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Life Span Lecture 4 Chapter 7-8 Toddlerhood & Preschool
Toddlerhood 1-3 years Growth – Slow & Steady Areas of focus – Gross & fine motor skills – Language – Autonomy
Height & Weight Height – @3 inch / year Weight – @5 pounds / year
Body proportions Extremities grow faster than trunk 2 yr – Potbelly – Lordosis 3 yr – Slender – Stronger – Erect posture
How many deciduous teeth are there? A.12 B.18 C.20 D.24 E.36
At what point to children have all of their deciduous teeth? A.1 yr B.1 ½ yr C.2 yr D.2 ½ yr E.3 yr
Face & Teeth Dentist Fluoride Brushing Thumb sucking – Self-limiting
Bone Development Ossification Greenstick fx
Sensory Development 3 yrs – 20/20 vision Amblyopia – Eye patch the good eye Eustachian tube
Developmental Milestones Related to – independent function
Vital Signs Temp – 98 – 99 o F Pulse – 90 – 120/ min Resp – 20 – 30 / min BP – 100/65
Gross motor Balance 1 foot Jump Steps Run
Fine motor Self-feeding Dressing Rides tricycle Simple puzzles Blocks Copies circles / lines Turns knobs Opens lids
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychoanalytical theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
What part of toilet training do toddlers learn first? A.Bowel control B.Bladder control
Toilet training Help undressing Accidents Age – 2 – 3 ½ yrs
A toddler is in what stage according to the psychosocial theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Psychosocial development: Autonomy Independence Freedom of choice
Psychosocial development: Discipline Simple & direct f/b diversion Consistent Routine Frustration negativistic behavior Time out
Psychosocial development: Separation anxiety Warm & affectionate Comfort items Sibling rivalry Regression
A toddler is in what stage according to the Piagets cognitive theory model? A.Trust vs. Mistrust B.Autonomy vs. Shame C.Oral stage D.Anal stage E.Preoperational
Cognitive development Global perspective Object permanence magical age Egocentric view Time Couriosity
Moral Development Parents moral code child's moral code
Communication Automatic & spontaneous Understand before they can express 2 yrs – 2 word sentences – 50 word vocabulary 3 yrs – 2 word sentences – 1,000 word vocabulary
Nutrition Est. eating habits Amounts & Variety Growth – Protein – Calcium – Iron – Phosphorus – Vitamins 2-3 yrs – Eating same food as family
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,300 cal/day Pain vs mixed Ritualistic behavior Idea meal plan – 3 small meal – 3 nutritious snacks Routine Socialization
Sleep and Rest Nap Ritual Nightmares
Play Mimic Symbolic play Parallel play Toys – Fine and gross motor
What is the leading cause of death in toddlers? A.Cancer B.Accidents C.Bacterial Infection D.Viral Infection E.SIDS
What is the leading cause of accident death in toddlers? A.Drowning B.Burns C.Motor vehicle D.Choking E.Poisoning
Preschool Age – 3-6yrs
Height & Weight Height – 2-3 inches / year Weight – 5 pounds / year
Body proportions Loss subcutaneous and adipose tissue More adult like
Teeth Tooth decay Plaque Dental visits – Q 6 months
Muscle & Bone Development Long bones lose red marrow Flat bones have red marrow – Skull – Sternum – Pelvis
Sensory Development Vision – 20/20 – By age 5 Depth perception Color Hearing – Ear infections
Vital Signs Pulse – 90-100 / minute Resp – 22-25 / min BP – 100 / 60
Gross motor 4 yrs – Walking / running tip toes – Hop & balance one foot – Stairs – Climb & jump 5 yrs – Coordination increases – Jump rope – Skip – Balance beam – Sports
Fine motor Self-care Draw Scissors Printing name
Sexual Development Genital awareness Masterbation
What stage of development is a preschooler (late childhood) on the psychosocial model? A.Oral B.Anal C.Autonomy vs shame D.Initiative vs guilt E.Properational
Psychosocial development: Initiative Explore! Pretending
Psychosocial development: Discipline Set limits Explore feelings
Psychosocial development: Jealousy
Preschool education Peer interaction
Cognitive development Centration Lack reversibility Share Creative – Egocentric – Magical Increased attention span
Which of the following developed a moral development theory and staging? A.Freud B.Erikson C.Piaget D.Kohlberg E.Pope
What is the first level of Kohlberg's moral development model? A.Preconventional B.Trust vs mistrust C.Oral D.Anal E.Sensorimotor
What is the term Freud used for a Conscience A.Id B.Ego C.Superego
Communication 4 yrs – 4 word sentences – Who, what, where – Nouns, verbs & adjectives 5 yrs – 5+ word sentences – 2,000+ word vocabulary
Nutrition Caloric intake – 1,800 cal /day
Sleep and Rest 10-12 hours / night Nap – 1 a day (if) – 30 – 60 minutes Nightmares
Play Cooperative / associative play – Rules – Share Audience Imagination Imaginary friends
Safety Car seats Injuries Strangers
Thumb sucking Malalignment of the teeth
Fears Dark Mutilation Abandonment
Body growth and development do not grow as quickly as the first year grow at different rates (height and weight) -heredity -environment.
Life Span School Age Chapter 9. School Age AKA: Late childhood Formal education Ends with – Puberty.
Providing Developmentally Appropriate Care to Pediatric Patients
Physical Development in School-Age Children Physical Growth of the Body Development of Motor Skills Health Nutrition Safety.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada11-1 Chapter 11: Physical Development in Middle Childhood 11.1 Growth of the Body 11.2 Motor Development MODULES.
Ages and Stages.
Growth & Development Early Childhood Pre-School age 3-5 years
Physical Development: 1-3 year olds. Ages Toddler- one to two years old Preschooler- three to five years old or when they start school.
Normal Growth and Development Why do Nurses need to Understand Child Development?
Copyright 2002, Delmar, A division of Thomson Learning Chapter 4 Developmental Assessment.
Prepared by Dr. Hoda Abdel Azim. Objectives: List the three basic component of personality according to psychosexual theory. Discuss the five stages of.
Developmental Milestones Toddlers: 1 to 3 yrs.. Physical Development (Toddlers) Physical growth slows a bit 18 mos.- walks without help; builds tower.
Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 7 Toddlerhood.
Growth from Birth to Age 5 PSY 121 Chapters Part 1.
Normal Child Development
Reflection #18 Reflection #18 Book #15 Book #15 Title: Miss Nelson is Missing Title: Miss Nelson is Missing By: Harry Allard & James Marshall By: Harry.
Early childhood Middle childhood Dr. Mohsen Lotfy Ahmed Developmental Psychology 33.
Life Span Chapter 8 Preschool. Age – 3-6yrs Height & Weight Height – 2 ½ inches / year Weight – 6 pounds / year.
Unit 4. Toddler- one and two year olds Preschooler- child from age three to five.
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