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EARLY 1900S Reform movement of the EARLY 1900S monopolies, corruption, inefficiency, social injustice Focused on the evils of monopolies, corruption,

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Presentation on theme: "EARLY 1900S Reform movement of the EARLY 1900S monopolies, corruption, inefficiency, social injustice Focused on the evils of monopolies, corruption,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 EARLY 1900S Reform movement of the EARLY 1900S monopolies, corruption, inefficiency, social injustice Focused on the evils of monopolies, corruption, inefficiency, and social injustice GOVERNMENT Believed in using the GOVERNMENT to solve these problems!!!! MIDDLE CLASS Progressives made up of MIDDLE CLASS individuals Greenback Labor Party Populist Party PROGRESSIVE PARTY DID NOT laissez- faire Progressives DID NOT believe in laissez- faire policy in government!!!!!! I CAN DESCRIBE THE PURPOSE OF AND HISTORY OF THE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT

3 Name given by Theodore Roosevelt to writers who exposed the negative things about society in the late 1800s and early 1900s. 1.Henry Demarest Lloyd – Wealth Against Commonwealth (1894), written in protest against the Standard Oil Co. 2.Thorstein Veblen – The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899), savage attack on predatory wealth. 3.Jacob Riis – How the Other Half Lives (1890), told of the harsh life in NYC slums. 4.Theodore Dreiser – The Financier (1912) and The Titan (1914), battered promoters and profiteers. 5.Lincoln Steffers – wrote a series of articles entitled The Shame of the Cities, unmasked corrupt alliance between big businesses and government. 6. Ida M. Tarbell – History of Standard Oil Co., written against Standard Oil Co. 7. David Phillips – The Treason of the Senate (1906), said 75 senators supported the RRs and trusts but not the people. 8. Ray Stannard Baker – Following the Colored Line (1908), told of the sorry treatment of Americas blacks. 9. John Spargo – The Bitter Cry of the Children (1906) told of the abuses of child labor. 10. Upton Sinclair – The Jungle (1906) exposed the unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry. He aimed at the nations heart but hit its stomach. I CAN LIST AND IDENTIFY EARLY PROGRESSIVE LEADERS IN THE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT

4 McCluresCosmopolitanColliersEverybodys I CAN LIST EARLY PROGRESSIVE MAGAZINES OF THE EARLY 1900S

5 Name given by Theodore Roosevelt to writers who exposed the negative things about society in the late 1800s and early 1900s. 1.Henry Demarest Lloyd – Wealth Against Commonwealth (1894), written in protest against the Standard Oil Co. 2.Thorstein Veblen – The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899), savage attack on predatory wealth. 3.Jacob Riis – How the Other Half Lives (1890), told of the harsh life in NYC slums. 4.Theodore Dreiser – The Financier (1912) and The Titan (1914), battered promoters and profiteers. 5.Lincoln Steffens– wrote a series of articles entitled The Shame of the Cities, unmasked corrupt alliance between big businesses and government. 6. Ida M. Tarbell – History of Standard Oil Co., written against Standard Oil Co. 7. David Phillips – The Treason of the Senate (1906), said 75 senators supported the RRs and trusts but not the people. 8. Ray Stannard Baker – Following the Colored Line (1908), told of the sorry treatment of Americas blacks. 9. John Spargo – The Bitter Cry of the Children (1906) told of the abuses of child labor. 10. Upton Sinclair – The Jungle (1906) exposed the unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry. He aimed at the nations heart but hit its stomach. I CAN LIST AND IDENTIFY EARLY MUCKRAKERS

6 1.Direct Primary – the little election before the big election, usually held in May. 2.*Initiative – voter-proposed legislation. 3.*Referendums – yes or no ballots, such as wet or dry. 4.Recall – removing an elected official. 5.Limit amount of money spent on campaigns. 6.Limit who could donate to campaigns. 7.*Australian Secret Ballot. 8.*Direct Election of Senators (17 th Amendment) 9.Womens Suffrage (19 th Amendment) 10.Prohibition – abolish sale of alcohol. * Part of the former Populist Platform I CAN EXPLAIN AND DISCUSS THE MAJOR GOALS OF THE PROGRESSIVES

