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Life Span Lecture 4 Chapter 7-8 Toddlerhood & Preschool
Toddlerhood 1-3 years Growth – Slow & Steady Areas of focus – Gross & fine motor skills – Language – Autonomy
Height & Weight Height – @3 inch / year Weight – @5 pounds / year
Body proportions Extremities grow faster than trunk 2 yr – Potbelly – Lordosis 3 yr – Slender – Stronger – Erect posture
How many deciduous teeth are there? A.12 B.18 C.20 D.24 E.36
At what point to children have all of their deciduous teeth? A.1 yr B.1 ½ yr C.2 yr D.2 ½ yr E.3 yr
Face & Teeth Dentist Fluoride Brushing Thumb sucking – Self-limiting
Bone Development Ossification Greenstick fx
Sensory Development 3 yrs – 20/20 vision Amblyopia – Eye patch the good eye Eustachian tube
Developmental Milestones Related to – independent function
Vital Signs Temp – 98 – 99 o F Pulse – 90 – 120/ min Resp – 20 – 30 / min BP – 100/65
Gross motor Balance 1 foot Jump Steps Run
Fine motor Self-feeding Dressing Rides tricycle Simple puzzles Blocks Copies circles / lines Turns knobs Opens lids
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychoanalytical theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
What part of toilet training do toddlers learn first? A.Bowel control B.Bladder control
Toilet training Help undressing Accidents Age – 2 – 3 ½ yrs
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychosocial theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Psychosocial development: Autonomy Independence Freedom of choice
Psychosocial development: Discipline Simple & direct f/b diversion Consistent Routine Frustration negativistic behavior Time out
Psychosocial development: Separation anxiety Warm & affectionate Comfort items Sibling rivalry Regression
A toddler is in what stage according to the Piagets cognitive theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Cognitive development Global perspective Object permanence magical age Egocentric view Time Couriosity
Moral Development Parents moral code child's moral code
Communication Automatic & spontaneous Understand before they can express 2 yrs – 2 word sentences – 50 word vocabulary 3 yrs – 2 word sentences – 1,000 word vocabulary
Nutrition Est. eating habits Amounts & Variety Growth – Protein – Calcium – Iron – Phosphorus – Vitamins 2-3 yrs – Eating same food as family
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,300 cal/day Pain vs mixed Ritualistic behavior Idea meal plan – 3 small meal – 3 nutritious snacks Routine Socialization
Sleep and Rest Nap Ritual Nightmares
Play Mimic Symbolic play Parallel play Toys – Fine and gross motor
What is the leading cause of death in toddlers? A.Cancer B.Accidents C.Bacterial Infection D.Viral Infection E.SIDS
What is the leading cause of accident death in toddlers? A.Drowning B.Burns C.Motor vehicle D.Choking E.Poisoning
Preschool Age – 3-6yrs
Height & Weight Height – 2-3 inches / year Weight – 5 pounds / year
Body proportions Loss subcutaneous and adipose tissue More adult like
Teeth Tooth decay Plaque Dental visits – Q 6 months
Muscle & Bone Development Long bones lose red marrow Flat bones have red marrow – Skull – Sternum – Pelvis
Sensory Development Vision – 20/20 – By age 5 Depth perception Color Hearing – Ear infections
Vital Signs Pulse – 90-100 / minute Resp – 22-25 / min BP – 100 / 60
Gross motor 4 yrs – Walking / running tip toes – Hop & balance one foot – Stairs – Climb & jump 5 yrs – Coordination increases – Jump rope – Skip – Balance beam – Sports
Fine motor Self-care Draw Scissors Printing name
Sexual Development Genital awareness Masterbation
What stage of development is a preschooler (late childhood) on the psychosocial model? A.Oral B.Anal C.Autonomy vs shame D.Initiative vs guilt E.Properational
Psychosocial development: Initiative Explore! Pretending
Psychosocial development: Discipline Set limits Explore feelings
Psychosocial development: Jealousy
Preschool education Peer interaction
Cognitive development Centration Lack reversibility Share Creative – Egocentric – Magical Increased attention span
Which of the following developed a moral development theory and staging? A.Freud B.Erikson C.Piaget D.Kohlberg E.Pope
What is the first level of Kohlberg's moral development model? A.Preconventional B.Trust vs mistrust C.Oral D.Anal E.Sensorimotor
What is the term Freud used for a Conscience A.Id B.Ego C.Superego
Communication 4 yrs – 4 word sentences – Who, what, where – Nouns, verbs & adjectives 5 yrs – 5+ word sentences – 2,000+ word vocabulary
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,800 cal /day
Sleep and Rest 10-12 hours / night Nap – 1 a day (if) – 30 – 60 minutes Nightmares
Play Cooperative / associative play – Rules – Share Audience Imagination Imaginary friends
Safety Car seats Injuries Strangers
Thumb sucking Malalignment of the teeth
Fears Dark Mutilation Abandonment
Life Span Lecture 7 Chapter 7 Toddlerhood. 1-3 years Growth – Slow & Steady Areas of focus – Gross & fine motor – Language – Autonomy.
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12 months to three years Growth rate slows down 3 inches a year, 4-6 pounds a year Body becomes more proportionate Bones gradually harden or.
Life Span School Age Chapter 9. School Age AKA: Late childhood Formal education Ends with – Puberty.
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Developmental Assessment Guidelines RNSG 1471 Health care Concepts 1 RNSG 1471 Health care Concepts 1.
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