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THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Notes. THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE 1299-1918 (began in Turkey) 1299-1918 (began in Turkey) Osman, a Turkish warrior and a Muslim, conquered.

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Presentation on theme: "THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Notes. THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE 1299-1918 (began in Turkey) 1299-1918 (began in Turkey) Osman, a Turkish warrior and a Muslim, conquered."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Notes

2 THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (began in Turkey) (began in Turkey) Osman, a Turkish warrior and a Muslim, conquered the last of the Byzantine villages Osman, a Turkish warrior and a Muslim, conquered the last of the Byzantine villages Osmans many followers were called OttomansOsmans many followers were called Ottomans The Muslim Ottoman Empire controlled what is now Turkey and parts of N. Africa, SW Asia, and SE Europe The Muslim Ottoman Empire controlled what is now Turkey and parts of N. Africa, SW Asia, and SE Europe

3 Osman First Ottoman Sultan Ottoman rulers were called Sultans Ottoman rulers were called Sultans allowed Christians and Jews to worship as long as they paid a taxallowed Christians and Jews to worship as long as they paid a tax

4 Ottoman Empires Rapid Growth By 1451, the Ottomans ruled many cities in the Middle East and Europe By 1451, the Ottomans ruled many cities in the Middle East and Europe 1453: Ottomans took Constantinople (Istanbul) and made it the capital of the Ottoman Empire 1453: Ottomans took Constantinople (Istanbul) and made it the capital of the Ottoman Empire

5 Constantinople (Istanbul) One of the largest cities of the time One of the largest cities of the time Center for culture and learning Center for culture and learning

6 Constantinople An unknown painter of the Italian school created this view looking down over the busy Constantinople harbor.

7 Architecture and Art The Parthenon: The Greek culture's primitive beginnings were in the times of Ancient Greece and developed substantially throughout the periods of the Roman Empire, and Ottoman Empire

8 Architecture and Art The Parthenon: The Greek culture's primitive beginnings were in the times of Ancient Greece and developed substantially throughout the periods of the Roman Empire, and Ottoman Empire

9 Architecture and Art Venetian relations with the Ottoman Empire were sustained by trade, but punctuated by conflict.. A Venetian painter depicted the Action of August 27, 1661, a battle in which the combined forces of Venice and Malta22 shipsdefeated a Turkish fleet of 36 galleys.

10 Sultan Selim I Ruled 1512 to 1520 Ruled 1512 to 1520 Given keys to MeccaGiven keys to Mecca Took Ottoman Empire further south and east Took Ottoman Empire further south and east Present-day areas of Syria, Israel, and EgyptPresent-day areas of Syria, Israel, and Egypt

11 Sultan Selim I

12 Sultan Suleyman I Son of Sultan Selim I Son of Sultan Selim I He was greatly admired by everyone He was greatly admired by everyone Known as Suleyman the MagnificantKnown as Suleyman the Magnificant Set up fair laws Set up fair laws

13 Sultan Suleyman I Ruled 1520 to1566 Ruled 1520 to1566 Expanded empire to the west Expanded empire to the west

14

15 Suleyman built mosques that made the capital beautiful The mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 by order of the Sultan Ahmed I, after whom it is named. He is buried in the mosque's precincts. It is located in the oldest part of Istanbul, in what was before 1453 the centre of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire.

16 16 th century Golden Age of Ottoman Empire During Suleyman I reign, the Ottoman Empire was the richest and most powerful in Europe and SW Asia During Suleyman I reign, the Ottoman Empire was the richest and most powerful in Europe and SW Asia Controlled trade of southwest Asia and Europes access to goods from the eastControlled trade of southwest Asia and Europes access to goods from the east By 1566, Suleyman I died but was the best known Muslim leader in the world By 1566, Suleyman I died but was the best known Muslim leader in the world

17 Impactof Ottomans Rule All Ottoman rulers followed Islam All Ottoman rulers followed Islam As the empire grew, Islamic culture spread As the empire grew, Islamic culture spread Western Europe was mainly a Christian culture Western Europe was mainly a Christian culture The West treated the Ottoman Empire as a threat because of the large Islamic populationThe West treated the Ottoman Empire as a threat because of the large Islamic population European Christians feared the spread of IslamEuropean Christians feared the spread of Islam

18 Fear affects Trade All trade routes to the east were Ottoman controlled – the Empire had access to the Persian Gulf, the Black Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. All trade routes to the east were Ottoman controlled – the Empire had access to the Persian Gulf, the Black Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. Europe and Asia were linked by Ottoman trade routes. Europe and Asia were linked by Ottoman trade routes. Many European traders did not want to trade with the Ottomans because of the fear of Islam Many European traders did not want to trade with the Ottomans because of the fear of Islam Therefore, Western Europeans began to search for other ways to reach Asia Therefore, Western Europeans began to search for other ways to reach Asia This search led to the Age of Exploration in Europe This search led to the Age of Exploration in Europe

19 Decline of the Ottoman Empire After Suleymans death, the Empire declined over the next 300 years After Suleymans death, the Empire declined over the next 300 years The empire gained and lost territory often The empire gained and lost territory often First, the empire lost parts of Europe. It was called the Sick Man of Europe.First, the empire lost parts of Europe. It was called the Sick Man of Europe. Due to the fear of Islam, Europe did not want to trade with the OttomansDue to the fear of Islam, Europe did not want to trade with the Ottomans Led to economic decline and weakness Led to economic decline and weakness Europe able to take back territories Europe able to take back territories

20 Before Decline

21 Decline

22 Decline continued… By 1800s, empire near bankrupt and could not compete with Europe By 1800s, empire near bankrupt and could not compete with Europe In the early 1900s, Ottoman empire very weak and therefore sided with the Central Powers in WWI In the early 1900s, Ottoman empire very weak and therefore sided with the Central Powers in WWI Allied Powers (England, France, Russia, and the USA) won WWIAllied Powers (England, France, Russia, and the USA) won WWI Not good enough by 1918, Ottoman Empire ended Not good enough by 1918, Ottoman Empire ended Treaty of Sevres split the land of the empire among the Allied powersTreaty of Sevres split the land of the empire among the Allied powers October 29, 1923 modern Turkish republic declared October 29, 1923 modern Turkish republic declared

23 Ottoman Empire WWI

24 Turkey One of the first members of the United Nations One of the first members of the United Nations Today, Turkey is the largest Muslim country in Europe Today, Turkey is the largest Muslim country in Europe

25 Turkey Map

26 Exit Ticket How did trade affect the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire? How did trade affect the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire? In complete sentences, state two contributing factors for both the rise and fall of the empire.In complete sentences, state two contributing factors for both the rise and fall of the empire.


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