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By Robert J. Blight Project Engineer Bureau of Materials.

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Presentation on theme: "By Robert J. Blight Project Engineer Bureau of Materials."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Robert J. Blight Project Engineer Bureau of Materials

2 Remove Deteriorated and Distresses Pavement (to a specified depth) Improve Cross-Slope Achieve Specified Grades Provide a Uniform Surface Texture to Facilitate Compaction of HMA Provide Best Opportunity for Achieving the Ride Quality Requirement

3 Excavation Maintain Overhead Clearance Correct Ponding and Drainage Maintain Curb and Gutter Staged Construction

4 Need enough of cores to determine the consistency of the existing pavement Establish the most reasonable milling depth Provide thickness of the layers Determine depth of Top Down cracks

5 Need to remove the entire layer to avoid scabbing Need to remove reasonable amount of the deteriorated pavement

6 Need to remove the entire layer to avoid scabbing Need to remove reasonable amount of the deteriorated pavement

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8 For every operation (or opportunity) the IRI was expected to be improved by 30% Milling = 30 % improvement of IRI Each subsequent operation (each paving lift) expected 30% improvement of of IRI

9 Determination of the Target IRI is more complicated 30 % improvement is no longer used in determination of Target IRI Many other factors involved that affect the target IRI THE POINT IS THAT EVERY OPPORTUNITY FOR SMOOTHNESS (MILLING) IS IMPORTANT

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11 Equipment Self-propelled with variable operating speeds capable of removing pavement without using heat Automatic grade controls Stringline or ski type reference system Ski must be minimum of 20 length Teeth should be replaced if dislodged, broken or unevenly worn

12 Construction No ride quality requirement Texture requirements, but they are not typically checked Striations must be within ±1 in 200 of line parallel with the center of the traveled way Striations not to exceed 3/8 depth Milling depth within a tolerance of ± ¼ If opened to traffic, no drop-offs to exceed 2

13 Equipment Self-propelled with variable operating speeds and equipped with cutting drum specifically designed for milling pavement to close tolerances Drum must have 2 wraps of flighting with bolt-in blocks that accept 3 or 4 teeth on the wear side of the flight Second wrap of flighting must trail the first by 180 degrees Teeth spacing of 5/16 (±1/32) Cutting radius of the drum within ± 1/32

14 Construction No ride quality requirement Texture requirement, but typically not measured Striations must be within 5/16 center to center Striations not to exceed 1/16

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16 Indiana DOT Macrotexture Requirement measured by Sand Patch Test using glass beads (ASTM 965) Not complicated Data shows improvement in HMA densities due to improved working platform

17 Georgia DOT Ride quality requirement for milled pavements if traffic is allowed prior to overlay IRI < 75 in./mi. for Interstates IRI < 85 in./mi. for all others

18 Industry has requested to allow traffic on milled surfaces If NJDOT allows traffic, we will require End Result specifications IRI Macrotexture or Combination of IRI and macrotexture Micro-milling specification will have End Result requirements

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23 Contact Info.: Robert J. Blight Project Engineer NJDOT Bureau of Materials Phone (609)


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