3What are the features of a good chart? Reference Download:“Characteristics of a Good Chart”
4Great charts are aesthetically pleasing in some way(s) - they offer a balance of accessible (familiar) melodic, harmonic, rhythmic & timbral elements with new or surprise twists that prevent the predictable & mundane. As always, good music should mirror the good life - a balance of routine & spice. This, of course, has to be couched in good logic - melodic & harmonic material must "lay well" (make sense). One of the best examples of this supposition is the writing of Rob McConnell - he arranges great charts on well-worn standards by maintaining interest through new combinations of melody, harmony, rhythm, timbre - all in good taste & within an accessible framework. Of course this leads to the fact that most good charts are done by a few good writers, whose names should be familiar.Bob GreenhawDirector of Jazz Studies (retired)Valdosta State University
5Swing ~ Latin ~ Latin-Swing Ballads ~ Jazz Waltz Rock/Funk ~ Other Chart List - Grades 2 -5(Over 575 listings)Swing ~ Latin ~ Latin-SwingBallads ~ Jazz WaltzRock/Funk ~ OtherReference Download:“Chart Recommendations for School Jazz Ensembles - DZ”
6Key to Grade Leveling Grade 1 – very easy MS - Beginner Grade 2 - easy MS – 2nd & 3rd yr. playersGrade 3 – medium easyAdv MS/Easy HS or 2nd HS bandsGrade 4 - mediumHS with good rangesGrade 5 – medium advAdv HS & UniversityGrade 6 + adv - difficultWell-adv HS, university, professional+/- denotes which end of grade level (3- / less difficult grade 3)
7The grade leveling on my chart list is realistic. A publisher “grade 2” rank may appear as a 3- on my chart list.A publisher “grade 4” rank may appear as a 5 on my chart list.Even with the FBA concert band list, we find publisher rankings being bumped up a notch so that it’s realistically accurate.
8Key Elements That Should Be Present on Charts Grades 1 - 3 Full scoreFull recording of chartNotes to the conductor, with rehearsal suggestionsClear information on the style of the chartWritten-out rhythm section partsReasonable ranges for all playersReasonable and repeated jazz figures for the ensembleComplete dynamic and jazz articulation markings throughoutSolo sections with simple chord changes that can be opened up for more instrumentsConsistent notation of chord symbolsEmphasis is on educational material, both in theory and practice.(from Jazz Pedagogy / Dunscomb & Hill / 2002 / p.165)
9Grade 4Because of a higher standard of technique, range proficiency, and overall stronger musicianship in the developmental process, Grade 4 charts provide more meat to sink your teeth into.The result is a more mature sounding musical product all the way around, if the band is truly at this level. (Just like with concert band grade leveling)The challenges promote educational growth.Most of the charts on my list are Grade 4 – common HS situation.
10Grade 4Whereas a Grade 2 or 3 / Grade 5 or 6 is more gray to determine, a Grade 4 chart is pretty clear in terms of where it falls.It should still have fully written out rhythm section parts. This fades with Grade 5 and 6.More complex harmonies – affects improvMore technical demands in playing lines and keeping up with the time.Ensemble precision is a challenge - comes through rehearsal.Stylistic integrity and uniformity of articulation a must.There is an opportunity to make mature sounding music.
