2Modern life is impossible without travelling Modern life is impossible without travelling. And no wonder: «He, that travels far, knows much».
3That’s why we have decided to travel abroad. It’s very interesting That’s why we have decided to travel abroad. It’s very interesting. The more we travel about another country, the more we learn about its people, their culture, traditions and customs.
4xby planeby boatby shipAll pupils of our school want to visit Great Britain. We have discussed some ways of travelling:by trainby bikeon footby taxiby busby car
5What way of travelling is it? xListen and try to guess what way of travelling we have chosen.It’s a pleasant way of travelling. Travelling by it you can reach England in three hours and a half. And you can reach the USA in ten hours.To travel by it you must weigh your luggage and get a boarding pass. You have to come two hours earlier to the place of departure. This way of traveling is dangerous. Sometimes it depends on the weather.What way of travelling is it?
6It’s travelling by plane xYes, you are rightIt’s travelling by plane
7xNow let’s speak about the advantages and disadvantages of different ways of travelling
8By plane Advantages Disadvantages The fastest way of travelling xBy planeAdvantagesDisadvantagesThe fastest way of travellingCan see very littleAs quickly as possibleCan't travel in bad weatherUse it for business tripsIt’s dangerousIt is very comfortableYou have to come 2 hours earlier to the airport
9By car Advantages Disadvantages Fast Slower than by plane xBy carAdvantagesDisadvantagesFastSlower than by planeCan stop wherever you wishYou can meet problems with your car.You can make your own timetableIt’s expensive
10By train Advantages Disadvantages xBy trainAdvantagesDisadvantagesCarriages are very comfortable (sleepers and dining-cars)It's slower than by planeYou can see the countrysideYou can't make your own timetable
11On foot Advantages Disadvantages You needn't worry about tickets xOn footAdvantagesDisadvantagesYou needn't worry about ticketsThe slowest means of travellingYou can visit a lot of placesYou need a lot of things with youYou don't need a timetableCan’t travel in bad weather
12Way of getting around the town TravellingxWay of getting around the townAdvantagesDisadvantagesWalking1. You don’t have to wait and pay2. You can stop wherever you want3. You can see a lot1. You get tired2. It isn’t very fastBy bus1. You can see a lot2. You don't get tired3. It's cheap1. You have to wait at a bus stop2. You have to pay3. It isn't very fast4. Sometimes you have to changeBy trolley bus1. They run only along the electric lines and always need electricity2. You have to wait at a stop3. Sometime you have to change4. It isn't very fast5. You have to pay
13Way of getting around the town AdvantagesDisadvantagesBy tram1. You can see a lot2. You don't get tired3. It's cheap1. They run only by rain and need electric line2. You have to wait at a stop3. You have to pay4. It isn’t very fast5. Sometimes you have to change.By subway1. You don’t get tired2. It's cheap3. It's fast4. You have to travel under the ground6. You can’t see a lot around youBy shuttle minnibus3. It's fast1. You have to wait at a stop2. Sometimes you have to change.3. It's expensive
14Way of getting around the town AdvantagesDisadvantagesBy taxi1. You can see a lot2. You don't get tired3. It's fast4. You have to wait at a stop5. You can go wherever you want6. It's comfortable1. It's the most expensive way of getting around the townBy car1. You don't get tired2. It's fast3. You can see a lot1.Sometimes it's difficult to park the car2.It's expensive
15Imagine our journey has started Imagine our journey has started. We can start the journey in Boryspil Airport near Kyiv. Ukrainian companies provide good service to their passengers. Boryspil airport is modern and large. The staff is highly qualified. They check your tickets, passport, luggage, customs declaration and then you get to a large waiting hall. There you can have a rest in a bar or visit some duty-free shops. Then you will be invited into the plane. Usually it is a Boeing. In the plane the stewardesses will bring you mineral water, juice and other drinks on your choice. Then you will eat your on-board breakfast finishing with coffee or tea. The price of meals is included into the price of your ticket. After three hours of flight you will land in Heathrow airport. Look at the pictures. Do you know the signs?x
16xDo you know the signsEntrance. If you want to get somewhere, look for this sign.Exit. This sign shows how to get out.Telephone. If you are not the happy owner of a cell telephone and you have to make some calls look for this sign.Facility for the Disabled. You can get help there (free wheelchairs and pushchairs for hire).
