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Early Head Start – Child Care Partnerships Comprehensive Services Part II: Health, Mental Health, Nutrition, and Disabilities.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Head Start – Child Care Partnerships Comprehensive Services Part II: Health, Mental Health, Nutrition, and Disabilities."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Head Start – Child Care Partnerships Comprehensive Services Part II: Health, Mental Health, Nutrition, and Disabilities

2 Presenters Marco Beltran, DrPH Program Specialist, Office of Head Start Tatiana Tucker, MSA Program Specialist, Office of Child Care

3 Health & Safety Learning & School Readiness Sick children are away from program activities, leading to regression in cognitive & general knowledge Time out due to illness will impact the amount of time needed to develop relationships and or form attachments

4 Objectives 1.To provide information to potential applicants on the Head Start health, mental health, nutrition and disabilities services 2.To identify the Program Performance Standards related to all of the Head Start health services 3.To identify resources that help support the Head Start health services 4.To provide background information about the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) 5.To identify the Health and Safety requirements for CCDF 6.To understand the key roles of Child Care Health Consultants

5 Head Start Program Performance Standards Determine a childs current health status Screen for developmental, sensory, and behavioral concerns Provide ongoing health care Monitor health and safety issues Provide nutrition services Individualize to each child Provide mental health consultation or disability services, if needed Communicate between staff and parents

6 Health Services Set the Stage

7 Child Health Services Timeline

8 Screening Standards (2)(b) Screening for developmental, sensory, and behavioral concerns Within in 45 days…identify concerns regarding a childs developmental, sensory (visual and auditory), behavioral, motor, language, social, cognitive, perceptual, and emotional skills

9 Why do we screen? 10-13% of all children have a developmental delay 1-3 children per every thousand are born with some hearing loss 5% of preschool children have visual problems that affect learning

10 A comprehensive screening approach … Multiple sources of information –Family –Teacher/Caregiver/Home Visitor observations –Health, emotional state, and energy levels of the child –A standardized tool Culturally and linguistically appropriate Also check out:

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12 Childs Health Status Standards (a)(1)(i)-(iii) Determine child health status No later than 90 calendar days… from the child's entry Determine if each child has an ongoing source of continuous, accessible health care Obtain from a health care professional a determination as to whether the child is up-to-date on a schedule of age-appropriate preventive and primary health care…and the latest immunization recommendations…

13 An EPSDT well-child exam may include: Screening (i.e., vision, hearing, medical and dental) Immunizations Laboratory tests Diagnostic or treatment services Vision and hearing services Other health care Remember: Each screen and each state has its own periodicity schedule Schedule of Well Child Care

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15 Follow-Up Plan and Tracking Standards (a)(1)(C)(iii)(iv) …must establish procedures to track the provision of health care services Obtain or arrange further diagnostic testing, examination, and treatment by an appropriate licensed or certified professional for each child with an observable, known or suspected health or developmental problem Develop and implement a follow-up plan for any condition identified…so that any needed treatment has begun

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17 Ongoing Care Implement ongoing procedures by which staff can identify any new or recurring medical, dental, or developmental concerns Procedures must include: periodic observations and recordings, as appropriate, of individual children's developmental progress, changes in physical appearance (e.g., signs of injury or illness) and emotional and behavioral patterns

18 Individualization of the Program Determine how the program can best respond to each child's individual characteristics, strengths and needs using a variety of sources Support individualization for children with disabilities through implementation of an IEP/IFSP Childrens needs for early intervention, special education, or related services are identified promptly

19 Services for Children with Disabilities Enrolled over 136,000 children with disabilities Nearly 12% of Head Starts enrollment Over 21,000 were infants and toddlers enrolled in EHS and MSHS

20 Services for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities Language in the Head Start Program Performance Standards - 45 CFR (f) (1) (i) – requires that Head Start program serving infants and toddlers must provide services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families that support the attainment of the expected outcomes contained in the Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) for children identified under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Language in the Head Start Act - 645A (b) 11 – clearly states that programs ensure formal linkages with providers of early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities with the State interagency coordinating council, as established in part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C et seq.), and with the agency responsible for administering section 106 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a).

