Presentation on theme: "Common Errors in Writing"— Presentation transcript:
1Common Errors in Writing vtTsae-Ling TenneySS (frag)sva
2How to reduce the number of errors in your writing? Understand grammar rules.Practice, practice and practice.Self edit and revise iteratively.vtvtvt
3Shift in Tense no logical reason -> idea unclear Early in your essay, establish a "base tense", and shift away from it only for a good reason.Tense Shift Error: By the time contract negotiations began, many striking workers have shown pessimism about them.Correct: By the time contract negotiations began, many striking workers had shown pessimism about them.vt
4Subject/Verb Agreement both singular or both plural In each clause, the subject and verb must agree in number.Subject/Verb Agreement Error: Neither the union leader nor the city head negotiator are responsible for the strike.Correct: Neither the union leader nor the city head negotiator is responsible for the strike.sva
5Subject/Verb Agreement special forms as well as or along with and:The mayor as well as his brother was on a diet.everyone, nobody, each, many, others, team, class, public, family, society, population, police:Everyone needs to work diligently to improve writing skills.The company is planning to close 150 stores.The police work undercover to ticket distracted drivers.plural
6Subject/Verb Agreement words or phrases between subject & verb Interruption by words and phrasesMy neighbour down the road goes to Florida for 4 months every winter.There is a woman in my neighbourhood who works as a senior manager at a major bank.Many students in our class plan to continue their education.An argument, which we discussed in class, needs to have a clear thesis statement.
7Subject/Verb Agreement here/there Here or There are not subjects:Here is a copy of the class list.There are more than 20 students in the class.
8Standard English not verbal writing Use Standard English in your writingUse standard verb formsSpoken English: He don’t got no money.Standard English: He dose not have any money.Spoken English: dude; cool; stuff; lol
9Subject/Verb Agreement Editing Exercise Please edit the following sentences:The police has two suspects in custody.Mary who is the oldest of my six sisters, are going to PEI for a month this summer.Everyone need to be treated with respect.Here are a list of 10 common grammar errors.A basic essay, which we discussed earlier, have at least 5 paragraphs.
10Subject/Verb Agreement Editing Exercise (sva) marked sentences (sva):The police has two suspects in custody.Mary who is the oldest of my six sisters, are going to PEI for a moth this summer.Everyone need to be treated with respect.Here are a list of 10 common grammar errors.A basic essay, which we discussed earlier, have at least 5 paragraphs.
11Subject/Verb Agreement Editing Exercise - corrected The police have two suspects in custody.Mary who is the oldest of my six sisters, is going to PEI for a moth this summer.Everyone needs to be treated with respect.Here is a list of 10 common grammar errors.A basic essay, which we discussed earlier, has at least 5 paragraphs.
12Double Negatives could be confusing – be careful Negative + Negative -> PositiveSubtle Negatives: Adverbs and quantifiers implying negation (e.g. hardly, scarcely, barely, less, few and not much)Double Negatives Error: Parents of young children never hardly have time for themselves.Correct: Parents of young children hardly have time for themselves.SS (unclear)
13Verb Tense: indicating when an action occurred Present or PastvtvtPast Participle -never used alonevtProgressive
14Verb Tense Present or Past SAT 60%Present Tense: a fact, a scheduled event or a habitThe passing grade for this course is 60%.Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.The train to Union Station leaves every hour on the hour.We almost always have dinner at 6:30.
15Verb Tense Present or Past GrammarPast: an action which occurred at a specific timeI missed my train this morning, so I was late for my meeting.I took a grammar course last term and I loved it.Last night, I studied until midnight.We were in a computer lab last Saturday.
16Past Participles A past participle is a verb form, not a verb tense. Never used alone – always used with a helping verb: have, has, had, is, was or wereSmart phones have become popular in the recent years. (present perfect tense)My neighbour’s house was sold for more than $500,000. (passive)Before moving to Canada, Lee had worked as a music teacher for 10 years. (past perfect tense)
17Progressive (be + verb-ing) indicating an action in progressPresent progressive, past progressive, future progressiveAre you reading a grammar book?I was talking on the phone when the police officer pulled me over.My grandma will be driving to Waterloo in the morning rush hour tomorrow.
18Progressive (be + verb-ing) indicating an action in progresspresent perfect progressive, past perfect progressiveMy brother-in-law has been cooking since 5 a.m.Lucy and Nicole have been playing with Lucy’s dollhouse for hours.John had been driving dangerously when the officer stopped him.
19Common Errors in Sentence Structure SS(cs)Comma SplicesSS (frag)Sentence FragmentsSS(run-on)Run-ons