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Kerberos for Users Jeff Blaine 5/2006. What is Kerberos? Developed by MIT Shared secret-based strong 3 rd party authentication Provides single sign-on.

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Presentation on theme: "Kerberos for Users Jeff Blaine 5/2006. What is Kerberos? Developed by MIT Shared secret-based strong 3 rd party authentication Provides single sign-on."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kerberos for Users Jeff Blaine 5/2006

2 What is Kerberos? Developed by MIT Shared secret-based strong 3 rd party authentication Provides single sign-on capability Passwords never sent across network And now – the players…

3 Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service Susans Desktop Computer Think Kerberos Server and dont let yourself get mired in terminology.

4 Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service Susans Desktop Computer Represents something requiring Kerberos authentication (web server, ftp server, ssh server, etc…)

5 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service Id like to be allowed to get tickets from the Ticket Granting Server, please.

6 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service Okay. I locked this box with your secret password. If you can unlock it, you can use its contents to access my Ticket Granting Service.

7 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service myPassword XYZ Service TGT

8 Because Susan was able to open the box (decrypt a message) from the Authentication Service, she is now the owner of a shiny Ticket-Granting Ticket. The Ticket-Granting Ticket (TGT) must be presented to the Ticket Granting Service in order to acquire service tickets for use with services requiring Kerberos authentication. The TGT contains no password information.

9 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service Let me prove I am Susan to XYZ Service. Heres a copy of my TGT! use XYZ TGT

10 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service TGT Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS Youre Susan. Here, take this.

11 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service TGT Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS Im Susan. Ill prove it. Heres a copy of my legit service ticket for XYZ. Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS

12 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service TGT Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS Thats Susan alright. Let me determine if she is authorized to use me.

13 Authorization checks are performed by the XYZ service… Just because Susan has authenticated herself does not inherently mean she is authorized to make use of the XYZ service.

14 One remaining note: Tickets (your TGT as well as service-specific tickets) have expiration dates configured by your local system administrator(s). An expired ticket is unusable. Until a tickets expiration, it may be used repeatedly.

15 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service TGT Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS ME AGAIN! Ill prove it. Heres another copy of my legit service ticket for XYZ. Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS use XYZ

16 Susans Desktop Computer Susan Key Distribution Center Ticket Granting Service Authen- Tication Service XYZ Service TGT Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS Hey XYZ: Susan is Susan. CONFIRMED: TGS Thats Susan… again. Let me determine if she is authorized to use me.

17 Further Reading An Introduction to Kerberos : /200207Kerberos.htm /200207Kerberos.htm MIT Kerberos Site : The Morons Guide to Kerberos : Kerberos: The Definitive Guide :


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