2Comparing How something is the same or similar. How are a pencil and a piece of chalk the same?You use both to write with.They are both long and round.
3Contrast How something is different. Pencil: Used to write on paper. Color is black.Chalk:Used to write on a black board.Color is white
4Using a Venn Diagram Different Different Alike Chalk Pencil Used to writeUsed on paperblackboardlong and roundblackwhite
5Comparing & Contrasting Reading a paragraph about two or more things can be confusing.You can sort out the information by looking to see how they arethe same and how they are different.Doing this can help you understand what you are reading.
6SharksThe great white shark lives in the deep, cold seas. It will attack large animals such as sea lions. The bull shark lives mostly in shallow waters. It is sometimes found in rivers. These sharks are both very good swimmers and hunters. Both kinds of sharks have lots of teeth.
7Sharks This paragraph compares The great white shark and the bull shark.Comparing:What kind of swimmer are both sharks?very goodHow many teeth do these sharks have?lots of teethContrastingdeep, cold seasWhere does the great white shark live?Where does the bull shark live?shallow waters
8Venn Diagram Alike Bull shark Great white shark Very good swimmers Deep, cold seasShallow waterLots of teeth
9Fox FactsAn animal’s home often affects how that animal looks. A fox that lives in the cold Arctic has thick fur. The fur of the Arctic fox is reddish brown in summer but white in winter. A kit fox lives in the desert. There the temperatures are much warmer. The kit fox stays the same brown color all year. It has bigger ears than an Arctic fox. Both kinds of foxed hunt small animals.
10Check your answers How are the foxes alike? C. They hunt small animals for food.How are the foxes different?A. The kit has bigger ears.Another way the foxes are differentThe Arctic fox’s fur changes color in the winter.