România (today) Area: 238 391 km 2 ( 3% water) Population (2011): 19.043.767 inhabitants Capital: Bucharest (1,7 milion inhabitants) – 10th largest city in the Europe Romanias GDP: 131,7 bilion (6169 / per capita) Polands GDP: 381,3 bilion (9900 / per capita) Public debt: 35,2% (Polands– 55,6%)
România (today) Official language: Romanian Regional languages: Hungarian, Ukrainian, German, Serbian, Russian Ethnic groups: 88.6% Romanians, 6.5% Hungarians, 3.2% Roma, 1.7% other minorities
România (today) 2004: Romania became a member of NATO 2007: Romania became a member of EU Romania is a member of: Latin Union, Francophonie, OSCE, WTO, BSEC, United Nations
Ethimology Name of Romania derives from Latin romanus, meaning citizen of Rome 1521: Wallachia is mentioned as Țeara Rumânească ("The Romanian Land", țeara from the Latin terra, "land"; current spelling: Țara Românească) 1554: Polish historian Orichovius (Stanisław Orzechowski) written about Romanians they call themselves as Romini like Romans, but in our language (polish) their name is Walachi, like Italians
History 42 000-year-old human remains were discovered in the Cave With Bones Europes oldest known remains may have been among the first modern humans to have entered the continent. The Neolithic-Age Cucuteni area in northeastern Romania was the western region of the earliest European civilization The earliest known salt works in the world is at Poiana Slatinei (the first used in the early Neolithic, around 6500 BC)
History Our anchestors are Dacians who belong to Getae tribes, a branch of Thracian people In 107 AD, Roman Empire leaded by its emperor Trajan defetead Dacia and annexed the southeastern part of it to Roman Empire (the part where gold and silver mines were) In 271 AD, Romans abandoned this territory Dacia was invaded by various migratory populations like Goths, Huns, Gepids, Avars, Bulgars, Pechenegs, and Cumans
Formation and independence Little Union: 24.01.1859 (Wallachia and Moldavia formed Romanian Principalities) Independence from Ottoman Empire: 9.05.1877, recognized internationaly in 1878 Great Union: 1.12.1918 (Romanian Principalities unites with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania and form Kingdom of Romania) around 295.000 km2
Environment 3 700 plant species (23 natural monuments, 74 missing, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable and 1 253 rare) 33 792 species of animals 33 085 invertebrate. 10 000 km 2 (around 5% of Romania) of protected areas covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves: the Danube Delta (5,800 km 2 ), Retezat National Park, and Rodna National Park Danube Delta, the second largest and best preserved delta in Europe, and a biodiversity included in World Heritage Site
Economy (main exports) cars software clothing and textiles industrial machinery electrical and electronic equipment metallurgic products raw materials military equipment pharmaceuticals fine chemicals, agricultural products (fruits, vegetables, and flowers)
Transport Roads: 78 000 km Motorways: 527 km Rail road: 10 788 km Airports: 61 airports Metro: 67 km – 49 stops (only in Bucharest) Ports: - on the Black Sea: 4 ports - on the Danube–Black Sea Canal: 4 ports - on the Danube River: 17 ports
Tourism According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, Romania is the fourth fastest growing country in the world in terms of travel and tourism total demand, with a yearly potential growth of 8% from 2007 to 2016
Geography Area: 4 716 km². The relief is split in approximately equal parts between the mountains, the hills and the plain. Main river: Prahova River.
Prahova Population: 735 903 inhabitants Density: 156,4 inhabitants/km². Capital of the county: Ploieşti (197 542 inhabitants) It is Romania's most populated county, having a population density double than the country's mean.
Economy The area contains the main oil reserves in Romania having a long tradition in extracting and refining the oil. The county is heavily industrialized, more than 115,000 people being involved in an industrial activity. It realizes over 8% of the country's industrial production. Some of the biggest international corporations like Coca-Cola, Unilever, InBev, Johnson Controls, Cameron, Weatherford, Michelin, Timken and others have invested heavily in the recent years.
Economy The predominant industries in the county are: Oil industry - almost 50% of the county's industrial production. Oil extracting equipment. Chemical industry. Rubber industry. Mechanical components industry. Food and beverages industry. Textile industry. Agriculture is also developed - in the southern part mainly extensive agriculture and the hills area is well suited for wines and fruit orchards. In total it realises about 3% of the country's agricultural production.
Tourism The Prahova Valley is one of the areas with the highest tourist potential in the country having one of the best tourism facilities in Romania, like: On the Prahova Valley (resorts): Sinaia, Buşteni, Azuga, Bucegi Mountains. On the Teleajen River Valley: Vălenii de Munte Resort, Cheia, Slănic, Zăganul Mountains, Ciucaş Mountains. On the Doftana River Valley: Teleaga, Valea Doftanei, Gârbova Mountains. The city of Ploieşti. The city of Câmpina.
Administrative divisions 2 municipalities 12 towns 90 communes
Câmpina First documentary mention: 1503 in 1593 - is recorded as a customs point on the road to Transylvania. in 1663 - became a fair in 1864 - is raised to the rank of city. in 1890 - in Campina it was raised the first scaffold oil in the country in 1895 - was built the refinery "Factory New ", at that time the largest in Europe. in 1994 - Campina was declared a municipality. The history of the city will be strongly connected with oil industry. Population: 31770 inhabitants
Education There are 5 high schools in Campina: Nicolae Grigorescu National College Forestier Industrial High School Energetic Industrial High School Constantin Istrati Technical College Machines Construction Industrial High School There is also a Police Agents School, Şcoala de Agenţi de Poliţie "Vasile Lascăr", one of the two police agents schools in the country. 2 post high-schools: Louis Pasteur Nursing and Pharma School.
Tourist attractions "Nicolae Grigorescu" Memorial Museum Iulia Hasdeu Castle Biserica de la Han (de la brazi) (The Inn Church) Geo Bogza Cultural Center Casa Tineretului (The House of the Youth) The House with Griffons (the actual city-hall), The first school iof the world of masters in oil extraction and first building with electric gates in Romania. The Hernea Chapel The Saint Nicholas Parish Fântâna cu Cireşi (on the Muscel hill) Muscel, Ciobu and Piţigaia hills Prahova and Doftana riverbanks Near "Paltinu" Dam