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Some consideration on the magnetoacoustic effect Nicolae Cretu Mihail Pop Physics Department Transilvania University Brasov-ROMANIA

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Presentation on theme: "Some consideration on the magnetoacoustic effect Nicolae Cretu Mihail Pop Physics Department Transilvania University Brasov-ROMANIA"— Presentation transcript:

1 Some consideration on the magnetoacoustic effect Nicolae Cretu Mihail Pop Physics Department Transilvania University Brasov-ROMANIA

2 MFM image of magnetic domains for Ni H

3 The MAE and BN profiles (Y.H.Xu et al/J.Magn.Mag. Mat. 219(2000) ) The profiles of MAE and BN are in general quite different since its important contribution of MAE is 90 o domain wall motion and of BN is 180 o domain wall motion The profiles of MAE and BN are in general quite different since its important contribution of MAE is 90 o domain wall motion and of BN is 180 o domain wall motion For NDE is important to explore the region with H>Hmax, because in the presence of deffects we need strong magnetic forces which can produce the abrupt irreversible magnetic domain wall motion. For NDE is important to explore the region with H>Hmax, because in the presence of deffects we need strong magnetic forces which can produce the abrupt irreversible magnetic domain wall motion.

4 Ideea of our work Is possible to obtain information about the internal deffects if we are able to produce the motion of the walls of the magnetic domains pinning around the deffects. Is possible to obtain information about the internal deffects if we are able to produce the motion of the walls of the magnetic domains pinning around the deffects. The necessary energy to produce wall mouvement of such domains can be obtained from the stationary wave generated in the sample. The necessary energy to produce wall mouvement of such domains can be obtained from the stationary wave generated in the sample. The time-varying magnetic field has the same frequency as the eigenfrequencies of the sample. In this case the oscillations of magnetic field are correlated with the standing elastic wave from the sample, and the domain wall motion become a forced oscillation. The time-varying magnetic field has the same frequency as the eigenfrequencies of the sample. In this case the oscillations of magnetic field are correlated with the standing elastic wave from the sample, and the domain wall motion become a forced oscillation. The exploration of the line shape, will give information about the magnetoelastic interactions of the magnetic walls The exploration of the line shape, will give information about the magnetoelastic interactions of the magnetic walls The paper contain investigations on MAE in the standing wave state of ferromagnetic carbon steel rods. The influence of the artificial defects on the shape of the velocity line is investigated. The paper contain investigations on MAE in the standing wave state of ferromagnetic carbon steel rods. The influence of the artificial defects on the shape of the velocity line is investigated.

5 Experimental setup The magnetoelastic signal was detected by a noncontact method using a Bruel&Kjaer Laser Velocity Transducer Type 3544 (with excellent results in velocity measurements) attached to a linear preamplifier RFT Type connected to a USB acquisition board NI DAQ Pad6015. The spectral decomposition of the signals, the filtering and other data processing were obtained using the Signal Analysis Module in Lab View and TEST POINT. The magnetoelastic signal was detected by a noncontact method using a Bruel&Kjaer Laser Velocity Transducer Type 3544 (with excellent results in velocity measurements) attached to a linear preamplifier RFT Type connected to a USB acquisition board NI DAQ Pad6015. The spectral decomposition of the signals, the filtering and other data processing were obtained using the Signal Analysis Module in Lab View and TEST POINT.

6 . The shape of the amplitude of the velocity of MAE effect obtained by axial magnetostriction measurements for the first fours eigenfrequencies

7 The Lorentzian shape formula

8 Linewidth obtained by fitting with the Lorentzian

9 The change of the area of resonance plot of MAE for the first four natural frequencies

10 The influence of deffects (artificial created deffects)

11 CONCLUSIONS The sources of MAE are the domain wall motion, the domain wall nucleation and annihilation The sources of MAE are the domain wall motion, the domain wall nucleation and annihilation The strength of MAE is proportional to the magnetostriction[] The strength of MAE is proportional to the magnetostriction[] The main parameters which can give information for NDE are :frequency change; peak hight exploration; line width change in the presence of defects The main parameters which can give information for NDE are :frequency change; peak hight exploration; line width change in the presence of defects

12 References [1] Hubert A and Schäfer R. Magnetic Domains, Berlin: Springer;1998 [1] Hubert A and Schäfer R. Magnetic Domains, Berlin: Springer;1998 [2] McVitie S, White GS,Scott J, Warin P and Chapman JN. Quantitative imaging of magnetic domain walls in thin films using Lorentz and magnetic force microscopies, J Appl Phys 2001;90: [2] McVitie S, White GS,Scott J, Warin P and Chapman JN. Quantitative imaging of magnetic domain walls in thin films using Lorentz and magnetic force microscopies, J Appl Phys 2001;90: [3] Schneider CM. Soft X-ray photoemission electron microscopy as an element-specific probe of magnetic microstructures. J Magn Magn Mat 1997;175: [3] Schneider CM. Soft X-ray photoemission electron microscopy as an element-specific probe of magnetic microstructures. J Magn Magn Mat 1997;175: [4] Kleiber M, Bode M, Ravlik R,Wiesendanger R. Topology-Induced Spin Frustrations at the Cr(001) Surface Studied by Spin-Polarized Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy. Phys Rev Lett 2000;85: [4] Kleiber M, Bode M, Ravlik R,Wiesendanger R. Topology-Induced Spin Frustrations at the Cr(001) Surface Studied by Spin-Polarized Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy. Phys Rev Lett 2000;85: [5] Weber NB and Oldag H, Gomonaj H and Hillebrecht FU. Magnetostrictive Domain Walls in Antiferromagnetic NiO. Phys Rev Lett 2003;91: [5] Weber NB and Oldag H, Gomonaj H and Hillebrecht FU. Magnetostrictive Domain Walls in Antiferromagnetic NiO. Phys Rev Lett 2003;91: [6] Park DG, Ok CI, Jeong HT,.Kuk IH,.Hong JH. Nondestructive evaluation of irradiation effects in RPV steel using Barkhausen noise and magnetoacoustic emission signals. J Magn Magn Mat 1999; : [6] Park DG, Ok CI, Jeong HT,.Kuk IH,.Hong JH. Nondestructive evaluation of irradiation effects in RPV steel using Barkhausen noise and magnetoacoustic emission signals. J Magn Magn Mat 1999; : [7] Sullivan DO, Cotterell M, Cassidy S, Tanner DA, Meszaros I. Magneto-acoustic emission for the characterisation of ferritic stainless steel microstructural state. J Magn Magn Mat 2004;271: [7] Sullivan DO, Cotterell M, Cassidy S, Tanner DA, Meszaros I. Magneto-acoustic emission for the characterisation of ferritic stainless steel microstructural state. J Magn Magn Mat 2004;271: [8] Xu YH, La L, Du FM, Ma XY, Ng L. Magnetoacoustic emission and Barkhausen noise of cobalt nickel oriented silicon steel and permalloy. J Magn Magn Mat 2000;219: [8] Xu YH, La L, Du FM, Ma XY, Ng L. Magnetoacoustic emission and Barkhausen noise of cobalt nickel oriented silicon steel and permalloy. J Magn Magn Mat 2000;219: [9] Hatafuku H. Estimation of effective magnetic field in a nickel rod by the magnetoacoustic effect. J Magn Magn Mat 2002;239:94-96 [9] Hatafuku H. Estimation of effective magnetic field in a nickel rod by the magnetoacoustic effect. J Magn Magn Mat 2002;239:94-96


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