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Presentation 5.5: Ecosystem Services
Outline Defining Ecosystem Services Key Ecosystem Services Provided by Forests Ecosystem Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services: Putting a Price on Natural Assets Communicating Natures Benefits and Values to the Public
Section 1: Defining Ecosystem Services
Outline Introduction A Brief History Common Defitions The End Product is What Matters: An Economists Perspective The Process Also Matters: An Ecologists Perspective Summary
Introduction Provide services critical to human well-being Benefits provided to humans Produce goods we purchase Produce goods we consciously consume
History Earliest record 400 B.C. Field of ecosystem ecology emerged in 1940s Term ecosystem services started late 1970s Understand different perspectives
Common Definitions The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment – Provisioning Services – Regulating Services – Cultural Services – Supporting Services
The End Product Is What Matters: An Economists Perspective Developing approaches – Counting – Measuring – Assigning monetary values Emphasize the end/final product
The Process Also Matters: An Ecologists Perspective Wide range of conditions Processes which ecosystems help sustain life Intermediate Functions End Product
Summary Ecosystem services can have different meanings Benefits ecosystems provide – Goods we purchase Food and Fuel – Free Services Waste decomposition and crop pollination
Section 2: Key Ecosystem Services Provided by Forests
Outline Introduction Provisioning Services Regulating Services Cultural Services Aspects to Keep in Mind Ecosystem Services and Disservices Summary
Introduction Ecosystems provide services that benefit – People – Communities – Business – Contribute to our well-being
Ecosystem Services of Southern Forests Provisioning Services Regulating Services Cultural Services
Provisioning Services Timber Bioenergy Nontimber forest products – Edible and culinary food – Arts and crafts – Medicine and dietary supplements – Floral and decorative – Landscape Clean Water
Regulating Services Reduced Flooding and Erosion Air Quality Climate Regulation
Cultural Services Aesthetic, spiritual, and religious beliefs Recreation
Aspects to Keep in Mind Scale Interrelationships Double counting
Aspects to Keep in Mind Economic Value Different types of values
Aspects to Keep in Mind Trade-offs Co-benefits
Ecosystem Services and Disservices in the Wildland- Urban Interface Ecosystem Disservices
Section 3: Ecosystem Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services: Putting a Price on Natural Assets
Outline Introduction Ecosystem Service Valuation Types of Ecosystem Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services Current Outlook Summary
Introduction Ecosystems provide essential benefits to society through tangible products with clear market prices
Ecosystem Service Valuation Determining value Market Development
Types of Ecosystem Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services Payment – Voluntary Markets – Compliance Markets – Public Payments – Voluntary Private Payments
Types of Ecosystem Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services Commodity – Carbon – Water – Biodiversity Bundled Ecosystem Services
Section 3: Communicating Natures Benefits and Values to the Public
Outline Introduction Natures Benefits Natures Value Communication Approaches Summary
Introduction Increase public understanding/support Natures Benefits Natures Value Communication Approaches
Natures Benefits Talk about natures benefits or natures value Encourage people to think broadly about the benefits of nature Focus on public health and safety as top benefits
Natures Benefits Remind people of natures role in providing materials for medicines Highlight the benefits of nature for providing food
Natures Value Acknowledge the unquantifiable value of nature Clarify the value of conservation Highlight non-monetary ways of measuring natures value
Communication Approaches Framing the Subject
Communication Approaches Messengers and the Audience
Summary Challenging to communicate ecosystem concepts Resource professionals communicate information effectively is key Important that audience understands
Ecosystem Services for Economic Analysis : Conceptual Issues
Photo credits, Erika Nortemann, Ellen Morris Bishop and Mark Godfrey Applying Ecosystem Services: Lessons learned in California November 7, 2011.
Meeting of Heads of National Forest Research Institutes Brussels 12 November 2004 Future research issues in the European context Risto Päivinen European.
“Sustainable agriculture”: what is it? Tim Benton UK Champion for Global Food Security & Professor of Ecology, University of Leeds
Forests for adaptation
Topic 5.2 / Option D.3 Human Impact on Ecosystems 1 Measuring and Preserving Biodiversity Assessment Statements: 5.2.4, G.3.1 – G.3.3.
Ecosystem Services: What are they, we need them, and how to preserve them. The Economic Perspective Joshua Farley Community Development and Applied Economics.
A Few Basic Principles of Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services John Loomis Dept. of Ag & Resource Economics Colorado State University’ Fort Collins,
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Business Ecosystems Training (BET) - U.S.
The Ecosystem approach: from theory to application in England Tom Tew Natural England Delivering Nature’s Services.
Human Behavior, the Environment, and Health
Feeding the World: Ecosystem Services, Food Production and Sustainability Elena M. Bennett Associate Professor, McGill University.
Using Payments for Ecosystem Services to Achieve Conservation and Development Objectives Sara Scherr Forest Trends Ecoagriculture Partners September 2005.
Overview of payment for ecosystem services in Uganda Telly Eugene Muramira Director Policy Planning and Information.
Economic and Fiscal Benefits of Coastal and Watershed Stewardship August 5, 2004 Funded by Ohio Lake Erie Protection Fund Grant #SG Wendy Kellogg,
Conclusions: Diversity and Ecosystem Function
Professor John Agard UWI Environment in Development.
Three Aspects of Sustainability 1.Inter-generational equity “The goal of sustainability is to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability.
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