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Differences in surgery regarding age

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Presentation on theme: "Differences in surgery regarding age"— Presentation transcript:

1 Differences in surgery regarding age
16-25 y/o > 30 y/o Periodontal Healing Bone Epithelial attachments good bone growth possible readily established limited bone resorption likely poor; positions apically Surgical difficulty Periodontal ligament Follicle Teeth easy pliable, little removed wide, supple large normal, little sectioning tough!!! rigid, much removal required absent, rigid or ankylosed small or absent brittle, much sectioning Patient health usually excellent systemic disease common Surgical morbidity little with fast recovery great with slow recover Complication Surgical Anesthetic few many, often serious greater, potentially serious

2 Lecture 2 Objective is to familiarize and help understand
Classification of third molar Assess degree of difficulty while performing the procedure

3 Predicting Difficulty
Accessibility (Risk evaluation factors) Radiographic evaluation Location of the IAN Third molar position-Angulation Bone mass density Clinical evaluation Age Obesity Large tongue Dilacerated roots Strong gag reflex Complaining patient Surgical access space Interincisal opening

4 Ideal time for extraction of Impacted teeth
Average age: 20years Ideal time for extraction When the roots are 1/3 formed and before they reach 2/3 formation Early removal Low morbidity Tolerate procedure better Quick recovery

5 Classification Winter 1926
Based on the position of their long axis in relation to the long axis of the second molars Angulation and Position Vertical Mesioangular Horizontal Distoangular Buccoangular Lingoangular Inverted Unusual

6 Angulation- Mesioangular
When the third molar is titled towards the second molar in a mesial direction Most common 43% of impacted teeth

7 Angulation- Vertical Long axis of the third molar runs parallel to the second molar Second largest frequency-38%

8 Angulation- Horizontal
Long axis of the third molar perpendicular to the second molar More difficult to remove 3% of all mandibular impactions

9 Angulation- Distoangular
Long axis of the third molar is distally or posteriorly angled away from the second molar Most difficult-(runs into the ramus of the mandible)

10 Comprehensive classification
Based on Pell and Gregory and includes a portion of George B. Winter’s classification is most comprehensive: A. Relation of the tooth to the ramus of the mandible and the second molar (class I,II,III) B. Relative Depth of the third molar in bone (Position A, B,C) C. The position of the long axis of the impacted Mandibular third molar in relation to the long axis of the second molar (from Winter’s classification)

11 Relation of the tooth to the ramus of the mandible and the second molar
Class I : There is sufficient space between the ramus and the distal side of the second molar for accommodation of mesiodistal diameter of the crown of the third molar

12 Class II The space between the ramus and distal side of the second molar is less than the mesiodistal diameter of crown of the second molar

13 Class III Class III : All or most of the third molar is located within the ramus

14 Relative Depth of the third molar in Bone
Position A: The highest portion of the tooth is on a level with or above the occlusal line

15 Relative Depth of the third molar in Bone
Position B: The highest portion of the tooth is below the occlusal plane, but above the cervical line of the second molar

16 Relative Depth of the third molar in Bone
Position C: The highest portion of the tooth is below the cervical line of the second molar

17 Mesioangular Class I ramus Position A

18 Horizontal Impaction- Class II Position B

19 Vertical Impaction-Class II Position C

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21 Difficulty index

22 Other difficulty factors
Root Morphology Length Conical or fused roots Divergent Curvature Direction Number Width Periodontal ligament space .

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28 Size of the follicular sac
Wide- (almost cystic) Extraction is easier Less bone removal Younger patients No Space Difficult extraction More bone removal Older patients

29 Density of Bone Age determining factor
17-25years favorable for extraction Less dense More pliable, Expands easily Easy to cut with a dental bur >35years unfavorable for extraction More dense Decreased flexibility, does not expand Difficult to cut with a dental bur

30 Other factors of difficulty
Relationship with IA nerve Close proximity with the roots Damage Parasthesia or anesthesia of the lower lip and chin on the affected side

31 Other factors of difficulty
Contact with Mandibular second molar Cautious with Horizontal and distoangular extraction Safe application of elevators Check for large restorations, crowns, endodontic treatment on second molars

32 Nature of Overlying Tissue
Soft tissue impacted Height of the contour of the tooth is above the level of the alveolar bone and the superficial part of the tooth is covered with soft tissue

33 Nature of Overlying Tissue
Partial bony impacted Superficial portion of the tooth is covered by soft tissue but at least a portion of the height of contour of tooth is below the level of the alveolar bone.

34 Nature of Overlying Tissue
Full bony impacted Completely encased in the bone.

35 Pell and Gregory class A, B, C

36 Erupted-Soft tissue impacted

37 Partial Bony

38 Full Bony

39 Why is Buccal position easy
Accessibility-Good Accessibility-Better instrumentation Overlying Bone Lower surgical morbidity

40 Why is Palatal impaction difficult ?
Accessibility-Poor Accessibility-Poor instrumentation More bone removal High surgical morbidity

41 Difficulty factors specific to Impacted Maxillary 3rd Molars
Maxillary Sinus Roots are in intimate contact Tooth may form the posterior wall of sinus Sinusitis Oroantral communication Maxillary tuberosity fracture Dense, non elastic bone Large maxillary sinus Divergent roots Mesioangular impactions Excessive force

42 Impacted Maxillary Cuspids
Positioning in the alveolar process Labial Palatal Middle

43 Impacted Maxillary Cuspids –Degree of Difficulty
Based on determination of position Labial (easy) Palatal (difficult)/Middle (difficult) Potential damage to adjacent teeth Potential Periodontal deficits due to bone removal

44 Impacted Maxillary Cuspids
Treatment Options Wait and watch Surgical extraction Surgical exposure with Orthodontic movement in Arch

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47 Factors that make impaction more difficult

48 Factors that make impaction surgery less difficult

49 Thank you!! Have a Great weekend!


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