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Tsae-Ling Tenney vt sv a SS (frag). vt Understand grammar rules. Practice, practice and practice. Self edit and revise iteratively.

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Presentation on theme: "Tsae-Ling Tenney vt sv a SS (frag). vt Understand grammar rules. Practice, practice and practice. Self edit and revise iteratively."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tsae-Ling Tenney vt sv a SS (frag)

2 vt Understand grammar rules. Practice, practice and practice. Self edit and revise iteratively.

3 Shift in Tense no logical reason -> idea unclear Early in your essay, establish a "base tense", and shift away from it only for a good reason. Tense Shift Error: By the time contract negotiations began, many striking workers have shown pessimism about them. Correct: By the time contract negotiations began, many striking workers had shown pessimism about them.

4 Subject/Verb Agreement both singular or both plural In each clause, the subject and verb must agree in number. Subject/Verb Agreement Error: Neither the union leader nor the city head negotiator are responsible for the strike. Correct: Neither the union leader nor the city head negotiator is responsible for the strike.

5 Subject/Verb Agreement special forms as well as or along with and: The mayor as well as his brother was on a diet. everyone, nobody, each, many, others, team, class, public, family, society, population, police: Everyone needs to work diligently to improve writing skills. The company is planning to close 150 stores. The police work undercover to ticket distracted drivers.

6 Interruption by words and phrases My neighbour down the road goes to Florida for 4 months every winter. There is a woman in my neighbourhood who works as a senior manager at a major bank. Many students in our class plan to continue their education. An argument, which we discussed in class, needs to have a clear thesis statement. Subject/Verb Agreement words or phrases between subject & verb

7 Here or There are not subjects: Here is a copy of the class list. There are more than 20 students in the class. Subject/Verb Agreement here/there

8 Use Standard English in your writing Use standard verb forms Spoken English: He dont got no money. Standard English: He dose not have any money. Spoken English: dude; cool; stuff; lol Standard English not verbal writing

9 Please edit the following sentences: The police has two suspects in custody. Mary who is the oldest of my six sisters, are going to PEI for a month this summer. Everyone need to be treated with respect. Here are a list of 10 common grammar errors. A basic essay, which we discussed earlier, have at least 5 paragraphs. Subject/Verb Agreement Editing Exercise

10 marked sentences (sva): has The police has two suspects in custody. are Mary who is the oldest of my six sisters, are going to PEI for a moth this summer. need Everyone need to be treated with respect. are Here are a list of 10 common grammar errors. have A basic essay, which we discussed earlier, have at least 5 paragraphs. Subject/Verb Agreement Editing Exercise (sva)

11 Subject/Verb Agreement Editing Exercise - corrected The police have two suspects in custody. Mary who is the oldest of my six sisters, is going to PEI for a moth this summer. Everyone needs to be treated with respect. Here is a list of 10 common grammar errors. A basic essay, which we discussed earlier, has at least 5 paragraphs.

12 Double Negatives could be confusing – be careful Negative + Negative -> Positive Subtle Negatives: Adverbs and quantifiers implying negation (e.g. hardly, scarcely, barely, less, few and not much) Double Negatives Error: Parents of young children never hardly have time for themselves. Correct: Parents of young children hardly have time for themselves.

13 vt Present or Past Past Participle - never used alone vt Progressive vt

14 Present Tense: a fact, a scheduled event or a habit The passing grade for this course is 60%. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. The train to Union Station leaves every hour on the hour. We almost always have dinner at 6:30. Verb Tense Present or Past

15 Past: an action which occurred at a specific time I missed my train this morning, so I was late for my meeting. I took a grammar course last term and I loved it. Last night, I studied until midnight. We were in a computer lab last Saturday. Verb Tense Present or Past

16 A past participle is a verb form, not a verb tense. Never used alone – always used with a helping verb: have, has, had, is, was or were Smart phones have become popular in the recent years. (present perfect tense) My neighbours house was sold for more than $500,000. (passive) Before moving to Canada, Lee had worked as a music teacher for 10 years. (past perfect tense) Past Participles

17 indicating an action in progress Present progressive, past progressive, future progressive Are you reading a grammar book? I was talking on the phone when the police officer pulled me over. My grandma will be driving to Waterloo in the morning rush hour tomorrow. Progressive (be + verb-ing)

18 indicating an action in progress present perfect progressive, past perfect progressive My brother-in-law has been cooking since 5 a.m. Lucy and Nicole have been playing with Lucys dollhouse for hours. John had been driving dangerously when the officer stopped him. Progressive (be + verb-ing)

19 SS(run- on) SS (frag) Sentence Fragments Comma Splices Run-ons SS(cs )


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