17Information. Here you can get information on travel, accommodation, events and entertainment. No smoking. I think there is no need to explain. It means “No smoking”.Meeting Point. The airport is rather big. It’s very easy to get lost. If it happens, go straight to the meeting point.Exchange. In the exchange office you can get British currency. Be sure to check in advance the rate of exchange.Café. I suppose this sign is international. You can get some food or at least a glass of mineral water there.
18Baggage Claim. This sign shows “Baggage Claim”. Souvenirs. If you want to buy some souvenirs, look for this sign.Checkroom. Here you can leave your things to the check-room attendant.First Aid. You can get first aid there.Taxi. It’s easy to find the way to the taxi rank with the help of this sign. Look for the signs and you won’t have problems at the airport. At least you’ll be able to find your way out.
19At this map you can see the plan of the air terminal. x
20xOur flight was not long but interesting. We sang songs and recited poems.Learn them by heart!
21Travelling On the move, Millions of people Are on the move xTravellingOn the move,Millions of peopleAre on the moveOn the road,Thousands of cars,Are on the road.In the sky,In the skyHundreds of planesQuickly fly.By train or bus,By plane or carPeople likeTravelling very far.
22Travelling I like to ride in a railway train xTravellingI like to ride in a railway trainThrough tunnels dark and wide.Over the Bridges crossing the river,I feel so safe inside.When water looks very smooth,I like to sail by ship or boat.A sea voyage is very good,When you feel a sea breeze blow.But an airplane is the best of all,It flies so very high.That people look like tiny dots,And clouds go sailing by.
23A poem By John Mansfield xA poem By John MansfieldOne road leads to London,One road runs to Wales,My road leads me seawardsTo the white dipping sails.One road leads to the riverAs it goes singing slow,My road leads to shippingWhere the Bronzed sailors go.My road calls me, lures meWest, east, south and north.Most roads lead men homewards,My road leads me forth.
24Poem “Train” Over the mountains, Over the plains, Over the rivers xPoem “Train”Over the mountains,Over the plains,Over the riversHere come trainsCarrying passengers,Carrying mail.Over the countryHere come trains.
25A poem Stop! Look! Listen! The trams and cars in our town xA poemStop! Look! Listen!The trams and cars in our townRun up and down, up and down!Stop! Look at the light!First look to the leftAnd then to the right.Stop! Look and listen!Before you cross the streetUse your eyes, use your earsAnd then use your feet.
26Travelling If you have a little snack In a hurry go back xIf you have a little snackIn a hurry go backSomeone can your luggage stealWhile you have your tasty meal.You can see at railway stationPassenger of any nation.They will travel, to my mind,In carriages of any king.If you go on vocationGo to the railway stationTry to take a fast expressYou’ll be safe in it, not stressed.TravellingPlanes are quicker than the trainsTrains are cheaper than the planesI like traveling on footIt makes healthy me and good.If you want to travel fastTake a plane, a train, a bus.If you want to be in timeAlways choose the airline.If you visit farthest landBook your ticket beforehand.If you want in time to turnBook not single, but return.If you want to go farThen you need a sleeping-car.If you want to sleep at firstYou may take the upper berth.
27We landed at Heathrow Airport in the afternoon xHeathrow Airport is the busiest international airport in the world. It is near London.More than 90 airlines use Heathrow. They fly direct to around 200 destinations in 85 countries around the world.Every year Heathrow operates 430,000 international flights. That’s about 1,200 every day – more than 1 a minute from 6 am till midnight.57,000 people work at Heathrow – that’s the population of a small town.Heathrow operates around 75,000,000 items of luggage every year.There are 9,500 luggage trolleys for passengers – more than at any other airport.Passengers lose 20 mobile phones at Heathrow every day.They buy 26,000 cups of tea and 6,500 sandwiches at Heathrow every day.Heathrow police station has 300 police officers and 14 dogs.
