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Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts

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Presentation on theme: "Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts"— Presentation transcript:

0 Bellwork Pick up vocabulary and keep this on your desk.
Open up notebook and turn to notes section. Set up 1 page, back and front for Cornell notes. Summary on back. If you do not know what this is quietly ask a neighbor. The title for the notes are: Chapter 2: Where in the world is Oklahoma?

1 Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts
Chapter 2: Where in the World is Oklahoma? ©2006 Clairmont Press

2 Chapter 2: Where in the World is Oklahoma?
Section 1: What is Geography? Section 2: Geographic Regions Section 3: Oklahoma’s Natural Resources

3 Section 1: What is Geography?
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does geographic location affect our state?

4 Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes
Name Date Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes How does our Location geographic location effect our state? Stats How do Oklahoma’s High Plains geographic regions Gypsum Hills differ?

5 Location Oklahoma located between 94º 29' and 103º W longitude Also lies between 33º 39' and 37º N latitude 1829 Missouri Compromise: set the 36º 30' N latitude as the boundary where slavery could exist – included the territory that became our state

6 Oklahoma Geography Statistics
Oklahoma: covers an area of nearly 70,000 square miles Widest east-west border: 464 miles Longest north-south border: 320 miles Ranking: 18th in size in the U.S. Larger than any state east of the Mississippi River Oklahoma: halfway between Los Angeles, California on the West Coast – Washington, D.C. to the east 77 counties Click here to return to Main Menu.

7 Section 2: Geographic Regions
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do Oklahoma’s geographic regions differ?

8 Geographic Regions High Plains Gypsum Hills Red Bed Plains
Wichita Mountains Sandstone Hills Arbuckle Mountains Prairie Plains Ozark Plateaus Ouachita Mountains Red River Plains

9 Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes
Name Date Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes How does our Location geographic location effect our state? Stats How do Oklahoma’s High Plains geographic regions Gypsum Hills differ?

10 Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes (BACK)
Name Date Hour Chapter 2 Lecture Notes (BACK) How do Oklahomans Soils make use of the state’s natural resources? Vegitation SUMMARY At the end of the notes you will put a 3 sentence summary of the notes.

11 High Plains Panhandle and land along part of the western border
Antelope Hills: rise in gypsum peaks south of the Canadian River Region favored by stargazers due to lack of electric lights Guymon: largest city in the region

12 Gypsum Hills covers a large area from the Kansas border to the far southwestern corner area named for the white gypsum buttes Alabaster Caverns near Freedom: the world’s largest gypsum cave open to the public

13 Red Bed Plains State rock: the rose rock found near Noble: formed when barium sulfate combines with quartz sand The Great Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge: only place in the world one can dig for hourglass selenite crystals Roman Nose State Park: once a Cheyenne campground Little Sahara State Park: over 1,600 acres of rideable sand dunes ranging from 25 – 75 ft. Oklahoma City: state’s largest city (532,517) Earthquakes: occur in many parts of Oklahoma


15 Wichita Mountains 500 million years ago mountains began to form from ancient lava flows 59,000-acre Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge set aside from the Comanche-Kiowa-Apache Reservation in 1901 Buffalo: reintroduced to the refuge in 1907 Unique town of Medicine Park: a planned resort town of homes and shops made of granite cobblestones Fort Sill (1869): built to stop Indian raids; changed from cavalry to artillery in early 1900s Major town Lawton, Oklahoma


17 Sandstone Hills The Tallgrass Prairie Preserve: north of Pawhuska in the Flint Hills, one of North America’s former major ecosystems Keystone: one of several lakes in the area Oilman, Frank Phillips - responsible for Woolaroc Wildlife Preserve and Museum 1920s: the Osage Indians among the wealthiest people in the country due to the discovery of oil Greater Seminole Oil Field: 26 pools discovered – ignited growth of many small towns Coal mining: spurred growth in the McAlester area Tulsa metropolitan area: part of this region

18 Arbuckle Mountains Range runs east-west
Exposed granite in Murray County: 1.4 billion years old The Chickasaw National Recreation Area: oldest park in Oklahoma Turner Falls Park: two natural swimming pools & a 77-foot waterfall

