Presentation on theme: "Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts"— Presentation transcript:
0Bellwork Pick up vocabulary and keep this on your desk. Open up notebook and turn to notes section.Set up 1 page, back and front for Cornell notes. Summary on back.If you do not know what this is quietly ask a neighbor.The title for the notes are:Chapter 2: Where in the world is Oklahoma?
2Chapter 2: Where in the World is Oklahoma? Section 1: What is Geography?Section 2: Geographic RegionsSection 3: Oklahoma’s Natural Resources
3Section 1: What is Geography? ESSENTIAL QUESTION:How does geographic location affect our state?
4Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes NameDateHour Chapter 2 Lecture NotesHow does our Locationgeographiclocation effectour state? StatsHow do Oklahoma’s High Plainsgeographic regions Gypsum Hillsdiffer?
5LocationOklahoma located between 94º 29' and 103º W longitudeAlso lies between 33º 39' and 37º N latitude1829 Missouri Compromise: set the 36º 30' N latitude as the boundary where slavery could exist – included the territory that became our state
6Oklahoma Geography Statistics Oklahoma: covers an area of nearly 70,000 square milesWidest east-west border: 464 milesLongest north-south border: 320 milesRanking: 18th in size in the U.S.Larger than any state east of the Mississippi River Oklahoma: halfway between Los Angeles, California on the West Coast – Washington, D.C. to the east77 countiesClick here to return to Main Menu.
7Section 2: Geographic Regions ESSENTIAL QUESTION:How do Oklahoma’s geographic regions differ?
8Geographic Regions High Plains Gypsum Hills Red Bed Plains Wichita MountainsSandstone HillsArbuckle MountainsPrairie PlainsOzark PlateausOuachita MountainsRed River Plains
9Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes NameDateHour Chapter 2 Lecture NotesHow does our Locationgeographiclocation effectour state? StatsHow do Oklahoma’s High Plainsgeographic regions Gypsum Hillsdiffer?
10Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes (BACK) NameDateHour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes (BACK)How do Oklahomans Soilsmake use of thestate’s naturalresources? VegitationSUMMARY At the end of the notes you will put a 3 sentencesummary of the notes.
11High Plains Panhandle and land along part of the western border Antelope Hills: rise in gypsum peaks south of the Canadian RiverRegion favored by stargazers due to lack of electric lightsGuymon: largest city in the region
12Gypsum Hillscovers a large area from the Kansas border to the far southwestern cornerarea named for the white gypsum buttesAlabaster Caverns near Freedom: the world’s largest gypsum cave open to the public
13Red Bed PlainsState rock: the rose rock found near Noble: formed when barium sulfate combines with quartz sandThe Great Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge: only place in the world one can dig for hourglass selenite crystalsRoman Nose State Park: once a Cheyenne campgroundLittle Sahara State Park: over 1,600 acres of rideable sand dunes ranging from 25 – 75 ft.Oklahoma City: state’s largest city (532,517)Earthquakes: occur in many parts of Oklahoma
15Wichita Mountains500 million years ago mountains began to form from ancient lava flows59,000-acre Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge set aside from the Comanche-Kiowa-Apache Reservation in 1901Buffalo: reintroduced to the refuge in 1907Unique town of Medicine Park: a planned resort town of homes and shops made of granite cobblestonesFort Sill (1869): built to stop Indian raids; changed from cavalry to artillery in early 1900sMajor town Lawton, Oklahoma
17Sandstone HillsThe Tallgrass Prairie Preserve: north of Pawhuska in the Flint Hills, one of North America’s former major ecosystemsKeystone: one of several lakes in the areaOilman, Frank Phillips - responsible for Woolaroc Wildlife Preserve and Museum1920s: the Osage Indians among the wealthiest people in the country due to the discovery of oilGreater Seminole Oil Field: 26 pools discovered – ignited growth of many small townsCoal mining: spurred growth in the McAlester areaTulsa metropolitan area: part of this region
18Arbuckle Mountains Range runs east-west Exposed granite in Murray County: 1.4 billion years oldThe Chickasaw National Recreation Area: oldest park in OklahomaTurner Falls Park: two natural swimming pools & a 77-foot waterfall
19Prairie Plains Water is a major feature of region Eufaula: state’s largest lake – plus Lake OologahOklahoma Aquarium in JenksHome to Port of Catoosa: international shipping port and the most inland, ice-free port in the United StatesTulsa – state’s 2nd largest city
22Ozark PlateauPart of the Ozark Mountain chain of Missouri and ArkansasTwo main rivers: Illinois & GrandThe Pensacola Dam: created the Grand Lake O’ the Cherokees
23Ouachita Mountains Some of the roughest land in the state Rich Mountain: highest peak in the region – 2,666 feet highOnce provided safety for Indian people and hideouts for outlawsVery popular parks in the region: Beavers Bend, Robbers Cave, Spiro Mounds, Heavener Runestone, Talimena, Clayton Lake & Lake WisterTalimena Drive: especially known for its fall foliage
25Red River PlainsSoutheastern region: lies along the low elevation of the Red River – rich, sandy soils & a long growing seasonForts Towson, Washita, & Arbuckle became a center for Choctaw & Chickasaw cotton plantations
26Look at page 31 and with a partner near you, sketch a copy of this in your notes.
