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A PROJECT OF THE MISSOURI DENTAL FOUNDATION A CHARITABLE SUBSIDIARY OF MISSOURI DENTAL ASSOCIATION PROJECT FUNDED BY THE MISSOURI FOUNDATION FOR HEALTH.

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Presentation on theme: "A PROJECT OF THE MISSOURI DENTAL FOUNDATION A CHARITABLE SUBSIDIARY OF MISSOURI DENTAL ASSOCIATION PROJECT FUNDED BY THE MISSOURI FOUNDATION FOR HEALTH."— Presentation transcript:

1 A PROJECT OF THE MISSOURI DENTAL FOUNDATION A CHARITABLE SUBSIDIARY OF MISSOURI DENTAL ASSOCIATION PROJECT FUNDED BY THE MISSOURI FOUNDATION FOR HEALTH start right PARENTS MAKE THE DIFFERENCE A practical guide to your babys dental health

2 Presented by members of the Missouri Academy of Pediatric Dentistry & Missouri Dental Association

3 Importance of Baby Teeth Help a child to chew and speak Hold space for the adult teeth & guide teeth during eruption Aid in jaw and face formation Influence the childs overall health

4 When Teething Starts Baby teeth usually start to come in at 6 months 20 primary teeth usually present in our jaw bone at birth The front four teeth erupt first, followed by the first molars and then the cuspids The second molars are the last to erupt, usually by age 2 ½ to 3 years of age

5 Primary Teeth Eruption Chart

6 Comforting Your Teething Baby Comforting babies who are irritable because of teething –Chew on a cool washcloth or spoon –Chew on a teething ring –Massage gums with a clean finger –Give childrens Tylenol or ibuprophen an hour before bedtime so sleep isnt interrupted

7 Avoid Numbing Medications High levels can be toxic Babies can injure their numb lips or tongue if rubbed against their teeth

8 Tips for Preventing Decay What parents can do Proper Baby Bottle Usage Good Oral Home Care Good Nutrition Habits (Eating & Drinking) Checking teeth regularly Scheduling childs first dental visit

9 H2OH2O X X Tips for Preventing Decay Its not the bottle, its the beverage

10 Proper Baby Bottle Usage

11 Tips for Preventing Decay Proper Bottle & Sip Cup Usage Dont allow your baby to fall asleep with a bottle or sip cup filled with anything other than water

12 Tips for Preventing Decay Proper Bottle & Sip Cup Usage –Milk and other sugary liquids can pool against the back of the top front teeth for the several hours the baby is sleeping –Because of this, cavities can occur on the backs of the top front teeth, undetectable to parents –Note: Going to bed with bottle can also cause liquid to pool in ear tubes, causing ear infections

13 Decay on the back side of top front teeth, caused from improper bottle usage, is not always visible on the front of teeth Decay on Teeth from Bottle

14 Have parents get into the habit of wiping the babys gums after feedings, even before teeth have erupted As teeth come in, brush them with a finger or childs toothbrush with water or child-safe (non-fluoride) toothpaste Dont use fluoride toothpaste until child can spit (can be toxic if swallowed) Tips for Preventing Decay Good Oral Home Care

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17 Tips for Preventing Decay Creating Good Hygiene Habits Kids under age 6 need help brushing Some kids over age 6 may still need supervision Bedtime is the most important time to make sure the teeth are free of plaque Flossing should be initiated as soon as teeth begin to touch

18 Tips for Preventing Decay Toothpaste & Fluoride Fluoride is important for fighting cavities However, if children younger than 6 years old swallow too much, their permanent teeth may have white spots Use only a small amount of toothpaste (about the size of a pea) At about age 3, you can teach child to spit out the toothpaste and to rinse well after brushing

19 Once children reach age 3, a pea-size amount of toothpaste can be used

20 Tips for Preventing Decay Toothpaste & Fluoride Replace worn toothbrushes –Brushes may have bent bristles, even though blue indicator color isnt gone –Infants/Toddlers may wear out toothbrushes sooner because of chewing on bristles

21 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Food doesnt cause decay, but rather eating food in general Childrens dental health depends less on what they eat and more on how often they eat it

22 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Anything that breaks down into sugars/carbohydrates can cause cavities –Candy and cookies are NOT the only bad things for teeth! –This includes starchy foods like potato chips and crackers

23 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Sticky foods, like gummy fruit snacks and raisins can be worse for the teeth –Get stuck in chewing surfaces and in between teeth –Dont wash off the teeth as quickly

24 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Fruit roll-ups, gummy fruit snacks and raisins BAD FOR THE TEETH!

