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Integration of Public Transport in an Overall Transport System The Example of the Greater Zurich Area Christian Vogt, Zurich Transport Authority (ZVV)

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Presentation on theme: "Integration of Public Transport in an Overall Transport System The Example of the Greater Zurich Area Christian Vogt, Zurich Transport Authority (ZVV)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Integration of Public Transport in an Overall Transport System The Example of the Greater Zurich Area Christian Vogt, Zurich Transport Authority (ZVV) THE PEP Workshop Efficient urban transport and public transport systems September 2013, Almaty

2 Kilometres per person and year (railways) PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Switzerland France Denmark Austria Belgium Germany Netherlands UK Bulgaria Romania Estonia Greece Lithuania Latvia

3 Trips per person and year in Europe PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Switzerland Denmark Luxemburg Austria Germany Belgium UK Netherlands France Sweden Romania Greece Lithuania Latvia

4 PEP Workshop Almaty September km the network Zurich Berne

5 Modal-Split in Switzerland 1990 vs Public transport decreasing Public transport improving Greater Zurich Area PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

6 Passengers in commuter trains vs. private car traffic at Zurich city boundary [in %] private cars PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 [%]

7 Why choose Swiss people public transport? PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

8 The optimized transport chain door-to-door PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Most relevant factors n easy access memorisable timetable / ticket buying n competitive total journey time compared to private cars n high frequency of services whole transport chain n reliability punctual services and guaranteed connections n security / comfort / cost of trip / others

9 Network access smart phones become increasingly important PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Monthly Sales sold m-tickets

10 Trip planning starts at home on-trippre-trip Departure StationVehicleDestinationPlanning PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

11 Real time departure screens shopping mall, hotel lobby, reception desks, sport & cultural events PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

12 Easy access The ticket system +/- integrated ticket system nationwide 100% integrated regional ticket systems 100% open system: no reservations, no supplements, no access gates, no time restrictions 40% of population over 16 years own halfprice card 7% own general public transport card PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

13 PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 One ticket for everything Zone-based fare system Unlimited within zone & time period Free choice of transport mode Uniform price level

14 Comfort Rolling stock PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Swiss Federal Railway SBB, RABe 514 Constructed 2005–2009 Manufacturer Simens

15 Comfort Rolling stock PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Swiss Federal Railway SBB Constructed: 2010 – (2018) Manufacturer: Stadler Rail

16 Comfort Tramway and Bus PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

17 Infrastructure and operations financing Financing from one source Centralised financing is favoured over all systems optimisation Approx. 7% of the total tax income of the Zurich Region goes into public transport PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 USD 391 m per year (2012) USD 90 m per year (fund) to cover operational deficit to finance new infrastructure

18 Planning process and challenges Planning process Always in tight cooperation with operators and infrastructure company Zurich Area timetable 2019 was fixed by the minute in 2007 Problems / Challenges Overcrowded trains Punctuality and capacity of international trains Short time planning of neighbouring countries Extensive an expensive station infrastructure Low flexibility PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

19 Political and public acceptance All public referendums since 1982 on railway and tramway projects were accepted all new roads were rejected All political parties generally support public transport PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

20 Conclusions Public transport functions only as an integrated network Every trip starts at home Changing modes requires very high reliability Integrated fare structures Keep it simple (it is already quite complex) Fare structure, timetable, passenger information Dont forget the private car traffic – limit parking space and road capacity Good public transport is not cheap - but it pays off! PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

21 Key factors Safety Cycle path system Cycling is an alternative – also in cities! PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

22 Cycling is an alternative – also in cities! Parking facilities PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

23 Cycling is an alternative – also in cities! Local value PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Individual motor car traffic Public traffic Bicycle Pedestrian Others 2010 Alternative

24 Key factors Stations Carsharing PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 City of Zurich

25 Fleet Reservation Internet - customer portal App "mobility car" Costs Annual subscription (reduction of 35% with a ZVV annual travelcard) Hourly and kilometre rate Carsharing PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013

26 PEP Workshop Almaty September 2013 Thank you for your Attention


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