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Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 1 of 25 Objectives Identify five serious physical effects of long- term alcohol abuse. Describe the three.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 1 of 25 Objectives Identify five serious physical effects of long- term alcohol abuse. Describe the three."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 1 of 25 Objectives Identify five serious physical effects of long- term alcohol abuse. Describe the three stages of alcoholism. Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcoholism.

2 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 2 of 25 Myth Alcoholics sleep on park benches and wear shabby clothes. Fact Alcoholics come from all cultures, backgrounds, and levels of education. In what ways does the media contribute to this myth about alcoholics? How else does the media shape peoples perception of alcoholics?

3 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 3 of 25 Long-term alcohol abuse may harm the Damage to the Body brain liver heart Drinking any amount of alcohol during pregnancy may permanently harm the developing baby.Drinking any amount of alcohol during pregnancy may permanently harm the developing baby. digestive system

4 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 4 of 25 Long-term alcohol abuse destroys nerve cells in the brain. Brain Damage Destroyed nerve cells usually cannot grow again. The loss of many nerve cells causes permanent changes that impair memory the ability to concentrate the ability to make sound judgments

5 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 5 of 25 Fetal alcohol syndrome is a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Babies born with this syndrome may suffer from heart defects malformed faces Even small amounts of alcohol consumed during pregnancy can cause brain damage. delayed growth poor motor development mental retardation brain and behavioral problems

6 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 6 of 25 Alcohol interferes with the livers ability to metabolize, or break down, fats. Liver Damage Fat-filled liver cells die, leaving behind useless scar tissue. This disease, called cirrhosis (sih ROH sis), may lead to liver failure and death.

7 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 7 of 25 Excessive drinking contributes to heart disease. Heart Disease Over time, alcohol causes increased blood pressure increased heart rate irregular heartbeat buildup of fatty deposits in the heart muscle

8 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 8 of 25 Ongoing drinking irritates the tissues that line the digestive system. Digestive Problems Repeated irritation increases the risk of cancers of the mouth, tongue, esophagus, and stomach recurring diarrhea chronic indigestion, heartburn, or ulcers

9 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 9 of 25 People who can no longer control their use of alcohol suffer from the disease known as alcoholism. Alcoholism Physically, an alcoholics body requires alcohol to function. Psychologically, alcoholics consider drinking a regular, essential part of coping with daily life.

10 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 10 of 25 Tolerance causes a drinkers body to need increasingly larger amounts of alcohol to achieve the original effect. Changes to the Brain The body will eventually develop dependencethe brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it. Finally, addiction resultsthe drinker no longer has control over his or her drinking.Finally, addiction resultsthe drinker no longer has control over his or her drinking.

11 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 11 of 25 Anyone who drinkseven one drinkis at risk of becoming an alcoholic. Who Is at Risk? Alcoholism is four to five times more common among the children of alcoholics than in the general population. Underage drinking also increases a persons risk of becoming an alcoholic.Underage drinking also increases a persons risk of becoming an alcoholic.

12 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 12 of 25

13 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 13 of 25 What begins as problem drinking becomes absolute dependence, and finally, late-stage alcoholism. The Stages of Alcoholism Stage 1: Problem Drinking If social drinkers start to use alcohol to try to relieve stress or escape from problems, their drinking habit may quickly become a problem. Stage 2: Absolute Dependence The drinker cannot stop after one drink, and feels a constant need to drink. Stage 3: Late Stage of Alcoholism Alcoholics rapidly lose their mental, emotional, and physical health. Late- stage alcoholics also experience reverse tolerance for alcohol, a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.Stage 3: Late Stage of Alcoholism Alcoholics rapidly lose their mental, emotional, and physical health. Late- stage alcoholics also experience reverse tolerance for alcohol, a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.

14 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 14 of 25

15 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 15 of 25 Alcohol-related crimes, medical expenses, injuries, lost productivity on the job, and treatment programs cost the United States between 100 and 200 billion dollars annually. Effects on Others Alcohol is involved in approximately 150,000 deaths per year. Spouses and children of alcoholics live in homes filled with stress arising from uncertainty and embarrassment. In some cases, alcoholics verbally or physically abuse family members.In some cases, alcoholics verbally or physically abuse family members.

16 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 16 of 25

17 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 17 of 25 Alcoholics can lead productive, happy lives if they stop drinking completely. Treating Alcoholism There are three stages in an alcoholics recovery acknowledging the problem detoxification rehabilitation

18 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 18 of 25 Alcoholics must acknowledge their problem and ask for help. Acknowledging the Problem The shock of losing a job, being arrested, or being separated from their families motivates some alcoholics to enter a treatment program.

19 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 19 of 25 Detoxification involves removing all alcohol from a persons body. Detoxification Withdrawal is a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug. Withdrawal symptoms include shakiness sleep problems irritability rapid heartbeat sweating

20 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 20 of 25 Rehabilitation is the process of learning to cope with everyday living without alcohol. Rehabilitation During rehabilitation, alcoholics receive counseling and may take medications.

21 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 21 of 25 In Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), recovering alcoholics offer encouragement and support to help other alcoholics stop drinking. Support Groups Al-Anon helps adult friends and family members learn how they can help in the alcoholics recovery process. Alateen provides help for teenagers living with alcoholics.

22 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 22 of 25 Click above to go online. For: Updates on alcoholism

23 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 23 of 25 Vocabulary fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child. cirrhosisA disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue; cirrhosis may lead to liver failure. alcoholismA disease marked by a person being unable to control their use of alcohol. toleranceThe condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain. dependenceThe condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.

24 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 24 of 25 Vocabulary addictionThe state of losing control over the use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for the drug. reverse toleranceA condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication. detoxificationThe process of removing all alcohol or other drugs from a persons body. withdrawalA group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug. rehabilitationThe process of learning to cope with everyday living without drugs.

25 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 25 of 25 QuickTake Quiz Click to start quiz.

26 Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Slide 26 of 25 End of Section 15.3 Click on this slide to end this presentation.


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