Presentation on theme: "History of aviation in Portugal Teacher: Luís Ferreira Student: Sara Ferreira 11.1."— Presentation transcript:
History of aviation in Portugal Teacher: Luís Ferreira Student: Sara Ferreira 11.1
THE PIONEERS History of aviation in Portugal
The pioneers 20 th June Shoemaker João Torto jumped off the Tower of the city of Viseu with a machine built by himself in a failed attempt to reach the sky. The João Tortos jump.
The pioneers 7 th August the Portuguese priest Bartolomeu de Gusmão, presented in Lisbon, to the King D. João V, a revolutionary event where he made a small hot air balloon rise into the air. Bartolomeu de Gusmão was the inventor of the Aerostar, having opened the doors to the aviation and aerostatics. Passarola - a flying machine by Bartolomeu de Gusmão.
The pioneers Abreu de Oliveira (on the right side). Abreu de Oliveira was the first Portuguese aeronaut. On 17 th May 1884, he elevated in a gas balloon, in Tapada da Ajuda, falling in Tagus River near Cais do Sodré.
The pioneers The airship built by Cipriano Pereira Jardim Cipriano Pereira Jardim was the inventor of the dirigible balloon. He built an airship with military purposes (with hydrogen and an electric motor for propulsion), at the end of the 19 th century.
THE FIRST PLANES FLIGHTS History of aviation in Portugal
The first planes flights First flight with a plane in Portugal. Armand Ziptel attempted to pilot a plane for the first time in Portugal with the plane model Voisin Antoinette with 40 hp. It was on 17 th October This attempt resulted only in a leap of 200 meters to 8 meters high.
The first planes flights In 11 th December 1909 is founded Aero-Club of Portugal, with the objective of promoting aeronautics. Aero-Club of Portugal 1909s logo.
The first planes flights Óscar Blank Óscar Blank received the Aviator pilot license on 12 th July 1909, having been the first Portuguese civil pilot and one of the first in the world.
The first planes flights A Blériot XI plane at the present time. The first real flight was held by the Frenchman Julien Mamet on 27 th April 1910, after describing a wide circle to 50 meters in height, in his Blériot XI, in Lisbon
The first planes flights Bleriot monoplane, the Channel Crossing type. The first motor-driven aeroplane flight by a Portuguese was on 10 th September 1912, by the pilot Alberto Sanches de Castro, in a Bleriot monoplane, the Channel Crossing type.
The first planes flights First military aviation school In 14 th May 1914 was published the law establishing the first military aviation school to be installed in Vila Nova da Rainha, having been inaugurated in 1 st August 1916.
The first planes flights Fairey III-D Santa Cruz In 1922, Sacadura Cabral and Gago Coutinho performed what would be the most important event in Portuguese aviation: the first Aerial Crossing of the South Atlantic. It was an adventure full of upsets once that the first aircraft used (a Fairey III-D, the Lusitania) wasn´t able to reach the final destination and so it was replaced with another Fairey (Santa Cruz). In the end, the trip was a tremendous success, particularly for the accuracy demonstrated on air navigation.
The first planes flights Gago Coutinho and his navy sextant adapted Gago Coutinho used a sextant of the Navy that had been adapted to an artificial horizon of his conception. This step besides innovative was even revolutionary for its time.
The first planes flights The plane Dornier Wal Argos In 1927, Sarmento de Beires, aboard the seaplane Dornier Wal, "Argos", in the company of Jorge Castilho and Manuel George meets with success the night Crossing of the South Atlantic. This crossing which took place at night, with rudimentary navigation aid, is perhaps one of the most extraordinary feats of aviation in Portugal.
MILITARY AVIATION History of aviation in Portugal
Military aviation Coat of arms of the Portuguese Air Force The Portuguese air force was established in 1 st July 1952, constituting themselves as an independent branch, in parallel with the Navy and Army, joining the aviation incorporated in those branches.
