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Taking Action on Materials: Global Examples of By-Product Synergy Professor Marian Chertow, Yale University Presentation - US Business Council for Sustainable.

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Presentation on theme: "Taking Action on Materials: Global Examples of By-Product Synergy Professor Marian Chertow, Yale University Presentation - US Business Council for Sustainable."— Presentation transcript:

1 Taking Action on Materials: Global Examples of By-Product Synergy Professor Marian Chertow, Yale University Presentation - US Business Council for Sustainable Development July 17, 2013

2 Outline for Today Introduction and Vocabulary for Industrial Ecosystems/Symbiosis/By-Product Synergy Examples China – Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) India – Nanjangud Industrial Area, Mysore Korea – Korean Industrial Complex Corporation (KICOX)

3 Industrial ecology is concerned with managing the physical resources of our modern technological society

4 In an industrial ecosystem, the consumption of energy and materials is optimized, waste generation is minimized, and the effluents from one process serve as the raw material for another R.A. Frosch, and N. Gallopoulos, Strategies for Manufacturing, Scientific American, 260 (3), 144, 1989 The first great article of industrial ecology…

5 Sludge (treated) Liquid Fertilizer Farms Cement; roads Fish farming Water Fly ash Heat Scrubbe r Sludge Gas Steam Sulfur A-S Bioteknisk Jordrens Sludge Steam Cooling water Statoil Refinery Lake Tissø Boiler water Yeast slurry Recovered nickel and vanadium The Industrial Ecosystem of Kalundborg, Denmark Energy E2 Power Station Pharmaceutical Municipality of Kalundborg District heating Wall-board Plant Sludge (treated)

6 Sample Benefits of Industrial Symbiosis/ By-Product Synergy to Kalundborg Participants Water savings Oil refinery – 1.2 million cubic meters Power station – total consumption reduced by 60% System: Ground water 2 million cubic meters/year (530 million gallons) Surface water 1 million cubic meters/year (265 million gallons) Input chemicals/products 170,000 tons of gypsum 97,000 cubic meters of solid biomass (NovoGro 30) 280,000 cubic meters of liquid biomass (NovoGro) Wastes avoided through interchanges 50,000-70,000 tons of fly ash from power station 2800 tons of sulfur as hydrogen sulfide in flue gas from oil refinery 240,000 tons CO2 reduction annually

7 Industrial Symbiosis Industrial symbiosis engages traditionally separate industries in a collective approach to competitive advantage involving physical exchange of materials, energy, water, and/or by products The keys to industrial symbiosis are collaboration and the synergistic possibilities offered by geographic proximity. M. Chertow 2000 Annual Review of Energy and Environment (Also Wikepedia)

8 Jurong Island, Singapore UK EU, Vienna, Austria Monfort Boys Town, Suva, Fiji

9 Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area : TEDA as a Salt Pan in 1984

10 Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA)

11 Summary of all symbiotic exchanges identified in TEDA Resource exchanged I-I exchange (%) I-E exchange (%) Subtotal (%) Average distance (km) Energy5 (6%)2 (3%) 7 (9%) 2.9 Water12 (15%)0 (0%) 12 (15%) 3.5 Material16 (20%)46 (56%) 62 (76%) 28.2 Subtotal33 (41%)48 (59%) 81 (100%)

12 India Nanjangud 20km Nanjangud Industrial Area, Karnataka 45 facilities – 900,000 tons of potential discards

13 Profile of industrial enterprises in NIA A sugar refinery and a coffee/beverage producer account for ~60% production volume Printed circuit boards, paper, textiles, automotive parts, distillery Micro-enterprises: granite cutters, oil producer, food processors Surrounded by a large agricultural community

14 Industrial food web in Nanjangud Industrial Area Mysore, India

15 Final disposition of all materials generated by NIA facilities in Mysore, India

16 2015 ~ EIP pilot projects (US$ 17 million) 2010 ~ ~ 2009 Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Diffuse EIP concept to 8 industrial parks (US$ 68 million) 2 to 3 new EIP (US$ 6.8 million) EIP master plan for South Korea Korea Industrial Complex Corporation

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18 Category Ulsan Mipo OnsanTotal Food8-8 Textile5-5 Wood / Papers14317 Petrochemicals Non ferrous29938 Steel Machinery Electrical, Electronics Transport Equipments Others27734 Services Total ,038 Source : KICOX (As on Apr. 2011) Overview of Ulsan National Industrial Parks

19 Overall Objectives for Ulsan National Industrial Parks Environmental Quality Improvement Zero Emission via Resource Circulation Enhancement of Industry Competitiveness Pollution reduction Cascading Zero-Emission via Resource recycle Cost Reduction and Enhanced competitiveness New business Harmony with Community Eco-Polis Ulsan Sustainable Society

20 Economic benefit : 6.6 million US$/yr (Steam selling and B-C replacement) Environmental benefit: Reduction of 63,643 tons CO 2 /yr, ton /yr air pollutants CO 2 generationCO 2 reuse BOILER PROCES S Outside steam CO 2 generation Cogeneration Plant & BOLIER PROCES S Outside sale STEAM supply Air emission Implementation: Top-down IS network

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22 Thank you and Next!

23 Peter Laybourn, Chief Executive, International Synergies Limited, May 27, 2013

24 Chinese EIP standard Added industrial value per capita, and rate of growth of value Eco-efficiencies (per added industrial value) Energy consumption Freshwater consumption Wastewater generation Solid waste generation COD emissions Reuse ratios Industrial water Middle water Solid waste Shared services/utilities Treatment percentage of wastewater Availability of common waste collection, wastewater treatment systems Management systems Environmental management system Availability of information management system Public relations Release of public environmental report Public satisfaction with environmental quality Source: Geng et al, 2009

25 Kalundborg as an Adaptive System Changes in footprint: Refinery doubles in size with North Sea oil claims Changes in flows: Power station switches fuel to meet regulations for CO 2 reductions Changes in organization: Pharmaceutical operation splits into two companies to separate biotech operations; an international company buys out the Danish gypsum board company

26 The Symbiosis ActivitiesKalundborg Symbiosis Institute 26 Kalundborg Symbiosis Institute spread over ~ 7 km


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