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Determiners I Modern English Grammar 1 Session 3
MEG-1© FAM2 categorised Ns identified types of nouns looked at countable vs. uncountable nouns for home study considered plural forms in English But first: what we did last week nouns (common and proper nouns) pronouns, placeholder one countable: apple, object, etc uncountable: salt, love, money, information, etc.
MEG-1© FAM3 From the Home Study lets check Activity 5 on page 19
MEG-1© FAM Plurals of countable nouns dwarves leaves wives dwarf leaf wife changing of -f to -ve before plural -s ladies cries lady cry changing a -y after a consonant to -ie before the plural -s bridges churches kisses clashes houses busses bridge church kiss clash house bus added /I/ or - e- between -s, -se, -ss, -sh, ge, dge, ch and plural -s eyes hats trees days eye hat tree day added -s
MEG-1© FAM Plurals of countable nouns trousers, binoculars, jeans pyjamas, glasses/specs crossroads, scissors nouns that are always in the plural chassis bourgeois précis chassis bourgeois précis nouns from French ending with -s that do not change species series species series nouns looking like plurals, used in singular and plural (no change) salmon deer sheep aircraft salmon deer sheep aircraft nouns that take no plural -s
MEG-1© FAM Plurals of countable nouns phenomena criteria phenomenon criterion nouns of Greek origin retaining Greek plurals corpora indices memoranda nuclei larvae corpus index memorandum nucleus larva nouns of Latin origin retaining Latin plurals children oxen child ox nouns that use an old plural ending geese, mice, teeth, women men, children goose, mouse tooth, woman, man, child nouns that form the plural with a vowel change
But now the Determiners …
MEG-1© FAM8 Do Activity 1 on page 23
MEG-1© FAM9 3.1 Overview Determiners specific general definite article demon- stratives possessive determiners indefinite article quantifying determiners identifying determiners
MEG-1© FAM Specific Determiners my your her his its our your their this these that those the possessive determiners demonstrativesdefinite article
MEG-1© FAM General Determiners another both each either/neither every no all any few/little more, most much, many, a lot of several some a/an Ø identifying determiners quantifying determiners indefinite articles
MEG-1© FAM12 From the Home Study lets check Exploration 1 on page 24
MEG-1© FAM The Definite Article a) 1.She plays _______ flute with the London Symphony Orchestra. 2.I went to _______ cinema with my friend. 3.My great-uncle died in _______ Great War at the age of Have you taken _______ dog for a walk yet? 5.Mont Blanc is _______ highest mountain in Europe. 6.I was listening to _______ news last night when she called. 7.I like __________ wine but Ive never liked _______ wines of Germany very much. 8._______ Dr Jeckyll was not happy about turning into _______ Mr Hyde forever. 9.The Beatles played a concert at _______ Shea Stadium in Ruth Dreyfuss was _______ first female socialist federal councillor, but _______ second woman in the federal executive. 11.I fear neither _______ death nor _______ infamy. the Ø ØØ Ø ØØ
MEG-1© FAM The Definite Article b) 12.____ old doctor turned away from ___ Bishop of Westminster. 13.I would love to dance with _______ girl in the blue dress standing at the bar. 14.In the evening a lot of young people went to _________ school to hang around. 15._______ Grammar lessons are a crime against _______ nature. 16.Shes _______ only woman in my life. 17.She has got _______ car and _______ motorbike. On Sundays she goes for a spin on _______ bike but to go to work she prefers _______ car. 18._______ meek shall inherit _______ earth (if thats all right with the rest of you guys). 19.The old couple went to __________ market. 20.Here are some books about _______ Alps, _______ Sahara, _______ Antarctic, and _______ Atlantic. the Ø Ø aa Ø
MEG-1© FAM The Definite Article c) 21._______ dishwasher has made life a lot easier. 22._______ self-employed businessman tends to work longer hours. 23.My father went to ____________ sea after he met my mother 24.We sailed from ____________ Bay of Biscay to ____________ Cape of Good Hope. 25.Life is difficult nowadays for _______ elderly. 26.We are staying at _______ home to avoid the crowds in Italy. 27._____ women are expected to enjoy having _______ babies. 28.We stayed at home to avoid the tailback over _______ Whitsun. 29.Every weekend she went to _________ prison to see her husband. the Ø ØØ Ø