19 Prairie Plains Water is a major feature of region
Eufaula: state’s largest lake – plus Lake Oologah Oklahoma Aquarium in Jenks Home to Port of Catoosa: international shipping port and the most inland, ice-free port in the United States Tulsa – state’s 2nd largest city


21 What two regions is Tulsa Located?

22 Ozark Plateau Part of the Ozark Mountain chain of Missouri and Arkansas Two main rivers: Illinois & Grand The Pensacola Dam: created the Grand Lake O’ the Cherokees

23 Ouachita Mountains Some of the roughest land in the state
Rich Mountain: highest peak in the region – 2,666 feet high Once provided safety for Indian people and hideouts for outlaws Very popular parks in the region: Beavers Bend, Robbers Cave, Spiro Mounds, Heavener Runestone, Talimena, Clayton Lake & Lake Wister Talimena Drive: especially known for its fall foliage

24 Talamina drive

25 Red River Plains Southeastern region: lies along the low elevation of the Red River – rich, sandy soils & a long growing season Forts Towson, Washita, & Arbuckle became a center for Choctaw & Chickasaw cotton plantations

26 Look at page 31 and with a partner near you, sketch a copy of this in your notes.

27 Section 3: Oklahoma’s Natural Resources
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do Oklahomans make use of the state’s natural resources?

28 Soils Soil: composed of organic matter, loose rock material, water, and air Mollisols: largest soil group of Oklahoma Good for growing alfalfa, grains, cotton & other sown crops, range, pasture, and woodland Soil types: sand, silt, or clay The Dust Bowl (1930s): affected the panhandle of Oklahoma

29 Vegetation Early settlers found grasses as tall as the wagon bed
Oak & pine: most valuable timber commercially By 1956: U.S. Forest Service estimated only 15% of original hardwoods remained Cedar wood products: mulch, litter box chips, lumber, & insect repellent

30 Mineral Resources Mineral Resources: includes fossil fuels – formed in the ground from the remains of dead plants and animals Fossil fuels include oil, natural gas, and coal

31 Oil & Natural Gas Nellie Johnston No. 1 (1887) near Bartlesville: first major oil discovery; wildcatters streamed in the territory The Glenn Pool (1905): another early successful oil well Tulsa became known as the “Oil Capital of the World” By statehood, Oklahoma producing 40 million barrels of oil a year 1920: production up to more than a billion barrels a year 1928: oil boom moved to Oklahoma City

32 Coal Coal dug first by hands of Indians & sold by the basket
1873: commercial coal mining began in Oklahoma

33 Salt Salt on the plains: only needs to be loaded
Early 1815: salt already a commodity in the territory

34 Groundwater One of the most valuable resources to human life
Underground basins called aquifers: porous gravel, rock and sand that hold water that seeps down from rainfall, lakes, and ponds Nearly ½ of fresh water used in Oklahoma taken from aquifers Ogallala aquifer: runs from Texas into the edge of South Dakota & from portions of five other states

35 Waterways More than 500 rivers and streams or 78,578 miles; 34 major reservoirs Arkansas: 328 miles in Oklahoma begins in the Rocky Mountains; carries 2/3 of the state’s runoff water 2nd major drainage system: Red River Red River 2nd longest river in the state at 592 miles: forms the southern boundary of the state Click here to return to Main Menu.

36 After Lecture Take 3 minutes to read over notes- do nothing else.
THEN Write a 3 sentence summary of the notes you just wrote.

37 Level Questions Level 1 question- (fill in the blank)
EX: _________ are formed in the ground from the remains of dead plants and animals. Level 2- (not in the text, read between lines) EX: Compare and contrast the Prairie Plains and Gypsum Hills. Level 3- (Hypothesis, or application, much like an essay) EX: How does geographic location affect our state?

38 Let’s Move Around Find someone with your same hair color across the room and match up, WHEN I SAY GO. Introduce yourself with a handshake and their name. Read them your summary and discuss and then return to your seat.

39 Walk away with this.. There are 10 regions of Oklahoma with distinct features and specific locations. Our geography plays a huge roll in our weather, and the people who have and are settled here. Our natural resources are vast and also a huge source of income to the state of Oklahoma.

40 Bellwork Pick up EOI packet
Get out a sheet of notebook paper and put a heading on it. Number it one to 37. Quickly!!! The faster we get done the faster we watch Cinderella Man.

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