11Sampling of HS charts from DZ list There Will Never Be Another You (arr. Tomaro - 4)Samantha (Nestico - 4)A Minor Excursion (Caffey - 4+)‘Round Midnight (arr. Tomaro - 4)Some Kind of Blue (arr. Tomaro - 4)Darn That Dream (arr. Mantooth - 3+)Willow Gold (Nestico – 3+)(c) 2008 Don Zentz
12Sampling of MS charts from DZ list The Q.C. Shuffle (Chris Sharp – 3+)Mister Cool (Mike Steinel – 2)T.M.I. (Ralph Ford – 2+)If I Could Fly (Mike Smukal – 3-)(c) 2008 Don Zentz
13Charts by these folks are going to work! For Middle SchoolMike SweeneyPeter BlairCarl StrommenLennie NiehausSammy NesticoRalph FordMike KamufErik MoralesPaul CookMike DanaDoug BeachGeorge ShutackChris SharpGreg YasinitskyCharts by these folksare going to work!(c) 2008 Don Zentz
14For High School Mark Taylor Mike Tomaro Lennie Niehaus Matt Harris Peter BlairDave WolpeDoug BeachSammy NesticoVictor LopezGeorge HolmesSteve WrightPaul MurthaGeorge StoneLes HooperPaul LavenderCarl StrommenPaul JenningsErik MoralesFrank MantoothDave BarduhnBob LowdenDavid CaffeyGreg YasinitskyJohn BerryRoger Holmes
15The Chart Hunt Bulk is in print for only short period of time Worthy of continued play (and not just the classics)Like we do with out of print symphonic band music, we need to network to locate and borrow jazz charts.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
17Where to look Fort Walton Beach HS Pace HS – Pensacola Tarpon Springs HSBoca Ciega HSMainland HS – DaytonaNorth Ft Myers HSSpruce Creek HS – Pt OrangeFlorida Community College at JacksonvilleDaytona Beach Community CollegeSeminole Community College(c) 2008 Don Zentz
18Where to look Lake Sumter Community College Broward Community College Central HS – Macon, GAWalton HS – Marietta, GALowndes HS – Valdosta, GAValdosta State UniversityMiami Senior HSHialeah Lakes HSPiper HS – Ft. LauderdaleTaravella HS – Ft. Lauderdale(c) 2008 Don Zentz
19Strengths & Weaknesses Your EnsembleStrengths & WeaknessesWe all have them.We must assess accurately and honestly. Select music that is suitable for your jazz band. Use Common Sense!!(c) 2008 Don Zentz
20Choosing Music For MPA Showcase your strengths. It is a time for the authentic assessment of your students’ mastered skills and musicianship to date.Select material that meets this goal.A good fit is everything!(c) 2008 Don Zentz
21SELECTING YOUR MPA PROGRAM Suggested order Med TempoSwing or LatinJazz WaltzChange of PaceBalladSlow LatinSlow 3 feelExcitingEnergeticSwingEnergetic Latin/RockFunk/RockLatin(Bossa)Up-Tempo SwingMedium Swing
22SELECTING YOUR MPA PROGRAM Most common order Med TempoSwingBalladEnergetic Latin/RockTypical Middle School Program42nd Street(Arr. Paul Cook)Harlem Nocturne(Arr. Peter Blair)Poco Loco(Carl Strommen)Typical High School ProgramDay By Day(Arr. Mark Taylor)Sentimental Mood(Arr. Mike Tomaro)Manteca
23Some things for fun at Spring Concert only Pop tunes of the dayOld Time Rock and RollTheme from ShaftEvil WaysBrick HouseBorn to be WildCar WashI Feel GoodIf you have to…(c) 2008 Don Zentz
24Not at MPA An All Glenn Miller Program String of Pearls Tuxedo JunctionIn the MoodThis is dance band music of the 1930’s.It’s important to trace back to the roots of the big band - program on other concerts.Furthermore, these three selections are all blues based.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
25For Old School, try these: Middle SchoolJericho – arr. Chris Sharp – 3-High SchoolTickletoe – Lester Young/arr. Wolpe – 4+(c) 2008 Don Zentz
26Authentic Duke Ellington Look for the charts published in conjunction with the Essentially Ellington Festival that Wynton Marsalis is affiliated with via the Lincoln Center Orchestra!!!Stylistic integrity is a must with these charts! Great stuff if you have the soloists! Much research required!!(c) 2008 Don Zentz
27I would not recommend an all-Ellington program for MPA because you want diversity and contrast in that venue. There are some issues with how things are scored and voiced on the Ellington charts that make it very difficult to satisfy fundamental requirements of the MPA sheet in a superior manner. Balance ~ Blend ~ Pitch As with transcriptions of any sort, there is a strict standard in authentically reproducing the music.
28Grooving in "3"Search out charts that are in ¾ time. These are often overlooked. They have a time feel all their own and challenge performance skills in different ways because of the beat displacement. They swing hard in a special way, especially when in the modal minor blues format. Buddy Rich taught us this with Bob Florence’s “Willowcrest”.
