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Life Boot Camp 5.10A#3 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed.

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Presentation on theme: "Life Boot Camp 5.10A#3 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life Boot Camp 5.10A#3 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feed in aquatic animals

2 101. Some animals, such as the snowshoe hare, have fur that is similar to the color of their surroundings. During the winter, a snowshoe hares fur changes to Adark brown Blight gray Cbrown spots Dpale white

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4 102. Which of the organisms pictured is a decomposer? A1 B2 C3 D4

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6 103. Some salamanders have a sticky tongue and a wide mouth lined with teeth. These animals most likely feed on A insects and other tiny animals B leaves and other plant structures C algae and other microorganisms D dead and decaying materials

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8 104. Which of the following characteristics would BEST help a bat hunt for food at night? ASharp teeth BKeen hearing CLarge eyes DBig wings

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10 105. Which of the following adaptations would probably help a plant survive in the desert? AThe ability to store water for long periods of time BHaving large, green leaves to absorb more sunlight CThe ability to change colors during different seasons DHaving roots close to the surface to take in more water

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12 106. A porcupine has sharp quills that protect it from predators. Which of these is a behavioral adaptation of porcupines that makes the quills more effective for protection? A Using sharp teeth to cut twigs and leaves B Climbing to the very tops of trees to eat C Making an underground nest for young D Curling up into a ball when threatened

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14 107. A bird called a ptarmigan has feathered feet. The feathers on the feet of the ptarmigan are most helpful when this bird Adigs up food out of the ground Bwalks in deep snow Cclimbs up rocky cliffs Druns under low bushes

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16 108. Pill bugs can often be found underneath rocks and rotting logs. When exposed to light, they immediately try to find a dark place to hide. This reaction by the pill bugs is a result of Amigration Bfeeding behavior Cenergy requirements Dchanging environmental conditions

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18 109. The diagrams below show an arctic bird in the summer and the same bird in the winter Growing thicker fur in the winter helps some animals to Ahide from danger Battract a mate Cfind food Dkeep warm

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20 110. Animals that live in the desert must be able to survive in very hot temperatures. Which of the following is an adaptation that helps desert animals survive in hot temperatures? ABeing active at night only BBeing active day and night CBeing active during the day only DBeing active in the middle of the day

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22 111. Birds eat moths. Moths in a given area have been changing colors slowly over many years to match the color of the tree bark on which they are found. What is the MOST LIKELY reason for this color change? AIt helps the moth fly faster than the birds. BIt makes the moths taste bad. CIt makes it hard for the birds to see the moths. DIt helps the moths stay cooler in the summer.

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24 112. Deer eat plants. Some plants, however, have adaptations that keep the deer from eating them. Which adaptation is likely to keep deer from eating a particular plant? ANo flowers BThorny branches CLarge leaves DShort stems

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26 113. Blue crabs can be found in coastal waters. Which of these explains why the crabs outer shell helps it survive in its habitat? AThe shell keeps the crab warm. BThe shell helps the crab catch food. CThe shell protects the crab from predators. DThe shell allows the crab to get oxygen.

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28 114. The plover is a bird that finds its food at the edge of shallow water. Which adaptation would help this species find food in shallow water? AShorter wings BLong legs CCurved beak DChange in color

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30 115. Birds that eat other birds usually have short, curved beaks and strong feet with sharp talons. Which of the birds pictured above MOST LIKELY eats other birds? ABlue jay BGray hawk CMourning dove DHouse sparrow

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32 116. Hooves on buffalo and webbed feet on ducks are – A. structures on the same species B. behaviors of different species C. structures on different species D. behaviors of the same species M.S. ?s

33 116. Hooves on buffalo and webbed feet on ducks are – A. structures on the same species B. behaviors of different species C. structures on different species D. behaviors of the same species

34 117. The purpose of animals with webbed feet is– A. Structural adaptation for survival B. Behavioral adaptation for survival C. Competition between species D. Learned behavior of species

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36 118. Colorado has a large population of bighorn sheep. They are herbivores and have hooves with specialized claws or toenails adapted for running and helping them escape predators. Mountain lion, elk, chipmunks, and black bears also live in Colorado. Which of the animals below has feet that are most similar to the Colorado bighorn sheep? A. Mountain lion B. Elk C. Chipmunk D. Black bear

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38 119. Biologists study structural adaptations of animals such as marine birds to understand the function of their feet. Which question below can best be answered from the biologists study? A. How do birds use webbed feet to nest high in trees? B. What causes marine birds to stay dry in water? C. How do the feathers of marine birds help them fly? D. Can all birds with webbed feet swim?