MEG-1© FAM16 Do Activity 2 on page 25
MEG-1© FAM Usage of Definite Articles a) 2.I went to the cinema with my friend. 6.I was listening to the news last night when she called. F with institutions which we sometimes use, believe in, etc. 3.My great-uncle died in the Great War at the age of 18. F in expressions with an institutionalised meaning 17.She has got a car and a motorbike. On Sundays she goes for a spin on the bike but to go to work she prefers the car. F to refer back to a noun used earlier on (anaphoric reference) 4.Have you taken the dog for a walk yet? F to refer to an entity in the immediate situation, known to both interlocutors
MEG-1© FAM Usage of Definite Articles b) 16.Shes the only woman in my life. 5. Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in Europe. 10.Ruth Dreyfuss was the first female socialist federal councillor, but the second woman in the federal executive. F together with expressions signifying uniqueness (only, most, first, etc.) 7.I like wine but Ive never liked the wines of Germany very much. 13.I would love to dance with the girl in the blue dress standing at the bar. F in front of a noun, countable or uncountable, with post-modification
MEG-1© FAM Usage of Definite Articles c) 1.She plays the flute with the London Symphony Orchestra. F before musical instruments 20.Here are some books about the Alps, the Sahara, the Antarctic, and the Atlantic. 24.We sailed from the Bay of Biscay to the Cape of... F geographical names to signify it is unique or that we refer to a specific one 18.The meek shall inherit the earth. 25.Life is difficult nowadays for the elderly. F together with an adjective which refers to a class of people 21.The dishwasher has made life a lot easier. 22.The self-employed business- man tends to work longer… F To represent a class of animals, people or things
MEG-1© FAM Non-usage of Definite Articles 12.The old doctor turned away from the Bishop of Westminster. F but the exception with titles is 8. Dr Jeckyll was not happy about turning into Mr Hyde forever. 9.The Beatles played a concert at Shea Stadium in F before a place name, a proper name or a title + noun
MEG-1© FAM Non-usage of Definite Articles 28.We stayed at home to avoid the tailback over Whitsun. F With most religious holidays 27. women are expected to enjoy having babies. F To refer to a collective group of people 11.I fear neither death nor infamy. 15. Grammar lessons are a crime against nature. 7.I like wine but… F before abstract and other uncountable nouns
MEG-1© FAM Selective usage 26.We are staying at home to avoid the crowds in Italy. 29.Every weekend she went to prison to see her husband. 27.The old couple went to the / market. 23.My father went to the / sea after he met my mother 14.In the evening a lot of young people went to the [/ ] school to hang around. F if we mean the institution or the location
MEG-1© FAM23 Do Exploration 2 on page 26, then complete Activity 3 on page 27
MEG-1© FAM Demonstratives this/these 5.I met these people, right, and there was this bloke I said to myself, like, this guy means trouble,... F someone/thing mentioned for the first time in informal language. 13.Im going to start … definitely this week. 15.What are you up to these days? F periods of time in which we find ourselves at present (this month, this week, these days). 3.Do you remember this mate of mine I told you … 7.I met this gutter press journalist …. You wouldnt believe these guys, … F people or things the speaker has referred to recently. 11.This young man here is my beloved son. F people or things obvious in the situation
MEG-1© FAM Demonstratives that/those 4.I just dont believe that grammar worksheet he gave us last week... F refer to someone/thing who/which is known to the interlocutors in informal language. 16.You cant imagine how that guy gives me the creeps. F refer to someone/thing mentioned for the first time in informal language. 8.That concert was really great, man. F talk about an event which has just taken place. 2.The scrumptious hunk who picked me up yesterday? That guys my new boyfriend. F talk about people or things the speaker has referred to recently. 12.The seat next to me is taken but that one over there is free, I think. F talk about people or things which the interlocutors can see but are not close to.
MEG-1© FAM26 Home Study Activity 4 on page 28 Exploration 1 on page 32
MEG-1© FAM27 And thats all for today Tune in again for General Determiners next week when itll be time again for
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