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Life Span Lecture 4 Chapter 7-8 Toddlerhood & Preschool
Toddlerhood 1-3 years Growth – Slow & Steady Areas of focus – Gross & fine motor skills – Language – Autonomy
Height & Weight Height inch / year Weight pounds / year
Body proportions Extremities grow faster than trunk 2 yr – Potbelly – Lordosis 3 yr – Slender – Stronger – Erect posture
How many deciduous teeth are there? A.12 B.18 C.20 D.24 E.36
At what point to children have all of their deciduous teeth? A.1 yr B.1 ½ yr C.2 yr D.2 ½ yr E.3 yr
Face & Teeth Dentist Fluoride Brushing Thumb sucking – Self-limiting
Bone Development Ossification Greenstick fx
Sensory Development 3 yrs – 20/20 vision Amblyopia – Eye patch the good eye Eustachian tube
Developmental Milestones Related to – independent function
Vital Signs Temp – 98 – 99 o F Pulse – 90 – 120/ min Resp – 20 – 30 / min BP – 100/65
Gross motor Balance 1 foot Jump Steps Run
Fine motor Self-feeding Dressing Rides tricycle Simple puzzles Blocks Copies circles / lines Turns knobs Opens lids
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychoanalytical theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
What part of toilet training do toddlers learn first? A.Bowel control B.Bladder control
Toilet training Help undressing Accidents Age – 2 – 3 ½ yrs
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychosocial theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Psychosocial development: Autonomy Independence Freedom of choice
Psychosocial development: Discipline Simple & direct f/b diversion Consistent Routine Frustration negativistic behavior Time out
Psychosocial development: Separation anxiety Warm & affectionate Comfort items Sibling rivalry Regression
A toddler is in what stage according to the Piagets cognitive theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Cognitive development Global perspective Object permanence magical age Egocentric view Time Couriosity
Moral Development Parents moral code child's moral code
Communication Automatic & spontaneous Understand before they can express 2 yrs – 2 word sentences – 50 word vocabulary 3 yrs – 2 word sentences – 1,000 word vocabulary
Nutrition Est. eating habits Amounts & Variety Growth – Protein – Calcium – Iron – Phosphorus – Vitamins 2-3 yrs – Eating same food as family
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,300 cal/day Pain vs mixed Ritualistic behavior Idea meal plan – 3 small meal – 3 nutritious snacks Routine Socialization
Sleep and Rest Nap Ritual Nightmares
Play Mimic Symbolic play Parallel play Toys – Fine and gross motor
What is the leading cause of death in toddlers? A.Cancer B.Accidents C.Bacterial Infection D.Viral Infection E.SIDS
What is the leading cause of accident death in toddlers? A.Drowning B.Burns C.Motor vehicle D.Choking E.Poisoning
Preschool Age – 3-6yrs
Height & Weight Height – 2-3 inches / year Weight – 5 pounds / year
Body proportions Loss subcutaneous and adipose tissue More adult like
Teeth Tooth decay Plaque Dental visits – Q 6 months
Muscle & Bone Development Long bones lose red marrow Flat bones have red marrow – Skull – Sternum – Pelvis
Sensory Development Vision – 20/20 – By age 5 Depth perception Color Hearing – Ear infections
Vital Signs Pulse – / minute Resp – / min BP – 100 / 60
Gross motor 4 yrs – Walking / running tip toes – Hop & balance one foot – Stairs – Climb & jump 5 yrs – Coordination increases – Jump rope – Skip – Balance beam – Sports
Fine motor Self-care Draw Scissors Printing name
Sexual Development Genital awareness Masterbation
What stage of development is a preschooler (late childhood) on the psychosocial model? A.Oral B.Anal C.Autonomy vs shame D.Initiative vs guilt E.Properational
Psychosocial development: Initiative Explore! Pretending
Psychosocial development: Discipline Set limits Explore feelings
Psychosocial development: Jealousy
Preschool education Peer interaction
Cognitive development Centration Lack reversibility Share Creative – Egocentric – Magical Increased attention span
Which of the following developed a moral development theory and staging? A.Freud B.Erikson C.Piaget D.Kohlberg E.Pope
What is the first level of Kohlberg's moral development model? A.Preconventional B.Trust vs mistrust C.Oral D.Anal E.Sensorimotor
What is the term Freud used for a Conscience A.Id B.Ego C.Superego
Communication 4 yrs – 4 word sentences – Who, what, where – Nouns, verbs & adjectives 5 yrs – 5+ word sentences – 2,000+ word vocabulary
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,800 cal /day
Sleep and Rest hours / night Nap – 1 a day (if) – 30 – 60 minutes Nightmares
Play Cooperative / associative play – Rules – Share Audience Imagination Imaginary friends
Safety Car seats Injuries Strangers
Thumb sucking Malalignment of the teeth
Fears Dark Mutilation Abandonment
Providing Developmentally Appropriate Care to Pediatric Patients Your name, institution, date etc.
