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Equine medicine, therapeutics and surgery Orthopaedic surgery in the horse dentals and aging the horse.

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Presentation on theme: "Equine medicine, therapeutics and surgery Orthopaedic surgery in the horse dentals and aging the horse."— Presentation transcript:

1 Equine medicine, therapeutics and surgery Orthopaedic surgery in the horse dentals and aging the horse

2 Orthopaedic surgery Usually performed at referral practices Arthroscopic techniques are a common procedure Fracture repair less frequently done to salvage valuable breeding animals or foals Other orthopaedic surgery Nurses role – Knowledge of specialised equipment and strict aseptic techniques required of support staff – Intraoperative radiography may be required in specialised surgery Closure of equine orthopaedic surgical wounds

3 task research the aetiology, diagnostic techniques and surgery for chipped knees or angular limb deformities

4 Case Study – limb fracture Task: Explore the case study on the website and look at the diagnostic tests that are used (a thorough knowledge of your anatomy of the limb is required to move through this quickly ) Task: ory3/questions3.html ory3/questions3.html

5 Diagnostic tests 1. Utilize the hoof testers 2. Do a flexion test then jog the horse again 3. Perform an anesthetic block 1. Utilize the hoof testers 2. Do a flexion test then jog the horse again 3. Perform an anesthetic block 4. Do a flexion test then jog the horse again 4. Do a flexion test then jog the horse again

6 Aging the horse-approximately! General body condition Teeth Brand

7 Aging the horse-approximately! Use the readings to answer the following questions Which tooth shows Galvanes groove When does it first appear/disappear How do you recognise a horse of 6 years, 16 years, 26 years old from teeth What tooth has the seven year hook and why is it no good for aging the horse

8 Equine dentistry Horses teeth grow continuously until old age approximately 25-30years old Natural diet – grasses & forage are abrasive and wear down tooth surfaces evenly Pastures and supplementary feeds less so and uneven wear can create edges that restrict jaw movement, damage the mouth and reduce ability to chew

9 Problems of uneven wear Points Hooks Ramps Wave mouth Use the reading to define these toothwear problems

10 Signs of teeth wear problems Horses with points may prefer hay to concentrates, Quidding Head tossing Resisting the bit and refusal to give when asked to collect by the rider

11 Floating Restraint- sedation, stocks Safe access to the mouth- speculum/hausmanns gag Handheld tools: rasps Power tools

12 Wolf teeth Vestigial remnants of the first upper premolar May interfere with the action of the bit- especially racehorses Often removed prophlactically

13 dental surgery Fractured and impacted teeth may require extraction Facial nerve blocks and sedation give safety and access – Infraorbital – Mental – Mandibular

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