29Grooving in "3" Blues for McCoy (Jim Cifelli – 3+) Three for Bea (Dean Sorenson – 3+)Footprints (arr. Berry - 3)All Blues (arr. Sweeney – 2+)Here, There, & Everywhere (arr. Taylor - 4)Alice in Wonderland (arr. Holmes – 4)For MPA, I would slot these in the opening position.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
30HOW TO DEAL WITH INCOMPLETE INSTRUMENTATION If you have incomplete jazz band instrumentation and the ability level of the band is about average, check out what used to be the Kendor Konvertible Series via the current Jazz Gateway and Jazz Journey Series through Kendor. These charts really work and there are many to pick from. It is amazing how full they sound with incomplete instrumentation, playable with Some of Kendor’s best writers contribute to this series, including Matt Harris, Lennie Niehaus, Greg Yasinitsky, Maria Schneider, and Les Sabina.
31INCOMPLETE INSTRUMENTATION The Doug Beach counterpart to the old Kendor Konvertibles is indicated “...playable by pieces.” Some of these were collaborations – Doug Beach & George Shutack.The FJH Beginning and Developing Jazz Ensemble Series address groups with incomplete instrumentation.The Hal Leonard’s Discovery Jazz, Easy Jazz Ensemble, and Essential Elements series can all be played with incomplete instrumentation.The Heritage Jazz Works Series can be played with incomplete instrumentation. This does not include the Heritage charts as part of Matrix Publishing Co.The Standard of Excellence Series published by Kjos accommodates incomplete instrumentation.
32JAZZ CHART CALLS FOR STANDARD INSTRUMENTATION Not enough kids to cover parts, or too many kids in some sectionsWhat to do…?
33In general, drop lower parts (4th trumpet, 4th bone, 2nd tenor) If no bari sax, you may want to drop 3rd bone if you have only 3 players in the trombone sectionDepends on scoring. Lots of times, the 3rd bone or 2nd tenor will have 7th of chord voicing above root in the 4th bone or bari. This presents a problem if you don’t have the 7th present. At other times they may have the 5th, which is much less critical.
34Use baritones or euphoniums in trombone section, especially if 7trumpets and 2 bones!!Rewrite parts! Take the time toremedy problems. It matters!!Too many brass, double lower parts. Typically weaker players - builds bottom.Do not double lead trumpet. Do split lead. Need one leader at a time.
35Do not double 2nd trumpet. Too heavy vs. lead Do not double 2nd trumpet. Too heavy vs. lead. Top tones heard naturally and strongest players.There is a a delicate balance and blend brilliance that must exist between trumpets 1 & 2 if band is going to have “that sound” on block tutti’s without being too heavy. Do not make this impossible to achieve by doubling either top two trumpet voices.If you are moving solos around, the part that is being left open because of shifted solo moves needs to be covered. Background figures need balance, too!!
36FROM SOLO TO SHOUTCover soloist’s part until he/she makes way back if you have extra players.If you don’t have extra players, have the soloist play his solo from within the section.It matters!!
