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Life Span Lecture 4 Chapter 7-8 Toddlerhood & Preschool
Toddlerhood 1-3 years Growth – Slow & Steady Areas of focus – Gross & fine motor skills – Language – Autonomy
Height & Weight Height inch / year Weight pounds / year
Body proportions Extremities grow faster than trunk 2 yr – Potbelly – Lordosis 3 yr – Slender – Stronger – Erect posture
How many deciduous teeth are there? A.12 B.18 C.20 D.24 E.36
At what point to children have all of their deciduous teeth? A.1 yr B.1 ½ yr C.2 yr D.2 ½ yr E.3 yr
Face & Teeth Dentist Fluoride Brushing Thumb sucking – Self-limiting
Bone Development Ossification Greenstick fx
Sensory Development 3 yrs – 20/20 vision Amblyopia – Eye patch the good eye Eustachian tube
Developmental Milestones Related to – independent function
Vital Signs Temp – 98 – 99 o F Pulse – 90 – 120/ min Resp – 20 – 30 / min BP – 100/65
Gross motor Balance 1 foot Jump Steps Run
Fine motor Self-feeding Dressing Rides tricycle Simple puzzles Blocks Copies circles / lines Turns knobs Opens lids
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychoanalytical theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
What part of toilet training do toddlers learn first? A.Bowel control B.Bladder control
Toilet training Help undressing Accidents Age – 2 – 3 ½ yrs
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychosocial theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Psychosocial development: Autonomy Independence Freedom of choice
Psychosocial development: Discipline Simple & direct f/b diversion Consistent Routine Frustration negativistic behavior Time out
Psychosocial development: Separation anxiety Warm & affectionate Comfort items Sibling rivalry Regression
A toddler is in what stage according to the Piagets cognitive theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Cognitive development Global perspective Object permanence magical age Egocentric view Time Couriosity
Moral Development Parents moral code child's moral code
Communication Automatic & spontaneous Understand before they can express 2 yrs – 2 word sentences – 50 word vocabulary 3 yrs – 2 word sentences – 1,000 word vocabulary
Nutrition Est. eating habits Amounts & Variety Growth – Protein – Calcium – Iron – Phosphorus – Vitamins 2-3 yrs – Eating same food as family
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,300 cal/day Pain vs mixed Ritualistic behavior Idea meal plan – 3 small meal – 3 nutritious snacks Routine Socialization
Sleep and Rest Nap Ritual Nightmares
Play Mimic Symbolic play Parallel play Toys – Fine and gross motor
What is the leading cause of death in toddlers? A.Cancer B.Accidents C.Bacterial Infection D.Viral Infection E.SIDS
What is the leading cause of accident death in toddlers? A.Drowning B.Burns C.Motor vehicle D.Choking E.Poisoning
Preschool Age – 3-6yrs
Height & Weight Height – 2-3 inches / year Weight – 5 pounds / year
Body proportions Loss subcutaneous and adipose tissue More adult like
Teeth Tooth decay Plaque Dental visits – Q 6 months
Muscle & Bone Development Long bones lose red marrow Flat bones have red marrow – Skull – Sternum – Pelvis
Sensory Development Vision – 20/20 – By age 5 Depth perception Color Hearing – Ear infections
Vital Signs Pulse – / minute Resp – / min BP – 100 / 60
Gross motor 4 yrs – Walking / running tip toes – Hop & balance one foot – Stairs – Climb & jump 5 yrs – Coordination increases – Jump rope – Skip – Balance beam – Sports
Fine motor Self-care Draw Scissors Printing name
Sexual Development Genital awareness Masterbation
What stage of development is a preschooler (late childhood) on the psychosocial model? A.Oral B.Anal C.Autonomy vs shame D.Initiative vs guilt E.Properational
Psychosocial development: Initiative Explore! Pretending
Psychosocial development: Discipline Set limits Explore feelings
Psychosocial development: Jealousy
Preschool education Peer interaction
Cognitive development Centration Lack reversibility Share Creative – Egocentric – Magical Increased attention span
Which of the following developed a moral development theory and staging? A.Freud B.Erikson C.Piaget D.Kohlberg E.Pope
What is the first level of Kohlberg's moral development model? A.Preconventional B.Trust vs mistrust C.Oral D.Anal E.Sensorimotor
What is the term Freud used for a Conscience A.Id B.Ego C.Superego
Communication 4 yrs – 4 word sentences – Who, what, where – Nouns, verbs & adjectives 5 yrs – 5+ word sentences – 2,000+ word vocabulary
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,800 cal /day
Sleep and Rest hours / night Nap – 1 a day (if) – 30 – 60 minutes Nightmares
Play Cooperative / associative play – Rules – Share Audience Imagination Imaginary friends
Safety Car seats Injuries Strangers
Thumb sucking Malalignment of the teeth
Fears Dark Mutilation Abandonment
Life Span Lecture 7 Chapter 7 Toddlerhood. 1-3 years Growth – Slow & Steady Areas of focus – Gross & fine motor – Language – Autonomy.
