2What is a noun? A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine.
3Most nouns that end in -o are usually masculine el libroel escritorioel colegioMost nouns that end in -a are usually feminine.la puertala ventanala tareaExceptions: el dia = the day el problema = the problem
4Other Spanish Nouns For example: el ajedrez - chess Other Spanish nouns end in -e or a consonant.For example:el ajedrez - chessel marcador - markerla clase - classla televisión = TV
5Other Spanish Nouns Some can be both masculine and feminine: el/la estudiante - the student
6English vs. SpanishThe idea that nouns have gender seems perfectly natural when the noun stands for a living creature. This is because in English, living creatures often have different names depending on whether they are male or female.Masculine Feminineboy girlfather motherlion lionessuncle aunt
7English vs. SpanishCertain nouns that denote living things have both a masculine and feminine form in Spanish.Masculine Feminineel gato = male cat la gata = female catel abuelo = grandfather la abuela = grandmotherEl chico = boy la chica = girl
8REMEMBER!You can’t predict the gender of a noun, except in the case of living creatures.Do not try to analyze the nature of an object to look for masculine or feminine qualities!IT WON’T WORK!Dress is a masculine word in Spanish---el vestidoNecktie is a feminine word in Spanish---la corbata
9But how can I tell if a noun is masculine or feminine? When you learn a new noun, you MUST memorize its definite article (el or la).
10What is “el” or “la”? that means “the” as in: the head – la cabeza El / la is a definite articlethat means “the” as in:the head – la cabezathe arm – el brazo
11Singular and PluralPlural in English is simple: generally one add an “s” at the end ex: the cat the cats Exceptions: Irreg. plural child children, foot feet spy spies , knife knives
12Plural in Spanish Singular Plural EL LOS LA LAS Masc.ELLOSFem.LALASExample: el chico los chicosthe boy the boysla chica las chicasthe girl the girls
13Making Nouns PluralTo make nouns plural you usually add -s to words ending in a vowel and -es to words ending in a consonant.estudiante estudiantesanimal animales
14Saquen los diccionarios… Take out your dictionary.Look up a Spanish noun that you know for sure is masculine. Do you notice any symbols or abbreviations that tell you the noun’s gender?Now, look up a Spanish noun that you know is feminine. Are there any symbols or abbreviations that tell you the noun’s gender?
15To remember You cannot predict the gender of most nouns. Not every noun that ends in an –o is masculine, and not every noun that ends in an –a is feminine.Many nouns end in letters other than –a and –o.The definite article is your CLUE as to whether a noun is masculine or feminine.