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40 120. Which of the following is a structural adaptation of a cow? A. Having hoofed feet B. Possessing sharp teeth C. Coming when called D. Running with dogs

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42 121. Which animal most likely has the characteristics described below: 1. Feet covered in hair for protection against extreme temperatures 2. Thick callused pads for protection from sharp edges and extreme temperatures 3. Long claws for climbing and digging A. Polar bear B. Red kangaroo C. Desert fox D. Western gorilla

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44 122. Cows and deer are herbivores. They have an adaptation which helps them cover enough ground to find food and water. Which adaptation helps them with this? A. toenails B. paws C. claws D. hooves

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46 123. Elk and bighorn sheep are grazers. A structural adaptation that helps meet the needs for this type of diet is – A. camouflaged fur B. flat teeth C. webbed feet D. good eyesight

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48 124. Bactrian camels have special features that allow them to live in harsh, hot climates. These camels have long eyelashes and ears lined with hair. They also have nostrils that they can close when needed. Which is most likely the reason camels have these adaptations? A. protection from hot weather B. protection from sandstorms C. protection from rainstorms D. protection from predators

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50 125. The kangaroo rat lives in the drier areas of the western and southwestern United States. It is very small and has a long tail and large back legs that allow it to jump up to 9 feet. This animal most likely uses its back legs to A. dig burrows B. leap away from predators C. listen for dangers D. attract a mate

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52 126. Groups of students are to select a topic for research. A group wants to study the adaptations of animals in the desert. One question they should ask is A. How long do the animals live? B. How do the animals satisfy their need for water? C. How many offspring do the animals have? D. Can you buy the animals in pet stores?

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54 127. Students collected data about the arctic fox. They learned it can change colors from brown to white. What conclusions can be drawn from the table about color change? Number & Color of Artic Foxes A. Color changes help the fox with camouflage B. Color changes help the fox find shelter C. Color changes help the fox stay cooler D. Color changes help the fox move faster JanuaryMayAugust White1500 Brown & white0130 Brown0018

55 127. Students collected data about the arctic fox. They learned it can change colors from brown to white. What conclusions can be drawn from the table about color change? Number & Color of Artic Foxes A. Color changes help the fox with camouflage B. Color changes help the fox find shelter C. Color changes help the fox stay cooler D. Color changes help the fox move faster JanuaryMayAugust White1500 Brown & white0130 Brown0018

56 128. A group of students are comparing the hooves of deer and buffalo. They decide to construct a diorama to display a real- life representation of how these two species use this structural adaptation to survive in their environment. The students are constructing a A. diagram B. model C. sculpture D. cast mold

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58 129. Students are to research a scientist who has worked with animals. One scientist they might choose would be A. Thomas Edison B. Jane Goodall C. Benjamin Franklin D. Isaac Newton

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60 130. Everything in nature has a reason for how it is structured and how it behaves. It is important to learn about animals and how they survive in their environments. Which of the following questions CANNOT be answered from studying animal structures and their functions? A. How do animals instinctively survive changes made within an ecosystem? B. What are some structural adaptations for living on water and on land? C. What observations can be made about body parts of aquatic animals? D. What are some physical features of prairie animals that help them adapt to climate?

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62 131. Student conducted an investigation to learn about bird beaks. They used different tools to represent different bird beaks, such as tweezers, straws, and spoons. When they finished the investigation, the teacher instructed the students to conduct a second trial. Why did the teacher want students to do the same investigation two separate times? A. The students did not listen to directions the first time B. Birds in the natural world eat two times a day C. Data tables look better when they have more than one column D. Two trials are needed to make the investigation valid

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