Presentation on theme: "Lesson 3: Caring for Your Skin, Teeth, and Hair"— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 3: Caring for Your Skin, Teeth, and Hair Chapter 3Lesson 3: Caring for Your Skin, Teeth, and Hair
2BELL ACTIVITY – 10/6/10What do you do every day to keep your teeth healthy? Your skin? Your hair?
3Healthy Teeth Figure 3.5 – p. 69 Understanding what’s inside your teeth will help you take care of them more effectively.CrownNeckRootEnamelDentinPulp
4Did you know? Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the human body. It’s so hard a dentist’s drill must turn at a rate more than 8,000 times per second in order to drill into a tooth.
5Caring for Your Teeth Keeping them healthy and clean If you neglect (ignore) your teeth, you allow the process of tooth decay to begin.
6Tooth Decay Process Figure 3.6 – p. 70 Bacteria combined with food = plaque (thin sticky film)If plaque is not cleaned away, it becomes tartar (hard material that threatens gum health)Tartar must be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist
7Continued…. Plaque combines with sugar from foods to form an acid. The acid eats a cavity or hole, in the tooth’s enamel.
8Continued…. The decay spreads, invading the tooth’s dentin. The decay then spreads to the pulp.If the cavity exposes a nerve, you are likely to have a toothache.
9To fight tooth decay and keep your teeth healthy… Brush teeth regularly – at least twice a dayChoose a toothpaste that contains flouride (a substance that helps teeth resist decay)Use dental flossCut down on sugarEat a balanced dietHave regular dental check ups
10Brushing and Flossing Your Teeth – Figure 3.7 p. 71 How to brush (ABCDE)How to Use Dental Floss (ABCDEF)
11Healthy Skin Your skin is the largest organ of your body It performs several key functions
12Figure 3.8 Your Skin’s Functions - p. 72 Waterproofing – your skin serves as a protective covering against water.Sensation – your skin is a sense organ, containing nerve endings that give you information about temperature and touchTemperature Control – Your skin plays a key role in regulating body temperature. Blood vessels in your skin help retain or release heat. Perspiration cools your body.
13Continued….Vitamin D Formation – Your skin uses the sun’s ultraviolet light to produce small amounts of vitamin D, which helps to build bones and teethProtection – Your skin is your first line of defense against germs and injury.
14The Inside Story – p. 73 Skin = two main layers Epidermis – the outermost layer of skinNew cells made in the epidermis continuously replace old ones.Cells in the epidermis make melanin (the substance that gives your skin its color)
152nd layer of skin…. Beneath the epidermis is the dermis. Dermis – the skin’s inner layer that contains blood vessels, nerve endings, and hair follicles.Contains two kinds of glandsSweat GlandsOil Glands
16Continued… Sweat glands let perspiration escape through pores. Pores – tiny openings in the skinOil glands keep the skin soft.Figure 3.9 Parts of the Skin, p. 73
17Caring for Your Skin Keep clean Take care of yourself Guard against the sun10 am – 3 pm
18AcneThis condition occurs when active oil glands cause pores to become clogged.Pimples, whiteheads, or blackheads may resultAcne appears on the face, but may also affect the neck, back, and shoulders.
19Fighting AcneGently wash the affected area at least twice daily with mild soap and warm water.Avoid touching, picking at, or rubbing the area and don’t apply heavy make up or creams.
20Healthy Hair Hair color comes from melanin. Whether your hair is straight, wavy, or curly depends on the shape of the hair shaft or part of the hair that you can see.This visible portion is made of dead cells.New hair cells grow beneath the skin surface.
21Caring for Your Hair Daily brushing Problems: Dandruff – a flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cells on the scalp. Usually caused by dry skin.Head lice – parasitic insects that live in the hair and cause itching.Don’t share combs, brushes, or hats with others.
22Review/Closing Define plaque and tartar. Describe five of the functions of the skin.What are the epidermis and dermis?