21 Disabilities Services At least 10% of Head Start enrollment is for children determined eligible for services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Children with disabilities and their families are included in the full range of Head Start program activities Parents of children with disabilities are supported and engaged as decision-makers, receiving information and assistance to address their childs special needs and to advocate for them

22 Mental Health Standards Education and ECD Child Mental Health Family Partnerships

23 Mental Health Promote social and emotional development Build trust, foster independence, encourage self- control Support and respect home language, culture, family composition Involve parents in mental health interventions Provide mental health education for staff, parents, families Facilitate opportunities for parent to participate in counseling programs

24 Mental Health (a)(2) and (3) Child Mental Health …secure the services of mental health professional on a schedule of sufficient frequency to enable the timely and effective identification of and intervention in family and staff concerns about a childs mental health... Mental health program services must include a regular schedule of onsite mental health consultation…

25 Programs find mental health consultant/providers through… Local mental health agencies/providers State childrens mental health directors Universities, colleges, and community colleges – departments of social work, child psychology, child psychiatry, special education, and their counseling centers

26 Nutrition Standards Child Nutrition Staff and families must work together to identify each childs nutritional needs Use nutrition related assessment data Use information about family eating patterns, cultural preferences, dietary requirements and feeding requirements Feeding schedules Use information about community nutritional issues

27 Nutrition Services Design and implement a nutrition program that meets the nutritional needs and feeding requirements of each child Use funds from USDA Food and Consumer Services Child Nutrition Programs as the primary source of payment Funds may be used to cover those allowable costs not covered by the USDA Also check out:

28 Nutrition Services Serve a variety of foods - consider cultural and ethnic preferences Promote effective dental hygiene among children in conjunction with meals Include opportunities to assist individual families with food preparation and nutritional skills Involve parents in planning, implementing, and evaluating the agencies' nutritional services

29 Meal Service Ensure services contribute to childs development and socialization Serve foods that broadens food experiences Food is not used as punishment or reward Allow sufficient time for each child to eat Family style dining - children and staff eat together family style and share the same menu to the extent possible Hold infants while feeding; do not lay infant down to sleep with a bottle Also check out:

30 Food Safety and Sanitation Post evidence of compliance with all applicable Federal, State, Tribal, and local food safety and sanitation laws, including those related to the storage, preparation and service of food and the health of food handlers Contract only with food service vendors that are licensed in accordance with State, Tribal or local laws Facilities must be available for the proper storage and handling of breast milk and formula

31 Involving Parents in Health Services Consult with parents immediately when child health or developmental problems are suspected or identified Familiarize parents with health and developmental procedures; obtain advance authorization Share diagnostic results and treatment procedures and ongoing care Assist parents to enroll and participate in a system of ongoing family health care and encourage parents to be active partners in their children's health care process

32 Health and Safety Standards Foundation for high quality care Over 100 individual standards related to health and safety Found in each section of HSPPS

33 Health and Safety Standards Prevent illness by maintaining healthy environments 45 CFR (a); (c); (e); (e); (l)(3)(i); ; Prevent childhood injuries o Identify and report child abuse and neglect o Implement injury prevention strategies 45 CFR (e); (a)(5); (b); (f); (e); (e)- (h); (i)(iii)-(iv); (l)(3)(i); (l)(4); ; ; ;

34 Health and Safety Standards Provide education for children, families, staff and volunteers on injury prevention practices 45 CFR (d); f)(3)(iii); ; Conduct inspections of any facility, equipment and materials used by the program 45 CFR (f); (c) Develop, practice and use emergency plans 45 CFR (a); (b)(1)(i); (b)(1)

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36 Staff Qualifications

37 Health services must be supported by staff or consultants that have training and experience in public health, nursing, health education, maternal and child health, or health administration. In addition, when a health procedure must be performed only by a licensed/certified health professional, the agency must assure that the requirement is followed [HSPPS 45 CFR (d)(2)]. Nutrition services must be supported by staff or consultants that are registered dieticians or nutritionists [HSPPS 45 CFR (d)(3)].

38 Mental Health services must be supported by staff or consultants that are licensed or certified mental health professionals with experience and expertise in serving young children and their families [HSPPS 45 CFR (d)(4)]. Disabilities must be supported by staff or consultants that have training and experience in securing and individualizing needed services for children with disabilities [HSPPS 45 CFR (d)(7)]. Content area experts including managers, coordinators or consultants who work with infant and toddler staff need the capacity to assist them in appropriately implementing and adapting the services for children from birth to 36 months of age.

