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Emission Reduction Provisions for Airports Vision-100 FAA Reauthorization (P.L. 108-176) Office of Airports Community and Environmental Needs Division.

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Presentation on theme: "Emission Reduction Provisions for Airports Vision-100 FAA Reauthorization (P.L. 108-176) Office of Airports Community and Environmental Needs Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emission Reduction Provisions for Airports Vision-100 FAA Reauthorization (P.L ) Office of Airports Community and Environmental Needs Division

2 Voluntary Airport Low Emission Program Meet CAA regulations with clean technology More Federal $$ to improve air quality Airport emission credits to spur early action Greater airport and project eligibility

3 The Vision-100 Approach Use best achievable EPA low emission standards Rely mainly on alternative domestic fuels Emphasize deployment of commercially viable technology Coordinate with Federal, State and local agencies

4 Vision-100 Program is Based on the Inherently Low Emission Airport Vehicle (ILEAV) Pilot Program SMF SFO BTR DFW DIA ATL BWI JFK LGA ORD

5 ILEAV 1,500 Vehicles Planned 1/3 GAV 2/3 GSE 50% Vehicles 50% Infrastructure 1/3 CNG 2/3 Electric 1/3 GAV

6 National GSE Fleet is Approximately 72,000 25% Airline-owned 75% Other

7 Airline GSE by Fuel Type (~55,000 units with average age of 9.4 years)

8 National scope Commercial service airports located in Nonattainment or Maintenance Areas (~150 of 510 airports, including most of busiest) More alternative fuels Also hybrids that meet low emission standards Greater Federal share (75%-100%) Infrastructure and facilities Vehicles (incremental costs) Areas of Expanded Project Eligibility from Pilot Program Eligibility

9 Mobile sources not specified …any construction, reconstruction, repair, improvement, or purchase of capital equipment for the airport. Early documentation hard to get State implementation plans or other documentation shall be obtained to justify the project. Emission credits not guaranteed New Provisions Eliminate Previous Procedural Barriers (AIP Order B)

10 Airport dedicated Low emission standards Four legs of Vehicle Eligibility Allowable fuel types Ownership conditions

11 Best Achievable Low Emission Standards EPA standards by vehicle class Viable commercial technology

12 Conversions of airport power plants, generators, and other combustion sources to cleaner fuels Eligible Infrastructure Examples Replaced by... Tanker TrucksFuel Carts Reduced by... Ground Power Pre-conditioned Air Fuel Hydrants Auxiliary Power Unit

13 Aircraft ground support equipment (GSE) On-road vehicles… Vehicles Must Be Airport Dedicated No cars, taxis super shuttles limousines Security vehicles Parking lot shuttles and buses

14 Two Major Airport Funding Programs $300 million for Noise & Air Quality Entitlements 70% Funding Airport Improvement Program (AIP) ~$3 Billion/Year Passenger Facility Charges (PFC) ~$2 Billion/Year 30%

15 Eligibility by Funding Source AIP New vehicles Airport-owned Alternative fuels PFC New and retrofit vehicles Airport and non-airport owned Alternative and cleaner conventional fuels

16 Emission credits to airports can be used to meet future requirements General Conformity New Source Review Credit requirements Nationally consistent approach Provided on a timely basis Based on existing CAA criteria: quantifiable, surplus, permanent, enforceable, SIP consistent ILEAV projects credited retroactively Funding Only With EPA/State Credit Guarantee Emission credits

17 Emission Credits All Airport emission credits to spur early action Organizations Documents Actions National Credit Guidance New AIP/PFC Eligibility Guidance and GSE Pilot Program EPAFAA Airports State & Local Air Quality Agencies Technical Report Program Guidance Airport Program Application Begins

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20 AIP GSE Retrofit Pilot Program For GSE retrofits using conventional fuels 10 commercial service airports in NA/MA Each grant up to $500,000 Selection criteria: Cost effectiveness based on the remaining life of the vehicle Only emission control technologies certified or verified by EPA Priority for airport owned GSE EPA/State assurance of emission credits

21 Federal and State coordination EPA low emission standards EPA/FAA airport emissions credit guidance DOE alternative fuels information Eligibility guidance New EPA air quality standards Cost-effectiveness (leading edge technology) Public access to refueling stations GSE retrofit pilot program Modeling enhancements Looking Ahead… Clean air around airports


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