Presentation on theme: "Valence Electrons and Electron Configuration"— Presentation transcript:
1Valence Electrons and Electron Configuration Explaining the arrangement of electrons08/27 & 08/28
2Catalyst Take out your HW to be stamped. On your Daily Work Organizer, fill in your goal for the week.Catalyst: Describe the pictured substances.Video Clip: Review
3Homework BaseballAnswer the questions on a blank sheet of paper. Use your homework.Why are the noble gases the least reactive elements?In the electron configuration 1s2, the 1 represents the:(a) number of protons(b) number of electrons(c) the energy level
4Homework Baseball: Answers Why are the noble gases the least reactive elements? They have a full shell of valence electrons.In the electron configuration 1s2, the 1 represents the:(a) number of protons(b) number of electrons(c) the energy level
5Objectives SWBAT draw Lewis dot diagrams. SWBAT write electron configurations.SWBAT explain the octet rule and use it to predict ion formation.
6Agenda Catalyst Electrons and Intro to Ions Mystery Elements Puzzle Exit Ticket
7Properties of the atom Protons determine the physical properties The number of protons makes the elementElectrons determine the chemical propertiesOnly the electrons react!!!
8Electron Energy Levels In the electron cloud, electrons are arranged in energy levels (aka orbitals or shells).Electrons fill the levels from the inside out.Electrons in the outer shell form chemical bonds (react) with other atoms.
9Write: periods tell us energy levels 12345677 periodsElements are ordered in this way because all the elements in period 1 have 1 energy level. Elements in period 2 have 2 energy levels.Have students label periods on one sideWrite: periods tell us energy levels
10What are valence electrons?? Valence electrons are electrons on the outer shell of an atom that are available for bonding.Valence Electrons are VERY IMPORTANT, they determine an element’s reactivity and general characteristics
113 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 Write: groups tell us # valence electrons 18 groups, grouped this way because group 1 has 1 valence electron, 2 has 2 valence electrons, group 13 has 3, 14 has 4, etcLabel these on the other periodic table12Write: groups tell us # valence electrons
12Practice: Draw the Bohr model and Lewis Dot Structure for N, O, F, Ne, Na, and Mg. Note: 1st orbital has 2 e, 2nd and 3rd orbitals have up to 8 e.Bohr models show us all the electrons, separated by energy level (orbital).Lewis Dot symbols show us how many valence electrons are in an atom.Li
13Ions!Octet Rule: When forming ions, atoms give or take electrons in order to have a full outer orbital (or shell).They end up with the same number of electrons as the closest noble gas. This is usually 8. (Exception: Helium with 2.)
14Think, pair, share.How many electrons would N, O, F, Na, & Mg lose or gain to have the same number of electrons as Ne?What ions are formed?Example: Lithium loses 1 e to form Li+ (same # e as He)(Work with the person next to you and write your answers under your Lewis Dot structures in your notes.)
15Ions! Cations and Anions Ion = an atom that has gained or lost electronsIons have a negative or positive charge.Anion = ion with a negative charge.Usually nonmetalsEx: Cl- S2-Cation = ion with a positive charge.Usually metalsEx: Be2+ Al3+
16Think, Pair, ShareAre the ions of N, O, F, Na, and Mg cations or anions?Label them in your notes.Then share with your partner.Does Ne form an ion? Why not?
17Electron Configuration A way to keep track of all those electrons!Write this down:1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6
24Let’s Try It!1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6Practice! Write the electron configuration for the following elements:N, O, F, Ne, Na, MgWrite your answers under your Bohr models and Lewis Dot Structures for these elements.
25Agenda Catalyst Electrons and Intro to Ions Mystery Elements Puzzle Exit Ticket
26Mystery Elements Puzzle Work in a group of 4 at your tableUse the clues and your periodic table to match each symbol with an element.Write down your answers on a sheet of paper.Raise your hand when you think you have solved the puzzle.
27Exit TicketDraw the Bohr model and Lewis Dot Structure for Phosphorus (P).Write the electron configuration of P.How many electrons will P lose or gain to form an ion? How do you know?What ion does P form? Is it an anion or cation?If you are done, work on HW packet.