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UITP Training Programme 3rd Module : Implications of new technologies Hong Kong, 21-23 June 2004 Development of modern technologies to build a world class.

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Presentation on theme: "UITP Training Programme 3rd Module : Implications of new technologies Hong Kong, 21-23 June 2004 Development of modern technologies to build a world class."— Presentation transcript:

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2 UITP Training Programme 3rd Module : Implications of new technologies Hong Kong, June 2004 Development of modern technologies to build a world class public transport system in Singapore By Ajmer Singh Kairon, Land Transport Authority, Singapore

3 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Scope of Presentation Part I Driverless Metros - Development of the North-East Line (E&M Aspects) Part II Development of E-Ticketing - Enhanced Integrated Fare System Development of Electronic Road Pricing

4 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Part I Driverless Metros - Development of the North-East Line (E&M Aspects)

5 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Introduction to NEL First major train line since completion of main MRT network in 1990 Decision to build fully underground MRT line to serve the North East corridor announced in 1996 Budget of S$5billion approved for construction Revenue service commenced on 20 June 2003 over a route length of 20km Total of 16 stations with 14 operational System operates with a 25 (six-car train) fleet

6 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004

7 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Construction Costs/Contracts Total cost S$5bn included consultancy and land acquisition. Of this civil works accounted for S$2.8bn and E&M contracts S$960m 12 Civil Engineering Contracts 16 E&M Contracts 7 Consultancy Contracts More than 50 minor works contracts

8 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Automatic train movements control is spread between OCC, ATC sectors, the stations, the line and the trains Passenger Information Tetra Base Station DMS A/S/C/V DMS A/S/C/V CBTC WBS Leaky Cable Radio Network for voice and CCTV transmission Platform Screen Door Line Signal FSFBATC net Fixed Block control Interlocking Broadband network (multi- services) Station 1 Station 2 ATC Sector IAGO-high frequency waveguide: ATP, moving block, video Inter-sector Link OCC EB System Operation Platform Screen Door

9 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Technology Introduced on NEL Integrated Supervisory Control System (ISCS) Moving Block Signalling with Computer Based Interlocking (CBI) Train Integrated Management System (TIMS) Maintenance Management System Communication Devices for example, TETRA Digital Trunked Radio On Board CCTV transmission

10 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 ISCS System - Integrating the North East Line Depot Control Centre Operation Control Centre Equipment Room Passenger Service Centre Training Room

11 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Safety distance S S Vital Stopping Point Automatic Train Protection S1S1 Stopping distance at speed = S1S1 S2S2 Stopping distance at speed = S2S2 Stopping distance at speed = S2S2 S

12 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Train Integrated Management System (TIMS)

13 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 OCC/ DCC Room at Main Office building CCTV Camera inside train Onboard CCTV System Trainborne Image viewed from OCC

14 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Systems Engineering Approach to Development Conceptualised RTS System Rolling Stock Signalling Control Power Communications Trackwork Fare Systems Rolling Stock Signalling Control Power Communications Trackwork Fare Systems Validated and Tested RTS System Design Criteria & Performance Specs Tender Proposal Design Criteria & Performance Specs Tender Proposal Design Review Type Testing Testing and Commissioning Design Review Type Testing Testing and Commissioning

15 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Advantages of a Systems Engineering Approach SYSTEMS APPROACHSYSTEMS APPROACH Allows a holistic view of the entire RTS system Provides better management of the interfaces Allows easier/improved integration of sub-systems Focus on defining customer needs/requirements Thorough validation of system safety

16 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Handover to Operator (Revenue Service) Commissioning & Acceptance SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS LEVEL 1LEVEL 1 SYSTEM DEFINITION LEVEL 2LEVEL 2 SUBSYSTEMS DEFINITION LEVEL 3LEVEL 3 Manufacturing & Installation Validation Spécification Design Test Authority s Requirements Design Specification Subsystems Validation Requirements Subsystems Definition Reqs Integration Validation SYSTEM DEFINITION PHASES INTEGRATION, T & C PHASES Development Cycle

17 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 System Definition Phase Architecture Interfaces Architecture Interfaces Architecture Interfaces Intégration Preparation of Functional and Operational specification and implementation. Allocation of performances/RAMS targets Identification of interfaces and its resolution. Initial safety case preparation

18 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Architecture Interfaces Architecture Interfaces Architecture Interfaces Intégration Integration and validation of sub-systems Definition of System Tests Demonstration of System Operability and Functionality Demonstration of System Performance System Integration and Testing & Commissioning Phase

19 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Design Review Three stage design review consisting of Preliminary, Pre- Final and Final Design Pre-qualification of suppliers of ancillary equipment Designs checked against requirements of the Design, Criteria and Performance Specifications, prior experiences and Safety Pre-Final and Final design submission include sub-system interface submissions, testing and control acceptance plans Each stage of design typically takes 3-9 months

20 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 System Safety Validation Project Safety Review (PSR) is a formal structured process for assuring the Safety of rail transport systems Planning Design Construction Operation & Maintenance CSS Submission DSS Submission HSS Submission OSS Submission Safety Demonstration Independent Review Safety Assessment Safety Demonstration Independent Review Safety Assessment Safety Demonstration Independent Review Safety Assessment Safety Demonstration Independent Review Safety Assessment

21 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Testing and Commissioning Extensive testing is necessary to ensure a high level of system availability

