Presentation on theme: "WHAT IS DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION???? Know your students. Know your curriculum. Know your options."— Presentation transcript:
WHAT IS DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION???? Know your students. Know your curriculum. Know your options.
From Dr. Haim Ginott I have come to the frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. It is my personal approach that creates the climate. It is my daily mood that makes the weather. As a teacher, I possess tremendous power to make a childs life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. In all situations it is my response that decides whether or not a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated and a child humanized or dehumanized. I am part of a team of educators creating a safe, caring and positive learning environment for students and teaching them in a manner that ensures success because all students are capable of learning.
Differentiated Instruction is NOT a new concept! Good teachers have always done it: Teachers rephrase a question if someone didnt understand it the next time Allowing for re-dos and re-takes Extending deadlines when a project is not going according to plan Standing next to students who need to have their attention focused Regrouped the class according to interest or ability Giving choices when assigning final projects
DEFINITION Differentiated Instructions is: Doing what is fair for students Collection of best strategies strategically employed to maximize student learning Giving students the tools to understand their own learning style and to independently handle anything that is not differentiated Doing different things for different students some or a lot of the time when the general classroom approach is not meeting student needs.
LEFT BRAIN vs RIGHT BRAINED Organized, rational, scientific, right- handed, language/number skills, precise STRATEGIES: Flash cards Outlines Memorization Breaking big ideas into chunks Taking notes on facts Having a friend quiz them Choosing tasks with a right answer More disorganized, creative, artsy, left- handed, musical, like surprises, emotional STRATEGIES: Picturing information Graphic organizers Mnemonic songs or actions Connecting ideas with feelings or past experiences Getting a sense of big idea Think time
DIFFERENT INTELLIGENCES LINGUISTIC LOGICAL-MATHEMATICAL SPATIAL BODILY-KINESTHETIC MUSICAL INTERPERSONAL INTRAPERSONAL NATURALIST
BLOOMS TAXONOMY OF SKILLS KNOWLEDGE: recall facts COMPREHENSION: show understanding APPLICATION: use what was learned ANALYSIS: examine critically EVALUATION: determine worth or value SYNTHESIS: put together in a new way
SIX WAYS TO TIER ACTIVITIES CHALLENGE COMPLEXITY RESOURCES OUTCOME PROCESS STUDENT CHOICE
CHALLENGE EXAMPLE: Assigned: Project on Advertising Application Level: Review the ads in a teen magazine and make a collage/poster of the propaganda techniques you find Analysis/Evaluation Level: Review ads in a teen magazine. Examine the characteristics of the ideal girl or guy. Create a collage/poster to share your conclusions about advertisers portrayal of ideal teens
COMPLEXITY Example: Math Problem: Susie starts her evening with $22.18. She wants to keep track of how much she spends. She and three friends go to the school dance. After the dance, they go out for pizza. Then, on the way home, Susie buys a CD. TEAM #1 7% sales tax Dance ticket $2.50 Pitcher of soda $2.99 Pizza $6.99 Split cost evenly and include tax and 20% tip CD $15.00 (1/3 off) TEAM #2 6.5% sales tax Dance ticket $2.50 Pitcher of soda $2.99 Pizza $6.99 Split cost evenly and include tax and 15% tip CD $15.00 (25% off), include tax
RESOURCES Allow for different materials with different levels of reading Mark specific web sites Set up person to person interviews
OUTCOMES Example: After reading and discussing Martin Luther Kings I Have a Dream speech: Basic: Think about Dr. Kings dream for social justice as presented in his speech. Create a visual representation of his ideas Advanced: Think about the US today. What other dreams of social justice do you believe have surfaced in response to new issues and concerns? Create a visual representation of your ideas.
PROCESS Question: How do consumers make wise decisions based on relevant criteria? Basic: Choose a product such as an MP3 player and review consumer information about it in publications. Identify relevant criteria for deciding what you should look for when purchasing this product. Advanced: Choose a product such as an MP3 player and interview at least 3 people who have bought it. Identify the criteria these people used in making their decision.
PRODUCT Skit Song Poster Bulletin Board Essay Video
STUDENT CHOICES Examples: Question Options: Choose a country from a specific region in Africa. Choose one activity for each of the following questions: 1. Who are the people of your country and what are their beliefs: a.Explain what the people of your country look like b.Explain what a typical family is like. c.Explain the kind of art the people produce. 2. How has the society changed over time? a.Identify people, symbols and events associated with the heritage of the people. b.Discuss changes that have occurred in ways of living and judge the effects of these changes on the lives on people. c.Explain how the people of your country transmit their values, beliefs and customs.
STUDENT CHOICES (continued) CONTRACTS: Pick 6 of the following options for your poetry portfolio: Create a rhyming wheel with spelling words Write a poem that sounds like Shel Silverstein Write an acrostic poem with alliteration Write a cinquain Use clip art to illustrate a simile or metaphor Use a good descriptive poem that helps tell something important about you Interpret How to Eat a Poem Research a famous person and write a clerihew Find a poem that you like and illustrate it Come up with a different idea and present it to the teacher.
Differentiation of Instruction Is a teachers response to learners needs Guided by general principals of differentiation such as: Respectful Flexible Ongoing tasks groupingassessment Teachers can differentiate Content Process Product According to students Readiness Interests Learning Profile Through a range of instructional strategies such as: Multiple intelligences Tiered Lessons Anchor Activities Varied TextsGroup ArrangementContracts Independent StudyInterest CentersLiterature Circles