Presentation on theme: "Note Page 30 Roosevelt and Taft Social Studies By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School."— Presentation transcript:
Note Page 30 Roosevelt and Taft Social Studies By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School
Video Clip Intro The Progressive Era by Media Rich Learning
Theodore Roosevelt Rose steadily through govt ranks Spanish American War: hero leader of Rough Riders at San Juan Hill in Cuba Gov. of NY reform governor Vice President of William McKinley Became President with McKinleys assassination became youngest president in US history- 42 years old Death of President McKinley
Square Deal - Very Spirited Leader Presidency as the bully pulpit He serves as the protector of the people use the Presidency to influence legislation Square Deal was his program to fix the evils of society through Progressive reforms Politics is the art of the possible Speak softly and carry a big stick
White House Pets!!! Our 26th President, Theodore Roosevelt, began his Presidency in 1901, along with six children and more animals than the White House had ever seen. The Roosevelt children's family of pets included a small bear named Jonathan Edwards; a lizard named Bill; guinea pigs named Admiral Dewey, Dr. Johnson, Bishop Doane, Fighting Bob Evans, and Father O'Grady; Maude the pig; Josiah the badger; Eli Yale the blue macaw; Baron Spreckle the hen; a one-legged rooster; a hyena; a barn owl; Peter the rabbit; and Algonquin the pony. President Roosevelt loved the pets as much as his children did. Algonquin was so beloved that when the President's son Archie was sick in bed, his brothers Kermit and Quentin brought the pony up to his room in the elevator. But Algonquin was so captivated by his own reflection in the elevator mirror that it was hard to get him out!
Quentin once stopped in a pet store and bought four snakes. He then went to show them to his father in the Oval Office, where the President was holding an important meeting. Senators and party officials smiled tolerantly when the boy barged in and hugged his father. But when Quentin dropped the snakes on the table, the officials scrambled for safety. The snakes were eventually captured and promptly sent back to the pet shop. Alice, Quentin's sister, also had a pet garter snake that she named Emily Spinach ("because it was as green as spinach and as thin as my Aunt Emily").
The Roosevelts were dog lovers as well. Among their many canines were Sailor Boy the Chesapeake retriever, Jack the terrier, Skip the mongrel, and Pete, a bull terrier who sank his teeth into so many legs that he had to be exiled to the Roosevelt home in Long Island! Alice had a small black Pekingese named Manchu, which she received from the last empress of China during a trip to the Far East. Alice once claimed to have seen Manchu dancing on its hind legs in the moonlight on the White House lawn.
Teddy Roosevelt and the Building of the Panama Canal
Govt Involvement 1902 coal strike 140,000 workers from PA went on strike. mine owners refused to bargain Strike threaten fuel needs of the nation; hospitals were freezing Roosevelt had both groups to meet in DC and go to arbitration= an impartial outside committee resolved the strike Set an example of Presidents mediating conflicts -workers got 10% raise, 9- hour workday but cant strike for 3 years
Trustbusting Trusts controlled 4/5 of industry Roosevelt believed in good and bad trusts= bad trusts greedily abused the public Several trusts were broken and real govt regulation began RR regulation 1904 Northern Securities v. US Supreme Court ordered dissolution of Northern Securities Company which had monopoly over RR rates in NW
Trustbusting Roosevelt filed 44 lawsuits against Americas largest trusts including: Tobacco, Oil, and Beef Railroad Regulation: Elkins Act: put some teeth in the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) making it illegal for RR officials to give or receive rebates Hepburn Act: limited the distribution of free RR passes, and gave the ICC the power to set maximum RR rates Both boosted the GOVT power to REGULATE industry
The Jungle Written by Upton Sinclair Muckraking novel Meant to expose the conditions of immigrants Impact of novel was the description of meatpacking industry
Govt Action -investigated Sinclairs claims -passed Meat Inspection Act, 1906 -later passage of Pure Food and Drug Act -FDA: can not sale any contaminated food or medicine= required LABELING!
Conservation Industry was consuming large portions of natural resources Pollution was destroying waterways Established several national parks Set aside large portions of forestlands: 148 million acres Gifford Pinchot: named head of US Forest Service, famous Conservationist Development of land for the common good John Muir Teddy
Conservation Newlands Reclamation Act: money from the sale of public lands in the West funded large scale irrigation projects such as the Roosevelt dam - Showed that the federal govt would manage the precious water source of the West Gifford Pinchot
Civil Rights - Progressive era as a whole ignored the needs of minorities -Booker T. Washington: Tuskegee Institute- advocated for vocational training for Af.Am -W.E.B. DuBois: advocated for immediate social and economic equality for Af. Am. NAACP: Association for the Advancement of Colored People - Equality for all races
Taft Elected Roosevelt serves two terms William Howard Taft designated to replace him Taft never wanted or liked being President Reluctant to use Presidency as bully pulpit
Activities Roosevelt earned name as trustbuster Taft breaks up twice as many trusts in half the time Tried to lowers tariffs: signed Payne-Aldrich Tariff, but didnt lower them enough Angered the conservation movement by opening up govt lands Fires Pinchot
Tafts Struggles Progressive and conservative parts of party begin to fight Speaker Joe Cannon Old style conservative goals clashed with progressives Republicans argue over party goals and leaders Republicans lose control of H.O.R. TR decides to try for third term Taft and Roosevelt vie for 1912 party nomination
Video Clips History Channels Presidents of the United States Episode 5 Start around Minute 22: Starts at McKinleys assassination, covers Teddy Roosevelt History Channels Presidents of the United States Episode 5 Start around Minute 37 for President William Taft
Note Page 30 Roosevelt and Taft The End By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School