Amusement Park Physics

Presentation on theme: "Amusement Park Physics"— Presentation transcript:

Amusement Park Physics
Hold on to your hats, guys and gals, this is one fast trip!

What makes a roller coaster so fun?
Some think it is the free fall Others the speed and acceleration Maybe it’s the fear you feel when the roller coaster Sloooowly climbs that first hill!

Roller Coasters What keeps you in Inertia your seat on a loop?
What force powers Roller coasters? Gravity Why do you experience crushing feelings? Inertia Where? At the bottom of a hill as the train starts to go up Why do you experience free fall? Inertia At the top of a hill as the train starts to go down Where?

Energy Mechanical Energy 1. Potential Energy 2. Kinetic Energy
Thermal Energy 1. Friction

Looping Coaster at Canobie
PE = mgh Why is this hill lower? How can we calculate the energy lost to friction? KE = ½ mv2

Spiral Twists Why have these loops?
Acceleration = change in velocity over time Velocity = speed and direction

Water Rides—are they roller coasters?
Compare Both have hills Both use gravity Both have energy transformations Contrast Water powers the ride—not gravity alone Water is also the friction to slow down—not brakes No track PE to KE transformation not as key as water speed

The Boston Tea Party The friction with the water and the blunt shape of the car makes the wave so huge and beautiful! Teacher’s pet I love physics

Circular Rides—A huge variety
This type of ride makes many people Feel ill. How?

What do the forces look like on a swing ride?
And in a circular pattern with constantly changing direction Direction of the ride Riders move out from the center This is different from a ride with a track, because there no track/seat to push back. What is the reaction force then?

But they all work the same way
What other force is at work here? Hint: it pulls you down If you are going on the ride with Hagrid (a giant), should you or he sit on the outside? Hint: Which way are you being pulled or pushed?

Let’s Look at the Forces
Centripetal force C Direction of ride The direction is constantly changing which means The acceleration is constant How does inertia figure into this?

Is this one different? Do you really need the restraints?
If someone were to say, upchuck, what direction Would the substance go? Eww—GROSS!!!

Circular Motion (One complete cycle)

Circular Motion

Circular Motion

Pirate Ship—Pendulum Rides
FREE FALL What is the thrill of this ride? What produces that thrill? Inertia

Free Body Diagram Inertia keeps the body going up
When the ship is going back down The force of friction goes against The direction of motion Direction of movement Force of Weight

How Could We Calculate the Amount of Energy “Lost” Due to Friction?
Where we release the “ship” PE = mgh Where the highest point is after an amount of time PE = mgh If we find both PEs and subtract h – h. . .we have it! Now, what if we want to find the average PE lost on each swing?

Pendulum Physics

Figure 13.4: The Simple Pendulum
Force the rider feels is defined by: Fr = - (m)(g)(sin )

Pendulum Physics One Period (T): l = length of string g = 9.8 m/s/s

Pendulum Physics The frequency of oscillation is the inverse of the period: frequency =