28At Heathrow Airport we were met by Mr. Bell. At the AirportxMr. Bell:Svetlana: Mr. Bell:Svetlana:Pat:Alexander: Pat:Alexander:Excuse me.Yes.Are you from Dniepropetrovsk?Yes, I am.Are you the group leader?My name is Patrick Bell from London school.How do you do? I’m Svetlana.How do you do? Nice to meet you.Hello, my name is Pat.Hello, I am Alexander.Nice to meet you.Nice to meet you too.Mr. Bell told us aboutLondon transportAt Heathrow Airport we were met by Mr. Bell.
29Seven million people live in London. xHow people travelLondon has got very many famous places but its transport is famous, too.Seven million people live in London.How do they travel?by car/taxi – 45%by train/the Tube – 33%by bus – 10%on foot – 7%by bike – 5%by motorbike – 2%
30London buses London buses are mostly red. xLondon busesLondon buses are mostly red.There are 20,000 buses in London.Every day 4,5 million people go on a bus in London.Most double-deckers have a conductor.Buses stop only at bus stops.It’s one of the British customs to stand in a straight line if they are waiting for a bus. People mustn’t smoke on a bus.
31London taxis London taxis are mostly black. They are called black cabs.There are 18,300 taxis in London. Taxi drivers study for 2 years and take a test before they drive.Taxis are more expensive at night, on Sundays and public holidays.
32London Underground (the Tube) xLondon Underground (the Tube)There are 275 stations in London.Every hour 150,000 people go on the Tube.Rats and mice live in the Tube.The trains run all day and most of the night.There are 10 basic lines.Each line has a name and colour.You can get a free pocket map of the Tube at each Underground station.
33Buying your ticket There are 6 zones in London Underground. xBuying your ticketThere are 6 zones in London Underground.The price of the tickets depends on the distance:the farther you go, the more you pay.You can buy a single or return tickets or a travel card.With a travel card you can travel on London Underground and most buses within the zones you choose.Children under 5 travel free.Those between 5 and 15 buy a cheaper ticket.
34Then we were invited to visit the capital of Great Britain xThen we were invited to visit the capital of Great Britain
35LONDON SIGHTSEEING TOUR Hello, boys and girls. We welcome you to London. London is one of the largest cities in the world. About seven million people live here. London is more than two thousand years old. London's most famous sights are Tower Bridge, Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament, Trafalgar Square and St. Paul's Cathedral. You'll see all these places and much more of London from our red double-decker.
36We start from Trafalgar Square We start from Trafalgar Square. On the column in the centre there is a statue of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in To the left of us you can see the National Gallery. It has a fine collection of European paintings.
37Now we are coming to Piccadilly Circus Now we are coming to Piccadilly Circus. It is the meeting point of six streets.We've just passed Piccadilly Circus and now we are making our way to Buckingham Palace. Look right. We are passing Hyde Park. In the park anyone can stand up and say what they want. It is a very democratic park.
38Now we are at Buckingham Palace. It is the London home of the Queen Now we are at Buckingham Palace. It is the London home of the Queen. When the flag is flying on the top she is at home. Look, they are changing the Guard. It happens every day at a.m.
39We have just turned left and you can see St. James's Park We have just turned left and you can see St. James's Park. It is one of the royal parks. Here you can see pelicans and ducks. There are a lot of parks and gardens in London. In Regent's Park there is the London Zoo. It is one of the biggest zoos in the world.
40In front of you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben In front of you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament is the seat of the British government. Big Ben is one of the most famous clocks in the world.
41The clock tower of the Houses of Parliament contains the 13 The clock tower of the Houses of Parliament contains the 13.5-tonne bell known as Big Ben and is one of London's best-known landmarks. Each minute hand is 4.2 metres (14 feet) long and the clock faces are 7 metres (23 feet) across.
