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for The Lector Ministry

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1 for The Lector Ministry
Public Speaking Skills Necessary for The Lector Ministry

2 Two Major Categories Verbal Skills Nonverbal Skills

3 Verbal Communication Skills We Must Learn and Develop
Proper Breathing and Breath Control Monotone and Vocal Variety Emphasis and Stress of Words and Phrases Appropriate Pacing and Rate of the Reading Pausing Clear Articulation and Pronunciation

4 Breathing & Breath Control
The most fundamental part of speaking is breathing! Lose Your Breath, Lose Your Voice!

5 Proper Breathing A Good Posture Deep Breaths
Use of The Diaphragm and Abdominal Muscles Breathing During Natural Pauses

6 Breathing Exercise Do the exercise sitting or standing
To allow the lungs to expand fully, a proper posture is essential. Slowly breathe in through your nose as you imagine that you are a vessel filling up with air. Hold this breath for a count of five. Exhale slowly through your mouth.

7 Benefits of Proper Breathing
Breathe more effectively. Proper posture for breathing creates a confident, strong appearance. Deep breathing decreases tension and helps you control your nerves better. Will automatically set a better pace for your reading.

8 Tips for Practicing Breathing Techniques
Practice breathing while driving. Practice breathing while sitting at your desk or at home when you would normally be slumped over in your chair. Lying down before going to sleep or lying down on the floor at the end of a workout session.

9 Tips for Practicing Breathing
Always start with good a posture. Breathe in through your nose as this will protect your vocal cords. Breathing through the mouth dries out the vocal cords and you could experience sore throat. Notice your breathing from time to time during the course of your practice readings.

10 Monotone & Vocal Variety
Monotony is caused by speaking in a monotone. Staying on one note during most of the reading and modulating your voice only at the end of a sentence or phrase. The hypnotic, repetitious evenness of the voice is what puts us to sleep. The sameness of the sound makes it bland and unemotional.

11 Combine differences in your pitch, rate, and volume.
Using Vocal Variety Combine differences in your pitch, rate, and volume.

12 Vocal Variety The single most important quality demanded by an audience is vocal variety. What audiences find most difficult to listen to is a monotone voice that lacks color, variations in pitch, animation or warmth. The Scriptures are alive and we ought to read them accordingly! We ought to read them with expression and avoid reading in a boring monotone.

13 Vocal Variety Let the literary style of the reading have an impact on how you read it. Let your voice reflect your understanding of what you read. Read as if what you are reading has meaning for you personally. Whatever you do, avoid reading with a dull monotone voice.

14 Exercises for Vocal Variety
Use vocal modulation to communicate the various levels of syntax or the appropriate range of feelings.

15 1 John 5:5-6 1 John 5:5-6 Who is it that conquers the world
but the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God? This is the one who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ, not with the water only but with the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the one that testifies, for the Spirit is the truth.

16 Emphasis and Stress of Words & Phrases
"It's not what you say, but how you say it?" The emphasis we place on the words we read also influences the meaning of what is said.

17 Simple Exercise to Illustrate
I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job. I don’t think he should get that job.

18 Observations Important words in a sentence are said: More slowly,
Usually at a higher pitch, Sometimes a little more loudly than unimportant words.

19 Benefits of Using Emphasis & Stress of Words and Phrases
Changes the pace of the reading. The focus of the listener is now on the one saying the words.

20 Things to Remember As lectors, we bring our personal witness of what the Scripture means to us. responsibility to the Assembly to help them “see” God as He is. Some will object to the use of emotion as being “too dramatic”. The true meaning of the sentence is expressed through the stressed word or words.

21 The Use of Tone Equally important, the "tone of voice" or "attitude" of the lector conveys emotions. Decide carefully what you want to emphasize. Decide exactly what tone to use and where to place emphasis.

22 Appropriate Pacing and Rate of Reading
Most frequent complaint: everyone reads too fast. To be understood you cannot read as quickly as you talk in everyday conversation.

23 The World’s Worst Tongue Twister
Tongue-Twisters Peter Piper Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Peter’s mother pickled the peppers that Peter picked. The Pipers boasted about Peter’s pepper picking propensities! The World’s Worst Tongue Twister (Guinness Book of Records) The sixth sheik’s sixth sheep’s sick.

24 Conclusion The proclamation of the Word of God effectiveness is enhanced when individuals slow down in their reading, ensuring that words are pronounced clearly and distinctly.

25 Appropriate Pace The first principle concerning the pacing of the reading is to slow down. The pace of the reading depends on the contents of text, the space and the sound system.