Military aviation Major aircraft of the Portuguese Air Force – Aerospatiale Epsilon-TB 30: Squadron "Roncos" – Agusta-Westland – EH-101 Merlin: Squadron "Pumas" – ASK-21: Squadron "Águias" – Chipmunk MK 20 (modif.): Squadron "Águias" – Dassault/Dornier Alpha-Jet: Squadron "Caracóis" – EADS C-295M: Squadron "Elefantes" – Lockheed C-130 H / H-30 Hercules: Squadron "Bisontes" – Lockheed Martin F-16 AM: – Squadron "Falcões" and Squadron "Jaguares" – Lockheed P-3C CUP+ ORION: Squadron "Lobos" – L-23 Super Blanik: Squadron "Águias" – Marcel-Dassault Falcon 50: Squadron "Linces" – Sudaviation - SE 3160 Alouette III: Squadron "Zangões
COMMERCIAL AVIATION History of aviation in Portugal
Commercial aviation SATA logo The first Portuguese airline to be created was SATA on 21 st August 1941.
Commercial aviation A SATA airplane in Dublin aeroport The SATA International was founded on 19 th March 1998 operating flights outside Azores.
Commercial aviation TAP logo evolution The Transportes Aéreos Portugueses (TAP) was created on 14 th March 1945.
Commercial aviation TAPs DC-3 Dakota In 1945 the TAP acquired its first two 21 passengers DC-3 Dakota airplanes and hired the pioneer of flight attendance in Portugal, Maria de Lurdes Martins Owen.
Commercial aviation First model of the TAP ticket In 1946, TAP already holds the General Course for Pilots in Portugal, being that the conditions for the company to begin operating are set. The first commercial line (Lisbon Madrid) opens on 19 th September On 31 st December 1946, the Imperial Air Line is inaugurated (Lisbon - Luanda - Lourenço Marques) with 12 stopovers and 15 days of length (return). With 24,540 kilometers, its the most extensive line operated by the DC-3 at world level.
Commercial aviation TAP VI-R Caravelles TAP receives, in July of 1962, the first of its three VI-R Caravelles, with the entrance of the jet airliner era.
Commercial aviation An Airbus A340 with the colors of the TAP In 2009: – In July, TAP is awarded as the Best Airline Company, for the 6th consecutive year by the Publituris newspaper. Its record for passenger transportation in one day is surpassed by itself on 31 st July with a total of passengers carried. – In November, TAPs elected as the Worlds Leading Airline to South America in the 16th edition of the World Travel Awards, the most prestigious accolade of the industry. – On 21 st December TAP wins the PLANET EARTH award, awarded by UNESCO in recognition of the carbon offset programme launched by the company.
Commercial aviation PGA logo In 25 th July 1988, PGA was created. The first flight was on 7 th July 1990, between the cities of Lisbon and Oporto.
Commercial aviation An Fokker 100 with the colors of the PGA In mid 2007, PGA integrates the TAP Group and takes on a new business model. The Company stops working in the regional market and starts working within a Group logic as a supplier of flight capacity by hiring its aircraft to TAP.
PORTUGUESE AVIATION INDUSTRY History of aviation in Portugal
Portuguese aviation industry OGMA´s logo production facilities OGMA (Oficina Gerais de Material Aeronáutico) was created on 29 th June OGMA is today a very important worldwide player in the aerospace MRO and manufacturing business. OGMA also qualifies as an AMC for several major manufacturers such as EMBRAER, Lockheed Martin and Rolls-Royce.
Portuguese aviation industry
PORTUGAL IN SPACE History of aviation in Portugal
Portugal in space PoSat 1 – The first Portuguese satellite 1993 – Launch of the PoSAT-1 – PoSAT-1 was the first Portuguese satellite built in collaboration with a consortium of companies and national universities.
Portugal in space ESA logo Portugal becomes a cooperative ESA Member State Portugal becomes a cooperating State of ESA
Portugal in space Distribution of Portuguese institutional contribution in the various optional subscription programs of ESA, grouped by programmatic domain. Portuguese participation in ESA space programs Earth observation Monitoring the space infrastructure Telecommunications and integrated applications Satellite navigation Robotic Exploration Rocket Launchers Space Technology Transport to the ISS and human exploration
Portugal in space Bibliography – Aeronáutica – Os cabeças no Ar Aeronáutica – Os cabeças no Ar – Ex – OGMA Ex – OGMA – História da Aviação Militar em Portugal História da Aviação Militar em Portugal