Life Span Chapter 8 Preschool. Age – 3-6yrs Height & Weight Height – 2 ½ inches / year Weight – 6 pounds / year.
Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 8 Preschool.
Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 7 Toddlerhood.
12 months to three years Growth rate slows down 3 inches a year, 4-6 pounds a year Body becomes more proportionate Bones gradually harden or.
Life Span School Age Chapter 9. School Age AKA: Late childhood Formal education Ends with – Puberty.
Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 9 School Age.
Chapter 32 The Toddler and Family All Elsevier items and derived items © 2014, 2010, 2006, 2002, Mosby, Inc., an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
Developmental Assessment Guidelines RNSG 1471 Health care Concepts 1 RNSG 1471 Health care Concepts 1.
Development from age 1-3. Ages 1-3 Height and Weight slow during these years months children begin to climb 2 years children can climb DOWN stairs.
2-3 year olds. TODDLER DESCRIPTION 1-3 years Stubborn Egocentric No –Want (Vocabulary) 1 st Word learned/continues to improve Terrible Twos Explorer Imitator.
Physical Development Toddler and Preschool Years.
Promoting Optimum Health & development preschool stage.
Normal Growth and Development Why do Nurses need to Understand Child Development?
Ages and Stages. INFANTS Under 24 months: one teacher to 4 children, no group larger than 8.
Unit 4. Toddler- one and two year olds Preschooler- child from age three to five.
Providing Developmentally Appropriate Care to Pediatric Patients Your name, institution, date etc.
Human Growth and Development. Toddler (1 to 3 years) -Toddlerhood is sometimes called first adolescence. -This child displaying independence and negativism.
Early Childhood Pre-School age 3-5 years Growth and Development Prepared By Dr. Nahed Said El- nagger Assistant Professor of Nursing 1430 – 1431 H.
Rakesh Kumar Patel Department of physical education Govt. D.B.Girls College, Raipur.
Chapter 10: Physical Development from One to Three Essential Question: How does a child grow and develop from age one to age three, and how does the caregiver.
Stages of Child Development Goal 5: Examine the developmental stages of children to appropriately support and monitor growth.
Understanding Children Two and Three Year Olds.
Eric Erickson – Review 8 Stages of Social Development Trust vs Mistrust (Infancy) Needs comforting and minimal uncertainty to trust him/herself, others.
Copyright © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Growth and Development of the Preschool Child: 3 to 6 Years Chapter 20.
LECTURE 5 EARLY CHILDHOOD. Objectives upon complication of this lecture, the student will be able to : 1. Define early childhood. 2. Describe the characteristics.
Prepared by Dr. Hoda Abdel Azim. Objectives: List the three basic component of personality according to psychosexual theory. Discuss the five stages of.
Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 10 Puberty and Adolescence.
Child Development. Types of Development Physical: growth of the body Intellectual: Ability to think, understand, communicate Emotional: Feelings and emotions.
9 th Grade Child Development. Newborn The first month of life. Completely dependent on caregivers.
Questions: “Children who are larger than their peers at age 3 year are likely to be larger at age 5 too.” Explain the meaning/reasoning of this statement.
Human Development By: Brittney Ryan and Madison Carrasca.
Developmental Milestones Toddlers: 1 to 3 yrs.. Physical Development (Toddlers) Physical growth slows a bit 18 mos.- walks without help; builds tower.
Final Study Guide Child Development. Small motor skills Small muscle development –Example: holding a crayon.
Copyright © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Growth and Development of the Toddler: 1 to 3 Years Chapter 18.
CPAS REVIEW: PIAGET AND ERICKSON. Category 1Category 2Category 3Category 4Category
Child Development Basics Stages of Development. Infants: 1 to 6 months Physical Skills Sleep, eat, and lift-head. Reach and hold objects. Roll-over.
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