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Dean Tucker, Michael Matz, & Paula Galloway Water Resources Division

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Presentation on theme: "Dean Tucker, Michael Matz, & Paula Galloway Water Resources Division"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dean Tucker, Michael Matz, & Paula Galloway Water Resources Division
National Park Service Lassen Volcanic National Park, CA N P S T O R E T A Water Quality Database Management and Analytical System for National Park Units, Networks, and Others by Dean Tucker, Michael Matz, & Paula Galloway National Park Service Water Resources Division Fort Collins, CO

2 Presentation Overview
NPS/Vital Signs Monitoring WQ Data Mgt. Challenges NPSTORET Lessons Learned Grand Teton National Park, WY

3 Vital Signs Background
NPS Organic Act of 1916 “… to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.” Statue of Liberty NM, NY The NPS Organic Act of 1916 states that mission of the NPS is “to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.”

4 Vital Signs Background
Preservation/Use Mandate Use Very Successful Preservation Record Mixed Delaware Water Gap NRA, NJ Yosemite National Park, CA Yellowstone National Park, WY Yellowstone National Park, WY This mission embodies two potentially conflicting mandates: Preservation and Use. Over the years the NPS has generally succeeded on the ‘Use’ side of the equation. Visitation has averaged more than 277 million visits annually over the last 10 years. The success of the preservation mandate has been somewhat more difficult to measure. NPS natural resource management is checkered by some activities which in hindsight appear almost comical: NPS sanctioned bear shows, firefalls, and snowmobile usage. Creators of the National Park Service could not have envisioned the urban development, habitat destruction, non-native species invasions, and air and water pollution which impact natural park ecosystems; nor the phenomenal increase in visitation including new activities and uses of the parks.

5 Vital Signs Background 139,033 miles of rivers & streams
1,716 miles of CWA 303(d) impaired rivers & streams A 1994 report by the General Accounting Office (National Park Service: Activities Outside Park Borders Have Caused Damage to Resources and Will Likely Cause More (Letter Report, 01/03/94, GAO/RCED-94-59)) identified impairment of water quality as the largest single category of threats to resources in national parks. The sources of impairment are both inside parks (LUST at YOSE, historic mining operations at WRST, recreational activities, WWTP) and outside of parks. As highlighted in the GAO report, the vast majority of water quality impairments originate from activities outside the parks. Parks are not necessarily pristine places. 1.23% Impaired

6 Vital Signs Background
4,230,480 acres of lakes, reservoirs, estuaries and marine areas A 1994 report by the General Accounting Office (National Park Service: Activities Outside Park Borders Have Caused Damage to Resources and Will Likely Cause More (Letter Report, 01/03/94, GAO/RCED-94-59)) identified impairment of water quality as the largest single category of threats to resources in national parks. The sources of impairment are both inside parks (LUST at YOSE, historic mining operations at WRST, recreational activities, WWTP) and outside of parks. As highlighted in the GAO report, the vast majority of water quality impairments originate from activities outside the parks. Parks are not necessarily pristine places. 1,065,540 acres of CWA 303(d) impaired lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, and marine areas 25.2% Impaired

7 Vital Signs Background
By the year 2000, 80 (1/3) of the “natural resource parks” had no professional natural resource manager Another 84 parks had only 1 or 2 natural resource professionals. Almost all projects/studies were short-term; staff mostly deals with the “crisis of the day”. Few parks are able to identify the ‘desired future condition’ of resources, or current status & trend. Acadia NP, ME Natural resources management in the NPS has been perennially under-funded and understaffed. By the late 1990s, Congress and the public began to notice. In late 1999 the NPS unveiled the “Natural Resource Challenge: The National Park Service's Action Plan for Preserving Natural Resources” – a multi-year effort to elevate the management of park natural resources. No Time No Money No Clue

8 NPS Natural Resource Challenge
Vital Signs Background NPS Natural Resource Challenge Provides funding and new positions for natural resource stewardship to add to NPS visitor services capability Learn what is in parks (inventories), and monitor the vital signs of natural systems Engage the scientific community and the public, and facilitate their inquiries Share the information widely The Natural Resource Challenge is a multi-year effort to increase funding and staffing for natural resource management in the parks. It is intended to help the NPS and the public better understand and manage the parks. Specifically …

9 Vital Signs Background
Revitalize and expand the natural resource program within the NPS & improve park mgt. through greater reliance on scientific knowledge Accelerate Inventories Design/Implement Vital Signs Monitoring Collaboration with scientists and others Improve Resource Planning Enhance Parks for Science Assure Fully Professional Staff Control Non-native Species Protect Native and Endangered Species Enhance Environmental Stewardship Expand Air Quality efforts Protect and restore Water Resources Establish Research Learning Centers For the purposes of this presentation, two key objectives of the Natural Resource Challenge were to implement Vital Signs Monitoring servicewide and to protect and restore Water Resources – which provided specific funding for monitoring water quality that was folded into the Vital Signs program.