25 These snacks look nutritious, but are they?

26 3 of the Top Ingredients are Sugars!

27 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Dont allow children to "graze" throughout the day on snacks/drinks (except water) Encourage balanced meals at mealtimes Sugary snacks/drinks should be consumed within a short period of time –This will give the mouth a chance to clear away the sugary foods from the teeth Have kids brush after meals

28 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Provide better choices –Healthy snacks like fresh fruit and cheese are better not only for the teeth, but for the overall health of the baby

29 Tips for Preventing Decay Good Nutrition Habits Stop the Pop! Soda should never be encouraged Diet soda can also cause cavities due to the acid in the carbonation

30 Tips for Preventing Decay The First Dental Visit It is recommended the first dental visit be within 6 months of the first tooth eruption This is usually around the childs first birthday

31 Tips for Preventing Decay The First Dental Visit Pediatric dentists are specially trained and may feel more comfortable examining young children than general dentists A childs pediatrician should be able to assess if a child is at high risk for dental decay

32 Tips for Preventing Decay The First Dental Visit This 3-year-old is at the dentist for the first time Unfortunately, one of his teeth is already infected and an abscess is present

33 About Dental Decay Did you know? Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children, 5 times more common than asthma More than 40% of children have tooth decay by the time they reach kindergarten More than 51 million school hours (85,000 school days) are lost each year due to dental related illness

34 About Dental Decay Did you know? 80% of dental cavities are found in 20% to 25% of children 18% of children between the ages of 2 to 4 have visible cavities Infants of low socioeconomic status, whose mothers have a low education level, and who consume sugary foods are 32 times more likely to have caries at age 3 than children in whom those risk factors are not present

35 About Dental Decay Did you know? Tooth decay is a disease that is, by and large, preventable The ultimate goal of early assessment is the timely delivery of educational information to prevent decay

36 Screening for Dental Decay Getting Started Following are guidelines only Goal is to help parent educators feel comfortable educating parents Empower parents to do screenings on their child and know what to look for

37 Screening for Dental Decay Getting Started What you need Dialogue with parent/consent to do screening Good light source to see teeth

38 Screening for Dental Decay Getting Started The knee-to-knee lap exam allows the parent to help hold childs hands while the examiner is able to look at the teeth

39 Screening for Dental Decay What do cavities need to start TEETH No Caries DECAY TIME PLAQUE IS ON TEETH PLAQUE (BACTERIA) REFINED CARBOHYDRATES (FOOD)

40 Screening for Dental Decay What do cavities need to start What to look for: Plaque along the gumlines White chalky lines along the gumlines Brown spots or discolorations on the fronts of teeth Holes in the chewing surfaces of the teeth

41 Plaque is an invisible film that is noticeable when scraped off the teeth

42 White or chalky areas can turn into brown spots (cavities)

43 Lift the lip to see gumlines better

44 Large cavities can damage the nerves of the teeth, leading to abscesses

45 Primary molars do not fall out until age Cavities in these teeth need to be treated right away.

46 Screening for Dental Decay Large cavities can be repaired, but its expensive and the child is always more cavity prone…

47 As a Parent Educator Whats your role? Educate parents about good early childhood oral hygiene Provide parents with tips to make healthy choice and prevent decay in primary teeth

48 As a Parent Educator Whats your role? Conduct screenings to identify children at risk for dental disease Help parents learn to know what to look for when checking their childs teeth for decay Direct parents with any concerns to dental health professionals

49 The Dental Community Thanks you for your interest in helping the children of Missouri obtain good oral hygiene and healthy brushing and eating habits to prevent early childhood decay

50 Starting Right Means a Lifetime of Smiles

51 Contact Information Missouri Dental Association Program Coordinator Melissa Albertson

52 Start Right: Parents Make the Difference A project of the Missouri Dental Foundation The charitable subsidiary of the Missouri Dental Association The Start Right project is funded through a grant provided by the Missouri Foundation for Health. The Missouri Foundation for Health is a philanthropic organization whose vision is to improve the health of the people in the communities it serves. All Start Right materials and presentation © Missouri Dental Foundation & Missouri Dental Association


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