Chapter 4. Development Infant Toddler Preschooler Physical development Gross-motor development Fine-motor development Cognitive development Social-emotional.
Developmental Milestones: Ages 0-5 Years Brought to you by: (806) Amarillo (806) Borger (806) Lubbock.
Prenatal Period to 1 year Chapter 6. What are the two main factors that influence growth and development? A.Stress and Family B.Environment and Stress.
OBJECTIVES 1. State the major developmental task of the school-aged group according to Erikson. 2. Discuss the physical growth patterns during the school-aged.
Life Stages. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT n Begins with birth n Ends with death.
Caring for children from four to six Health and Wellness Steady and varied supply of nutritious food is the best fuel for children’s physical and.
How Do People Grow, Change, and Develop?. Pastorino/Doyle-Portillo Essentials of What Is Psychology? 1 st edition © 2010 Cengage Learning Nature-Nurture.
Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Chapter 7 © 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor.
Physical Development in School-Age Children Physical Growth of the Body Development of Motor Skills Health Nutrition Safety.
BTEC National Children’s Play learning and Development: Unit 1Learning aim B: Understand theories and models of development and how they relate to aspects.
Chapter 7: Toddlerhood (Ages 2 and 3). Toddlerhood (Ages 2 and 3) Chapter Objectives –To describe the expansion of motor skills during toddlerhood, indicating.
Parenting By: Ali Stamey. 1. Both emotional & social development involve: A. a process of learning B. Forming a personal identity C. learning to interact.
Supported by an educational grant from Merck ROADMAP TO TEEN HEALTH This counseling tool has been developed by the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.
©2002 Prentice Hall Development Over the Life Span Chapter 14.
Physical Development In Infancy Chapter 4 © 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized.
Introduction to developmental psychology. John Wilmot Before I got married I had six theories about bringing up children; now I have six children.
Understanding two and three year olds Ms. Perez. Bell ringer Which of these drawings was made by a two year old?
5 th Edition Copyright © Prentice Hall Psychology Stephen F. Davis Emporia State University Joseph J. Palladino University of Southern Indiana.
Body growth and development do not grow as quickly as the first year grow at different rates (height and weight) -heredity -environment.
Chapter 4 From Birth to Death: Life-Span Development Table of Contents Exit.
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OPTIONS BY DR (MRS) E.A.E. ALUKO MB BS FWACP, DAAP.
Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Chapter 8.
Unit 4 sections: 1- Infancy and Childhood 2- Adolescence 3- Adulthood and Aging EQ: What are the cognitive, physical, emotional, and social changes that.
Copyright © Allyn and Bacon 2006 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Chapter 9 Psychological Development This multimedia product and its contents are protected.
+ Physical Development 4-6 years BM. + Height & Weight AGEHEIGHTWEIGHT 4 years103 cm36 lbs. 5 years110 cm40.5 lbs. 6 years117 cm45 lbs. The average yearly.
Social and Emotional Development (ages 1-3). Emotional Development: the process of learning to recognize and express one’s feelings and learning to establish.
The Babys First Year Physical Development. Learning Targets I can…. –Identify the most important milestones of growth & development during a babys first.
Module 3: Playing is Learning Workshop 1: Play in the Lives of Children The Growing Learning & Caring Training Modules were developed by the California.
Abnormal Behavior in Childhood and Adolescence Pauline Cabrera BS Psych IV.
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