Presentation on theme: "DNA extraction is a procedure used to isolate large amounts of DNA from cell. DNA can be isolated from plant and animal cells as well from bacteria. What."— Presentation transcript:
DNA extraction is a procedure used to isolate large amounts of DNA from cell. DNA can be isolated from plant and animal cells as well from bacteria. What we will be doing? Isolation of a good amount of DNA from plant cells.
Plants contain large amount of secondary metabolites such s polyphenolic compunds and polyscaccarides. It is more difficult to extract DNA from halophytes due to presence of huge amounts of salt in the cells. Plant cell walls can be very difficult to disrupt. It often contain significant amounts of compounds such as tannins, phenolics, and complex polysaccharides that can affect DNA quality and inhibit downstream reactions. If not handled carefully, the DNA may be broken down or degraded during the extraction.
Liquid nitrogen Pistil and Mortar 2% CTAB Chloroform and isoamylalchol (24:1) TE buffer Isopropanol Washing buffer Eppendorf tubes Falcon tubes
Washing and grinding Weigh (1g) of leaves and wash them in distilled water. Let them dry and then grind them in liquid nitrogen using pistill and mortar.
CTAB incubation and centrifugation Incubate 2% CTAB (25ml) at 65C. Add plant material to it. Shake it in water bath at 62C for half hour. Allow mixture to cool for 3 minutes at room temperature. Washing Now add 25ml chloroform and isoamyl alcchol (24:1). Mix and centrifuge it at 400rpm for 20 minutes. Separate upper solution into a new falcon tube. Now add equal volume of chilled isopropanaol and mix it slowly.
Keep it in room temperature over night or in refrigerator for half an hour. Centrifuge the sample for 15 minutes at 400 rpm. Now add 1 ml washing buffer to wash pellet after discarding the supernatant. Keep it at room temperature for 20 minutes. Put mixture in an eppendorf. Now centrifuge (9000rpm for 5 minutes). Invert eppendorf on tissue paper. Now incubate at 37C for 25 minutes untill pellet become dry. Add 600-700 ul TE to dissolve the pellet.
Ultra pure DNA Ready to use genomic DNA for enhanced performance in sensitive applications Low amounts of (chemical) waste Less time consumption Easy to handle
Electrophoresis is a common lab technique used for separating DNA fragments. DNA samples are placed in a special gel and subjected to an electric field. Because DNA is negatively-charged, it moves toward the positive electrode. The DNA fragments that are shortest will travel farthest, while the longest fragments will remain closest to the origin. Using the same basic principles, electrophoresis can also be used to separate RNA and proteins.
Electrophoresis chamber, gel form and comb Power supply that produces 50-150 volts Agar TAE buffer Tape
Add 1 gram agar to 100ml TAE buffer. Heat the solution in the microwave oven on high power until it comes to a boil. Place tape across the ends of the gel form and place the comb in the form. Pour cooled agar into the form. The agar should come at least half way up the comb teeth. When the agar has solidified, carefully remove the comb. Remove the tape from the ends of the gel form and place it in the chamber. Load the sample in each well along with loading buffer. Allow the gel to run for 30 to 45 minutes. Finally, observe the gel and DNA bands.
Avoid grinding violently otherwise DNA will be broken down. Time management is important. Do not harshly mix the extracted DNA in isopropanol in order to have good quality DNA. Wash the pellet in wash buffer carefully. When removing melted agarose from oven keep in mind to protect your hand with a pot holder or folded paper towel and gently swirl it to re-suspend any settled agar. Immediately rinse the agar flask. When the agar has solidified, carefully remove the comb. Do not forget to remove the tape from the ends of the gel form. Make a written record of which sample you will load in each well of the gel.