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MOLAR MASS The molar mass is the mass, in grams, of one mole (6.02 10 23 particles) of an element (ion), a covalent molecule or a formula unit. molar.

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Presentation on theme: "MOLAR MASS The molar mass is the mass, in grams, of one mole (6.02 10 23 particles) of an element (ion), a covalent molecule or a formula unit. molar."— Presentation transcript:

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2 MOLAR MASS The molar mass is the mass, in grams, of one mole ( particles) of an element (ion), a covalent molecule or a formula unit. molar mass (MM)gram atomic mass (gam) molecular weight (MW)gram molecular mass (gmm) formula mass (FM)gram formula mass (gfm) formula weight (FW)

3 MASS of one MOLE Gram atomic mass (gam): the atomic mass (the mass in one mole of a substance) of an element expressed in grams. Gram molecular mass (gmm): the atomic mass of one mole of a molecular compound. Gram formula mass (gfm): the sum of the atomic masses of the atoms that are in the formula of a compound.

4 gam, gfm, gmm examples: Problem: Give the gram atomic mass of hydrogen. Solution: H = 1H = 1(1.01) = 1.01 g/mol Problem: Give the gram molecular mass of hydrogen. Solution: H 2 = 2H = 2(1.01) = 2.02 g/mol Problem: Find the gram formula mass for H 2 SO 4. Solution: H 2 SO 4 = 2H + 1S + 4O = 2(1.01) (16.00) = g/mol

5 Molar Mass … a.k.a. Molecular Weight (MW) molar mass = mass of 1 mole of substance Molar mass can be determined by adding up the atomic masses from the periodic table (atomic mass goes to 2 decimal places).

6 MW Example 1: Find the MW of CH 4. = 1C + 4H = (1.01) = g CH 4 /mol CH 4

7 MW Example 2: Find the MW of Mg(OH) 2. =Mg + 2O + 2H = (16.00) + 2(1.01) =58.33 g Mg(OH) 2 /mol Mg(OH) 2

8 MW Example 3: Find the MW of MgSO 47H 2 O. =Mg + S + 4O + 7(H 2 O) = (16.00) + 7( ) = g MgSO 4 7H 2 O /mol MgSO 4 7H 2 O

9 Calculations: Use Mole Map to help calculate

10 Mole Mass Calculations 1 mole = molar mass (MW) in grams Mass

11 Mass Example 1: How many grams are in 7.20 moles of dinitrogen trioxide? MW of N 2 O 3 = 2N + 3O = 2(14.01) + 3(16.00) = g/mol 1 mole = g N 2 O 3 dinitrogen trioxide = N 2 O 3

12 Mass Example 2: Find the number of moles in 92.2 g of iron(III) oxide. MW of Fe 2 O 3 = 2Fe + 3O = 2(55.85) + 3(16.00) = g/mol 1 mole = g Fe 2 O 3 iron(III) oxide = Fe 2 O 3

13 Practice Worksheet Do #1-10 on Mole and Mass WS Make sure you write out all work and include all units!!


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