39Here comes the Saxophone Army! Do not double lead altoIn typical situations, the lead alto player is much stronger than the 2nd alto player. Double 2nd alto.Do not double 1st tenor. This huskier sounding instrument is already potentially dominant over the alto sound as the typical 3rd voice in the stack. And usually the 1st tenor player is strong, anyway.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
40Double the 2nd tenor. This part then balances better against the big bad bari sound (and can help make up for weaker bottom bone players.)Still another player to deal with? Double the bari, but split them left and right in section so we don’t tip.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
41Best 6 configuration = Not as good as above A1 T1 A2 T2 B T1 A2 A2 A1
42Best 7 configuration = Max preferred YIKES!! 8 is enough! T1 A2 A1 T2
43Rotate players in and out. No more players allowed in section! Our sax section sound is already dangerously heavy and thick. If there’s an up-tempo, we are dead!Rotate players in and out.10 saxes and 2 trombones! Put two tenors or tenor/bari in bone section! And have them sit in the 2nd line trombone section.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
44Saxophone MOUTHPIECES Don’s mouthpiece chart(c) 2008 Don Zentz
45Standard of Excellence Jazz Ensemble Method by Bruce Pearson & Dean Sorenson Designed to help both you and your jazz ensemble students explore the world of jazz through easy-to-use Rhythm Studies, Improvisation Studies, Instrument Specific Exercises, and full ensemble jazz charts. The approach is non-theoretical and aurally-based. Each part book comes with an accompaniment CD, so students learn to play jazz by listening!(c) 2008 Don Zentz
46Standard of Excellence ADVANCED Jazz Ensemble Method by Bruce Pearson and Dean Sorenson Building upon the rhythm-centered pedagogy introduced in the first book, the ADVANCED method focuses on improvisation. Concepts introduced and reinforced are applied in charts designed to be played by the full jazz ensemble. The Director's Score is an invaluable resource of jazz pedagogy. Parts available for flute, clarinet, French horn, and tuba ensure that the study of improvisation is also accessible to students of non-traditional jazz instruments.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
47Heritage JazzWorksJazz Basics by Peter Blair The fundamentals of improvisation for young musicians (grades 6-9). Designed for use with jazz ensemble. Covers rhythm section skills, voicings, bass lines, drum styles and set ups. Laid out very logically.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
48Digital DexterityStudents can work out on logical scale material and patterning that is the basic DNA of all jazz improvisation. Available from Z&Z Publications(c) 2008 Don Zentz
49PIANOBy Dan Haerle(c) 2008 Don ZentzBy Frank Mantooth
50BASSBy Kris Berg(c) 2008 Don ZentzBy Todd Coolman
51DRUMS By Dave Black & Steve Houghton By Peter Erskine (c) 2008 Don ZentzBy Peter Erskine
52GUITARBy Jack GrasselBy Charlton Johnson(c) 2008 Don Zentz
53By Richard Dunscumb & Willie Hill Jazz PedagogyBy Richard Dunscumb & Willie HillYou will find realistic and practical solutions to challenges such as the jazz concept, understanding the rhythm section, jazz improvisation and jazz styles including a great section on Latin jazz. Uniquely innovative, this one-of-a-kind handbook incorporates the web as an ongoing resource tool that provides the ultimate in reference information. The included DVD presents audio/video demonstrations of rehearsal techniques, how to really teach jazz improvisation and how to understand and improve the rhythm section. An essential addition to your library and/or jazz pedagogy class.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
54Teaching Music through Performance in Jazz Wynton Marsalis, Ronald Carter, Ron McCurdy, Reginald Thomas, and Ron Modell Compiled and edited by Richard Miles and Ronald CarterThis book is the ideal tool for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the preeminent music for jazz ensembles by seminal jazz composers. In addition, leading jazz educators and musicians contribute chapters on topics such as: “Why Teach Jazz?” by Wynton Marsalis; “A Multi-Cultural Approach to Jazz Education” by Ronald Carter; “Rehearsal Techniques: A Holistic Approach Integrating Composition, Improvisation, Theory, and Cultural Considerations in the Rehearsal” by Ron McCurdy; “The Rhythm Section: The Band within the Band” by Reginald Thomas; and “Promoting a High School Jazz Band” by Ron Modell. This book includes Teacher Resource Guides to more than 65 of the top jazz charts, broken down into developing, intermediate, and advanced categories. These include vital information on the composer, the composition, historical background, technical requirements, stylistic considerations, musical elements, form and structure, listening suggestions, and additional references.(c) 2008 Don Zentz
55LISTENING YA GOTTA TRY… Hearing the music is worth a million words when trying to define what you want in rehearsal – like style!(even better – DVD’s)Recommended Big Band Listening List - DZ(c) 2008 Don Zentz
56There is Nothing like experiencing the music LIVE! Live performances~~~~~~~~~~~Guest ArtistsThere is Nothing like experiencing the music LIVE!Extremely inspirational to young people…(c) 2008 Don Zentz
57www.zentz.org ALL OF TODAY’S INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE AT (c) 2008 Don Zentz