22 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Launching of 16 trains accordance with time table within 90 minutes (excluding trains wake up time) Target - 100% Number of occurrences per day that result in delays of over 15 minutes Target - Not more than 1 per day. Number of CSO interventions on board trains Target of not more than 4 CSO intervention per day and PSD, Power, Communication, ISCS Number of occurrences per day that result in delays of 2 to 15 minutes on sub- systems Target - Not more than 9 system failure Reliability Demonstration Tests - Performance Targets

23 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Part II Enhanced Integrated Fare Systems (EIFS)

24 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Introduction to EIFS An overall scheme to improve current ticketing system Contract for building the system was awarded in April 1999 Able to support the Public Transport system for 10 years from the completion to the implementation Offers convenience and ease of travel to commuters

25 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Tier 1 Tier 5 Tier 4 Tier 3 Tier 2 Card Manager Rail Acquirer Bus Acquirer Operator Central Server Depot ComputersStation Computers Operator Central Computer EIFS System Overview

26 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 BEP BXP Commuter flashes Farecard at Bus Entry Processor (BEP) upon boarding Commuter flashes Farecard at Bus Exit Processor (BXP) when alighting GPS GPS to track Bus location to determine fare stage OR Cash Contactless Smartcard Environment for Bus

27 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 To carry out rigorous testing to evaluate the performance and reliability of the system on MRT and LRT 40,000 regular rail users generated 1.3 million transactions month when test started in February 2000 and lasted for a year Rail Pilot Test

28 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Bus Pilot Test To evaluate the concept of entry/exit processing on buses as well as the performance of entry and exit card readers 13,000 regular users of the selected bus services participated in the four month test. Started in October 2000, the test generated 170,000 transactions each month

29 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 The Contactless Smart Card improves boarding time in buses by as much as 50% Card error rate improved significantly – Magnetic farecard : 1 in 6,000 – Contactless smart card (rail) : 1 in 170,000 – Contactless smart card (bus) : 1 in 370,000 Survey findings from Trial participants – 93.9% feel that using CSC is faster. – 81.5% feel that using CSC for boarding buses is of less hassle. – 79.0% feel that using CSC is more convenient Pilot Test Findings

30 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Held between 5 November to 17 December students generated over 1 million transactions to test performance and fare charging. 200 students stress tested the largest MRT Station (Raffles Place) Major project problems identified and rectified System Validation Testing

31 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Public Launch The ez-link card launched on 13 April 2002 Use of ez-link card explained to the public Public able to approach the passenger service centres and ticket sales offices to refund their magnetic ticket and purchase contactless smart card ez-link card can be purchased at ticketing machines from a later date Both EIFS and magnetic system ran in parallel for at least 6 months before the cut over on 1 December 2002

32 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Publicity Support Roadshow Ambassadors Instructional Video EIFS Hotline EIFS Website

33 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Part II Electronic Road Pricing (ERP)

34 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Introduction to ERP Manual road pricing under the Area Licensing Scheme in 1975 Most congested part of the city, 720ha termed the Restricted Zone (RZ) Mid 90s same concept introduced to 3 expressways called the Road Pricing Scheme (RPS) ALS and RPS both labour intensive An active system called Electronic Road Pricing was implemented on 1 September 1998

35 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 ERP System Operation Radio Antenna Camera 1st Gantry Radio Antenna 2nd Gantry (1) Approach of Vehicle Road Markings Sensor In Vehicle Unit

36 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Radio Antenna Camera 1st Gantry Radio Antenna 2nd Gantry Road Markings Sensor In Vehicle Unit (2) Charging ERP System Operation

37 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Radio Antenna Camera 1st Gantry Radio Antenna 2nd Gantry (3) Debiting (IU-Cashcard) Road Markings Sensor ERP System Operation

38 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Radio Antenna Camera 1st Gantry Radio Antenna 2nd Gantry (4.1) Verification Road Markings Sensor ERP System Operation

39 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Radio Antenna Camera 1st Gantry Radio Antenna 2nd Gantry (4.2) Capturing Photo (For Violation/Error Only) Road Markings Sensor ERP System Operation

40 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Radio Antenna Camera 1st Gantry Radio Antenna 2nd Gantry (5) Departure of Vehicle Road Markings Sensor ERP System Operation

41 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Tailor Made System $1.5 million offered to 5 tenderers to tailor make a mini system of one gantry and simulated system 3 tenderers accepted the offer and allotted test site Based on proposal and cost/reliability figures successful contractor chosen Two years to complete tender award but possible to gauge if system met specifications Also gave the contractor a chance to fine tune his system

42 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 System Qualification Tests To demonstrate the system met reliability standards Took place between December 1996 to August 1997 Conducted on an unopened stretch of expressway with 12 gantries and 250 IUs fitted to hired vehicles Test vehicles chalked up 120,000 transactions per day Helped in identifying weakness in system and early resolution

43 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 IU Fitting Programme 680,0000registered vehicles given a free IU and installation IU held in place by a bracket fitted on the windscreen Lower right hand corner chosen as best location as motorist could take a quick glance at the IU Ten month programme to mass fit IUs to 680,000 vehicles 200 workshops commissioned and mechanics underwent two day course on IU installation Lower right hand corner chosen as best location IU held in place by a bracket fitted to the windscreen

44 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004 Publicity Support Pamphlets sent to all motorist introducing ERP and IUs installation Frequent articles in newspapers, television and radio on ERP Public forums with grassroots organisations to explain ERP 3 months to ERP test drive held, motorists advised to check correct working of IU and cashcard IU clinics held the last few Sundays to ERP

45 UITP Training Programme, 3rd Module Hong Kong, June 2004


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