5The pioneers20th June Shoemaker João Torto jumped off the Tower of the city of Viseu with a machine built by himself in a failed attempt to reach the sky.The João Torto’s jump.
6The pioneers7th August the Portuguese priest Bartolomeu de Gusmão, presented in Lisbon, to the King D. João V, a revolutionary event where he made a small hot air balloon rise into the air. Bartolomeu de Gusmão was the inventor of the Aerostar, having opened the doors to the aviation and aerostatics.Passarola - a flying machine by Bartolomeu de Gusmão.
7The pioneersAbreu de Oliveira was the first Portuguese aeronaut. On 17th May 1884, he elevated in a gas balloon, in Tapada da Ajuda, falling in Tagus River near Cais do Sodré.Abreu de Oliveira (on the right side).
8The pioneersCipriano Pereira Jardim was the inventor of the dirigible balloon. He built an airship with military purposes (with hydrogen and an electric motor for propulsion), at the end of the 19th century.The airship built by Cipriano Pereira Jardim
9The first plane’s flights History of aviation in PortugalThe first plane’s flights
10The first plane’s flights Armand Ziptel attempted to pilot a plane for the first time in Portugal with the plane model Voisin Antoinette with 40 hp. It was on 17th October This attempt resulted only in a leap of 200 meters to 8 meters high.First flight with a plane in Portugal.
11The first plane’s flights In 11th December 1909 is founded Aero-Club of Portugal, with the objective of promoting aeronautics.Aero-Club of Portugal 1909’s logo.
12The first plane’s flights Óscar Blank received the Aviator pilot license on 12th July 1909, having been the first Portuguese civil pilot and one of the first in the world.Óscar Blank
13The first plane’s flights The first real flight was held by the Frenchman Julien Mamet on 27th April 1910, after describing a wide circle to 50 meters in height, in his Blériot XI, in LisbonA Blériot XI plane at the present time.
14The first plane’s flights The first motor-driven aeroplane flight by a Portuguese was on 10th September 1912, by the pilot Alberto Sanches de Castro, in a Bleriot monoplane, the Channel Crossing type.Bleriot monoplane, the Channel Crossing type.
15The first plane’s flights In 14th May 1914 was published the law establishing the first military aviation school to be installed in Vila Nova da Rainha, having been inaugurated in 1st August 1916.First military aviation school
16The first plane’s flights In 1922, Sacadura Cabral and Gago Coutinho performed what would be the most important event in Portuguese aviation: the first Aerial Crossing of the South Atlantic.It was an adventure full of upsets once that the first aircraft used (a Fairey III-D, the “Lusitania”) wasn´t able to reach the final destination and so it was replaced with another Fairey (“Santa Cruz”). In the end, the trip was a tremendous success, particularly for the accuracy demonstrated on air navigation.Fairey III-D Santa Cruz
17The first plane’s flights Gago Coutinho used a sextant of the Navy that had been adapted to an artificial horizon of his conception. This step besides innovative was even revolutionary for its time.Gago Coutinho and his navy sextant adapted
18The first plane’s flights In 1927, Sarmento de Beires, aboard the seaplane Dornier Wal, "Argos", in the company of Jorge Castilho and Manuel George meets with success the night Crossing of the South Atlantic. This crossing which took place at night, with rudimentary navigation aid, is perhaps one of the most extraordinary feats of aviation in Portugal.The plane Dornier Wal Argos
19History of aviation in Portugal Military aviation
20Military aviationThe Portuguese air force was established in 1st July 1952, constituting themselves as an independent branch, in parallel with the Navy and Army, joining the aviation incorporated in those branches.Coat of arms of the Portuguese Air Force
25History of aviation in Portugal commercial aviation
26Commercial aviationThe first Portuguese airline to be created was SATA on 21st August 1941.SATA logo
27Commercial aviationThe SATA International was founded on 19th March 1998 operating flights outside Azores.A SATA airplane in Dublin aeroport
28Commercial aviationThe Transportes Aéreos Portugueses (TAP) was created on 14th March 1945.TAP logo evolution
29Commercial aviationIn 1945 the TAP acquired its first two 21 passengers DC-3 Dakota airplanes and hired the pioneer of flight attendance in Portugal, Maria de Lurdes Martins Owen.TAP’s DC-3 Dakota
30Commercial aviationIn 1946, TAP already holds the General Course for Pilots in Portugal, being that the conditions for the company to begin operating are set.The first commercial line (Lisbon — Madrid) opens on 19th September 1946.On 31st December 1946, the “Imperial Air Line” is inaugurated (Lisbon - Luanda - Lourenço Marques) with 12 stopovers and 15 days of length (return). With 24,540 kilometers, it’s the most extensive line operated by the DC-3 at world level.First model of the TAP ticket
31Commercial aviationTAP receives, in July of 1962, the first of its three VI-R Caravelles, with the entrance of the jet airliner era.TAP VI-R Caravelles
32Commercial aviation In 2009: In July, TAP is awarded as the “Best Airline Company”, for the 6th consecutive year by the Publituris newspaper. Its record for passenger transportation in one day is surpassed by itself on 31st July with a total of passengers carried.In November, TAP’s elected as the “World’s Leading Airline to South America” in the 16th edition of the World Travel Awards, the most prestigious accolade of the industry.On 21st December TAP wins the “PLANET EARTH” award, awarded by UNESCO in recognition of the carbon offset programme launched by the company.An Airbus A340 with the colors of the TAP
33Commercial aviationIn 25th July 1988, PGA was created. The first flight was on 7th July 1990, between the cities of Lisbon and Oporto.PGA logo
34Commercial aviationIn mid 2007, PGA integrates the TAP Group and takes on a new business model. The Company stops working in the regional market and starts working within a Group logic as a supplier of flight capacity by hiring its aircraft to TAP.An Fokker 100 with the colors of the PGA
35Portuguese aviation industry History of aviation in PortugalPortuguese aviation industry
36Portuguese aviation industry OGMA (Oficina Gerais de Material Aeronáutico) was created on 29th June 1918.OGMA is today a very important worldwide player in the aerospace MRO and manufacturing business.OGMA also qualifies as an AMC for several major manufacturers such as EMBRAER, Lockheed Martin and Rolls-Royce.OGMA´s logo production facilities
38History of aviation in Portugal Portugal in space
39Portugal in space 1993 – Launch of the PoSAT-1 PoSAT-1 was the first Portuguese satellite built in collaboration with a consortium of companies and national universities.PoSat 1 – The first Portuguese satellite
40Portugal in spacePortugal becomes a cooperative ESA Member StatePortugal becomes a cooperating State of ESAESA logo
41Portugal in space Portuguese participation in ESA space programs Earth observationMonitoring the space infrastructureTelecommunications and integrated applicationsSatellite navigationRobotic ExplorationRocket LaunchersSpace TechnologyTransport to the ISS and human explorationDistribution of Portuguese institutional contribution in the various optional subscription programs of ESA, grouped by programmatic domain.
42Portugal in space Bibliography Aeronáutica – Os cabeças no Ar Ex – OGMAHistória da Aviação Militar em Portugal