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Suzanne D'Anna1 Anatomical Position. Suzanne D'Anna2 Anatomical Position n body erect n feet together n arms hanging at sides n palms facing forward.

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Presentation on theme: "Suzanne D'Anna1 Anatomical Position. Suzanne D'Anna2 Anatomical Position n body erect n feet together n arms hanging at sides n palms facing forward."— Presentation transcript:

1 Suzanne D'Anna1 Anatomical Position

2 Suzanne D'Anna2 Anatomical Position n body erect n feet together n arms hanging at sides n palms facing forward

3 Suzanne D'Anna3 Directional Terms n superior n inferior n anterior n posterior n medial n lateral n intermediate n proximal n ipsilateral n contralateral n distal n superficial n deep n parietal n visceral

4 Suzanne D'Anna4 Superior n towards the head n upper part of structure n above n Examples: - forehead is superior to the nose - lips are superior to the chin - heart is superior to the liver

5 Suzanne D'Anna5 Inferior n away from head end n toward lower region of structure or body n Examples: - navel is inferior to the breastbone - knee is inferior to the hip - stomach is inferior to the lungs

6 Suzanne D'Anna6 Anterior n towards the front n in front of n Examples: - breast bone is anterior to the spine - front teeth are anterior to the back teeth - sternum is anterior to the heart

7 Suzanne D'Anna7 Posterior n toward or at the back n behind n Examples - heart is posterior to the sternum - molars are posterior to the front or anterior teeth - esophagus is posterior to the trachea

8 Suzanne D'Anna8 Medial n towards the midline n inner side of n Examples: - head is medial to the arm - ulna is on the medial side of the forearm

9 Suzanne D'Anna9 Lateral n away from the midline n towards the side n Examples: - eye is lateral to the bridge of the nose - lungs are lateral to the heart

10 Suzanne D'Anna10 Intermediate n between a more medial and more lateral structure n Examples: - collar bone is intermediate between the breast bone and the shoulder - ring finger is intermediate between the little and middle fingers

11 Suzanne D'Anna11 Proximal n close to origin or point of attachment n sides next to each other n Examples: - elbow is proximal to the wrist (closer to the shoulder than that the wrist) - humerus is proximal to the radius

12 Suzanne D'Anna12 Ipsilateral n on same side of the body n Examples: - ring finger is ipsilsteral to the little or middle fingers

13 Suzanne D'Anna13 Contralateral n on the opposite side of the body n Examples: - ascending and descending colons of the large intestine are contralateral

14 Suzanne D'Anna14 Distal n farthest from origin n Examples: - knee is distal to thigh - wrist is distal to shoulder - phalanges are distal to the carpals (wrist bones)

15 Suzanne D'Anna15 Superficial n towards the surface n Examples: - skin is superficial to the skeleton - muscles of the thoracic wall are superficial to the lungs

16 Suzanne D'Anna16 Deep n more internal n Examples: - heart is deep in relation to the skin - nasal sinuses are deep in relation to the nose

17 Suzanne D'Anna17 Parietal n pertaining to or forming the outer wall of a body cavity n Example: - parietal pleura forms the outer layer of the pleural sacs that surround the lungs

18 Suzanne D'Anna18 Visceral n pertaining to the covering of an organ within the ventral body cavity n Example: - visceral pleura forms the inner layer of the pleural sacs and covers the external surface of the lungs

19 Suzanne D'Anna19 Body Planes n imaginary lines used to divide body into sections - sagittal - mid-sagittal - frontal - transverse - oblique

20 Suzanne D'Anna20 Sagittal n vertical plane n lengthwise n longitudinal n divides the body into right and left portions

21 Suzanne D'Anna21 Mid-sagittal n midline n divides the body into equal right and left portions

22 Suzanne D'Anna22 Frontal (coronal) n right angles to sagittal plane n divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

23 Suzanne D'Anna23 Transverse (horizontal) n divides the body into superior and inferior regions

24 Suzanne D'Anna24 Oblique n an oblique plane passes at an angle between transverse and frontal planes or between transverse and sagittal planes


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