42In a moment you will see Westminster Abbey. It is a royal church In a moment you will see Westminster Abbey. It is a royal church. Here you can see the tombs of many British kings and queens and other famous people and the beautiful Henry VII Chapel.
43Earlier in our tour we saw a famous royal church, Westminster Abbey Earlier in our tour we saw a famous royal church, Westminster Abbey. We are now making our way to the second famous church, St. Paul's Cathedral. It is the greatest work of the architect Sir Christopher Wren.
44Now we are crossing Tower Bridge over the river Thames. From here you can see the Tower of London. It was a fortress, a royal palace and later a prison. It is a museum now. There are a lot of interesting collections in the Tower of London. The ravens are another famous sight. The legend says that without them the Tower will fall. The Raven Master is the person who gives them food.
45We are now going along Fleet Street to the Strand We are now going along Fleet Street to the Strand. On the right you’ll see Covent Garden. It was a big fruit and vegetable market. It is now a tourist shopping centre with cafes and restaurants. We’ll stop here so that you can go shopping. Our tour has finished. I hope very much that you have enjoyed this tour of London. Thank you and goodbye.
46But “East or West – home is best”. We were glad to come back home. Our London sightseeing tour was great.We had a very good time in Great Britain.But “East or West – home is best”.We were glad to come back home.
47Choose the true sentences All pupils are working hard to improve English. Try to do these exercises and tasks with us.Exercise 1Choose the true sentencesExercise 2Exercise 3Exercise 4
481. Choose the true sentences. Travelling by plane is the fastest. You can get to many cities only in a few hours. You can stop wherever you like. During the trip you can sit comfortably in the armchair and read, eat or sleep. During the trip you need no tickets. Tourists visit many countries by plane. You can see many interesting places: monuments, museums.
492.Choose the true sentences Hiking is interesting and it is also good for health. This way of travelling is the fastest. You can visit many interesting places and see monuments and memorials. It helps to learn many things and enjoy beautiful places. You can read or sleep during the trip. You don't need to think about the tickets and timetables.Hiking helps physical training. You can get to many cities only in a few hours.
503.Choose the true sentences Travelling by boat is the fastest. It is the most interesting and pleasant. You can go down the river and see many interesting places during your trip: new towns and villages. You can stop wherever you like and swim in the river.During the trip you can sit comfortably in the armchair and read, eat or sleep. You can see a lot of things from the carriage window.
514. Choose the true sentences Travelling by car is comfortable and interesting. It is also modern. It helps physical training. For this way of travelling you need no tickets. You can go down the rivers. You can stop wherever you like and see interesting places: monuments, museums. You can get to many cities only in a few hours. Travelling by car is popular for pleasure trips.Travelling by car is comfortable and interesting. It is also modern. It helps physical training. For this way of travelling you need no tickets. You can go down the rivers. You can stop wherever you like and see interesting places: monuments, museums. You can get to many cities only in a few hours. Travelling by car is popular for pleasure trips.
525. Choose the true sentences Travelling by train is rather fast and not so expensive. When you are going by train you can sit comfortably in your carriage. You can stop wherever you like and swim in the river. You can read and sleep. For this way of travelling you need no tickets. It's good for your health. You can see the country you are travelling through and not only the clouds as you are flying.
53reservation - spot - travel agent - brochures – accommodation - book Fill in the gaps with one of the words from the list below. Then cover the text and say what the process of choosing a holiday is.reservation - spot - travel agent - brochures – accommodation - bookThe easiest way to ____a holiday is through a travel agency.The procedure usually involves looking through a number of glossy ____to find a suitable holiday destination.The _____ is able to offer valuable information and advice. Once you've chosen the ideal holiday ____ you can en quire about tickets, length of stay and type of ____ available. If you find what you're looking for you can pay a deposit to secure your ____ e.g. First we need to go to a travel agency where we can look through a number of brochures.