10 Vital Signs Background
The intent of park vital signs monitoring is to track a subset of physical, chemical, and biological elements and processes of park ecosystems that are selected to represent the overall health or condition of park resources, known or hypothesized effects of stressors, or elements that have important human values. Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

11 NPS Vital Signs Networks
270 Parks Grouped into 32 Monitoring Networks

12 Vital Signs Background
Vital Signs Monitoring Framework Level 1 Category Level 2 Category Examples of Vital Signs Selected by First 12 Networks Air and Climate Air Quality Ozone, wet and dry deposition, visibility and particulate matter, air contaminants Weather and Climate Weather and climate Geology and Soils Geomorphology Glaciers, shoreline change, channel morphology, physical habitat index Subsurface Geologic Processes Cave air quality, seismic activity Soil Quality Biological soil crusts, soil structure and stability, soil cover, permafrost Water Hydrology Groundwater dynamics, surface water dynamics, stream flow, lake and pond elevation, saltwater marsh water table Water Quality Water chemistry, chloride flux, kettle pond acidification, nutrient loading and eutrophication, pollutant metals, aquatic macroinvertebrates Biological Integrity Invasive Species Invasive/Exotic plants early detection, areal extent of established populations, exotic aquatic assemblages Infestations and Disease Whitebark pine disease, forest insect/disease outbreaks Focal Species or Communities Landbirds, forest vegetation structure & composition, fish communities, intertidal communities, salt marsh vegetation, seagrass communities, wetland vegetation, riparian plant communities, prairie grassland communities, freshwater mussels, cave aquatic fauna, amphibians, white-tailed deer, caribou, wolves At-risk Biota T&E plants, western prairie fringed orchid, northern spotted owl, western snowy plover, Ozark hellbender, Allegheny woodrat, Topeka shiner Human use Point-Source Human Effects Contaminants, illegal roads and trails Non-point Source Human Effects Estuarine nutrient inputs Consumptive Use Fisheries harvest, poaching of native plants and animals Visitor and Recreation Use Visitor usage Landscapes (Ecosystem Pattern and Processes) Fire and fuel dynamics Fire occurrence and extent, fuel loading Landscape Dynamics Land cover and use Soundscape Nutrient Dynamics Nutrient cycling Productivity Productivity, plant phenology Grand Canyon NP, AZ

13 W Q X Vital Signs WQ Data Mgt The Challenge Physical Chemical Other
Biological

14 Archive Data in STORET Data Warehouse Decentralized Network Approach
WQ Data Mgt. Challenges Archive Data in STORET Data Warehouse Decentralized Network Approach 32 Different Monitoring Programs Scarce Funding/Small Staff Limited or no Top-Down Authority Guidance, but No Standards Remote Locations/Limited Internet Capability Implementing the data management portion of the vital signs water quality monitoring is fraught with complications …

15 Olympic National Park, WA
Overcoming Challenges Existing Implementation of STORET 17,667 Sites 2,155,540 Results 976 Characteristics 194 NPS Units Regulatory Monitoring Charge/CWA Requirement: Data into STORET Olympic National Park, WA

16 Olympic National Park, WA
The Chosen Path Two pronged approach: NPSTORET NPSEDD Olympic National Park, WA

17 Virgin Islands National Park, VI
NPSTORET Microsoft Access-based N.R. Database Template for Water Quality STORET-lite Tailored to flow data to STORET Virgin Islands National Park, VI

18 NPSTORET Switchboard

19 Projects Template

20 Stations Template

21 Metadata Template

22 Results Template Visits, Activities, Results

23 Reports & Stats Template

24 Reports & Stats Template

25 Reports & Stats Template

26 Reports & Stats Template

27 Seamless Imports from National WQ Databases
NPSTORET Imports Import Existing Station and Results Data from User Excel, Access, and Text Files Seamless Imports from National WQ Databases Seamless Import NPSTORET is currently at version Version 1.00 should be available in June or July. Major components that need to be added before the release of Version 1.00 are an automated installation program and a wizard to automate data submissions to WRD. Over the last couple months, development has focused on the ability to seamlessly import stations, metadata, and results from the EPA’s Modern STORET Data Warehouse, Legacy STORET, and the USGS’s National Water Information System so that users can use the reports and analytical capabilities of NPSTORET to analyze existing data from other providers. This functionality is now essentially complete – although we continue to tweak it to handle odd data situations (e.g. dates that are missing months and days – ). The NPSEDD (say ‘Eddy’) electronic data deliverable format specifications are now available at the Vital Signs Water Quality Data Management website (http://www.nature.nps.gov/water/infoanddata/index.cfm) or for those networks that elect not to use NPSTORET. Specifications exist for projects, stations, and results in Excel format. The results Excel spreadsheet has many worksheets to capture sample collection, analytical procedure, and other metadata. For more information and hands-on use of NPSTORET, come to the NPSTORET Workshop Friday at 8:30am (shameless plug!) or contact Dean. NPSTORET Automatic Characteristic Creation

28 Voyageurs National Park, MN
NPSTORET Overview Version 1.51 available for download at: Learning Resources Context sensitive help First time user’s guide Workshop guide Videos Data import instructions Version 2.00 next year Voyageurs National Park, MN

29 Haleakala National Park, HI
NPSTORET Overview Future Versions User-defined WQ Standards Depth Profile Entry and Graphics Automatic Data Logger Support WQX – XML Export More Data QA Additional Biological Data Support Non-parametric Statistics/Trend Analysis User-entered Data Qualifiers Lots of Other Ideas Haleakala National Park, HI

30 Rocky Mountain National Park, CO
NPSEDD – “Eddy” STORET Electronic Data Deliverable Hybrid of several state and federal EDDs adapted for NPS Set of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets designed to collect the data necessary to drive SIM Rocky Mountain National Park, CO

31 NPSEDD Overview Station Info Project Info Result Info

32 NPSEDD v.1.1 available for download at:
NPSEDD Overview Designed to drive SIM NPSEDD v.1.1 available for download at: Glen Canyon NRA, UT

33 Vital Signs WQ Data Flow
Other DB (post 9/09) (Via WQX post 9/09)

34 Cabrillo National Monument, CA
Lessons Learned No one size fits all solution Stay flexible Importance of standards Importance of data sharing Cabrillo National Monument, CA

35 Great Smoky Mountains National Park, NC/TN
National Park Service Contact Info: Dean F. Tucker (970) Additional Info: For additional information, please contact … Great Smoky Mountains National Park, NC/TN


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