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Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1 PowerPoint ® Presentation for Introduction to Dental Assisting Module: Dental Records,

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1 PowerPoint ® Presentation for Introduction to Dental Assisting Module: Dental Records,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1 PowerPoint ® Presentation for Introduction to Dental Assisting Module: Dental Records, Nomenclature, and Charting the Oral Cavity

2 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2 Module: Dental Records, Nomenclature, and Charting the Oral Cavity Dental Records, Nomenclature, and Charting the Oral Cavity Part A: Dental Nomenclature Part B: Dental Charts and Abbreviations

3 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 3 Module: Dental Records, Nomenclature, and Charting the Oral Cavity Learning Objectives 1. Define the Key Terms. 2. Identify the maxillary and mandibular arches. 3. List the hard and soft tissues of the teeth. 4. Name all the teeth. 5. State the tooth surfaces. 6. List common abbreviations used to identify simple, compound, and complex cavities.

4 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 4 Module: Dental Records, Nomenclature, and Charting the Oral Cavity Learning Objectives 7. Describe systems used for charting permanent and primary dentition. 8. Explain color indicators and identify charting symbols. 9. Recognize the quadrants, posterior, and anterior sextants of the oral cavity. 10. Apply dental charting terminology on a diagram. 11. Distinguish all six cavity classifications.

5 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 5 Key Terms Anterior Bicuspid/Premolar Bridge Buccal Caries Cementum Crown Cuspid/Canine Deciduous dentition Dentin Distal Edentulous Enamel Facial/Labial Gingival

6 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 6 Key Terms Incisal Incisor Lingual Mandible Maxilla Mesial Molar Occlusal Periodontium Permanent dentition Posterior Proximal Pulp Quadrants Restoration Root canal Sealant Sextants

7 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 7 Part A: Dental Nomenclature Four Quadrants of the Adult Dentition

8 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 8 Dental Nomenclature Anterior and posterior sextants

9 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 9 Structures of the Teeth

10 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 10 Tooth Composition

11 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 11 Tooth Structures Hard tooth structuresSoft tooth structures Enamel Dentin Cementum Pulp Periodontal ligament

12 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 12 Permanent Teeth

13 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 13 Primary Teeth

14 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 14 Tooth Identification Anterior TeethPosterior Teeth Central Incisors Lateral Incisors Cuspids / Canines Bicuspids / Premolars Molars

15 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 15 Primary Dentition

16 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 16 Permanent Dentition

17 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 17 Part B: Dental Charts & Abbreviations Tooth Surfaces Mesial Surface: Surface of tooth towards the midline Distal Surface: Surface of tooth away from the midline Occlusal Surface: Chewing surface of posterior teeth

18 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 18 Tooth Surfaces Incisal Edge: Cutting edge of anterior teeth Facial Surface: Surface towards the face Labial Surface: Surface towards the lips of anterior teeth Buccal Surface: Surface towards cheek of posterior teeth Lingual Surface: Surface towards the tongue

19 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 19 Dental Numbering Systems The Universal Numbering System The Federation Dentaire Internationale System for Numbering Palmer System for Numbering

20 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 20 Cavity Classifications Class IClass II Class IVClass III Class VClass VI

21 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 21 Basic Charting Terms Denture Drifting Restoration Root Canal Treatment Sealant Abcess Bridge Abutment Pontic Caries Crown

22 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 22 Charting Color Indications and Symbols Red represents work to be done. Blue represents treatment completed. Amalgam restoration: outlined and filled in solidly with blue. Composite restoration: outlined in blue. Gold restoration: outlined and diagonal lines. Porcelain restoration: outlined. Sealant: S on occlusal surface. Stainless steel crown: outlined with swervy lines.

23 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 23 Assessment Questions On which tooth surfaces would pits and fissures be found? What is the difference between a Class III and a Class IV cavity? In the mesial and distal occlusal areas and on the buccal and lingual surfaces A Class III cavity is a one-surface cavity between the anterior teeth, and a Class IV cavity is a two-surface cavity between the teeth and includes the incisal angle of the tooth.

24 Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 24 Summary of Module Key Terms Dental nomenclature Dental charts Dental abbreviations


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