26 Caution It is possible to read too slowly.
Reading becomes tedious, boring and lifeless.

27 Revisiting Breathing For vocal variety, you are encouraged to vary your pace by speeding up and slowing down appropriately. People have trouble with pacing due to poor breathing. Reading too fast is often the result of not stopping to breathe often enough. Solution: To slow down your reading with the breath, consciously take a breath before you begin and remember to stop and breathe between ideas and sentences. Reading too slow can be the result of not taking in and using enough air Solution: Check your posture. This may be caused by poor posture.

28 Pausing The challenge in effective pausing is learning not to fear silence. Your audience must process the text. Effective pausing gives the assembly the time to process. It gives you time to refresh your understanding and your voice. A well-executed pause is one way to emphasize part of a text.

29 Appropriate Pausing The best guarantee that you will employ pauses and all the elements of vocal variety is your thorough understanding of the text and your courageous desire to share it fully with your audience.

30 Clear Articulation & Pronunciation
Articulating words clearly is extremely important for the lector. This helps the assembly to hear and understand the Word of God.

31 Articulation Articulation is the physical production of particular speech sounds. Articulation involves the “shape,” or formation, of sounds with the lips, tongue, teeth, soft palate and muscles of the face. All syllables must be pronounced, the ending of words not dropped, and that multiple words are not strung together to form one unintelligible word. Lazy articulation can muffle sounds and make words difficult to understand.

32 Pronunciation The accepted standard of the sound, rhythm and stress patterns of a syllable, word or phrase in a given language. Identify what words are unfamiliar to you. Very important to pronounce words properly. Pay particular attention to words that are easily misread or mispronounced.

33 Exercises for Articulation
Exercise I Bite a pencil, as if you have a horse bit mouthpiece. In that position, read a newspaper aloud for five minutes. Notice how you loosen all the muscles of the face. Exercise II Take a book and start reading aloud, slowly and in syllables: Cle-ar-pro-nun-ci-a-tion-of-words-so-that-o-thers-can-hear… Read a few paragraphs exaggerating your reading and grimacing as you speak. Then, read faster but still in syllables and making sure that you pronounce each of the letters in each word.

34 The Lord GOD has given me a well-trained tongue,
That I might know how to speak to the weary a word that will rouse them. Isaiah 50:4

35 Nonverbal Communication Skills
Posture Eye Contact Bowing Hand Position Moving and Walking Making Mistakes

36 Posture Slouching will detract from your reading, as will leaning back and putting your hands in your pockets. When standing at the ambo, be still and avoid fidgeting. Relaxed posture, neither stiff nor careless, is a must. Hold your shoulders back, place your legs directly beneath your shoulders (don’t lock your knees!), and keep your back straight.

37 Eye Contact From the ambo, it is important to make eye contact with the assembly. Not a darting glance. Nor a sweeping eye/windshield wiper movement across the church that really looks at no one, nor a look over the heads of listeners. Watch for falling into a mechanical pattern: up and to the right, up and to the left, right, left.

38 Right Time for Eye Contact
There are times when making eye contact is appropriate. The opening line and closing dialogue of the reading. During the reading, you might want to make eye contact at certain points but not at others. You will feel most comfortable making eye contact throughout the reading if you are familiar enough with it to be able to look up at the people and back down at the Lectionary and not lose your place.

39 Bowing Any gesture should be done with care and deliberation.
Most common gesture is bowing, if you pass in front of the altar on your way to or from the ambo (there is no reason to bow if you do not pass in front of the altar). A deep bow is made to the altar by all who enter the sanctuary, leave it, or pass before the altar.

40 Hand Positioning In general, hand gestures are not necessary when serving as a lector. Let them rest on the ambo, holding the Lectionary, or subtly marking your place with a finger.

41 Moving and Walking Movements should be done with purpose and reverence. Handle these books reverently. Carry using two hands and pick up and put down carefully.

42 Making Mistakes Is it better to keep moving on or go back and read it correctly? At times leave listeners to make the obvious correction. However, if there is a serious change in the meaning of a statement that either contradicts the text’s meaning or could baffle or confuse the community, it is best to go back and re-read what has been misread. Take a slight pause followed by an “Excuse me,” then a re-reading, is sufficient Give the thought its full value; read it as if for the first time

43 In God we have boasted all day long; your name we will praise forever:
What We Can’t Fake "The appropriate inner qualities of the reader become apparent to the listener without a single word being proclaimed." The love for the word of God and the belief that Jesus is present in every reading of Scripture is the boast of a great lector. It's the one thing we can't fake. In God we have boasted all day long; your name we will praise forever: Psalm 44:9

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