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Modern Auditing: Assurance Services and the Integrity of Financial Reporting, 8 th Edition Modern Auditing: Assurance Services and the Integrity of Financial.

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Auditing: Assurance Services and the Integrity of Financial Reporting, 8 th Edition Modern Auditing: Assurance Services and the Integrity of Financial."— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Auditing: Assurance Services and the Integrity of Financial Reporting, 8 th Edition Modern Auditing: Assurance Services and the Integrity of Financial Reporting, 8 th Edition William C. Boynton California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo Raymond N. Johnson Portland State University Chapter 16 – Auditing the Production and Personnel Services Cycles

2 Chapter Overview

3 Interface of Production Cycle with Other Cycles

4 Audit Objectives

5 Understanding the Entity and Environment

6 Analytical Procedures

7 Inherent Risk Volume of transactions Cost issues Diversity of inventory items Storage at multiple locations Determination of quality and value Vulnerability of inventory Right of return and repurchase agreements

8 Consideration of Internal Controls – Common Documents and Records Production order Material requirements report Materials issue slip Time ticket Move ticket Daily production report

9 Consideration of Internal Controls – Common Documents and Records Completed production report Standard cost master file Raw materials inventory master file Work-in-progress inventory master file Finished goods inventory master file

10 Functions and Related Controls Initiating production – Planning and controlling production Production of Inventory – Issuing raw materials – Processing goods in production – Transferring completed work to finished goods – Protecting inventories

11 Functions and Related Controls Recording manufacturing and inventory transactions – Determining and recording manufacturing costs – Maintaining correctness of inventory balances Management Controls Additional Inventory Controls

12 Systems Flowchart – Manufacturing Transactions

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14 Inventory Audits Preliminary Audit Strategies Substantive Tests of Inventory – Initial Procedures – Analytical Procedures

15 Substantive Tests of Inventory Tests of Details of Transactions – Test Entries to Inventory Accounts – Test Cutoff of Purchases, Manufacturing, and Sales Transactions Tests of Details of Balances – Observation of the Clients Physical Inventory Count – Timing and Extent of the Test – Inventory-Taking Plans – Performing the Test

16 Substantive Tests of Inventory Tests of Details of Balances – Inventories Determined by Statistical Sampling – Observation of Beginning Inventories – Test Clerical Accuracy of Inventory Listings – Test Inventory Pricing – Test Cost of Manufactured Inventories

17 Substantive Tests of Inventory Confirm Inventories at Locations Outside the Entity – Examine Consignment Agreements and Contracts Tests of Details of Accounting Estimates Comparison of Statement Presentation with GAAP

18 Study Break 1.This analytical procedure commonly used in the audit of the production cycle is useful in measuring the effectiveness of the manufacturing process. A.Inventory Turn Days B.Inventory Growth to Cost of Sales Growth C.Finished Goods Produced to Direct Labor D.Product Defects per Million

19 Study Break 2.This document is a record of time worked by an employee on a specific job. A.Production order B.Time ticket C.Move ticket D.Standard cost master file B. Time ticket

20 Study Break 3.All of the following are functions of the manufacturing process, except: A.Initiating production B.Initiating purchases C.Production of inventory D.Recording manufacturing and inventory transactions B. Initiating purchases

21 The Personnel Services Cycle

22 Audit Objectives

23 The Personnel Services Cycle Understanding the Entity and Environment Analytical Procedures Inherent Risk

24 Analytical Procedures

25 Consideration of Internal Controls – Common Documents and Records Personnel authorization Clock card Time ticket Payroll register Imprest payroll bank account Payroll check

26 Consideration of Internal Controls – Common Documents and Records Labor cost distribution summary Payroll tax returns Employee personnel file Personnel data master file Employee earnings master file

27 Functions and Related Controls Initiating payroll transactions – Hiring employees – Authorizing payroll changes Receipt of services – Preparing attendance and timekeeping data

28 Functions and Related Controls Recording and paying payroll transactions – Preparing the payroll – Recording the payroll Paying payroll – Paying the payroll – Protecting unclaimed wages – Filing payroll tax returns

29 Systems Flowchart – Payroll Transactions

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31 Personnel Services Audits Preliminary Audit Strategies Substantive Tests of Personnel Services – Initial Procedures – Analytical Procedures

32 Substantive Tests of Personnel Services Tests of Details of Transactions – Test Entries to Inventory Accounts – Test Cutoff of Personnel Services Transactions Tests of Details of Balances and Disclosures – Recalculate Accrued Payroll Liabilities – Auditing Employee Benefits and Pension Plans – Auditing Stock Options and Stock Appreciation Rights

33 Study Break 4.This analytical procedure commonly used in the audit of the personnel services cycle may be a measure of productivity per employee. A.Average payroll cost per employee classification B.Revenue per employee C.Total payroll as a percentage of revenues D.Payroll tax expense as a percentage of gross payroll B. Revenue per employee

34 Study Break 5.This record holds all pertinent employment data for each employee. A.Payroll register B.Payroll tax returns C.Employee earnings master file D.Employee personnel file

35 Study Break 6.This report shows each employees name, gross earnings, payroll deductions, and net pay for a period. A.Clock Card B.Time Ticket C.Payroll Register D.Payroll Check C. Payroll Register


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