54First match the words below with their definitions First match the words below with their definitions. Then form sentences with them as in the example:voyageto move/go from one place to anotherto get away from everything for a short period of time, -often just for a weekendjourneytravela long journey, normally by shipgoing from one place to another normally in a vehicletripvisiting a place, usually for a specific purposebreake.g. My cousin is a sailor and he went on a voyage across the Pacific Ocean.
55Read the following short texts and fill in the table below with the information given. Then say what the advantages and disadvantages are as in the example:For a tourist the fastest and perhaps the most comfortable way to travel long distances is by air. You can sit back and relax, read, or even watch a video. Of course you have to pay more money and run the risk of being delayed. Some people refuse to fly for fear of accidents. However, according to statistics it's a safe way to travel.Travelling by ship is often the cheapest form of travel. Unlike other means of transport you have the chance to move around on or below deck. Large ships often have shops, TV lounges and restaurants so there's plenty to do. However, a sea voyage is the slowest way to get to your destination and should be avoided if you suffer from sea sickness.Perhaps the most convenient way to travel is by car, simply because you decide when and where to stop. You have the freedom to organize your own timetable so there's no danger of missing appointments. However, you may need somebody else to help share the driving, a good map reader and petrol money. There is also the possibility that the car will break down or you will feel travel sick.A train journey is often the best way to see a country. You can sit back and enjoy the view or have a meal in the restaurant car. For long journeys you can reserve a bed in a sleeping compartment. However, you may be delayed, or miss your connection. It's also not the fastest or cheapest way to travel.
56by airplane by ship by car by train Means of transport Advantages Disadvantagesby airplanefast, comfortableexpensive, flights are often delayedby shipby carby traine.g. Travelling by plane is the fastest and most comfortable means of transport. However, it is expensive and flights are often delayed.
57(pupils may use their mobile phones acting this dialogue) Task 1. Acting dialoguesIn a compartmentHave you ever been to Dniepropetrovsk?No, I have never been there.You have missed a lot. I have been there several times. I think it's the most beautiful place in Ukraine.Have a nice trip.Calling a taxi(pupils may use their mobile phones acting this dialogue)Hello! It's taxi service 003.Hello! I need a taxi.How many persons?One.Where will you go?To the railway station.What's your address?Lyceum-school №1.The taxi's waiting.Thanks!Goodbye!At the ticket-officePlease, two tickets to Dniepropetrovsk One single and one return.Here is your single ticket and here is your return one.How much do they cost?50hr.Here are 100 hr.Here is your change.Thank you.Have a nice trip.In the taxi- What is the time? I'm afraid I'll miss the train.- Don't worry. As far as I know your train leaves at 11 am. It is 5 minutes to 10. In 20 minutes you’ll the railway station.
58Task 2. Brainstorming 1: Why do people travel? Students' suggestions: - They want to visit new countries.- I think they like to rest in different countries. - Very often people travel on business.- They like to receive new impressions. - People have money and time.2: What do you think when you hear the word travelling? Children work at the blackboard making a spider gram about travelling.3. Make a story based on the spider gram.travellingweatherluggageNew countriesbusinessRest ticketsmoneyFree timeNew impressionsproblemsMeans of transport
59GUIDE TO CITY TRANSPORT IN AMERICA Task 3. ReadingRead the text and fill in the gaps with the words given below:a journeypassengersan escalatora transferto travelquickhotelsexpensiveGUIDE TO CITY TRANSPORT IN AMERICAIn big cities you can 1) by bus, by subway or by taxi.Buses stop to pick up 2) ... at special stops. You can pay the fare with a subway token or put $1.5 in the box beside the driver and get a ticket, so called transfer. If you have 3) ... you must not pay when you change a bus.You can take the subway. It's noisy and dirty, but cheap and 4) .... You must buy a subway token for your 5) ... at the boxing-office and put it into a special automatic machine when you enter 6) ....Of course, you can stop a taxi in the street or find one near the big 7) .... Going by taxi is quick and comfortable but much more 8) ....