU partner : CDM-ADPI : - are Informative Messages from CDM-A to CFMU. do not re-compute the SLOT. system to system message. triggered by system events. sent automaticallyDPI DATA : Take Off Time belongs to CDM-AThe consistency between FPL / DPI is the responsibility of the CDM-ADPI : For all flights (regulated or not)TTOT : Target Take-Off Time SXOP : Standard Taxi-Out Period
22 DPI : Departure Planning Information Taxi = 17’EOBT EOBT-3h h ETOTimprovementslotpre-allocationTaxi 19’DPI 2ETOTDPI 2Taxi 19’EOBT Delay Taxi = 20’CTOTETOTSlot AllocationSDTSDT -20’frozen slotDPI 1TOTshift to firstfree slot orslot swappingSDT-20’DPI 1TOTfrozen slotCFMUTodaySIT1EOBT ETOT Taxi = 15’AirportIn red : milestonesEOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time TSDT : Target Start-Up Delivery Time
26 TAXI -OUT PERIOD STUDY - RATIONALE In the US, Taxi delay results in the largest direct operating costs of all delays,The average taxi-out delay per flight is approximately twice the airborne delay (ref. ATA study, 2000),Even if aircraft burn fuel 5 times faster when airborne, crew and equipment costs make the spend rate about 2/3 (taxiing aircraft versus airborne aircraft),The cost of taxi out delays in the US exceeds 1 billion USD per year,On average, Taxi out delays is 3 times larger than taxi-in delays,Non-Flexible Taxi-out Periods lead to C/ETOT uncertainty and ATC overdeliveries.
28 CDM Project Proposals for Change Item DefinitionImprove the Information System according to the CDM requirements (milestones approach, Target Off Block Time...),Define a CDM Service Level Agreement Concept for data exchange/applications,Identify CDM processes,
29 CDM Project Proposals for Change Item DefinitionImprove the Collaboration according to the CDM requirements :Flexible Taxi Time,Pre-departure sequence,ATFM DPI messages transmission,Airlines’ priorities,Disruption recovery…Perform a light Cost Benefit Analysis for each implementation.
30 Post Operations Analysis Objectives (WP 4 preparation)Definition of CDM KPIs (at the Airport Level) acknowledged by all airport partners,Retrieve information from existing systems,Analysis and Compilation into understandable documents,Maintain the data qualityOn a regular basis, analysis of the results in a meeting with representatives of all airport partners.
31 Post Operations Analysis Expected BenefitsStandard and common basis for all aiport partners,Better assessment of operations efficiency that would help in discussing possible improvements,Better forecasts, identification and quantification of problems,Possibility to have a better view on financial impacts.
32 Airport KPIs Estimates Measurements done at different milestones Comparison prior to CDM and with CDMEvaluate Turn around timeDecrease S&G changesEvaluate Security Check-in PeriodMeasure occupancy duration AOBT - AIBTMeasure estimates occupancy in /out block EIBT/EOBT and EIBT/ESDTMeasure the number of changes in the S&G allocationMeasure and compare period between EOBT-EIBT and ESDT-EIBTMeasure ESCP (Start check-in time and End check-in time)Compare ESCP and ASCPImprove PunctualityPassengers InformationChange ETD information by TOBT information (no ATFM delay)Give ESCP (Start check-in time and End check-in time) informationOptimise use of Available Capacity ( S&G, Checking pax and bax )Optimize S&G occupancyOptimize check-in operationsCount flights request to the TWR with earlier off block time (for waiting bay or taxi way)Count flights with earlier off block time (accepted by the TWR)Count number of ESCP end after the start boarding timeIncrease EfficiencyAdapt S&G allocation to :- Airline preferences- Handlers preferencesMeasure satisfaction rate: airline, handlersImprove Bag serviceCount number of luggage out of allowed volume and/or weightCount number of delayed flight with handbag problem after the boardingCompare the number of Bag containers and the number of destinations
33 Airport KPIs Reduce Environmental Nuisance Reduce noise on ground Reduce emission from enginesMeasure taxi-in and taxi-out periods by runways configurationMeasure waiting period by flight at the holding pointImprove SafetyReduce Movements Number(trucks, bus,…)Measure number of last S&G changes due to overlapping between arrival and departureafter ESDT -20’
35 Acronyms -IBT - IN BLOCK TIME -IFP - IN FLIGHT PERIOD (EET : Estimated Elapsed Time)-LDT LANDING TIME-OBT OFF BLOCK TIME-SDT START UP DELIVERY TIME-TAP TURN AROUND PERIOD-TOT TAKE-OFF TIME-XIP TAXI IN PERIOD-XOP TAXI OUT PERIODADEP AERODROME of DEPARTUREADES AERODROME of DESTINATIONAGHT ACTUAL GROUND HANDLING TIMEARDT ACTUAL READY TIME (ramp operation)ASRT ACTUAL START UP REQUEST TIMEHOPS HOLDING POINT SLOTREG REGISTRATION NUMBERSIW SLOT IMPROVEMENT WINDOWAATOT ANTICIPATED ACTUAL TARGET TAKE-OFF TIME (CFMU)ATTOT AIRCRAFT OPERATOR TARGET TAKE-OFF TIME (CFMU)CTOT CALCULATED TAKE OFF TIME (CFMU)SIT SLOT ISSUE TIME, EOBT - 2h00 (CFMU)DPI DEPARTURE PLANNING INFORMATIONFSA FIRST SYSTEM ACTIVATIONFUM FLIGHT UPDATE MESSAGECDM Collaborative Decision MakingCFMU Central Flow Management UnitFPL ICAO Flight Plan or Filed Flight PlanHMI Human Machine InterfaceDARSA Delay Analysis Report at Swedish AirportsRem : first letter -XXXS for Scheduled , I for Initial , E for Estimated , T for Target , A for Actual, C for Calculated