27Section 3: Oklahoma’s Natural Resources ESSENTIAL QUESTION:How do Oklahomans make use of the state’s natural resources?
28SoilsSoil: composed of organic matter, loose rock material, water, and airMollisols: largest soil group of OklahomaGood for growing alfalfa, grains, cotton & other sown crops, range, pasture, and woodlandSoil types: sand, silt, or clayThe Dust Bowl (1930s): affected the panhandle of Oklahoma
29Vegetation Early settlers found grasses as tall as the wagon bed Oak & pine: most valuable timber commerciallyBy 1956: U.S. Forest Service estimated only 15% of original hardwoods remainedCedar wood products: mulch, litter box chips, lumber, & insect repellent
30Mineral ResourcesMineral Resources: includes fossil fuels – formed in the ground from the remains of dead plants and animalsFossil fuels include oil, natural gas, and coal
31Oil & Natural GasNellie Johnston No. 1 (1887) near Bartlesville: first major oil discovery; wildcatters streamed in the territoryThe Glenn Pool (1905): another early successful oil wellTulsa became known as the “Oil Capital of the World”By statehood, Oklahoma producing 40 million barrels of oil a year1920: production up to more than a billion barrels a year1928: oil boom moved to Oklahoma City
32Coal Coal dug first by hands of Indians & sold by the basket 1873: commercial coal mining began in Oklahoma
33Salt Salt on the plains: only needs to be loaded Early 1815: salt already a commodity in the territory
34Groundwater One of the most valuable resources to human life Underground basins called aquifers: porous gravel, rock and sand that hold water that seeps down from rainfall, lakes, and pondsNearly ½ of fresh water used in Oklahoma taken from aquifersOgallala aquifer: runs from Texas into the edge of South Dakota & from portions of five other states
35WaterwaysMore than 500 rivers and streams or 78,578 miles; 34 major reservoirsArkansas: 328 miles in Oklahoma begins in the Rocky Mountains; carries 2/3 of the state’s runoff water2nd major drainage system: Red RiverRed River 2nd longest river in the state at 592 miles: forms the southern boundary of the stateClick here to return to Main Menu.
36After Lecture Take 3 minutes to read over notes- do nothing else. THEN Write a 3 sentence summary of the notes you just wrote.
37Level Questions Level 1 question- (fill in the blank) EX: _________ are formed in the ground from the remains of dead plants and animals.Level 2- (not in the text, read between lines)EX: Compare and contrast the Prairie Plains and Gypsum Hills.Level 3- (Hypothesis, or application, much like an essay)EX: How does geographic location affect our state?
38Let’s Move AroundFind someone with your same hair color across the room and match up, WHEN I SAY GO.Introduce yourself with a handshake and their name.Read them your summary and discuss and then return to your seat.
39Walk away with this..There are 10 regions of Oklahoma with distinct features and specific locations.Our geography plays a huge roll in our weather, and the people who have and are settled here.Our natural resources are vast and also a huge source of income to the state of Oklahoma.
40Bellwork Pick up EOI packet Get out a sheet of notebook paper and put a heading on it. Number it one to 37.Quickly!!! The faster we get done the faster we watch Cinderella Man.