7 Progressives focused on inefficiency and corruption in the cities ProblemSolution Problem: Inefficiency in government Solution: City-Manager System ProblemSolution Problem: Corruption in government Solution: City-Manager System I CAN DESCRIBE PROGRESSIVISM AT THE CITY LEVEL

8 I CAN DESCRIBE PROGRESSIVISM AT THE STATE LEVEL AND LEADERS

9 Women big part of the Progressive Movement Focused on issues like moral issues or maternal issues Focused on child labor and improved factory conditions (see next slide) SC case that said women COULD BE protected in factory labor work Women also focused on anti-liquor laws as part of their Progressive reforms I CAN EXPLAIN THE IMPACT OF PROGRESSIVE WOMEN LEADERS We are the world, we are the children…

10 A fire incinerated tens of dozens of this companys female workers. Put the focus on factory reforms and worker safety laws I CAN DESCRIBE THE EFFECTS OF THE TRIANGLE SHIRTWAIST FIRE

11 Teddy Roosevelts political program. 1.Control of Corporations 2.Consumer Protection 3.Conservation of Natural Resources I CAN IDENTIFY THE MAJOR PARTS OF THE SQUARE DEAL

12 Interstate Commerce Act created to regulate railroadsNO TEETH Elkins Act gave some teeth by enforcing rules on rebates Gave more teeth Hepburn Act focused on restricting free passes and bribery of railroads Focus of TRs control of corporations Distinguished between good trusts and bad trusts Broke up Northern Securities Company of JP Morgan I CAN IDENTIFY THE MAJOR PARTS OF THE SQUARE DEAL AND EXPLAIN THEM

13 1902 Strike caused by immigrants in Pennsylvania because they were being used and exploited. Workers wanted 2 things: 1.20% increase in pay 2.Work hours cut from 10 to 9 Teddy Roosevelt intervened and made a compromise with the strikers 1.Miners get 10% pay boost 2.Work hours cut from 10 to 9 I CAN IDENTIFY THE MAJOR PARTS OF THE SQUARE DEAL AND EXPLAIN THEM

14 Author of The Jungle The Jungle was about the bad parts of the meatpacking industry Led to…. I CAN IDENTIFY THE MAJOR PARTS OF THE SQUARE DEAL AND EXPLAIN THEM

15 Newlands Actsale of public lands used to fund irrigation projects Built dozen of new dams Much of the US forests put under Federal control TR banned Christmas trees from the White House I CAN IDENTIFY THE MAJOR PARTS OF THE SQUARE DEAL AND EXPLAIN THEM

16 Caused by overspeculation. Resulted in: bankruptcies bank failures unemployment soup lines

17 Hand-picked by TR to succeed him Taft will be the REAL Trustbuster I CAN IDENTIFY THE MAJOR CANDIDATES AND WINNER OF THE ELECTION OF 1908

18 1.He kept capitalism healthy by steering us away from socialism. 2.He greatly enlarged the power and prestige of the presidential office. 3.He helped shape and move the Progressive movement forward. 4.He helped move us away from Isolationism. I CAN LIST AND DISCUSS THE FOUR MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS OF T. ROOSEVELTS PRESIDENCY

19 Name of William Howard Tafts foreign policy. 1.Use foreign policy to protect Wall Street money abroad. 2.Use Wall Street dollars to uphold foreign policy. I CAN DESCRIBE DOLLAR DIPLOMACY AND WHO IT IS ASSOCIATED WITH

20 1.Payne-Aldrich Tariff 2.Ballinger-Pinchot Affair (Taft dismissed Pinchot) 3.U.S. Steel Trust 4.Joe Cannon Uncle Joe, Speaker of the House, Progressives wanted him removed. I CAN LIST THE FOUR THINGS THAT SPLIT T. ROOSEVELT AND WM. H. TAFTS RELATIONSHIP


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