39 CCDF Overview Grantees. 50 States, DC, Territories, and 260 Tribal entities Funding. Jointly financed by Federal and State governments. CCDF program combined federal funding for FY $5.2 billion. Flexibility. CCDF provides flexibility to States, Territories, and Tribes in establishing policies that support families access to child care through subsidies. Children and Families Served. Approximately 1.6M low-income children and families receive child care subsidies per month Coordination. CCDF allows States, Territories, and Tribes to serve families through a single, integrated child care subsidy program under the rules of the CCDBG Act. States coordinate CCDF with Head Start, pre-kindergarten, and other early childhood programs.

40 Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) OCC Vision More children in low-income families able to access high quality care CCDF Purpose Assists low-income working families obtain child care so they can work or attend training/education Improves quality of child care and promotes coordination among early childhood development and afterschool programs CCDF Law Child Care and Development Block Grant Act (CCDBG) of 1990 Section 418 of Social Security Act

41 OCC Quality Framework Pathways to Program Quality Pathways to Professional Development Childrens Healthy Development and School Readiness and Success Health and Safety

42 State, Territories, and Tribes have responsibility for ensuring the health and safety of children in child care through the licensing system and/or the establishment of health and safety standards for providers who care for children receiving CCDF funds. CCDF Health and Safety Requirements State Licensing Standards Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Building and physical premise safety Minimum health and safety training 49 States have licensing standards that address care of infants/toddlers 43 address supervision 43 require programs/activities specific to infants/toddlers (including nutrition) 44 require equipment/materials specific to infants/toddlers 23 require primary caregiver for each infant 17 require specific qualifications for staff CCDF Health and Safety Requirements

43 $ 1 billion a year spent on quality improvement activities. Lead Agencies are required to spend at least 4% of CCDF allocation on these activities. Actual State spending was 12% in FY2010 Includes $100M specifically set-aside by Congress for infants and toddler care Examples of Activities Supported by Quality Funds: Scholarships for providers to obtain accreditation of continuing education and training Grants or loans to help programs meet quality and health and safety standards Health consultants working with early care and education programs Enforcement of health and safety requirements Infant and Toddler Specialists CCDF Quality Investments

44 Child Care Health Consultants Child Care Health Consultants are health professionals who have received specialized training in child health, child development, and health and safety in child care settings In 2012, approximately 30 States reported using health consultants in child care CCHCs and child care staff work together to promote healthy and safe environments for young children

45 Role of a CCHC A CCHC can help improve the health and safety of children in child care and head start programs by: Meeting on-site with child care providers about health and safety Reviewing health records of children and child care providers Helping to manage the care of children with special health care needs Identifying children with developmental delays

46 Other Resources to help providers meet Health and Safety Standards –Healthy Child Care America –Provides resources and online trainings to early care and education providers on the health and safety of children in out-of-home child care. »Medical administration »Preventing Infectious Diseases »Safe Sleep Practices/SIDS –Lets Move Child Care –Help providers adopt best practices for physical activity and nutrition through interactive online tools –Lets Move Child Care Training Modules »http://extension.psu.edu/youth/betterkidcare/news/2014/new-lets- move-child-care-lessonshttp://extension.psu.edu/youth/betterkidcare/news/2014/new-lets- move-child-care-lessons

47 Where To Go for More Information and Resources https://childcareta.acf.hhs.gov /hs/grants/ehs-ccp

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49 /tta-system/health

50 Resources nts.htmlhttp://ecmhc.org/materials_consulta nts.html _style_dining/practices.htmhttp://www.cditeam.org/table/family _style_dining/practices.htm system/health/center/school- readiness/goals/crosswalk.htmlhttp://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta- system/health/center/school- readiness/goals/crosswalk.html slc/tta-system/healthhttp://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/h slc/tta-system/health

51 Are You Planning To Apply? Register with Grants.gov ­ Only the Applicant organization needs to register ­ The registration process can take one to three weeks depending on your organization, so start now! ­ You will receive notifications based on Funding Opportunity Number (FON) A FON is a number that a federal agency assigns to each specific grant announcement Obtain Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) Number Register in System for Award Management (SAM) Eligibility Requirements Visit:

52 Questions To:

53 STAY TUNED For the next webinar in the series: Comprehensive Services Part III: Family and Community Engagement Friday, March 28, 2 p.m. EDT Maximizing Resources and the Role of Governance Monday, March 31, 2 p.m. EDT

54 THANK YOU


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